Mente-Cerebro

MB

GRUPO DE INVESTIGACIÓN

Líneas de Investigación

  • Adicción.
  • Aprendizaje.
  • Autismo.
  • Ciencia cognitiva.
  • Desarrollo humano.
  • Desarrollo orgánico y epigenética.
  • Dislexia.
  • Filosofía de la acción.
  • Filosofía de la mente.
  • Gestión emocional.
  • Hábitos y toma de decisiones.
  • Hábitos.
  • Marco antropológico de las relaciones entre filosofía y neurociencia.
  • Mejoramiento, transhumanismo y posthumanismo.
  • Memoria.
  • Neuroética.
  • Reproducción Humana Asistida.
  • Sistemas Dinámicos Complejos.
  • Teoría del Valor en la mente y en la naturaleza.
  • Vínculos sociales.

Palabras Clave

  • Acción
  • Adicción
  • Autismo
  • Ciencia cognitiva
  • Desarrollo humano
  • Desarrollo orgánico y epigenética
  • Dislexia
  • Gestión emocional
  • Hábitos Aprendizaje
  • Mejoramiento, transhumanismo y posthumanismo
  • Memoria
  • Mente
  • Neurociencia
  • Neuroética
  • Reproducción
  • Sistemas Dinámicos Complejos
  • Toma de decisiones
  • Valor
  • Vínculos sociales

Publicaciones Científicas desde 2018

  • Autores: Gaitán Mantaras, Leandro Martín (Autor de correspondencia); Castresana, J.S.
    Revista: RELIGIONS
    ISSN 2077-1444 Vol.12 N° 4 2021 págs. rel12040277
  • Autores: Gaitán Mantaras, Leandro Martín
    Revista: HUMAN AFFAIRS
    ISSN 1210-3055 Vol.31 2021 págs. 40 - 45
  • Autores: Navarro-Rubio Coello-Portugal, Sonsoles; Güell Pelayo, Francisco (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: JOURNAL OF RELIGION AND HEALTH
    ISSN 0022-4197 Vol.60 N° 1 2021 págs. 268 - 281
    Resumen
    The Catholic perspective rejects assisted human reproduction techniques, but the morality of artificial insemination (AI) is open for discussion. This article aims to analyze the morality of AI from a new angle, namely whether these interventions exclude all possibility of damaging the human embryo and the offspring's health. The scientific evidence about the children's health who are born through AI allows us to affirm that the procedures do not comply with the principle of damage exclusion: AI does not exclude all possibility of damaging the embryo and impacting the health and exposure to disease of the offspring born through these techniques.
  • Autores: Sánchez Cañizares, Javier
    Revista: ENTROPY
    ISSN 1099-4300 Vol.23 N° 2 2021 págs. 238
    Resumen
    The Free Energy Principle (FEP) is currently one of the most promising frameworks with which to address a unified explanation of life-related phenomena. With powerful formalism that embeds a small set of assumptions, it purports to deal with complex adaptive dynamics ranging from barely unicellular organisms to complex cultural manifestations. The FEP has received increased attention in disciplines that study life, including some critique regarding its overall explanatory power and its true potential as a grand unifying theory (GUT). Recently, FEP theorists presented a contribution with the main tenets of their framework, together with possible philosophical interpretations, which lean towards so-called Markovian Monism (MM). The present paper assumes some of the abovementioned critiques, rejects the arguments advanced to invalidate the FEP's potential to be a GUT, and overcomes criticism thereof by reviewing FEP theorists' newly minted metaphysical commitment, namely MM. Specifically, it shows that this philosophical interpretation of the FEP argues circularly and only delivers what it initially assumes, i.e., a dual information geometry that allegedly explains epistemic access to the world based on prior dual assumptions. The origin of this circularity can be traced back to a physical description contingent on relative system-environment separation. However, the FEP itself is not committed to MM, and as a scientific theory it delivers more than what it assumes, serving as a
  • Autores: Catherine, L. ; Bernácer María, Javier (Autor de correspondencia); Güell Pelayo, Francisco
    Revista: MIND BRAIN EDUC
    ISSN 1751-2271 Vol.14 N° 4 2020 págs. 322 - 334
    Resumen
    Maria Montessori developed an educational program during the first half of the 20th century. Nowadays, the Montessori method (MM) is considered one of the main alternatives to teacher¿paced conventional preschool education. This review aims to open a dialogue between the MM and current understanding of neurodevelopment. Four conceptual pillars of the MM¿the sensitive periods, the education of the senses, the prepared environment, and spontaneous activities through repetition¿are discussed. According to the MM, the teacher provides children with an environment that, leaning on maturational time windows, should promote sensory development through spontaneous repetition. We describe brain changes in 3¿ to 6¿year¿old children due to development and externally¿provided experience. Then, it is discussed whether these pillars are supported by neuroscience. Finally, the influences of Montessori are explained, and we suggest possible lines of research to underpin the neuroscientific grounds of the MM
  • Autores: Navarro-Rubio Coello-Portugal, Sonsoles; Güell Pelayo, Francisco (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: BIRTH DEFECTS RESEARCH
    ISSN 2472-1727 Vol.112 N° 1 2020 págs. 7 - 18
    Resumen
    Although numerous articles have shown intracytoplasmic sperm injection and in vitro fertilization to be correlated with increased risk of disease, a few works have been published on the risks associated with artificial insemination. Meanwhile, questions about the possible causes underlying these correlations have remained in the background. The main objective of this work is not to review the risks associated with artificial insemination, but rather to describe how developmental processes may be affected by these techniques. Thus, we offer a theoretical framework for understanding the possible causes that underlie the correlation between low-complexity or milder techniques and offspring health outcomes.
