Grupos Investigadores

Miembros del Grupo

Colaboradores
Gloria Del Carmen
Balderas Rosas
Ana
Bastidas Tinizaray
Carlos
García Roda
Frederick Wesford Hunter
Melville Molina
Guillermo
Navarro
Sonsoles
Navarro Rubio Coello Portugal
José Víctor
Orón Semper
Mikel
Ostiz Blanco
Jan M.
Podhorski

Líneas de Investigación

  • Adicción.
  • Aprendizaje.
  • Autismo.
  • Ciencia cognitiva.
  • Desarrollo humano.
  • Desarrollo orgánico y epigenética.
  • Dislexia.
  • Filosofía de la acción.
  • Filosofía de la mente.
  • Gestión emocional.
  • Hábitos y toma de decisiones.
  • Hábitos.
  • Marco antropológico de las relaciones entre filosofía y neurociencia.
  • Mejoramiento, transhumanismo y posthumanismo.
  • Memoria.
  • Neuroética.
  • Reproducción Humana Asistida.
  • Sistemas Dinámicos Complejos.
  • Teoría del Valor en la mente y en la naturaleza.
  • Vínculos sociales.

Palabras Clave

  • Acción
  • Adicción
  • Autismo
  • Ciencia cognitiva
  • Desarrollo humano
  • Desarrollo orgánico y epigenética
  • Dislexia
  • Gestión emocional
  • Hábitos Aprendizaje
  • Mejoramiento, transhumanismo y posthumanismo
  • Memoria
  • Mente
  • Neurociencia
  • Neuroética
  • Reproducción
  • Sistemas Dinámicos Complejos
  • Toma de decisiones
  • Valor
  • Vínculos sociales

Publicaciones Científicas desde 2018

  • Autores: García-Valdecasas Merino, Miguel (Autor de correspondencia); Deacon, T.W.
    Revista: STUDIES IN HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE
    ISSN: 0039-3681 Vol.103 2024 págs. 20 - 28
    Resumen
    The theory of Selected Effects (SE) is currently the most widely accepted etiological account of function in biology. It argues that the function of any trait is the effect that past traits of that type produced that contributed to its current existence. Its proper or etiological function is whatever effect was favoured by natural selection irrespective of the trait's current effects. By defining function with respect to the effects of natural selection, the theory claims to eschew the problem of backwards causality and to ground functional normativity on differential reproduction or differential persistence. Traditionally, many have criticised the theory for its inability to envisage any function talk outside selective reproduction, for failing to account for the introduction of new functions, and for treating function as epiphenomenal. This article unveils four additional critiques of the SE theory that highlight the source of its critical problems. These critiques follow from the fact that natural selection is not a form of work, but a passive filter that merely blocks or permits prior functioning traits to be reproduced. Natural selection necessarily assumes the causal efficacy of prior organism work to produce the excess functional traits and offspring from which only the best fitted will be preserved. This leads to four new incapacities of the SE theory, which will be here analysed: (i) it provides no criterion for determining what distinguishes a proper from an incidental function; (ii) it cannot distinguish between neutral, incidental, and malfunctioning traits, thus treating organism benefit as irrelevant; (iii) it fails to account for the physical work that makes persistence and reproduction possible, and (iv) in so doing, it falls into a vicious regress. We conclude by suggesting that, inspired by Mills and Beatty's propensity interpretation, the aporia of backward causation implicit in anticipatory accounts of function can also be avoided by a dispositional approach that defines function in terms of work that synchronously counters the ubiquitous tendency for organism entropy to increase in the context of far-from-equilibrium thermodynamics.
  • Autores: Arrondo Ostíz, Gonzalo (Autor de correspondencia); Mulraney, M.; Iturmendi-Sabater, I.; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY
    ISSN: 0890-8567 Vol.63 N° 2 2024 págs. 154-171
  • Autores: Dragioti, E.; Radua, J.; Solmi, M.; et al.
    Revista: WORLD PSYCHIATRY
    ISSN: 1723-8617 Vol.22 N° 1 2023 págs. 86 - 104
    Resumen
    Empirical evidence indicates a significant bidirectional association between mental disorders and physical diseases, but the prospective impact of men-tal disorders on clinical outcomes of physical diseases has not been comprehensively outlined. In this PRISMA- and COSMOS-E-compliant umbrella review, we searched PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, and Joanna Briggs Institute Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports, up to March 15, 2022, to identify systematic reviews with meta-analysis that examined the prospective association between any mental disorder and clinical outcomes of physical diseases. Primary outcomes were disease-specific mortality and all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes were disease-specific incidence, functioning and/or disability, symptom severity, quality of life, recurrence or progression, major cardiac events, and treatment-related outcomes. Additional inclusion criteria were further applied to primary studies. Random effect models were employed, along with I2 statistic, 95% prediction intervals, small-study effects test, excess significance bias test, and risk of bias (ROBIS) assessment. Associations were classified into five credibility classes of evidence (I to IV and non-significant) according to established criteria, complemented by sensitivity and subgroup analyses to examine the robustness of the main analysis. Statistical analysis was performed using a new package for conducting umbrella reviews (https://metaumbrella.org). Population attributable fraction (PAF) and generalized impact fraction (GIF) were then calculated for class I-III associations. Forty-seven systematic reviews with meta-analysis, encompassing 251 non-overlapping primary studies and reporting 74 associations, were included (68% were at low risk of bias at the ROBIS assessment). Altogether, 43 primary outcomes (disease-specific mortality: n=17; all-cause mortality: n=26) and 31 secondary outcomes were investigated. Although 72% of associations were statistically significant (p<0.05), only two showed convincing (class I) evidence: that between depressive disorders and all-cause mortality in patients with heart failure (hazard ratio, HR=1.44, 95% CI: 1.26-1.65), and that between schizophrenia and cardiovascular mortality in patients with cardiovascular diseases (risk ratio, RR=1.54, 95% CI: 1.36-1.75). Six associations showed highly suggestive (class II) evidence: those between depressive disorders and all-cause mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus (HR=2.84, 95% CI: 2.00-4.03) and with kidney failure (HR=1.41, 95% CI: 1.31-1.51); that between depressive disorders and major cardiac events in patients with myocardial infarction (odds ratio, OR=1.52, 95% CI: 1.36-1.70); that between depressive disorders and dementia in patients with diabetes mellitus (HR=2.11, 95% CI: 1.77-2.52); that between alcohol use disorder and decompensated liver cirrhosis in patients with hepatitis C (RR=3.15, 95% CI: 2.87-3.46); and that between schizophrenia and cancer mortality in patients with cancer (standardized mean ratio, SMR=1.74, 95% CI: 1.41-2.15). Sensitivity/subgroup analyses confirmed these results. The largest PAFs were 30.56% (95% CI: 27.67-33.49) for alcohol use disorder and decompensated liver cirrhosis in patients with hepatitis C, 26.81% (95% CI: 16.61-37.67) for depressive disorders and all-cause mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus, 13.68% (95% CI: 9.87-17.58) for depressive disorders and major cardiac events in patients with myocardial infarction, 11.99% (95% CI: 8.29-15.84) for schizophrenia and cardiovascular mortality in patients with cardiovascular diseases, and 11.59% (95% CI: 9.09-14.14) for depressive disorders and all-cause mortality in patients with kidney failure. The GIFs confirmed the preventive capacity of these associations. This umbrella review demonstrates that mental disorders increase the risk of a poor clinical outcome in several physical diseases. Prevention targeting mental disorders - particularly alcohol use disorders, depressive disorders, and schizophrenia - can reduce the incidence of adverse clinical outcomes in people with physical diseases. These findings can inform clinical practice and trans-speciality preventive approaches cutting across psychiatric and somatic medicine.
  • Autores: García-Valdecasas Merino, Miguel (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: TOPOI-AN INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF PHILOSOPHY
    ISSN: 0167-7411 Vol.42 N° 1 2023 págs. 345 - 345
  • Autores: Sánchez Cañizares, Javier
    Revista: PHILOSOPHIA
    ISSN: 0048-3893 Vol.51 2023 págs. 2439 - 2455
    Resumen
    In a recent work (Grasso et al., 2021), practitioners of the Integrated Information Theory (IIT) claim to have overcome the weaknesses of causal reductionism in producing a coherent account of causation, as causal reductionism would blatantly conflate causation with prediction and could not answer the question of 'what caused what.' In this paper, I reject such a dismissal of causal reductionism since IIT anti-reductionists misunderstand the reductionist stance. The reductionists can still invoke a causal account stemming from the causal power of the universe's basic units and interactions that, eventually, may lead to structures supporting integrated information. Additionally, I claim that the IIT-inspired misunderstanding of causal reductionism originates from the former's metaphysical deficit, conflating information with causation. However, as a possible way out, if IIT is complemented with a deeper metaphysical ground, such as nested hylomorphism, an improved argument against causal reductionism can be made to work by invoking formal causality as the ultimate cause of integration in natural systems.
  • Autores: Deacon, T. W. (Autor de correspondencia); García-Valdecasas Merino, Miguel
    Revista: PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES
    ISSN: 1364-503X Vol.381 N° 2252 2023 págs. 20220282
    Resumen
    We show how distinct terminally disposed self-organizing processes can be linked together so that they collectively suppress each other's self-undermining tendency despite also potentiating it to occur in a restricted way. In this way, each process produces the supportive and limiting boundary conditions for the other. The production of boundary conditions requires dynamical processes that decrease local entropy and increase local constraints. Only the far-from-equilibrium dissipative dynamics of self-organized processes produce these effects. When two such complementary self-organizing processes are linked by a shared substrate¿the waste product of one that is the necessary ingredient for the other¿the co-dependent structure that results develops toward a self-sustaining target state that avoids the termination of the whole, and any of its component processes. The result is a perfectly naturalized model of teleological causation that both escapes the threat of backward influences and does not reduce teleology to selection, chemistry or chance.
  • Autores: Oleksowicz, M. (Autor de correspondencia); Gaitán Mantaras, Leandro Martín
    Revista: SYNTHESE
    ISSN: 0039-7857 Vol.202 N° 3 2023 págs. 78
    Resumen
    The new mechanistic philosophy seeks to identify and explain the mechanisms of various phenomena, including their overall organization and the interactions between the individualized components. This paper argues that among the phenomena that can be approached within the new mechanistic framework are near-death experiences, which can be included within the vast range of experiences that are grouped under the category of religious experience. Such experiences involve a complex set of cognitive, affective, and behavioural processes. Since studying such experiences is far from methodologically simple, we try to show the feasibility of applying the mechanistic explanation to near-death experiences. While some scholars (such as Egil Asprem and Ann Taves) argue that mechanistic explanation can shed new light on the explanation of religion, we instead emphasize neglected limits of such an explanation, as well as its epistemic-methodological advantages in comparison with alternative explanatory models, especially the models proposed by Michael Marsh, Frederick S. Barrett and Roland R. Griffiths.
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Revista: SCIENTIA ET FIDES
    ISSN: 2300-7648 Vol.11 N° 2 2023 págs. 87 - 105
    Resumen
    Tomás de Aquino sostiene que el contenido actual de nuestro pensamiento no es directamente accesible por parte de ninguna criatura y que el libre albedrío no puede ser suplantado. Estas tesis se apoyan en la condición espiritual de la inteligencia y la voluntad. Por otra parte, este autor reserva un puesto especial a la voluntad como custodia de la intimidad, que impide aceptar una transparencia tal que haga superflua la decisión libre de comunicarnos con otros seres personales, y como dominio inalienable sobre la acción mediante la cual nos dirigimos por nosotros mismos al bien. En esto se distancia de las concepciones reduccionistas, que, o bien niegan la existencia de la libertad, lo que pone en cuestión cualquier intento de protegerle un ámbito para que se exprese, o bien se encuentran con la dificultad de explicar el significado de los derechos que se reclaman para ella y más aún de justificarlos. De todos modos, Tomás de Aquino acepta la posibilidad de acceder indirectamente a nuestra mente a través del conocimiento de los estados del cerebro y también la de influenciar nuestra voluntad a través de las pasiones, mediante la modificación de nuestro organismo. Aunque esta posibilidad no estaba en su época al alcance del ser humano, sí la consideraba al alcance de las sustancias separadas. Conocer los límites de la perspicacia y la capacidad de control de estas arrojan luz sobre el alcance de lo que pueda permitir en el fututo la neurotecnología. La existencia de un reducto inatacable que garantiza nuestra intimidad y nuestra libertad legitima nuestro derecho a ser respetados, pero no convierte en superflua su protección.
  • Autores: García-Valdecasas Merino, Miguel (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: TOPOI-AN INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF PHILOSOPHY
    ISSN: 0167-7411 Vol.42 N° 1 2023 págs. 35 - 45
    Resumen
    Some philosophers have argued that Wittgenstein's hinges, the centrepiece of his book On Certainty, are the "ungrounded ground" on which knowledge rests. It is usually understood by this that hinges provide a foundation for knowledge without being themselves epistemically warranted. In fact, Wittgenstein articulates that hinges lack any truth-value and are neither justified nor unjustified. This inevitably places them wholly outside the categorial framework of JTB epistemology. What I call the "groundlessness interpretation", inspired by OC 166, understands the fundamental pieces of our cognitive scaffolding this way. The view has been largely successful. I argue that this interpretation is incomplete for two basic reasons: first, it is not based on undisputed evidence; second, by assuming that hinges are committed to reality by epistemic fiat, it looks as if Wittgenstein is asking us to blindly trust them regardless of their actual content. Contrary to this, I argue that Wittgenstein describes hinges as illuminating world-pictures that reflect reality and are answerable to facts in a derivate way. As the book shows, hinges originate in our engagement with reality and, while considered unquestionable, could be challenged, reassessed, and replaced by new ones. This indicates that hinges are both the result of knowledge-acquisition and somewhat continuous with one's set of beliefs. It follows that hinges are ultimately rational, and so, apt instruments to confront scepticism.
  • Autores: Muñoz Ortega, José Manuel; Bernácer María, Javier (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: AJOB NEUROSCIENCE
    ISSN: 2150-7759 Vol.14 N° 4 2023 págs. 405 - 407
    Resumen
    In their valuable call-for-action article, Wexler and Specker Sullivan (Citation2023) propose an integration¿inclusion¿impact axis for ¿translational neuroethics,¿ to face the challenges and criticisms that neuroethics has aroused in its initial stages and to take the discipline into the future. One aspect mentioned by the authors is the interdisciplinary nature of neuroethics, in which academics with theoretical and empirical approaches converge. We propose to elaborate on this idea stressing the need to work on a fundamental neuroethics (Evers Citation2007) that, in our opinion, should ¿zoom out¿ from neuroessentialist and cerebrocentric views, thus increasing integration and inclusion.
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: RELIGIONS
    ISSN: 2077-1444 Vol.14 N° 1 2023 págs. 88
    Resumen
    This paper explores the question of how religious symbolism functions to provide a more meaningful or enriched experience of life. It examines a common and highly influential view, referred to here as the ¿source model¿, for which this function requires the addition to experience of transcendent meanings generated by rituals and other specially adapted kinds of symbolic activity. Using Robert Bellah¿s Religion in Human Evolution and Clifford Geertz¿s ¿Religion as a Cultural System¿ as representative examples, I critique a key premise of the source model, namely that the meaning-making function of religious symbolism evolved in response to a universal experience of life as problematic. I argue that the experience of life as problematic is a product of symbolism, not a precondition. Moreover, with respect to this experience, I propose that symbolism functions not to add meaning but to enhance meanings that are vaguely discerned in everyday life. I close with the suggestion that an enhanced experience of life as problematic is itself a kind of enriched meaning and an important source of the affective power of religious practice.
  • Autores: Muñoz Ortega, José Manuel (Autor de correspondencia); Bernácer María, Javier; Güell Pelayo, Francisco
    Revista: NEUROETHICS
    ISSN: 1874-5490 Vol.16 N° 3 2023 págs. 18
    Resumen
    In this article, we propose a philosophical exploration on the main problems involved in two neurorights that concern autonomous action, namely free will and cognitive liberty, and sketch a possible solution to these problems by resourcing to a holistic interpretation of human actions. First, we expose the main conceptual and practical issues arising from the neuroright to free will, which are far from minor: the term itself is denied by some trends participating in the neurorights debate, the related concept of ultimate control is also disputed, the understanding of free will depends on cultural context, and the exercise of being free to act in several domains may be covered by other regulations. Second, we analyze the historical origin of cognitive liberty, its current status, and its relation with free will. Third, we criticize the concept of decision in mainstream action theory and propose to conceive action as a unified process constituted by three explanatory, non-sequential dimensions: intention, decision, and action realization. Fourth, we discuss two possible cases involving neurotechnologies and suggest ways to interpret them according to a unified framework in which free will and cognitive liberty fall under a single neuroright to personal autonomy. Finally, we outline a recommendation to introduce freedom of thought and personal autonomy as complementary neurorights to protect both the internal and external dimensions of thought and action.
  • Autores: Potenza, M.; Villena-Moya, A.; Arrondo Ostíz, Gonzalo; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL ADDICTIONS
    ISSN: 2062-5871 Vol.12 2023 págs. 320 - 320
  • Autores: Dostalova, A.; Güell Pelayo, Francisco (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: CESKA GYNEKOLOGIE
    ISSN: 1210-7832 Vol.87 N° 2 2022 págs. 137 - 143
    Resumen
    Cross-border reproductive care is undoubtedly a current phenomenon. The number of people interested in receiving reproductive care abroad is increasing every year. This new context needs a political solution that would respond to the definition of standard care within the circumstances of providing healthcare to the citizens of another country. Patients that undergo reproductive treatment abroad very often face complications such as language problems, insufficient information, separation from family members, cultural differences and customs, potential unrealistic expectations, and also restrictions by law. This work is descriptive in nature and aims to illustrate the variables that come into play when choosing the Czech Republic over other destinations as a country to receive infertility treatment. We analyze the phenomenon by selecting documents used as sources of data. In our research, we focused on infertility treatment and justified the reasons why foreign citizens choose the Czech Republic over other destinations for infertility treatment. The variables that lead to the selection of cross-border infertility treatment in the Czech Republic include no waiting time, anonymous donations, international departments in various languages, and affordable prices compared to other destinations.
  • Autores: Sánchez Cañizares, Javier
    Revista: JOURNAL OF CONSCIOUSNESS STUDIES
    ISSN: 1355-8250 Vol.29 N° 11-12 2022 págs. 241 - 248
  • Autores: Sánchez Cañizares, Javier (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES
    ISSN: 0140-525X Vol.45 2022 págs. e207
    Resumen
    Bruineberg et al. underestimate the ontological weight of Markov blankets as actual boundaries of systems and lean toward an instrumentalist understanding thereof. Yet Markov blankets need not be deemed mere tools. Determining their reality depends on the fundamental problem of distinguishing between system and environment in physics, which, in turn, demands a metaphysical bedrock backed by a realist stance on science.
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel
    Revista: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
    ISSN: 1664-1078 Vol.13 2022 págs. 831118
    Resumen
    To understand the evolution of imaginative culture, we need to understand its unique affective power. The purpose of this article is to explain our enjoyment of imaginative culture from the standpoint of a distinctive theoretical approach to understanding affect in terms of the dynamic and energetic features of consciousness. This approach builds upon John Dewey¿s view of enjoyment as the enrichment of experience, adding perspectives from studies of the dynamics of consciousness and from ecological psychology. Its main thesis is that positive affect is determined by the causal enrichment of experience, which is defined as the differentiated-ness of conscious states. This approach suggests that the affective power of imaginative culture lies in the way it affords experiences of enriched meaning, as exemplified by our enjoyment of highly nuanced emotion in music.
  • Autores: Sánchez Cañizares, Javier
    Revista: BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES
    ISSN: 0140-525X Vol.45 2022 págs. E207
    Resumen
    Bruineberg et al. underestimate the ontological weight of Markov blankets as actual boundaries of systems and lean toward an instrumentalist understanding thereof. Yet Markov blankets need not be deemed mere tools. Determining their reality depends on the fundamental problem of distinguishing between system and environment in physics, which, in turn, demands a metaphysical bedrock backed by a realist stance on science.
  • Autores: Camina Paniagua, Eduardo; Güell Pelayo, Francisco; Sepulcre Bernad, Jorge; et al.
    Revista: SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS AND MINING
    ISSN: 1869-5469 Vol.12 N° 1 2022 págs. 125
    Resumen
    Beliefs are essential components of the human mind, as they define personal identity, integration and adaptation to social groups. Most theoretical studies suggest that beliefs are organized as structured networks: the so-called belief system. According to these studies and their empirical implementation using graph-theoretical approaches, a belief is any proposition considered as true by the respondent. In a recent contribution, we introduced a novel operationalization: a proposition is a belief if (1) it is taken to be true; and (2) the subject declares to be willing to hold it even if irrefutable evidence were hypothetically argued against it. Here, we implement this operationalization using a graph theory approach to investigate the network organization of the belief system in a sample of 108 participants, as well as the differences between key ideological (left- vs. right-wingers) and sociodemographic features (younger vs. older, female vs. male). We identified a well-coordinated network of interlocked spiritual, prosocial and nature-related beliefs, which displays a dense core of 10 hub nodes. Moreover, we observed how specific social liberalist beliefs and transcendental or individualistic/prosocial viewpoints are articulated within left- and right-wingers networks or younger and older participants. Interestingly, we observed that females tend to engage in denser belief networks than male respondents. In conclusion, our research expands tangible scientific evidence of the belief system of humans through the network study of belief reports, which in turn opens innovative ways to study belief systems in social and clinical samples.
  • Autores: García-Valdecasas Merino, Miguel
    Revista: ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR
    ISSN: 1059-7123 Vol.30 N° 2 2022 págs. 103 - 117
    Resumen
    In recent decades, several theories have claimed to explain the teleological causality of organisms as a function of self-organising and self-producing processes. The most widely cited theories of this sort are variations of autopoiesis, originally introduced by Maturana and Varela. More recent modifications of autopoietic theory have focused on system organisation, closure of constraints and autonomy to account for organism teleology. This article argues that the treatment of teleology in autopoiesis and other organisation theories is inconclusive for three reasons: First, non-living self-organising processes like autocatalysis meet the defining features of autopoiesis without being teleological; second, organisational approaches, whether defined in terms of the closure of constraints, self-determination or autonomy, are unable to specify teleological normativity, that is, the individuation of an ultimate beneficiary; third, all self-organised systems produce local order by maximising the throughput of energy and/or material (obeying the maximum entropy production (MEP) principle) and thereby are specifically organised to undermine their own critical boundary conditions. Despite these inadequacies, an alternative approach called teleodynamics accounts for teleology. This theory shows how multiple self-organising processes can be collectively linked so that they counter each other's MEP principle tendencies to become codependent. Teleodynamics embraces - not ignoring - the difficulties of self-organisation, but reinstates teleology as a radical phase transition distinguishing systems embodying an orientation towards their own beneficial ends from those that lack normative character.
  • Autores: Sánchez Cañizares, Javier
    Revista: TOLETANA
    ISSN: 1575-8664 Vol.46 N° 1 2022 págs. 233 - 250
  • Autores: Solmi, M.; Estradé, A.; Thompson, T.; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS
    ISSN: 0165-0327 Vol.299 2022 págs. 393 - 407
    Resumen
    Background: . High-quality comprehensive data on short-/long-term physical/mental health effects of the COVID-19 pandemic are needed. Methods: . The Collaborative Outcomes study on Health and Functioning during Infection Times (COH-FIT) is an international, multi-language (n=30) project involving >230 investigators from 49 countries/territories/regions, endorsed by national/international professional associations. COH-FIT is a multi-wave, on-line anonymous, cross-sectional survey [wave 1: 04/2020 until the end of the pandemic, 12 months waves 2/3 starting 6/24 months threreafter] for adults, adolescents (14-17), and children (6-13), utilizing non-probability/snowball and representative sampling. COH-FIT aims to identify non-modifiable/modifiable risk factors/treatment targets to inform prevention/intervention programs to improve social/health outcomes in the general population/vulnerable subgrous during/after COVID-19. In adults, co-primary outcomes are change from pre-COVID-19 to intra-COVID-19 in well-being (WHO-5) and a composite psychopathology P-Score. Key secondary outcomes are a P-extended score, global mental and physical health. Secondary outcomes include health-service utilization/functioning, treatment adherence, functioning, symptoms/behaviors/emotions, substance use, violence, among others. Results: . Starting 04/26/2020, up to 14/07/2021 >151,000 people from 155 countries/territories/regions and six continents have participated. Representative samples of ¿1,000 adults have been collected in 15 countries. Overall, 43.0% had prior physical disorders, 16.3% had prior mental disorders, 26.5% were health care workers, 8.2% were aged ¿65 years, 19.3% were exposed to someone infected with COVID-19, 76.1% had been in quarantine, and 2.1% had been COVID 19-positive. Limitations: . Cross-sectional survey, preponderance of non-representative participants. Conclusions: . Results from COH-FIT will comprehensively quantify the impact of COVID-19, seeking to identify high-risk groups in need for acute and long-term intervention, and inform evidence-based health policies/strategies during this/future pandemics.