  • Autores: Arrondo Ostíz, Gonzalo (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY
    ISSN 1468-1331 Vol.27 N° 2 2020 págs. 213 - 214
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR
    ISSN 1059-7123 Vol.28 N° 1 2020 págs. 47 - 48
    Resumen
    I agree with Villalobos and Razeto-Barry's main argument that living beings are autopoietic bodies. I suggest, however, that if we apply this definition of life to a consideration of living beings as dissipative systems, we find opportunities for further refinement. I propose that living bodies are autopoietic bodies that maintain themselves by using their boundaries to control their constituent processes of dissipative adaptation.
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel
    Revista: PLURALIST
    ISSN 1930-7365 Vol.15 N° 3 2020 págs. 8 - 17
  • Autores: Cortese, S; Solmi, M.; Arrondo Ostíz, Gonzalo; et al.
    Revista: EVIDENCE - BASED MENTAL HEALTH
    ISSN 1362-0347 Vol.23 N° 4 2020 págs. 135 - 139
    Resumen
    Introduction Although several systematic reviews (SRs)/meta-analyses (MAs) on the association between specific mental disorders and specific somatic conditions are available, an overarching evidence synthesis across mental disorders and somatic conditions is currently lacking. We will conduct an umbrella review of SRs/MAs to test: 1) the strength of the association between individual mental disorders and individual somatic conditions in children/adolescents and adults; 2) to which extent associations are specific to individual mental and somatic conditions . Methods and analysis We will search a broad set of electronic databases and contact study authors. We will include SRs with MA or SRs reporting the effect size from individual studies on the association between a number of somatic and mental conditions (as per the International Classification of Diseases, 11th Revision). We will follow an algorithm to select only one SR or MA when more than one are available on the same association. We will rate the quality of included SRs/MAs using the AMSTAR-2 tool. We will assess to which extent mental disorders are selectively associated with specific somatic conditions or if there are transdiagnostic, across-spectra or diagnostic spectrum-specific associations between mental disorders and somatic conditions based on the Transparent, Reporting, Appraising, Numerating, Showing (TRANSD) recommendations. Discussion The present umbrella review will shed light on the association between mental health disorders and somatic conditions, providing useful data for the care of patients with mental health disorders, in particular for early detection and intervention. This work might also add insight to the pathophysiology of mental health conditions, and contribute to the current debate on the value of a transdiagnostic approach in psychiatry.
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel
    Revista: ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR
    ISSN 1059-7123 Vol.28 N° 2 2020 págs. 113 - 118
    Resumen
    In this reply to the commentaries of Lyon and Swenson, I clarify the arguments of my article, ¿On the nature and origins of cognition as a form of motivated activity.¿ In particular, I focus on the nature of self-preserving behavior, considered not only as a basic and universal form of cognitive behavior but also as a key example of cognition as form of motivated activity. I clarify that my approach affirms the importance of self-preserving behavior but questions the widespread assumption that this and other varieties of motivated behavior can be explained as the product of homeostatic mechanisms. I suggest that extremal properties can not only do a better job of explaining homeostasis-like behaviors, but they can also be extended to other kinds of motivated behavior that are not homeostasis-like. Finally, I emphasize the explanatory promise of extremal properties with respect to fundamental questions about the emergence of order in living and nonliving systems.