  • Autores: Solmi, M.; Estradé, A.; Thompson, T.; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS
    ISSN: 0165-0327 Vol.299 2022 págs. 367 - 376
    Resumen
    Background The COVID-19 pandemic has altered daily routines and family functioning, led to closing schools, and dramatically limited social interactions worldwide. Measuring its impact on mental health of vulnerable children and adolescents is crucial. Methods The Collaborative Outcomes study on Health and Functioning during Infection Times (COH-FIT ¿ www.coh-fit.com) is an on-line anonymous survey, available in 30 languages, involving >230 investigators from 49 countries supported by national/international professional associations. COH-FIT has thee waves (until the pandemic is declared over by the WHO, and 6¿18 months plus 24¿36 months after its end). In addition to adults, COH-FIT also includes adolescents (age 14¿17 years), and children (age 6¿13 years), recruited via non-probability/snowball and representative sampling and assessed via self-rating and parental rating. Non-modifiable/modifiable risk factors/treatment targets to inform prevention/intervention programs to promote health and prevent mental and physical illness in children and adolescents will be generated by COH-FIT. Co-primary outcomes are changes in well-being (WHO-5) and a composite psychopathology P-Score. Multiple behavioral, family, coping strategy and service utilization factors are also assessed, including functioning and quality of life. Results Up to June 2021, over 13,000 children and adolescents from 59 countries have participated in the COH-FIT project, with representative samples from eleven countries. Limitations Cross-sectional and anonymous design. Conclusions Evidence generated by COH-FIT will provide an international estimate of the COVID-19 effect on children's, adolescents¿ and families¿, mental and physical health, well-being, functioning and quality of life, informing the formulation of present and future evidence-based interventions and policies to minimize adverse effects of the present and future pandemics on youth.
  • Autores: Mulraney, M. (Autor de correspondencia); Arrondo Ostíz, Gonzalo; Musullulu, Hande; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY
    ISSN: 0890-8567 Vol.61 N° 8 2022 págs. 982 - 996
    Resumen
    Objective This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to (1) determine the accuracies of a broad range of screening tools for ADHD in children and adolescents and (2) compare the diagnostic accuracy of tools between population-based and clinical/high-risk samples, and across reporters. Method MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE and PubMed were searched up until February 20th, 2020 with no language restrictions. Studies reporting diagnostic accuracy of a screening tool against a diagnosis of ADHD in children <18 years were eligible for inclusion. Meta-analyses were undertaken to provide pooled estimates of the area under the curve (AUC), and sensitivity and specificity of groups of measures. Results Seventy-five studies published between 1985 and 2021 reporting on 41 screening tools that were grouped into four categories (ASEBA, DSM-IV symptom scales, SDQ, and Other Scales) were retained. The pooled AUC for studies using a combined ADHD symptoms score was 0.82 (95% CI 0.78-0.86), although this varied considerably across reporters (0.67-0.92) and populations (0.60-0.95). None of the measures met minimal standards for acceptable sensitivity (0.8) and specificity (0.8). Conclusion Most tools have excellent overall diagnostic accuracy as indicated by the AUC. However, a single measure, completed by a single reporter is unlikely to have sufficient sensitivity and specificity for clinical use or population screening.
  • Autores: Alonso Bastarreche, Gonzalo (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: MISCELANEA POLIANA
    ISSN: 1699-2849 Vol.71 2022 págs. 3 - 18
  • Autores: Arrondo Ostíz, Gonzalo (Autor de correspondencia); Solmi, M.; Dragioti, E.; et al.
    Revista: NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS
    ISSN: 0149-7634 Vol.137 2022 págs. 104662
    Resumen
    We mapped the evidence on the type and strength of associations between a broad range of mental and physical conditions in children and adolescents, by carrying out an umbrella review, i.e., a quantitative synthesis of previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses. We also assessed to which extent the links between mental and physical conditions vary across disorders or, by contrast, are transdiagnostic. Based on a pre-established protocol, we retained 45 systematic reviews/meta-analyses, encompassing around 12.5 million of participants. In analyses limited to the most rigorous estimates, we found evidence for the following associations: ADHD-asthma, ADHD-obesity, and depression-asthma. A transdiagnostic association was confirmed between asthma and anxiety/ASD/depression/bipolar disorder, between obesity and ADHD/ASD/depression, and between dermatitis and ASD/ADHD. We conclude that obesity and allergic conditions are likely to be associated with mental disorders in children and adolescents. Our results can help clinicians explore potential links between mental and physical conditions in children/adolescent and provide a road map for future studies aimed at shading light on the underlying factors.
  • Autores: Cortese, S.; Gabellone, A.; Marzulli, L.; et al.
    Revista: NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS
    ISSN: 0149-7634 Vol.136 2022 págs. 104592
    Resumen
    There is mixed evidence on the link between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and diabetes. We conducted the first systematic review/meta-analysis on their association. Based on a pre-registered protocol (PROSPERO: CRD42021261114), we searched Pubmed, Ovid, and Web of Science databases up to 6 December 2021, with no language/type of document restrictions. We assessed study quality using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). We included 24 studies (total: 3427,773 individuals; 237,529 with ASD and 92,832 with diabetes) in the systematic review and 20 in the meta-analysis (mean stars number on the NOS: 5.89/10). There was a significant association, albeit characterized by significant heterogeneity, when pooling unadjusted OR (1.535, 95% CI = 1.109¿2.126), which remained significant when restricting the analysis to children and type 2 diabetes, but became non-significant when considering adjusted ORs (OR: 1.528, 95% CI = 0.954¿2.448). No significant prospective association was found (n = 2) on diabetes predicting ASD (HR: 1.232, 0.826¿11.837). Therefore, the association between ASD and diabetes is likely confounded by demographic and clinical factors that should be systematically investigated in future studies.
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: JOURNAL OF CONSCIOUSNESS STUDIES
    ISSN: 1355-8250 Vol.29 N° 11 - 12 2022 págs. 8 - 28
    Resumen
    When examined closely, our experience of affect presents a special challenge: it seems that there is no common quality that marks the pleasantness of conscious states and feelings. The implications of this finding have been debated by philosophers and psychologists for more than a century, and yet the peculiar phenomenology of affect is rarely discussed within consciousness studies. The purpose of this article is to call attention to the problem of affect and to examine the most likely reasons for its neglect. These include the assumption that affect is a special quality, the externalist view of affect as an intentional attitude and, perhaps most importantly, the assumption that pleasures and pains can be circumscribed as a special class of feelings. If none of these reasons hold up to scrutiny, facing up to the problem of affect may require that we revise our concept of consciousness.
  • Autores: López-Toribio, M.; Ramón-Soria, J. A.; García-Navas, A. M.; et al.
    Revista: HUMAN REPRODUCTION
    ISSN: 0268-1161 Vol.37 N° 1 2022 págs. deac105.115
    Resumen
    This is the first systematic multinational study that compare young people¿s perceptions about ART and information provided by ART clinics. Although this is a preliminary analysis, the results will be used to develop national guidelines to inform policies on ART services with potential impact on European citizens and ART providers.
  • Autores: López-Toribio, M.; Melovska, J.; Dimitrievska, V.; et al.
    Revista: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
    ISSN: 1101-1262 Vol.32 N° Suppl. 3 2022 págs. ckac129.588
    Resumen
    A multi-country qualitative study was conducted in Albania, Belgium, Slovenia, Spain, Italy, Kosovo, North Macedonia and Switzerland within the H2020 B2-INF project (Grant Agreement 872706). In 2021, 10-15 semi-structured interviews were conducted in each country with participants aged 18-30, childless and non-ART users. Additionally, 3-5 clinics¿ websites in each country were explored. Data was collected in native languages and translated into English. A thematic analysis was carried out. Gaps in citizens¿ expectations and needs and the information provided by ART clinics were identified. Awareness campaigns are needed to diminish social taboo on infertility and ART and to promote reproductive health.
  • Autores: Alonso Bastarreche, Gonzalo
    Revista: PENSAMIENTO
    ISSN: 0031-4749 Vol.77 N° 295 2021 págs. 597 - 601
  • Autores: Alonso Bastarreche, Gonzalo
    Revista: ANUARIO FILOSOFICO
    ISSN: 0066-5215 Vol.54 N° 3 2021 págs. 627 - 630
  • Autores: Cortese, S. (Autor de correspondencia); Arrondo Ostíz, Gonzalo; Correll, C. U.; et al.
    Revista: JCPP ADVANCES
    ISSN: 2692-9384 Vol.1 N° 4 2021 págs. e12051
  • Autores: Correll, C.; Cortese, S.; Croatto, G.; et al.
    Revista: WORLD PSYCHIATRY
    ISSN: 1723-8617 Vol.20 N° 2 2021 págs. 244 - 275
    Resumen
    Top-tier evidence on the safety/tolerability of 80 medications in children/adolescents with mental disorders has recently been reviewed in this jour-nal. To guide clinical practice, such data must be combined with evidence on efficacy and acceptability. Besides medications, psychosocial inter-ventions and brain stimulation techniques are treatment options for children/adolescents with mental disorders. For this umbrella review, we systematically searched network meta-analyses (NMAs) and meta-analyses (MAs) of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating 48 medications, 20 psychosocial interventions, and four brain stimulation techniques in children/adolescents with 52 different mental disorders or groups of mental disorders, reporting on 20 different efficacy/acceptability outcomes. Co-primary outcomes were disease-specific symptom reduction and all-cause discontinuation ("acceptability"). We included 14 NMAs and 90 MAs, reporting on 15 mental disorders or groups of mental disorders. Overall, 21 medications outperformed placebo regarding the co-primary outcomes, and three psychosocial interventions did so (while seven outperformed waiting list/no treatment). Based on the meta-analytic evidence, the most convincing efficacy profile emerged for amphetamines, methylphenidate and, to a smaller extent, behavioral therapy in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; aripiprazole, risperidone and several psychosocial interventions in autism; risperidone and behavioral interventions in disruptive behavior disorders; several antipsychotics in schizophrenia spectrum disorders; fluoxetine, the combination of fluoxetine and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and interpersonal therapy in depression; aripiprazole in mania; fluoxetine and group CBT in anxiety disorders; fluoxetine/selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, CBT, and behavioral therapy with exposure and response prevention in obsessive-compulsive disorder; CBT in post-traumatic stress disorder; imipramine and alarm behavioral intervention in enuresis; behavioral therapy in encopresis; and family therapy in anorexia nervosa. Results from this umbrella review of interventions for mental disorders in children/adolescents provide evidence-based information for clinical decision making.
  • Autores: Ostiz Blanco, Mikel; Bernácer María, Javier; García-Arbizu, I.; et al.
    Revista: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
    ISSN: 1664-1078 Vol.12 2021 págs. 652948
    Resumen
    Background: The use of electronic interventions to improve reading is becoming a common resource. This systematic review aims to describe the main characteristics of randomized controlled trials or quasi-experimental studies that have used these tools to improve first-language reading, in order to highlight the features of the most reliable studies and guide future research. Methods: The whole procedure followed the PRISMA guidelines, and the protocol was registered before starting the process (doi: 10.17605/OSF.IO/CKM4N). Searches in Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science and an institutional reference aggregator (Unika) yielded 6,230 candidate articles. After duplicate removal, screening, and compliance of eligibility criteria, 55 studies were finally included. Results: They were research studies on improving first-language reading, both in children and adults, and including a control group. Thirty-three different electronic tools were employed, most of them in English, and studies were very diverse in sample size, length of intervention, and control tasks. Risk of bias was analyzed with the PEDro scale, and all studies had a medium or low risk. However, risk of bias due to conflicts of interest could not be evaluated in most studies, since they did not include a statement on this issue. Conclusion: Future research on this topic should include randomized intervention and control groups, with sample sizes over 65 per group, interventions longer than 15 h, and a proper disclosure.
  • Autores: Sánchez Cañizares, Javier
    Revista: ENTROPY
    ISSN: 1099-4300 Vol.23 N° 2 2021 págs. 238
    Resumen
    The Free Energy Principle (FEP) is currently one of the most promising frameworks with which to address a unified explanation of life-related phenomena. With powerful formalism that embeds a small set of assumptions, it purports to deal with complex adaptive dynamics ranging from barely unicellular organisms to complex cultural manifestations. The FEP has received increased attention in disciplines that study life, including some critique regarding its overall explanatory power and its true potential as a grand unifying theory (GUT). Recently, FEP theorists presented a contribution with the main tenets of their framework, together with possible philosophical interpretations, which lean towards so-called Markovian Monism (MM). The present paper assumes some of the abovementioned critiques, rejects the arguments advanced to invalidate the FEP's potential to be a GUT, and overcomes criticism thereof by reviewing FEP theorists' newly minted metaphysical commitment, namely MM. Specifically, it shows that this philosophical interpretation of the FEP argues circularly and only delivers what it initially assumes, i.e., a dual information geometry that allegedly explains epistemic access to the world based on prior dual assumptions. The origin of this circularity can be traced back to a physical description contingent on relative system-environment separation. However, the FEP itself is not committed to MM, and as a scientific theory it delivers more than what it assumes, serving as a
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel
    Revista: RELIGION, BRAIN & BEHAVIOR
    ISSN: 2153-599X Vol.11 N° 2 2021 págs. 180 - 185
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Revista: PENSAMIENTO
    ISSN: 0031-4749 Vol.77 N° 295 2021 págs. 501 - 510
    Resumen
    Neuroscience has much to offer to our understanding of human action, including its ethical dimensions. However, while neuroscience has been applied to questions of personal identity, emotion and moral decision-making, its implications for the classical notion of virtue have hardly been considered. This likely has much to do with the way in which the classical notion of virtue, together with closely related concepts of nature and habit, has been forgotten or distorted within the context of modern thought. As a consequence, the standard neuroscientific concept of habit as automatic and routine behavior is fundamentally opposed to teleological activity and thus cannot be reconciled with the classical concept of habit that is essential to virtue. The recovery of the classical notion of virtue in contemporary philosophy invites us to rethink the neuroscientific concept of habit in light of a different view of human behavior for which plasticity is not just indeterminacy but rather openness to freedom and growth.
  • Autores: Bernácer María, Javier (Autor de correspondencia); García Manglano, Javier; Camina Paniagua, Eduardo; et al.
    Revista: PLOS ONE
    ISSN: 1932-6203 Vol.16 N° 7 2021 págs. e0254511
    Resumen
    Spain was, together with Italy, the first European country severely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. After one month of strict lockdown and eight weeks of partial restrictions, Spanish residents are expected to have revised some of their beliefs. We conducted a survey one year before the pandemic, at its outbreak and during de-escalation (N = 1706). Despite the lockdown, most respondents tolerated being controlled by authorities, and acknowledged the importance of group necessities over individual rights. However, de-escalation resulted in a belief change towards the intrusiveness of authorities and the preeminence of individual rights. Besides, transcendental beliefs-God answering prayers and the existence of an afterlife-declined after the outbreak, but were strengthened in the de-escalation. Results were strongly influenced by political ideology: the proportion of left-sided voters who saw authorities as intrusive greatly decreased, and transcendental beliefs prevailed among right-sided voters. Our results point to a polarization of beliefs based on political ideology as a consequence of the pandemic.
  • Autores: Gaitán Mantaras, Leandro Martín
    Revista: HUMAN AFFAIRS
    ISSN: 1210-3055 Vol.31 N° 1 2021 págs. 40 - 45
    Resumen
    In a future highly technological society it will be possible to modify the personality using different kinds of technological tools. Consequently, we could become buyers and consumers of personality. As such, personality, which is a core aspect of the self, could turn into a commodity. This article intends to address the following questions: 1) How can new technologies modify personality? 2) Why might personality become a commodity? 3) What is wrong with turning personality into commodity?
  • Autores: Zarraluqui López, Silvia; Martínez Villar, Martín; Pastor, María A.
    Revista: CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY
    ISSN: 1046-1310 Vol.40 N° 5 2021 págs. 2453 - 2461
    Resumen
    This study presents a short and valid questionnaire for evaluating Facebook usage by the Spanish-speaking population. In order to achieve this aim, the Facebook scales developed by Ellison and collaborators (i.e., Facebook Intensity, Actual Friends, Connection Strategies, and Relationship Maintenance Behavior) were translated into Spanish and then grouped into a 31-item questionnaire: the Spanish Facebook Battery (SFB). Subsequently, the reliability and construct validity of the SFB was tested once administered to a sample of Spanish speakers (N=433) by means of an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) with iterated principal axis factoring and Promax rotation methods. The SFB showed high internal (¿=.89) and acceptable retest (¿=.65) reliability whereas the EFA indicated the retention of five dimensions that explained 89% of the total variance in this sample data. A main dimension related to Facebook Intensity was found to account for almost half of the total variance, whereas the other four dimensions were found to be associated with Online Connection Strategies, Relationship Maintenance Behaviors, Maintaining Connection Strategies, and Offline Connection Strategies. Therefore, the factor analysis returned a dimensional structure of the SFB that differed slightly from the original scales composition, stressing the difference between online and offline connection strategies in this population sample. In summary, this article proposes a short and valid tool which could be useful for assessing Facebook usage among Spanish-speakers. https://rdcu.be/bnCtQ
  • Autores: Gaitán Mantaras, Leandro Martín (Autor de correspondencia); Sáez Castresana, Javier
    Revista: RELIGIONS
    ISSN: 2077-1444 Vol.12 N° 4 2021 págs. rel12040277
    Resumen
    This article examines the basic and dialogical models of neurotheology and suggests a third model based on the work of Aldous Huxley. In other words, this proposal is not limited to understanding this discipline as a mere pursuit of neural correlates or as a dialogue between neuroscience and theology. Instead, it is the search for an integrative understanding of religious experiences in which the study of neuronal correlates is only one of the multilevels to be integrated within the framework of a plural and conveniently articulated explanation of such phenomena. This model, which we call integrative neurotheology, hopes to achieve knowledge of religious experiences that includes a comprehensive range of disciplines. In order to update and give argumentative consistency to this model, we will use philosopher Sandra D. Mitchell¿s theory of integrative pluralism, which is a more epistemologically refined expression of Huxley¿s intuitions. We conclude that a comprehensive model is feasible although we are aware that this article cannot give answers to all the difficulties that this model possesses. Nevertheless, we expect to open up a new pathway in the studies of religious experience.
  • Autores: Camina Paniagua, Eduardo; Bernácer María, Javier (Autor de correspondencia); Güell Pelayo, Francisco
    Revista: FOUNDATIONS OF SCIENCE
    ISSN: 1572-8471 Vol.26 2021 págs. 325 - 340
    Resumen
    The most common definition of belief is taken from analytical philosophy, which understands it as a proposition that is considered as true. Such a broad definition is ambiguous for some fields of empirical research, like psychology, which deals with the mental state of the believer when holding the belief. This article aims to reach an operationalization of beliefs to pinpoint their distinctive features with respect to similar concepts (knowledge, opinion, preference, perception or prediction, for instance). We summarize the most influential interpretations of belief in psychology and psychiatry, which are mainly based on Immanuel Kant and analytical philosophy. We also expose the problem that arises from putting the mental states of beliefs, knowledge, opinions and preferences in the same bag. Our proposal is that a belief is: (1) a proposition that is taken to be true; and (2) which the subject is willing to hold even if irrefutable evidence were hypothetically argued against it. We introduce a narrower interpretation to reliably discriminate the mental state of believing, which is intended to be applied to empirical psychology, neuroscience, behavioral economics, sociology and related sciences.
  • Autores: Gaitán Mantaras, Leandro Martín
    Revista: HUMANIDADES
    ISSN: 1510-5024 N° 10 2021 págs. 201 - 220
    Resumen
    El propósito del artículo es justificar la crítica de Francis Fukuyama a la concepción bioliberal del ser humano y a su propuesta de modificarlo (mejorarlo) tecnológicamente para convertirlo en un posthumano (con las consecuencias que ello acarrea, especialmente en lo concerniente a la posible convivencia entre humanos y posthumanos). Fukuyama fue, en efecto, una de las primeras y más resonantes voces que se pronunció en contra de la utopía bioliberal. Eso le convirtió en blanco de numerosas críticas. El presente trabajo se enfoca en los dos argumentos que, a mi juicio, mejor sintetizan la diversidad de objeciones lanzadas contra Fukuyama, e intenta demostrar que ninguno de ellos logra desmontar su crítica. Consiguientemente, sugiere que las tesis de Fukuyama sobre el tema continúan vigentes (al menos en sus postulados fundamentales) y que ameritan ulteriores análisis y desarrollos.
  • Autores: Navarro-Rubio Coello-Portugal, Sonsoles; Güell Pelayo, Francisco (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: JOURNAL OF RELIGION AND HEALTH
    ISSN: 0022-4197 Vol.60 N° 1 2021 págs. 268 - 281
    Resumen
    The Catholic perspective rejects assisted human reproduction techniques, but the morality of artificial insemination (AI) is open for discussion. This article aims to analyze the morality of AI from a new angle, namely whether these interventions exclude all possibility of damaging the human embryo and the offspring's health. The scientific evidence about the children's health who are born through AI allows us to affirm that the procedures do not comply with the principle of damage exclusion: AI does not exclude all possibility of damaging the embryo and impacting the health and exposure to disease of the offspring born through these techniques.
  • Autores: Alonso Bastarreche, Gonzalo (Autor de correspondencia); Vargas Pérez, Alberto Ignacio
    Revista: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
    ISSN: 1664-1078 Vol.12 2021 págs. 687617
    Resumen
    This paper analyzes Game Theory (GT) from the point of view of moral psychology and makes explicit some of its assumptions regarding the human person as a moral agent, as well as the ends of human action, and reciprocity. Using a largely philosophical methodology, we will argue that GT assumes an instrumental form of rationality underpinned by a logic of self-interest, hence placing individuals, communities, and their social practices in service of external goods and their maximization. Because of this, GT is not adequate to describe the entirety of human social existence and interaction. Nevertheless, by revealing these assumptions, GT can be amplified with another form of rationality based on realist ethics and a personalist anthropology reinforced by the logic of gift. This rationality values the singularity of each person as a holistic unity, as the center of the social realm and as an end in herself called to growth and flourishing with others, nurturing the human community through giving and receiving. We will thus provide a wider philosophical framework for GT with a series of non-mathematical axioms of what can be called a Game Metatheory (GMt). These axioms refer to society as a complex system, not to particular interactions. GMt axioms are not a model of social games, but rather an axiomatic description of social life as a game, revealing its systematic character, complexity, and possible deterioration.
  • Autores: Navarro-Rubio Coello-Portugal, Sonsoles; Güell Pelayo, Francisco (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: BIRTH DEFECTS RESEARCH
    ISSN: 2472-1727 Vol.112 N° 1 2020 págs. 7 - 18
    Resumen
    Although numerous articles have shown intracytoplasmic sperm injection and in vitro fertilization to be correlated with increased risk of disease, a few works have been published on the risks associated with artificial insemination. Meanwhile, questions about the possible causes underlying these correlations have remained in the background. The main objective of this work is not to review the risks associated with artificial insemination, but rather to describe how developmental processes may be affected by these techniques. Thus, we offer a theoretical framework for understanding the possible causes that underlie the correlation between low-complexity or milder techniques and offspring health outcomes.
  • Autores: Catherine, L. ; Bernácer María, Javier (Autor de correspondencia); Güell Pelayo, Francisco
    Revista: MIND BRAIN EDUC
    ISSN: 1751-2271 Vol.14 N° 4 2020 págs. 322 - 334
    Resumen
    Maria Montessori developed an educational program during the first half of the 20th century. Nowadays, the Montessori method (MM) is considered one of the main alternatives to teacher¿paced conventional preschool education. This review aims to open a dialogue between the MM and current understanding of neurodevelopment. Four conceptual pillars of the MM¿the sensitive periods, the education of the senses, the prepared environment, and spontaneous activities through repetition¿are discussed. According to the MM, the teacher provides children with an environment that, leaning on maturational time windows, should promote sensory development through spontaneous repetition. We describe brain changes in 3¿ to 6¿year¿old children due to development and externally¿provided experience. Then, it is discussed whether these pillars are supported by neuroscience. Finally, the influences of Montessori are explained, and we suggest possible lines of research to underpin the neuroscientific grounds of the MM
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel
    Revista: PLURALIST
    ISSN: 1930-7365 Vol.15 N° 3 2020 págs. 8 - 17
  • Autores: Arrondo Ostíz, Gonzalo (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY
    ISSN: 1468-1331 Vol.27 N° 2 2020 págs. 213 - 214
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR
    ISSN: 1059-7123 Vol.28 N° 1 2020 págs. 47 - 48
    Resumen
    I agree with Villalobos and Razeto-Barry's main argument that living beings are autopoietic bodies. I suggest, however, that if we apply this definition of life to a consideration of living beings as dissipative systems, we find opportunities for further refinement. I propose that living bodies are autopoietic bodies that maintain themselves by using their boundaries to control their constituent processes of dissipative adaptation.
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel
    Revista: ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR
    ISSN: 1059-7123 Vol.28 N° 2 2020 págs. 89 - 103
    Resumen
    A fundamental challenge for enactive theory and other radical varieties of non-representational ¿E cognition¿ is to reconceive the end-directed character of cognitive activity in naturally emergent but also experientially adequate terms. In short, it is necessary to show how cognitive activity is motivated. In this article, I present a preliminary analysis of the nature of motivation and the challenge that it presents to cognitive science. I make the case that a theory of motivation is a critical desideratum for dynamical theories of cognition, especially insofar as they understand cognition as a self-organized and ¿soft assembled¿ process. Finally, I propose that a branch of ecological psychology that conceives of cognition as a special variety of ¿dissipative adaptation¿ offers a promising framework for confronting this challenge.