  • Autores: Aznárez Sanado, Maite (Autor de correspondencia); Artuch Garde, Raquel; Carrica Ochoa, Sarah; et al.
    Revista: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
    ISSN 1664-1078 Vol.11 2020
    Resumen
    Background/objective: Adult Lower Secondary Education is an education program for basic qualifications for the labor market. Our study aimed to compare lifetime mental health problems between current Adult Lower Secondary Education students and higher Vocational Education students, as the former constitutes a highly distinct and understudied group. Methods: Findings were based on a cross-sectional self-report survey. Lifetime relative odds of occurrence of mental disorders [i.e., psychiatric disorders typically diagnosed in adults, learning difficulties or deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)] were compared between Adult Lower Secondary Education students (n = 134) and Vocational Education students (n = 149). Results: While the frequency of mental health problems was high in both groups, psychiatric disorders typically diagnosed in adults were more common in Adult Lower Secondary Education students than among other students. Vocational Education students reported higher rates of ADHD. Conclusion: There is a need for additional psychological resources for Adult Lower Secondary Education students, an educational level that is the last path for many to acquire a basic degree.
  • Autores: Wilkinson, J.; Navarro-Rubio Coello-Portugal, Sonsoles; Huang, J. N.; et al.
    Revista: CURRENT MEDICAL RESEARCH AND OPINION
    ISSN 0300-7995 Vol.36 N° 12 2020 págs. 2053 - 2054
    Resumen
    We argue that increased risk for a variety of diseases in ART children has been consistently reaffirmed by different methods and in diverse populations, providing a methodological critique of recent sibling studies, which hold great potential for studying the risks of ART. A recent within-family analysis using a national population register holds a distinct size advantage over previous studies, and suggested that apparent risks to offspring may be attributable to birth order. However, limitations of the design may have resulted in an erroneous conclusion. We discuss the advantages of a frequently neglected sibling study design, which compares siblings born of surrogate motherhood. While uncertainty remains, the evidence points to elevated risk for ART offspring. It may therefore be prudent to call for an extension of preventive and precautionary decisions to the entire population, and to change informed consent to incorporate the long-term health consequences of fertility treatments.
  • Autores: L'Ecuyer, C. (Autor de correspondencia); Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Revista: REVISTA ESPAÑOLA DE PEDAGOGIA
    ISSN 0034-9461 Vol.78 N° 277 2020 págs. 499 - 517
    Resumen
    Teleology is a fundamental aspect of Montessori education. Understanding its implications helps us appreciate Montessori's deep affinity with Aristotelian thought and how her pedagogy differs from the New Education movement inspired by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. The teleological approach has several implications in education: for example, when it comes to understanding concepts such as meaningful learning, active learning, learning stimuli, and progress. To understand the teleological approach in the Montessori method, this article discusses some of its fundamental pillars, such as the prepared environment, control of error, the absorbent mind, sustained attention, the development of personality, purposeful repetition, perfective activity, the joy of learning and the rational nature's inclination towards its end. According to Montessori, human activity is naturally oriented towards an end and is ordered by reason. The end of education is the child himself since education consists in perfecting the agent, bringing his potential into action. The child's eagerness to develop his personality occurs through the spontaneous activity of his absorbent mind and through purposeful repetition, which generates positive habits. The absorbent character of his mind urges him to know, absorbing his surrounding environment. Hence, the prepared environment and control of error are crucial. Perfective activity, performed with the right and strictly necessary amount of stimuli, helps the child find rest in meaningful voluntary activities done without obstacles. The resulting pleasure should not be understood as a mere experience; it should rather be seen in relation to a natural activity directed towards its end.
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel
    Revista: ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR
    ISSN 1059-7123 Vol.28 N° 2 2020 págs. 89 - 103
    Resumen
    A fundamental challenge for enactive theory and other radical varieties of non-representational ¿E cognition¿ is to reconceive the end-directed character of cognitive activity in naturally emergent but also experientially adequate terms. In short, it is necessary to show how cognitive activity is motivated. In this article, I present a preliminary analysis of the nature of motivation and the challenge that it presents to cognitive science. I make the case that a theory of motivation is a critical desideratum for dynamical theories of cognition, especially insofar as they understand cognition as a self-organized and ¿soft assembled¿ process. Finally, I propose that a branch of ecological psychology that conceives of cognition as a special variety of ¿dissipative adaptation¿ offers a promising framework for confronting this challenge.
  • Autores: Ostiz Blanco, Mikel
    Revista: NATURALEZA Y LIBERTAD
    ISSN 2254-9668 Vol.14 2020 págs. 163 - 184
    Resumen
    El mind uploading es el acto de transferir una mente de su sustrato original (el cuerpo biológico de la persona) a otro sustrato, que puede ser también biológico, o bien robótico o incluso digital. Esta propuesta se enmarca en el movimiento transhumanista y tiene como objetivo último la inmortalidad personal más allá de la duración temporal del cuerpo biológico. La tesis de este artículo es que el mind uploading es una propuesta que se presenta principalmente como tecnológica, pero que, en realidad, tiene implicaciones a muchos otros niveles: antropológico, cultural, político, etc., por lo que requiere una reflexión más profunda. Por ello, se analizan en este artículo dos dimensiones del mind-uploading: su posibilidad real de realización y su deseabilidad, sin pretender tanto dar respuestas finales como suscitar preguntas que se dan muchas veces por descontadas.
  • Autores: Knolle, F.; Garofalo, S. ; Viviani, R.; et al.
    Revista: NEUROIMAGE. CLINICAL
    ISSN 2213-1582 Vol.27 2020 págs. 102277
    Resumen
    Objective Current research does not provide a clear explanation for why some patients with Parkinson¿s Disease (PD) develop psychotic symptoms. The `aberrant salience hypothesis¿ of psychosis has been influential and proposes that dopaminergic dysregulation leads to inappropriate attribution of salience to irrelevant/non-informative stimuli, facilitating the formation of hallucinations and delusions. The aim of this study is to investigate whether non-motivational salience is altered in PD patients and possibly linked to the development of psychotic symptoms. Methods We investigated salience processing in 14 PD patients with psychotic symptoms, 23 PD patients without psychotic symptoms and 19 healthy controls. All patients were on dopaminergic medication for their PD. We examined emotional salience using a visual oddball fMRI paradigm that has been used to investigate early stages of schizophrenia spectrum psychosis, controlling for resting cerebral blood flow as assessed with arterial spin labelling fMRI. Results We found significant differences between patient groups in brain responses to emotional salience. PD patients with psychotic symptoms had enhanced brain responses in the striatum, dopaminergic midbrain, hippocampus and amygdala compared to patients without psychotic symptoms. PD patients with psychotic symptoms showed significant correlations between the levels of dopaminergic drugs they were taking and BOLD signalling, as well as psychotic symptom scores. Conclusion Our study suggests that enhanced signalling in the striatum, dopaminergic midbrain, the hippocampus and amygdala is associated with the development of psychotic symptoms in PD, in line with that proposed in the `aberrant salience hypothesis¿ of psychosis in schizophrenia.
  • Autores: Reparaz Abaitua, Charo; Aznárez Sanado, Maite (Autor de correspondencia); Mendoza, G.
    Revista: COMPUTERS IN HUMAN BEHAVIOR
    ISSN 0747-5632 Vol.111 2020
    Resumen
    Background: Due to MOOC high attrition rates, this study aims to assess differences in self-regulated learning strategies and other variables related to MOOC retention (perceived effectiveness, MOOC interaction, motivation and socio-demographic characteristics) between course completers and non-completers. This work also aims to translate into Spanish and validate an instrument for the assessment of self-regulated learning (SRL) behaviours in MOOCs. Materials and methods: 582 participants answered the translated SRL questionnaire and other questions related to MOOC retention. The comparison between MOOC completers and non-completers was carried out in a subgroup of 176 undergraduate students. Results: Completer students were more capable of self-regulating their learning and showed significantly higher levels of perceived effectiveness and of engagement with MOOC contents than non-completers. In addition,a logistic regression analysis indicated that the variables with greatest predictive value to discriminate between completers and non-completers were goal-setting, task interest and the academic discipline of studies of MOOC participants. The percentage of cases correctly predicted by the model was over 84%. The Spanish version of the instrument replicated the original factor structure of the SRL questionnaire and showed high internal consistency (alpha = 0.948).
  • Autores: Musullulu, H.; Bernácer María, Javier; Murillo, J.; et al.