  • Autores: L'Ecuyer, C. (Autor de correspondencia); Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Revista: REVISTA ESPAÑOLA DE PEDAGOGIA
    ISSN: 0034-9461 Vol.78 N° 277 2020 págs. 499 - 517
    Resumen
    Teleology is a fundamental aspect of Montessori education. Understanding its implications helps us appreciate Montessori's deep affinity with Aristotelian thought and how her pedagogy differs from the New Education movement inspired by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. The teleological approach has several implications in education: for example, when it comes to understanding concepts such as meaningful learning, active learning, learning stimuli, and progress. To understand the teleological approach in the Montessori method, this article discusses some of its fundamental pillars, such as the prepared environment, control of error, the absorbent mind, sustained attention, the development of personality, purposeful repetition, perfective activity, the joy of learning and the rational nature's inclination towards its end. According to Montessori, human activity is naturally oriented towards an end and is ordered by reason. The end of education is the child himself since education consists in perfecting the agent, bringing his potential into action. The child's eagerness to develop his personality occurs through the spontaneous activity of his absorbent mind and through purposeful repetition, which generates positive habits. The absorbent character of his mind urges him to know, absorbing his surrounding environment. Hence, the prepared environment and control of error are crucial. Perfective activity, performed with the right and strictly necessary amount of stimuli, helps the child find rest in meaningful voluntary activities done without obstacles. The resulting pleasure should not be understood as a mere experience; it should rather be seen in relation to a natural activity directed towards its end.
  • Autores: Ostiz Blanco, Mikel
    Revista: NATURALEZA Y LIBERTAD
    ISSN: 2254-9668 Vol.14 2020 págs. 163 - 184
    Resumen
    El mind uploading es el acto de transferir una mente de su sustrato original (el cuerpo biológico de la persona) a otro sustrato, que puede ser también biológico, o bien robótico o incluso digital. Esta propuesta se enmarca en el movimiento transhumanista y tiene como objetivo último la inmortalidad personal más allá de la duración temporal del cuerpo biológico. La tesis de este artículo es que el mind uploading es una propuesta que se presenta principalmente como tecnológica, pero que, en realidad, tiene implicaciones a muchos otros niveles: antropológico, cultural, político, etc., por lo que requiere una reflexión más profunda. Por ello, se analizan en este artículo dos dimensiones del mind-uploading: su posibilidad real de realización y su deseabilidad, sin pretender tanto dar respuestas finales como suscitar preguntas que se dan muchas veces por descontadas.
  • Autores: Knolle, F.; Garofalo, S. ; Viviani, R.; et al.
    Revista: NEUROIMAGE. CLINICAL
    ISSN: 2213-1582 Vol.27 2020 págs. 102277
    Resumen
    Objective Current research does not provide a clear explanation for why some patients with Parkinson¿s Disease (PD) develop psychotic symptoms. The `aberrant salience hypothesis¿ of psychosis has been influential and proposes that dopaminergic dysregulation leads to inappropriate attribution of salience to irrelevant/non-informative stimuli, facilitating the formation of hallucinations and delusions. The aim of this study is to investigate whether non-motivational salience is altered in PD patients and possibly linked to the development of psychotic symptoms. Methods We investigated salience processing in 14 PD patients with psychotic symptoms, 23 PD patients without psychotic symptoms and 19 healthy controls. All patients were on dopaminergic medication for their PD. We examined emotional salience using a visual oddball fMRI paradigm that has been used to investigate early stages of schizophrenia spectrum psychosis, controlling for resting cerebral blood flow as assessed with arterial spin labelling fMRI. Results We found significant differences between patient groups in brain responses to emotional salience. PD patients with psychotic symptoms had enhanced brain responses in the striatum, dopaminergic midbrain, hippocampus and amygdala compared to patients without psychotic symptoms. PD patients with psychotic symptoms showed significant correlations between the levels of dopaminergic drugs they were taking and BOLD signalling, as well as psychotic symptom scores. Conclusion Our study suggests that enhanced signalling in the striatum, dopaminergic midbrain, the hippocampus and amygdala is associated with the development of psychotic symptoms in PD, in line with that proposed in the `aberrant salience hypothesis¿ of psychosis in schizophrenia.
  • Autores: Aznárez Sanado, Maite (Autor de correspondencia); Artuch Garde, Raquel; Carrica Ochoa, Sarah; et al.
    Revista: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
    ISSN: 1664-1078 Vol.11 2020
    Resumen
    Background/objective: Adult Lower Secondary Education is an education program for basic qualifications for the labor market. Our study aimed to compare lifetime mental health problems between current Adult Lower Secondary Education students and higher Vocational Education students, as the former constitutes a highly distinct and understudied group. Methods: Findings were based on a cross-sectional self-report survey. Lifetime relative odds of occurrence of mental disorders [i.e., psychiatric disorders typically diagnosed in adults, learning difficulties or deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)] were compared between Adult Lower Secondary Education students (n = 134) and Vocational Education students (n = 149). Results: While the frequency of mental health problems was high in both groups, psychiatric disorders typically diagnosed in adults were more common in Adult Lower Secondary Education students than among other students. Vocational Education students reported higher rates of ADHD. Conclusion: There is a need for additional psychological resources for Adult Lower Secondary Education students, an educational level that is the last path for many to acquire a basic degree.
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel
    Revista: ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR
    ISSN: 1059-7123 Vol.28 N° 2 2020 págs. 113 - 118
    Resumen
    In this reply to the commentaries of Lyon and Swenson, I clarify the arguments of my article, ¿On the nature and origins of cognition as a form of motivated activity.¿ In particular, I focus on the nature of self-preserving behavior, considered not only as a basic and universal form of cognitive behavior but also as a key example of cognition as form of motivated activity. I clarify that my approach affirms the importance of self-preserving behavior but questions the widespread assumption that this and other varieties of motivated behavior can be explained as the product of homeostatic mechanisms. I suggest that extremal properties can not only do a better job of explaining homeostasis-like behaviors, but they can also be extended to other kinds of motivated behavior that are not homeostasis-like. Finally, I emphasize the explanatory promise of extremal properties with respect to fundamental questions about the emergence of order in living and nonliving systems.
  • Autores: Reparaz Abaitua, Charo; Aznárez Sanado, Maite (Autor de correspondencia); Mendoza, G.
    Revista: COMPUTERS IN HUMAN BEHAVIOR
    ISSN: 0747-5632 Vol.111 2020
    Resumen
    Background: Due to MOOC high attrition rates, this study aims to assess differences in self-regulated learning strategies and other variables related to MOOC retention (perceived effectiveness, MOOC interaction, motivation and socio-demographic characteristics) between course completers and non-completers. This work also aims to translate into Spanish and validate an instrument for the assessment of self-regulated learning (SRL) behaviours in MOOCs. Materials and methods: 582 participants answered the translated SRL questionnaire and other questions related to MOOC retention. The comparison between MOOC completers and non-completers was carried out in a subgroup of 176 undergraduate students. Results: Completer students were more capable of self-regulating their learning and showed significantly higher levels of perceived effectiveness and of engagement with MOOC contents than non-completers. In addition,a logistic regression analysis indicated that the variables with greatest predictive value to discriminate between completers and non-completers were goal-setting, task interest and the academic discipline of studies of MOOC participants. The percentage of cases correctly predicted by the model was over 84%. The Spanish version of the instrument replicated the original factor structure of the SRL questionnaire and showed high internal consistency (alpha = 0.948).
  • Autores: Wilkinson, J.; Navarro-Rubio Coello-Portugal, Sonsoles; Huang, J. N.; et al.
    Revista: CURRENT MEDICAL RESEARCH AND OPINION
    ISSN: 0300-7995 Vol.36 N° 12 2020 págs. 2053 - 2054
    Resumen
    We argue that increased risk for a variety of diseases in ART children has been consistently reaffirmed by different methods and in diverse populations, providing a methodological critique of recent sibling studies, which hold great potential for studying the risks of ART. A recent within-family analysis using a national population register holds a distinct size advantage over previous studies, and suggested that apparent risks to offspring may be attributable to birth order. However, limitations of the design may have resulted in an erroneous conclusion. We discuss the advantages of a frequently neglected sibling study design, which compares siblings born of surrogate motherhood. While uncertainty remains, the evidence points to elevated risk for ART offspring. It may therefore be prudent to call for an extension of preventive and precautionary decisions to the entire population, and to change informed consent to incorporate the long-term health consequences of fertility treatments.
  • Autores: Cortese, S; Solmi, M.; Arrondo Ostíz, Gonzalo; et al.
    Revista: EVIDENCE - BASED MENTAL HEALTH
    ISSN: 1362-0347 Vol.23 N° 4 2020 págs. 135 - 139
    Resumen
    Introduction Although several systematic reviews (SRs)/meta-analyses (MAs) on the association between specific mental disorders and specific somatic conditions are available, an overarching evidence synthesis across mental disorders and somatic conditions is currently lacking. We will conduct an umbrella review of SRs/MAs to test: 1) the strength of the association between individual mental disorders and individual somatic conditions in children/adolescents and adults; 2) to which extent associations are specific to individual mental and somatic conditions . Methods and analysis We will search a broad set of electronic databases and contact study authors. We will include SRs with MA or SRs reporting the effect size from individual studies on the association between a number of somatic and mental conditions (as per the International Classification of Diseases, 11th Revision). We will follow an algorithm to select only one SR or MA when more than one are available on the same association. We will rate the quality of included SRs/MAs using the AMSTAR-2 tool. We will assess to which extent mental disorders are selectively associated with specific somatic conditions or if there are transdiagnostic, across-spectra or diagnostic spectrum-specific associations between mental disorders and somatic conditions based on the Transparent, Reporting, Appraising, Numerating, Showing (TRANSD) recommendations. Discussion The present umbrella review will shed light on the association between mental health disorders and somatic conditions, providing useful data for the care of patients with mental health disorders, in particular for early detection and intervention. This work might also add insight to the pathophysiology of mental health conditions, and contribute to the current debate on the value of a transdiagnostic approach in psychiatry.
  • Autores: Musullulu, H.; Bernácer María, Javier; Murillo, J.; et al.
    Revista: EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY
    ISSN: 0924-9338 Vol.63 2020 págs. S478 - S478
  • Autores: Alonso Bastarreche, Gonzalo
    Revista: ESE. ESTUDIOS SOBRE EDUCACION
    ISSN: 1578-7001 Vol.37 2019 págs. 242 - 244
  • Autores: Arrondo Ostíz, Gonzalo (Autor de correspondencia); García-Ubasos, L.; Rodríguez-Fernández, M.
    Revista: ZONA HOSPITALARIA
    ISSN: 2253-9034 N° 79 2019 págs. 18 - 19
    Resumen
    Artículo de divulgación científica sobre el TDAH en adultos
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Revista: RES NOVAE
    ISSN: 2464-0344 Vol.4 N° 1 2019 págs. 7 - 29
    Resumen
    The history of Western humanism is marked by the emergence of philosophy as a theoretical way for investigating reality. Philosophy studies human beings in connection with the ultimate foundation of reality. Within Western thought, the tradition associated with this kind of research has forged three basic ways of conceiving of human beings¿ most radical and distinctive features: man as rational soul, as a self-conscious subject, and as a person. All three are based on important theoretical discoveries, but their coexistence has not always been exactly peaceful. Given that human beings cannot live without self-knowledge, the way we see ourselves has important socio-cultural and ethical consequences, which broaden our view of human beings, bringing to light previously hidden features of humanity. Attempting to recover and make sense of the diverse notions of what it is to be a human being is especially important when the very notion of being human is blurred and its normative value is threatened.
  • Autores: Ramírez Castillo, David; García Roda, Carlos; Güell Pelayo, Francisco; et al.
    Revista: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHIATRY
    ISSN: 1664-0640 Vol.10 2019 págs. 421
  • Autores: Bernácer María, Javier (Autor de correspondencia); Martínez Valbuena, Iván; Martínez Villar, Martín; et al.
    Revista: CORTEX
    ISSN: 0010-9452 Vol.113 2019 págs. 96-110
    Resumen
    According to the theory of value-based decision making, subjects tend to choose the most valuable among a set of options. However, agents may not be consistent when facing the same decision several times. In this paper, Shannon¿s entropy (H) is employed as a measure of behavioral inconsistency: it is a central measure of information theory that, applied to decision making, allows the estimation of behavioral preferences among a set of options. We scanned (functional magnetic resonance imaging, fMRI) 24 young (18-25 year) subjects (14 female) while performing a decision-making task, where monetary rewards were devalued by physical effort (minutes running in the treadmill) and risk. Twenty different pairs of options were presented nine times each, and H was calculated for each pair and subject. Behavioral analyses showed that subjective value (SV) significantly explained agents¿ preferences only in pairs with a low inconsistent response. Averaged response time positively correlated with H, confirming entropy as an indicator of choice difficulty. Group analyses on fMRI data revealed a cluster in the paracingulate cortex as the neural correlate of H. Besides, BOLD signal in the posterior cingulate correlated with the SV of the pair only in consistent decisions, confirming that SV loses its explanatory power on highly inconsistent decisions. Finally, the anterior and central cingulate were especially recruited when predicting a secured effortless reward, compared with a secured re
  • Autores: Gaitán Mantaras, Leandro Martín
    Revista: THEOLOGY AND SCIENCE
    ISSN: 1474-6700 N° 17 2019 págs. 403 - 416
    Resumen
    This paper addresses the greatest aspiration of the transhumanist movement: achieving immortal life through a procedure known as mind uploading. This procedure consists in keeping our minds fully and indefinitely operative after death by transferring them to a non-biological substrate that allows man to be liberated from his bodily confinement. My main thesis is that the mind uploading project presupposes a secular eschatology, consummating the Promethean utopia according to which human beings could redeem themselves, expelling God definitively from their existential horizon. On this basis, the paper offers meaningful contrasts between the uploading as secular eschatology and the Christian tradition.