    Revista: EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY
    ISSN 0924-9338 Vol.63 2020 págs. S478 - S478
  • Autores: Alonso Bastarreche, Gonzalo
    Revista: ESE. ESTUDIOS SOBRE EDUCACION
    ISSN 1578-7001 Vol.37 2019 págs. 242 - 244
  • Autores: Arrondo Ostíz, Gonzalo (Autor de correspondencia); García-Ubasos, L.; Rodríguez-Fernández, M.
    Revista: ZONA HOSPITALARIA
    ISSN 2253-9034 N° 79 2019 págs. 18 - 19
    Resumen
    Artículo de divulgación científica sobre el TDAH en adultos
  • Autores: Gaitán Mantaras, Leandro Martín
    Revista: THEOLOGY AND SCIENCE
    ISSN 1474-6700 N° 17 2019 págs. 403 - 416
    Resumen
    This paper addresses the greatest aspiration of the transhumanist movement: achieving immortal life through a procedure known as mind uploading. This procedure consists in keeping our minds fully and indefinitely operative after death by transferring them to a non-biological substrate that allows man to be liberated from his bodily confinement. My main thesis is that the mind uploading project presupposes a secular eschatology, consummating the Promethean utopia according to which human beings could redeem themselves, expelling God definitively from their existential horizon. On this basis, the paper offers meaningful contrasts between the uploading as secular eschatology and the Christian tradition.
  • Autores: Echarte Alonso, Luis Enrique
    Revista: BIOÉTICA Y CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD
    ISSN 2659-3467 Vol.7 N° 1 2019
  • Autores: Zarraluqui López, Silvia; Martínez Villar, Martín; Pastor, María A.
    Revista: CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY
    ISSN 1046-1310 2019 págs. 1 - 9
    Resumen
    This study presents a short and valid questionnaire for evaluating Facebook usage by the Spanish-speaking population. In order to achieve this aim, the Facebook scales developed by Ellison and collaborators (i.e., Facebook Intensity, Actual Friends, Connection Strategies, and Relationship Maintenance Behavior) were translated into Spanish and then grouped into a 31-item questionnaire: the Spanish Facebook Battery (SFB). Subsequently, the reliability and construct validity of the SFB was tested once administered to a sample of Spanish speakers (N=433) by means of an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) with iterated principal axis factoring and Promax rotation methods. The SFB showed high internal (¿=.89) and acceptable retest (¿=.65) reliability whereas the EFA indicated the retention of five dimensions that explained 89% of the total variance in this sample data. A main dimension related to Facebook Intensity was found to account for almost half of the total variance, whereas the other four dimensions were found to be associated with Online Connection Strategies, Relationship Maintenance Behaviors, Maintaining Connection Strategies, and Offline Connection Strategies. Therefore, the factor analysis returned a dimensional structure of the SFB that differed slightly from the original scales composition, stressing the difference between online and offline connection strategies in this population sample. In summary, this article proposes a short and valid tool which could be useful for assessing Facebook usage among Spanish-speakers. https://rdcu.be/bnCtQ
  • Autores: Bernácer María, Javier (Autor de correspondencia); Martínez Valbuena, Iván; Martínez Villar, Martín; et al.
    Revista: NEUROIMAGE
    ISSN 1053-8119 Vol.203 2019
    Resumen
    When humans make decisions, objective rewards are mainly discounted by delay, risk and effort. Whereas recentresearch has demonstrated that several brain areas process costs and code subjective value in effort-based decisionmaking, it remains obscure how neural activity patterns change when effort costs are reduced due to theacquisition of healthy habits, such as moving from sedentary to active lifestyles. Here, a sample of sedentaryvolunteers was behaviorally assessed and fMRI-scanned before and after completing a 3-monthfitness plan. Theimpact of effort cost on decisions, measured as the constant defining a hyperbolic decaying function, was reducedafter the plan. A logistic mixed model demonstrated that the explanatory power of effort decreased with time. At aneural level, there was a marginally significant disruption of effort-cost related functional activity in the anteriorcingulate after the plan. Functional connectivity between the amygdala and anterior cingulate cortex wasstrengthened after habit acquisition. In turn, this interaction was stronger in those participants with lower effortdiscounting. Thus, we show for thefirst time changes in value-based decision making after moving from asedentary to an active lifestyle, which points to the relevance of the amygdala-cingulate interplay when theimpact of effort on decisions fades away.
  • Autores: Sánchez Cañizares, Javier
    Revista: FOUNDATIONS OF SCIENCE
    ISSN 1233-1821 Vol.24 N° 2 2019 págs. 275 - 285
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Revista: STUDIA POLIANA. REVISTA SOBRE EL PENSAMIENTO DE LEONARDO POLO
    ISSN 1139-6660 Vol.21 2019 págs. 123 - 139
    Resumen
    La filosofía aspira a un saber unitario, pero la filosofía de Polo renuncia a detenerse en una unidad objetiva. Las diversas dimensiones del abandono del límite mental abren temas diversos, que ninguna de ellas parece poder abarcar en su conjunto. En este artículo se plantea en qué sentido el método de Polo puede ofrecer una visión unitaria del saber, tomando pie en dos aspectos comunes a todas sus dimensiones: la presencia mental y la referencia a Dios.
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Revista: RES NOVAE
    ISSN 2464-0344 Vol.4 N° 1 2019 págs. 7 - 29
    Resumen
    The history of Western humanism is marked by the emergence of philosophy as a theoretical way for investigating reality. Philosophy studies human beings in connection with the ultimate foundation of reality. Within Western thought, the tradition associated with this kind of research has forged three basic ways of conceiving of human beings¿ most radical and distinctive features: man as rational soul, as a self-conscious subject, and as a person. All three are based on important theoretical discoveries, but their coexistence has not always been exactly peaceful. Given that human beings cannot live without self-knowledge, the way we see ourselves has important socio-cultural and ethical consequences, which broaden our view of human beings, bringing to light previously hidden features of humanity. Attempting to recover and make sense of the diverse notions of what it is to be a human being is especially important when the very notion of being human is blurred and its normative value is threatened.
  • Autores: Ramírez Castillo, David; García Roda, Carlos; Güell Pelayo, Francisco; et al.
    Revista: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHIATRY
    ISSN 1664-0640 Vol.10 2019 págs. 421
  • Autores: Bernácer María, Javier (Autor de correspondencia); Martínez Valbuena, Iván; Martínez Villar, Martín; et al.
    Revista: CORTEX
    ISSN 0010-9452 Vol.113 2019 págs. 96-110
    Resumen
    According to the theory of value-based decision making, subjects tend to choose the most valuable among a set of options. However, agents may not be consistent when facing the same decision several times. In this paper, Shannon¿s entropy (H) is employed as a measure of behavioral inconsistency: it is a central measure of information theory that, applied to decision making, allows the estimation of behavioral preferences among a set of options. We scanned (functional magnetic resonance imaging, fMRI) 24 young (18-25 year) subjects (14 female) while performing a decision-making task, where monetary rewards were devalued by physical effort (minutes running in the treadmill) and risk. Twenty different pairs of options were presented nine times each, and H was calculated for each pair and subject. Behavioral analyses showed that subjective value (SV) significantly explained agents¿ preferences only in pairs with a low inconsistent response. Averaged response time positively correlated with H, confirming entropy as an indicator of choice difficulty. Group analyses on fMRI data revealed a cluster in the paracingulate cortex as the neural correlate of H. Besides, BOLD signal in the posterior cingulate correlated with the SV of the pair only in consistent decisions, confirming that SV loses its explanatory power on highly inconsistent decisions. Finally, the anterior and central cingulate were especially recruited when predicting a secured effortless reward, compared with a secured re
  • Autores: Arrondo Ostíz, Gonzalo (Autor de correspondencia); Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio (Autor de correspondencia); Bernácer María, Javier (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: CUADERNOS DE PEDAGOGIA
    ISSN 0210-0630 N° 501 2019 págs. 65 - 70
    Resumen
    Revisamos la relación entre una visión integradora del concepto de hábito y el trastorno por déficit de atención e hiperactividad (TDAH), a partir de dificultades propias de esta condición para el estudio, la accidentabilidad, la dieta y el ejercicio, o los procesos adictivos. Proponemos que muchas consecuencias del TDAH pueden entenderse como una dificultad para la creación y el mantenimiento de hábitos positivos.
  • Autores: Orón Semper, José Víctor
    Revista: QUIÉN
    ISSN 2443-972X N° 9 2019 págs. 9 - 38
    Resumen
    En el presente capítulo mostraremos cuál es la propuesta antropológica subyacente a la propuesta dominante hoy en día sobre educación emocional que es conceptualizada como regulación emocional. Como mostraremos, esta descansa en una propuesta antropológica que se centra en el yo-fuerte que hemos llamado ¿autonomous self¿, como referente casi absoluto en su toma de decisiones que interactúa con el medio y las relaciones en función de desplegar su dominio en el entorno. Dicha propuesta se encuentra lejos de otras propuestas de corte personalista que destacan dimensiones más profundas en la persona que la de ser simplemente sujeto de las acciones y que valora mucho más el peso constituyente de las relaciones interpersonales.