  • Autores: Bernácer María, Javier (Autor de correspondencia); Martínez Valbuena, Iván; Martínez Villar, Martín; et al.
    Revista: NEUROIMAGE
    ISSN: 1053-8119 Vol.203 2019
    Resumen
    When humans make decisions, objective rewards are mainly discounted by delay, risk and effort. Whereas recentresearch has demonstrated that several brain areas process costs and code subjective value in effort-based decisionmaking, it remains obscure how neural activity patterns change when effort costs are reduced due to theacquisition of healthy habits, such as moving from sedentary to active lifestyles. Here, a sample of sedentaryvolunteers was behaviorally assessed and fMRI-scanned before and after completing a 3-monthfitness plan. Theimpact of effort cost on decisions, measured as the constant defining a hyperbolic decaying function, was reducedafter the plan. A logistic mixed model demonstrated that the explanatory power of effort decreased with time. At aneural level, there was a marginally significant disruption of effort-cost related functional activity in the anteriorcingulate after the plan. Functional connectivity between the amygdala and anterior cingulate cortex wasstrengthened after habit acquisition. In turn, this interaction was stronger in those participants with lower effortdiscounting. Thus, we show for thefirst time changes in value-based decision making after moving from asedentary to an active lifestyle, which points to the relevance of the amygdala-cingulate interplay when theimpact of effort on decisions fades away.
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Revista: STUDIA POLIANA. REVISTA SOBRE EL PENSAMIENTO DE LEONARDO POLO
    ISSN: 1139-6660 Vol.21 2019 págs. 123 - 139
    Resumen
    La filosofía aspira a un saber unitario, pero la filosofía de Polo renuncia a detenerse en una unidad objetiva. Las diversas dimensiones del abandono del límite mental abren temas diversos, que ninguna de ellas parece poder abarcar en su conjunto. En este artículo se plantea en qué sentido el método de Polo puede ofrecer una visión unitaria del saber, tomando pie en dos aspectos comunes a todas sus dimensiones: la presencia mental y la referencia a Dios.
  • Autores: Sánchez Cañizares, Javier
    Revista: FRONTERASCTR
    ISSN: 2530-657X 2019
    Resumen
    El compatibilismo afirma que el libre albedrío es compatible con el determinismo. Para el "compatibilismo de las bifurcaciones" pertenece a la esencia de la libertad "poder actuar de otra manera", mientras que para el "compatibilismo de la fontalidad" resulta decisiva la ultimidad del agente como fuente de control. Ahora bien, dadas dos partículas con entrelazamiento EPR, la medición de una variable en una de ellas determina instantáneamente el valor de dicha variable en la otra. Experimentos recientes hacen finalmente insostenibles explicaciones basadas en variables ocultas locales: o la naturaleza está ónticamente indeterminada o bien está determinada de modo global. El primer caso es incompatible con los dos compatibilismos y el segundo es incompatible con el "poder actuar de otra manera". Además, implicaría la existencia de variables ocultas no locales como fuente última de determinación, con longitudes de correlación típicas mayores que las del cuerpo humano: la acción no podría originarse en su interior. El compatibilismo, por tanto, debe ser rechazado
  • Autores: Arrondo Ostíz, Gonzalo (Autor de correspondencia); Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio (Autor de correspondencia); Bernácer María, Javier (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: CUADERNOS DE PEDAGOGIA
    ISSN: 0210-0630 N° 501 2019 págs. 65 - 70
    Resumen
    Revisamos la relación entre una visión integradora del concepto de hábito y el trastorno por déficit de atención e hiperactividad (TDAH), a partir de dificultades propias de esta condición para el estudio, la accidentabilidad, la dieta y el ejercicio, o los procesos adictivos. Proponemos que muchas consecuencias del TDAH pueden entenderse como una dificultad para la creación y el mantenimiento de hábitos positivos.
  • Autores: Echarte Alonso, Luis Enrique
    Revista: BIOÉTICA Y CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD
    ISSN: 2659-3467 Vol.7 N° 1 2019
  • Autores: Orón Semper, José Víctor
    Revista: QUIÉN
    ISSN: 2443-972X N° 9 2019 págs. 9 - 38
    Resumen
    En el presente capítulo mostraremos cuál es la propuesta antropológica subyacente a la propuesta dominante hoy en día sobre educación emocional que es conceptualizada como regulación emocional. Como mostraremos, esta descansa en una propuesta antropológica que se centra en el yo-fuerte que hemos llamado ¿autonomous self¿, como referente casi absoluto en su toma de decisiones que interactúa con el medio y las relaciones en función de desplegar su dominio en el entorno. Dicha propuesta se encuentra lejos de otras propuestas de corte personalista que destacan dimensiones más profundas en la persona que la de ser simplemente sujeto de las acciones y que valora mucho más el peso constituyente de las relaciones interpersonales.
  • Autores: Sánchez Cañizares, Javier
    Revista: FOUNDATIONS OF SCIENCE
    ISSN: 1233-1821 Vol.24 N° 2 2019 págs. 275 - 285
  • Autores: Güell Pelayo, Francisco; Echarte Alonso, Luis Enrique; Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Revista: SCIENTIA ET FIDES
    ISSN: 2300-7648 Vol.7 N° 2 2019 págs. 195 - 214
    Resumen
    For transhumanism, humanity is a stage which, guided by biological evolution, was preceded by other earlier stages and which will be followed by others that are newer. According to transhumanism, we must break the inertia of blind causes that govern evolution and, through biotechnology, attain what is called a ¿better life¿. Those authors who are supportive of this current of thought develop their proposals by negating the existence of a human nature, but without abandoning the conviction that it will be possible to define what a ¿better life¿ consists in. In this article we will analyze the clarity and rigor with which transhumanists present the ultimate goal of their proposal, the relation between the end and the means proposed for attaining it, and, finally, we will bring to light certain inconsistencies that result from their rejection of the position that human nature could have a normative value.
  • Autores: Saez, C.; Orón Semper, José Víctor
    Revista: JOURNAL OF INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY RESEARCH
    ISSN: 0964-2633 Vol.63 N° 7 2019 págs. 894 - 894
  • Autores: Contreras Chicote, María
    Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SEXUAL HEALTH
    ISSN: 1931-7611 Vol.31 N° 1 2019 págs. A99 - A99
  • Autores: Contreras Chicote, María; Villena, Alejandro; Chiclana, Carlos
    Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SEXUAL HEALTH
    ISSN: 1931-7611 Vol.31 N° Sup1 2019 págs. A582 - A583
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Revista: ANUARIO FILOSOFICO
    ISSN: 0066-5215 Vol.51 N° 3 2018 págs. 598 - 601
  • Autores: Ruiz Goikoetxea, M.; Cortese, S.; Soutullo Esperón, César Alejandro; et al.
    Revista: ANALES DE PEDIATRIA
    ISSN: 1695-4033 Vol.88 N° 5 2018 págs. 294 - 295
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel
    Revista: MATERIAL RELIGION
    ISSN: 1743-2200 Vol.14 N° 3 2018 págs. 415 - 416
  • Autores: Orón Semper, José Víctor; Blasco, M.
    Revista: STUDIES IN PHILOSOPHY AND EDUCATION
    ISSN: 0039-3746 Vol.37 N° 5 2018 págs. 481 - 498
    Resumen
    The so-called 'hidden curriculum' (HC) is often presented as a counterproductive element in education, and many scholars argue that it should be eliminated, by being made explicit, in education in general and specifically in higher education (HE). The problem of the HC has not been solved by the transition from a teacher-centered education to a student-centered educational model that takes the student's experience as the starting point of learning. In this article we turn to several philosophers of education (Dewey, Kohlberg, Whitehead, Peters and Knowles) to propose that HC can be made explicit in HE when the teacher recognizes and lives his/her teaching as a personal issue, not merely a technical one; and that the students' experience of the learning process is not merely individual but emerges through their interpersonal relationship with the teacher. We suggest ways in which this interpersonal relationship can be strengthened despite current challenges in HE.
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Revista: NATURALEZA Y LIBERTAD
    ISSN: 2254-9668 Vol.10 N° 1 2018 págs. 193 - 209
    Resumen
    Resumen: Es común el el pensamiento actual la negación o incluso la falta de percepción de una posible diferencia esencial entre el conocimiento humano y el animal. En este texto se presentan algunas razones de esta situación, se plantea si es adecuado usar el término conocimiento tanto para los hombres como para el resto de los animales y, desde una perspectiva aristotélica, se recupera un debate de la antropología del siglo pasado en el que se pone de manifiesto un aspecto de la cuestión frecuentemente pasado por alto en nuestra época. Palabras clave: conocimiento animal, inteligencia, antropología, Köhler, Pavlov, Scheler, Aristóteles. Abstract: In contemporary thinking it is common the negation or even the inca-pacity of perceiving an essential difference between human and animal cognition. In this text, some reasons that explain this situation are offered, the problem of the opportunity of using the same term for animal and human cognition is re-vised and, from an Aristotelian perspective, a debate of last century philosophical anthropology is revisited that addresses an aspect of this problem frequently ig-nored. Keywords: animal cognition, intelligence, anthropology, Köhler, Pavlov, Scheler, Aristotle
  • Autores: Orón Semper, José Víctor
    Revista: STUDIA POLIANA. REVISTA SOBRE EL PENSAMIENTO DE LEONARDO POLO
    ISSN: 1139-6660 N° 20 2018 págs. 241 - 262
    Resumen
    La forma de entender la educación realizó un giro de una educación centrada en el profesor a una educación centrada en el alumno. Si en el modelo centrado en el profesor el acto educativo descansa sobre todo en lo que el profesor realiza, en el modelo centrado en el alumno el acto educativo descansa sobre todo en lo que el alumno hace. No obstante, proponemos que este cambio es insuficiente y que hace falta más bien entender el acto educativo centrado en todo el juego de relaciones interpersonales que permite un centro escolar.
  • Autores: Sánchez Cañizares, Javier
    Revista: FRONTERASCTR
    ISSN: 2530-657X 2018
  • Autores: Lecumberri, A.; López Janeiro, Álvaro; Corral-Domenge, C.; et al.
    Revista: BRAIN STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
    ISSN: 1863-2653 Vol.223 N° 4 2018 págs. 1615 - 1625
    Resumen
    The striatum (caudate nucleus, putamen and nucleus accumbens) is the main input structure of the basal ganglia. It receives cortical projections from the vast majority of the cortex, as well as from other subcortical structures such as the thalamus and amygdala. Its role in planning, preparation and execution of voluntary movements is known to be fine-tuned by the interaction between projection neurons and interneurons. Since the 1990s, it has been accepted that the proportion of interneurons increases phylogenetically, being about 5% in rodents and 26% in humans. However, these data have not been confirmed with unbiased techniques, such as stereology. In the present report, we have divided the human striatum into functional territories (associative, sensorimotor and limbic) and we have quantified the numerical density of all striatal neurons (using Nissl staining) in each area. Taking into account our past research on the estimation of striatal interneurons, we have calculated the proportion of interneurons in each territory. This value was on average 17.1% for the whole striatum, although interneurons were more abundant in the associative (21.9%) than in the sensorimotor (12.8%) and limbic (11.1%) aspects. Therefore, we demonstrate with unbiased stereology that the overall proportion of striatal interneurons is slightly lower than that reported in previous studies, and that it varies in the functional territories of this structure.
  • Autores: Ostiz Blanco, Mikel
    Revista: NATURALEZA Y LIBERTAD
    ISSN: 2254-9668 Vol.10 N° 1 2018 págs. 211 - 231
    Resumen
    El ser humano es un ser peculiar, ya que participa de diversos ámbitos sin agotarse en ninguno de ellos. En este artículo se elabora un análisis compara-do del ser humano con otros seres: los animales no humanos y las máquinas. De esta forma, se pretende poner de manifiesto las coincidencias y diferencias y, así, intentar bosquejar lo específicamente humano. Respecto a los animales, el ser humano comparte una dimensión biológica ¿no solo material, sino también psi-cológica¿ pero su condición de ser espiritual hace que el resto de dimensiones ¿incluido el propio cuerpo¿ tengan una orientación distinta. Respecto a las máquinas, si bien han demostrado una cierta ¿inteligencia¿, es siempre una racio-nalidad prestada, que carece de la condición de ser libre tan propia del ser humano. Precisamente, esta capacidad de destinarse y entregarse es la caracterís-tica más propia humana.