  • Autores: Güell Pelayo, Francisco; Echarte Alonso, Luis Enrique; Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Revista: SCIENTIA ET FIDES
    ISSN 2300-7648 Vol.7 N° 2 2019 págs. 195 - 214
    Resumen
    For transhumanism, humanity is a stage which, guided by biological evolution, was preceded by other earlier stages and which will be followed by others that are newer. According to transhumanism, we must break the inertia of blind causes that govern evolution and, through biotechnology, attain what is called a ¿better life¿. Those authors who are supportive of this current of thought develop their proposals by negating the existence of a human nature, but without abandoning the conviction that it will be possible to define what a ¿better life¿ consists in. In this article we will analyze the clarity and rigor with which transhumanists present the ultimate goal of their proposal, the relation between the end and the means proposed for attaining it, and, finally, we will bring to light certain inconsistencies that result from their rejection of the position that human nature could have a normative value.
  • Autores: Sánchez Cañizares, Javier
    Revista: FRONTERASCTR
    ISSN 2530-657X 2019
    Resumen
    El compatibilismo afirma que el libre albedrío es compatible con el determinismo. Para el "compatibilismo de las bifurcaciones" pertenece a la esencia de la libertad "poder actuar de otra manera", mientras que para el "compatibilismo de la fontalidad" resulta decisiva la ultimidad del agente como fuente de control. Ahora bien, dadas dos partículas con entrelazamiento EPR, la medición de una variable en una de ellas determina instantáneamente el valor de dicha variable en la otra. Experimentos recientes hacen finalmente insostenibles explicaciones basadas en variables ocultas locales: o la naturaleza está ónticamente indeterminada o bien está determinada de modo global. El primer caso es incompatible con los dos compatibilismos y el segundo es incompatible con el "poder actuar de otra manera". Además, implicaría la existencia de variables ocultas no locales como fuente última de determinación, con longitudes de correlación típicas mayores que las del cuerpo humano: la acción no podría originarse en su interior. El compatibilismo, por tanto, debe ser rechazado
  • Autores: Contreras Chicote, María; Villena, Alejandro; Chiclana, Carlos
    Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SEXUAL HEALTH
    ISSN 1931-7611 Vol.31 N° Sup1 2019 págs. A582 - A583
  • Autores: Contreras Chicote, María
    Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SEXUAL HEALTH
    ISSN 1931-7611 Vol.31 N° 1 2019 págs. A99 - A99
  • Autores: Saez, C.; Orón Semper, José Víctor
    Revista: JOURNAL OF INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY RESEARCH
    ISSN 0964-2633 Vol.63 N° 7 2019 págs. 894 - 894
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: ANUARIO FILOSOFICO
    ISSN 0066-5215 Vol.51 N° 3 2018 págs. 598 - 601
  • Autores: Ruiz Goikoetxea, M.; Cortese, S.; Soutullo Esperón, César Alejandro; et al.
    Revista: ANALES DE PEDIATRIA
    ISSN 1695-4033 Vol.88 N° 5 2018 págs. 294 - 295
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel
    Revista: MATERIAL RELIGION
    ISSN 1743-2200 Vol.14 N° 3 2018 págs. 415 - 416
  • Autores: Orón Semper, José Víctor
    Revista: TEOLOGIA ESPIRITUAL
    ISSN 0495-1549 Vol.61 N° 181 2018 págs. 64 - 164
    Resumen
    Después qué y cómo se entiende el término integrar, se hace un recorrido por la filosofía, la psicología, la neurociencia, comprobando que existe un lenguaje común compartido que es reflejo de que de hecho todas ellas están participando de algo mayor a ellas mismas: la integración, clave para que todas ellas puedan crecer en refuerzo mutuo. Las consecuencias epistemológicas de ello son importantes: cuando cualquier disciplina progrese asumiendo la clave de la integración podrá encontrarse con las otras y precisamente gracias a su relación con las otras ella podrá crecer. Presentando finalmente las repercusiones teológicas de esta dinámica de integración.
  • Autores: Orón Semper, José Víctor; Blasco, M.