  • Autores: Bernácer María, Javier
    Revista: JOURNAL OF CONSCIOUSNESS STUDIES
    ISSN: 1355-8250 Vol.25 N° 7 - 8 2018 págs. 112 - 134
    Resumen
    Scientific research leans on the theoretical assumptions that have been taken for granted through decades of research. Experimental psychology, mostly rooted in experiments with rodents, defines habits as rigid, unconscious, and non-teleological behaviours opposed to goal-directed actions. This definition has been transferred to human research as such, and habits are thus viewed as compulsions, obsessions, slips-of-action, and addictions. From an experiential point of view, however, humans possess habits that go beyond these behaviours. According to Aristotle, habits are dispositions of thought and performance, usually acquired by repetition, which predispose our future actions. This 'new' understanding of human habits would be associated with a brain configuration that goes beyond the rigid carving of motor routines in certain areas. An empirical application of this interpretation is explained. In conclusion, a novel perspective is proposed to study the neural correlates of habits and their impact on behaviour.
  • Autores: Orón Semper, José Víctor
    Revista: TEOLOGIA ESPIRITUAL
    ISSN: 0495-1549 Vol.61 N° 181 2018 págs. 64 - 164
    Resumen
    Después qué y cómo se entiende el término integrar, se hace un recorrido por la filosofía, la psicología, la neurociencia, comprobando que existe un lenguaje común compartido que es reflejo de que de hecho todas ellas están participando de algo mayor a ellas mismas: la integración, clave para que todas ellas puedan crecer en refuerzo mutuo. Las consecuencias epistemológicas de ello son importantes: cuando cualquier disciplina progrese asumiendo la clave de la integración podrá encontrarse con las otras y precisamente gracias a su relación con las otras ella podrá crecer. Presentando finalmente las repercusiones teológicas de esta dinámica de integración.
  • Autores: Orón Semper, José Víctor
    Revista: MISCELANEA POLIANA
    ISSN: 1699-2849 N° 60 2018 págs. 79 - 90
    Resumen
    En la propuesta filosófica de Polo la distinción entre el acto de ser y la esencia es fundamental, sobre todo por la forma que tiene de concretar esta distinción en el universo y en el ser humano. Esto ha llevado a que, por la novedad que introduce en su forma singular de entenderla, se suela resaltar tal distinción. Esto podría llevar al equívoco de que acto de ser y esencia son como dos principios con cierta independencia, cuando esto no es así. En el presente artículo resaltamos la íntima relación entre acto de ser y esencia y lo aplicamos a un campo concreto que es el de la educación.
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel; Sánchez Cañizares, Javier
    Revista: REVIEW OF METAPHYSICS
    ISSN: 0034-6632 Vol.71 N° 4 2018 págs. 755 - 787
    Resumen
    The philosopher Roberto Unger and the physicist Lee Smolin have recently argued that the current explanatory framework of cosmology, which presumes a timeless background of unchanging physical laws, should be replaced by a thoroughly relational framework in which time is fundamental and all laws are subject to change. Within this alternative framework, however, Unger and Smolin find themselves confronted by a dilemma: either the laws of nature evolve according to some higher set of ¿meta-laws,¿ which reinstates a timeless background at a higher level, or the laws of nature evolve randomly and the path of inquiry is blocked. In response to this dilemma, the authors propose a theory of causal events as singular, freely chosen, and self-determined optimalities constrained only by their intrinsic relations to all other events.
  • Autores: Orón Semper, José Víctor
    Revista: Correlatos
    ISSN: 2594-1380 Vol.1 N° 1 2018 págs. 105 - 140
    Resumen
    Este artículo propone una reflexión sobre el marco conceptual adecuado para abordar la educación sexual. No ofrece un desglose de cuáles han de ser los objetivos que se deben considerar en tal educación ni un análisis de los programas que la han emprendido. Pensamos que la diversidad de enfoques históricos de educación sexual ofrecen dos grandes perspectivas: una, la de aquellas que apuestan por la abstinencia, con todas sus variantes, o bien las llamadas holísticas (comprehensive); ambas, sin embargo, pueden ser consideradas opciones ¿técnicas¿; hay otra perspectiva, que podría llamarse ¿personalista¿, otra forma de entender la educación emocional y sexual: aquí se intenta exponer y justificar esta última.
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel; García-Valdecasas Merino, Miguel; Sánchez Cañizares, Javier
    Revista: AUSTRALASIAN PHILOSOPHICAL REVIEW
    ISSN: 2474-0500 Vol.2 N° 2 2018 págs. 209 - 213
    Resumen
    We support the development of non-reductive cognitive science and the naturalization of phenomenology for this purpose, and we agree that the 'relational turn' defended by Gallagher is a necessary step in this direction. However, we believe that certain aspects of his relational concept of nature need clarification. In particular, Gallagher does not say whether or how teleology, affect, and other value-related properties of life and mind can be naturalized within this framework. In this paper, we argue that (1) given the phenomenological standards recognized by Gallagher, his commitment to a naturalized phenomenology should entail a commitment to a naturalized concept of value; and (2) the kind of 'relational nature' described by Gallagher in his paper is insufficient for this purpose
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Libro: Natalia López Moratalla. Persona y obra
    ISSN: 978-84-17892-69-2 2024 págs. 307 - 311
  • Autores: Güell Pelayo, Francisco; Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Libro: Vulnerabilidad, persona, bioética
    ISSN: 978-84-1197-276-5 2023 págs. 97 - 110
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Libro: Concepciones antropológicas de los protagonistas de la revolución neurocientífica
    ISSN: 978-84-1183-059-1 2023 págs. 71 - 86
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Libro: Quod accepi, tradidi. Palabra de verdad y evangelio de salvación: Homenaje al prof. César Izquierdo Urbina
    ISSN: 978-84-313-3859-6 2023 págs. 329 - 343
  • Autores: Bernácer María, Javier
    Libro: Concepciones antropológicas de los protagonistas de la revolución neurocientífica
    ISSN: 978-84-1183-059-1 2023 págs. 21 - 43
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel
    Libro: Religion in multidisciplinary perspective: philosophical, theological, and scientific approaches to Wesley J. Wildman
    ISSN: 978-1-4384-8741-0 2022 págs. 79 - 104
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Libro: Transhumanismo: ¿homo sapiens o ciborg?
    ISSN: 978-84-19488-18-3 Vol.1 2022 págs. 51 - 56
  • Autores: Bernácer María, Javier; Güell Pelayo, Francisco
    Libro: Psychiatry and Neuroscience update: from Epistemology to Clinical Psychiatry
    ISSN: 978-3-030-61721-9 Vol.IV 2021 págs. 107 - 119
    Resumen
    The attribution of the category of person to a living being is not irrelevant at all, since it indicates who is entitled to rights, dignity, and duties by law. Throughout approximately 15 centuries, since Boethius first defined the term, the most influential philosophers have provided an interpretation on which are the defining features of persons. Current neuroscience, influenced by mainstream utilitarian bioethics, takes John Locke¿s definition of person as starting point: the being with intelligence, self-consciousness, and memory. This notion has been subsequently refined by analytic philosophy and contemporary thinkers such as Daniel Dennett, ending up in a cognitivist conception of person. In this text, we will discuss how current neuroscience has embraced this definition and the subsequent reductionism it leads to. In fact, for some authors, personhood is an illusion held by human beings. We will present other philosophical perspectives on the issue and will concentrate on the phenomenological interpretation to achieve a comprehensive notion of person. From this perspective, the person is understood as an embodied mind where the role of the environment, including interpersonal relationships, is utterly radical. This vision presupposes the inability of neuroscience, or any other individual discipline, to cover by itself what a person is. Thus, the phenomenological approach on the person is presented as a paradigmatic example to promote dialogue between scientific and humanistic disciplines.
  • Autores: Sánchez Cañizares, Javier
    Libro: Encubrimiento y verdad: algunos rasgos diagnósticos de la sociedad actual
    ISSN: 978-84-313-3651-6 2021 págs. 13 - 14
  • Autores: Bernácer María, Javier; Muñoz Ortega, José Manuel
    Libro: Neuro-educación realista
    ISSN: 978-84-7278-600-4 2021 págs. 253 - 277
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Libro: Desire and human flourishing. Perspectives from positive psychology, Moral education and virtue ethics
    ISSN: 978-3-030-47000-5 2020 págs. 121 - 134
    Resumen
    Desire is a key feature for understanding human beings, but there are different conceptions of its nature and its role in human life. Modern thinkers tend to understand desire as a force that must be regulated, whereas classical philosophy proposes ways of integrating and harmonizing desires in the context of the whole life. Christian early thinkers argued that our desire tends toward an infinite good whose pursuit implies an always-open personal growth. From this perspective, the integration of human desires can no longer be seen as mere limitation or regulation. In this context, it is possible to understand the classical notions of habit and virtue as a kind of personal growth, which includes growth in one¿s capacity for desire. However, the question arises of how to reconcile this perpetual growth with the pursuit of happiness and peace.
  • Autores: Orón Semper, José Víctor
    Libro: People, care and work in the home
    ISSN: 9780367422998 2020 págs. 173 - 186
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel
    Libro: The Wiley Blackwell Companion to religion and materiality
    ISSN: 9781118660102 2020 págs. 108 - 127
    Resumen
    Insofar as studies of religious materiality include embodiment within their purview, they call for interdisciplinary collaboration with cognitive science, which in recent decades has taken an `embodied turn¿. However, not only is the meaning of embodied cognition still unsettled, but some of the most prominent theories interpret the body as the fixed `ground¿ of experience in a way that curtails the role of materials outside the body. In an attempt to clarify the issues at stake, this chapter explores the problematic concept of embodiment within cognitive science and marks an important difference between so¿called `radical¿ theories of embodied mind and those that remain within the sway of functionalism. Insofar as the former are concerned with the dynamic emergence and context¿sensitivity of mental processes, they would seem to make ideal partners for studies of the dynamic character of religious objects and practices.
  • Autores: Gaitán Mantaras, Leandro Martín
    Libro: Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Philosophers
    2020 págs. 1 - 5
  • Autores: Echarte Alonso, Luis Enrique
    Libro: Confluencias. Arte, ciencia e inmortalidad
    ISSN: 978-84-8081-615-1 2019 págs. 85 - 106
  • Autores: Alonso Bastarreche, Gonzalo
    Libro: La Humildad del Maestro. Homenaje a Urbano Ferrer
    ISSN: 9788413390055 2019 págs. 602 - 617
  • Autores: Arrondo Ostíz, Gonzalo; Barrett, Nathaniel; Güell Pelayo, Francisco; et al.
    Libro: Psychiatry and neuroscience update: from translational research to a humanistic approach
    ISSN: 9783319953595 Vol.III 2019 págs. 83 - 97
  • Autores: Ostiz Blanco, Mikel
    Libro: La posverdad o el dominio de lo trivial
    ISSN: 978-84-1339-006-2 2019 págs. 389 - 402
  • Autores: Fernández de Barrena Marchena, Sara; Nubiola, Jaime
    Libro: Sementes de pragmatismo na contemporaneidade: homenagem a Ivo Assad Ibri
    ISSN: 978-85-66249-33-0 2019 págs. 153 - 164
  • Autores: Arrondo Ostíz, Gonzalo; Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio; Bernácer María, Javier
    Libro: Todo lo que necesitas saber sobre el TDAH en la etapa de aprendizaje
    ISSN: 9788499872032 Vol.501 2019 págs. 65 - 70
  • Autores: Güell Pelayo, Francisco
    Libro: El embrión humano. Una mirada desde la antropología, la bioética, la biología del desarrollo y los derechos humanos
    ISSN: 978-84-1313-382-9 2019 págs. 101 - 130
  • Autores: García-Valdecasas Merino, Miguel
    Libro: La teoría del conocimiento de Leonardo Polo. Entre la tradición metafísica y la filosofía contemporánea
    ISSN: 9788431332785 2018 págs. 57 - 81
    Resumen
    Como señala J. Searle, ¿desde Descartes, el problema mente-cuerpo ha tomado la forma siguiente: ¿cómo podemos dar cuenta de las relaciones entre dos géneros de cosas, en apariencia totalmente diferentes?¿. Por un lado, tenemos los fenómenos físicos; por otro, fenómenos subjetivos. La tensión entre unos y otros aparece como consecuencia de considerar las propiedades fenoménicas como irreconciliables, heterogéneas y opuestas a la materia, es decir, de aprobar una cierta forma de dualismo entre lo real y lo intencional. La pregunta que voy enfrentar directamente es: ¿es verdad que ambas clases de propiedades son opuestas e irreconciliables? O lo que es lo mismo: ¿son la conciencia, la intencionalidad y el conocimiento irreconciliables con la realidad física en el sentido de que no toman origen en ella, sino que se constituyen independientemente? Para responder a esta pregunta, presentaré la dificultad inversa al axioma de la intencionalidad tal como la describe L. Polo en su Curso de teoría del conocimiento, I, donde se habla de la la noción de facultad orgánica en el contexto de la vida. Este análisis ofrece una solución novedosa a este problema inspirada en la noción aristotélica de praxis teleía.
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Libro: The cours de linguistique génerale revisited: 1916-2016. Saussure et le cours de linguistique générale cent ans après
    ISSN: 978-965-7698-11-2 2018 págs. 303 - 317
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio; Alonso Bastarreche, Gonzalo
    Libro: Encyclopedia of business and professional ethics
    ISSN: 978-3-319-23514-1 2018 págs. Online
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Libro: La unidad del viviente desde un enfoque interdisciplinario: del origen de la vida a la generación de hábitos. Una aproximación desde la filosofía y las ciencias biológicas
    ISSN: 9788417203795 2018 págs. 411 - 433
  • Autores: Güell Pelayo, Francisco; Reyes-Cárdenas, P.
    Libro: ¿Quiénes somos? Cuestiones en torno al ser humano
    ISSN: 9788431332853 2018 págs. 274 - 279
  • Autores: Güell Pelayo, Francisco
    Libro: ¿Quiénes somos? Cuestiones en torno al ser humano
    ISSN: 9788431332853 2018 págs. 197 - 202
  • Autores: García-Valdecasas Merino, Miguel
    Libro: ¿Quiénes somos?: cuestiones en torno al ser humano
    ISSN: 9788431332853 2018 págs. 50 - 56
  • Autores: Bernácer María, Javier
    Libro: ¿Quiénes somos? Cuestiones en torno al ser humano
    ISSN: 9788431332853 2018 págs. 91 - 95
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Libro: La teoría del conocimiento de Leonardo Polo. Entre la tradición metafísica y la filosofía contemporánea
    ISSN: 978-84-313-3278-5 2018 págs. 273 - 287
  • Autores: Alonso Bastarreche, Gonzalo
    Libro: Opere et veritate. Homenaje al profesor Ángel Luis González
    ISSN: 9788431332488 2018 págs. 45 - 50
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Título: Foreword
    Libro: The interprocessual self. towards a personalist virtue ethics proposal for human agency
    ISSN: 978-1-5275-0827-9 2018 págs. XII - XV
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Libro: Opere et veritate. Homenaje al profesor Ángel Luis González
    ISSN: 978-84-313-3248-8 2018 págs. 543 - 555
  • Autores: Alonso Bastarreche, Gonzalo
    Libro: Filósofo, maestro, amigo. 234 Testimonios sobre Leonardo Polo
    ISSN: 9788431332624 2018 págs. 55 - 59
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Libro: La unidad desde el enfoque interdisciplinario: del origen de la vida a la generación de hábitos. Una aproximación desde la filosofía y las ciencias biológicas
    ISSN: 978-84-17203-79-5 2018 págs. 53 - 77
  • Autores: García-Valdecasas Merino, Miguel
    Libro: ¿Quiénes somos?: cuestiones en torno al ser humano
    ISSN: 9788431332853 2018 págs. 118 - 123
  • Autores: Echarte Alonso, Luis Enrique
    Libro: El consumidor de moda
    ISSN: 978-84-313-3289-1 2018 págs. 249 - 288
  • Autores: Orón Semper, José Víctor
    Libro: Educación y persona. Reflexiones críticas sobre el sentido de la educación
    ISSN: 978-84-17203-38-2 2018 págs. 59 - 92
    Resumen
    El capítulo muestra como a partir de la experiencia vivida la persona accede a la emoción vivida, el significado, la cosmovisión y el autoconcepto según una focalización atencional bien centrada en la relevancia individual, social, puntual del evento o de su relación con la experiencia global de vivir.
  • Autores: Echarte Alonso, Luis Enrique
    Libro: ¿Quiénes somos? Cuestiones en torno al ser humano
    ISSN: 978-84-313-3285-3 2018 págs. 124 - 129
  • Autores: Echarte Alonso, Luis Enrique
    Libro: ¿Quiénes somos? Cuestiones en torno al ser humano
    ISSN: 978-84-313-3285-3 2018 págs. 283 - 288
  • Autores: Ostiz Blanco, Mikel
    Libro: Filósofo, maestro, amigo. 234 testimonios sobre Leonardo Polo
    ISSN: 978-84-313-3262-4 2018 págs. 396 - 397
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel
    ISSN: 978-3-031-13789-1 2023
    Resumen
    This book has two main tasks: (1) to call attention to the special challenges presented by our experience of affect - all varieties of pleasure and pain - and (2) to show how these challenges can be overcome by an ¿enrichment approach¿ that understands affect as the enrichment or deterioration of conscious activity as a whole. This ¿enrichment approach¿ draws from Alfred North Whitehead as well as the pragmatists John Dewey and William James, all of whom thought of affect as a fundamental aspect of experience rather than a special class of feelings. It also draws from recent scientific research that suggests that the dynamic repertoire of consciousness can change, effectively expanding and contracting our capacity to feel. Weaving these perspectives together, the book develops a theory that accounts for the peculiar phenomenology of affect and sheds new light on a diverse range of experiences, from everyday pleasures and pains to the special satisfactions of the arts and religious festivity. At the same time, it presents a fresh and distinctively affect-centered perspective on the nature of consciousness.
  • Autores: Alonso Bastarreche, Gonzalo
    ISSN: 978-84-19199-54-6 2023
  • Autores: Gaitán Mantaras, Leandro Martín
    ISSN: 978-84-313-3610-3 2021
  • Autores: Orón Semper, José Víctor
    ISSN: 978-84-368-4089-6 2019
    Resumen
    La primera investigación neuropsicológica sobre las emociones llegó a una comprensión de la emoción entendiéndola como una reacción biológica ante la contemplación de un objeto cuya carga emocional dispara la emoción en el sujeto. La educación emocional se entendió como la regulación emocional, y se planteó la identificación de la emoción para su control realizado gracias a que el módulo cerebral cognitivo actuaría sobre el módulo cerebral emocional. En esta obra se descubre cómo esa investigación inicial ha sido ampliamente superada rechazándose la visión modular del cerebro y acogiéndose a una visión dinámica de sistemas complejos que implican diversas funciones psicológicas alcanzadas gracias a procesos de sincronización en los que interviene todo el cerebro. El libro tiene una ordenación que guía al lector desde lo general a lo particular. Cada capítulo se inicia con el apartado de objetivos para orientar la lectura y finaliza con un resumen que sintetiza lo expuesto y al mismo tiempo sirve como una referencia rápida para la localización de los contenidos de la obra. Se incluye también un anexo de neurociencia para que las personas no familiarizadas con la terminología puedan hacer una introducción en función de lo que necesitan para entender el libro y un glosario de términos para identificarlos, ya que las mismas palabras significan cosas distintas en diversas disciplinas.
  • Autores: Sánchez Cañizares, Javier
    ISSN: 9788416552979 2019
  • Autores: Orón Semper, José Víctor
    ISSN: 978-84-09-02482-7 2018
    Resumen
    El libro presenta una fundamentación teórica inicial sobre la neuropsicología del desarrollo, la relación entre emociones y creencias, una definición y explicación del concepto educación, una exposición sobre la naturaleza de la emoción para, finalmente, expresar una visión de la educación emocional en clave de integración. Después, todo este contenido teórico se concreta en unas herramientas prácticas con sus correspondientes explicaciones teóricas que ayudan a la persona a conocerse y a tomar decisiones para el crecimiento. Los capítulos finales versan sobre el estrés, el apego y el acompañamiento personal.

Proyectos desde 2018

  • Título: Normatividad y el origen de la mente
    Código de expediente: PID2022-140659NB-I00
    Investigador principal: MIGUEL GARCIA-VALDECASAS MERINO, NATHANIEL FROST BARRETT .
    Financiador: AGENCIA ESTATAL DE INVESTIGACION
    Convocatoria: 2022 AEI Proyectos de Generación del Conocimiento
    Fecha de inicio: 01-09-2023
    Fecha fin: 31-08-2026
    Importe concedido: 40.250,00€
    Otros fondos: Fondos FEDER
  • Título: Estudio interdisciplinar de los hábitos humanos: flexibilidad, enriquecimiento cognitivo y creatividad
    Código de expediente: PID2022-142949NB-I00
    Investigador principal: JAVIER BERNACER MARIA, JOSE IGNACIO MURILLO GOMEZ.
    Financiador: AGENCIA ESTATAL DE INVESTIGACION
    Convocatoria: 2022 AEI Proyectos de Generación del Conocimiento
    Fecha de inicio: 01-09-2023
    Fecha fin: 31-08-2026
    Importe concedido: 48.750,00€
    Otros fondos: Fondos FEDER
  • Título: Relación trastornos físicos y mentales
    Código de expediente: RYC2020-030744-I
    Investigador principal: GONZALO ARRONDO OSTIZ.
    Financiador: AGENCIA ESTATAL DE INVESTIGACION
    Convocatoria: 2020 AEI RAMÓN Y CAJAL
    Fecha de inicio: 01-09-2022
    Fecha fin: 31-08-2029
    Importe concedido: 324.250,00€
    Otros fondos: Fondos FSE
  • Título: Efectos sobre la salud y el funcionamiento de la pandemia COVID-19 en niños y jóvenes españoles
    Código de expediente: 0011-3638-2020-000010
    Investigador principal: GONZALO ARRONDO OSTIZ.
    Financiador: GOBIERNO DE NAVARRA. DEPARTAMENTO DE SALUD
    Convocatoria: 2020 GN Proyectos de Investigación en salud
    Fecha de inicio: 21-12-2020
    Fecha fin: 20-12-2021
    Importe concedido: 31.050,00€
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: Ayuda movilidad (Estancia en Reino Unido)
    Código de expediente: CAS19/00249
    Investigador principal: GONZALO ARRONDO OSTIZ.
    Financiador: MINISTERIO DE EDUCACION , CULTURA Y DEPORTE
    Convocatoria: 2019 MECD Movilidad José Castillejo
    Fecha de inicio: 01-02-2020
    Fecha fin: 31-07-2020
    Importe concedido: 19.620,00€
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: Solicitud ayuda movilidad Senior
    Código de expediente: PRX18/00539
    Investigador principal: MIGUEL GARCIA-VALDECASAS MERINO.
    Financiador: MINISTERIO DE EDUCACION , CULTURA Y DEPORTE
    Convocatoria: 2018 MECD SENIOR
    Fecha de inicio: 01-06-2019
    Fecha fin: 30-11-2019
    Importe concedido: 19.309,00€
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: Devaluación en la toma de decisiones en adultos con TDAH: asociación con estilos de vida y efecto de la medicación
    Código de expediente: PSI2017-86763-P
    Investigador principal: JAVIER BERNACER MARIA, GONZALO ARRONDO OSTIZ.
    Financiador: MINISTERIO DE CIENCIA, INNOVACIÓN Y UNIVERSIDADES
    Convocatoria: 2017 MINECO EXCELENCIA
    Fecha de inicio: 01-01-2018
    Fecha fin: 30-09-2021
    Importe concedido: 54.813,00€
    Otros fondos: Fondos FEDER
  • Título: Adicción, personalidad y tolerancia a la frustración: un estudio neuropsicológico en sujetos adscritos a Proyecto Hombre
    Código de expediente: 2016/057
    Investigador principal: FRANCISCO JUAN GUELL PELAYO.
    Financiador: MINISTERIO DE SANIDAD, SERVICIOS SOCIALES E IGUALDAD
    Convocatoria: 2016 DROGODEPENDENCIA
    Fecha de inicio: 01-01-2017
    Fecha fin: 31-12-2020
    Importe concedido: 42.683,00€
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: SUSTAINWELL Sustainable Welfare: Rethinking the roles of Family, Market and State
    Código de expediente:
    Investigador principal: JAVIER BERNACER MARIA
    Financiador: COMISIÓN EUROPEA
    Convocatoria: HORIZON-CL2-2022-TRANSFORMATIONS-01
    Fecha de inicio: 01-02-2023
    Fecha fin: 31-01-2027
    Importe concedido: 103.125,00€
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: B2INF
    Código de expediente:
    Investigador principal: FRANCISCO JUAN GUELL PELAYO
    Financiador: COMISIÓN EUROPEA
    Convocatoria: H2020-SwafS-20-2018-2019
    Fecha de inicio: 01-11-2020
    Fecha fin: 31-10-2023
    Importe concedido: 146.187,50€
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: Templeton Cañizares
    Código de expediente: IP620214001
    Investigador principal: JAVIER SANCHEZ CAÑIZARES
    Financiador: TEMPLETON FOUNDATION
    Convocatoria: JTF Small Grant 2018
    Fecha de inicio: 01-09-2018
    Fecha fin: 31-05-2021
    Importe concedido: 162.393,00€
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: Polo Digital Universidad de Navarra (PODIUN)
    Investigador principal: JUAN FERNANDO SELLES DAUDER
    Financiador: UNIVERSIDAD DE NAVARRA
    Convocatoria: 2020 Convocatoria PIUNA, 2021 Convocatoria PIUNA
    Fecha de inicio: 01-09-2020
    Fecha fin: 31-08-2022
    Importe concedido: 8.250,00€