    Revista: STUDIES IN PHILOSOPHY AND EDUCATION
    ISSN 0039-3746 Vol.37 N° 5 2018 págs. 481 - 498
    Resumen
    The so-called 'hidden curriculum' (HC) is often presented as a counterproductive element in education, and many scholars argue that it should be eliminated, by being made explicit, in education in general and specifically in higher education (HE). The problem of the HC has not been solved by the transition from a teacher-centered education to a student-centered educational model that takes the student's experience as the starting point of learning. In this article we turn to several philosophers of education (Dewey, Kohlberg, Whitehead, Peters and Knowles) to propose that HC can be made explicit in HE when the teacher recognizes and lives his/her teaching as a personal issue, not merely a technical one; and that the students' experience of the learning process is not merely individual but emerges through their interpersonal relationship with the teacher. We suggest ways in which this interpersonal relationship can be strengthened despite current challenges in HE.
  • Autores: Lecumberri, A.; Lopez-Janeiro, A.; Corral-Domenge, C.; et al.
    Revista: BRAIN STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
    ISSN 1863-2653 Vol.223 N° 4 2018 págs. 1615 - 1625
    Resumen
    The striatum (caudate nucleus, putamen and nucleus accumbens) is the main input structure of the basal ganglia. It receives cortical projections from the vast majority of the cortex, as well as from other subcortical structures such as the thalamus and amygdala. Its role in planning, preparation and execution of voluntary movements is known to be fine-tuned by the interaction between projection neurons and interneurons. Since the 1990s, it has been accepted that the proportion of interneurons increases phylogenetically, being about 5% in rodents and 26% in humans. However, these data have not been confirmed with unbiased techniques, such as stereology. In the present report, we have divided the human striatum into functional territories (associative, sensorimotor and limbic) and we have quantified the numerical density of all striatal neurons (using Nissl staining) in each area. Taking into account our past research on the estimation of striatal interneurons, we have calculated the proportion of interneurons in each territory. This value was on average 17.1% for the whole striatum, although interneurons were more abundant in the associative (21.9%) than in the sensorimotor (12.8%) and limbic (11.1%) aspects. Therefore, we demonstrate with unbiased stereology that the overall proportion of striatal interneurons is slightly lower than that reported in previous studies, and that it varies in the functional territories of this structure.
  • Autores: Orón Semper, José Víctor
    Revista: MISCELANEA POLIANA
    ISSN 1699-2849 N° 60 2018 págs. 79 - 90
    Resumen
    En la propuesta filosófica de Polo la distinción entre el acto de ser y la esencia es fundamental, sobre todo por la forma que tiene de concretar esta distinción en el universo y en el ser humano. Esto ha llevado a que, por la novedad que introduce en su forma singular de entenderla, se suela resaltar tal distinción. Esto podría llevar al equívoco de que acto de ser y esencia son como dos principios con cierta independencia, cuando esto no es así. En el presente artículo resaltamos la íntima relación entre acto de ser y esencia y lo aplicamos a un campo concreto que es el de la educación.
  • Autores: Bernácer María, Javier
    Revista: JOURNAL OF CONSCIOUSNESS STUDIES
    ISSN 1355-8250 Vol.25 N° 7 - 8 2018 págs. 112 - 134
    Resumen
    Scientific research leans on the theoretical assumptions that have been taken for granted through decades of research. Experimental psychology, mostly rooted in experiments with rodents, defines habits as rigid, unconscious, and non-teleological behaviours opposed to goal-directed actions. This definition has been transferred to human research as such, and habits are thus viewed as compulsions, obsessions, slips-of-action, and addictions. From an experiential point of view, however, humans possess habits that go beyond these behaviours. According to Aristotle, habits are dispositions of thought and performance, usually acquired by repetition, which predispose our future actions. This 'new' understanding of human habits would be associated with a brain configuration that goes beyond the rigid carving of motor routines in certain areas. An empirical application of this interpretation is explained. In conclusion, a novel perspective is proposed to study the neural correlates of habits and their impact on behaviour.
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel; Sánchez Cañizares, Javier
    Revista: REVIEW OF METAPHYSICS
    ISSN 0034-6632 Vol.71 N° 4 2018 págs. 755 - 787
    Resumen
    The philosopher Roberto Unger and the physicist Lee Smolin have recently argued that the current explanatory framework of cosmology, which presumes a timeless background of unchanging physical laws, should be replaced by a thoroughly relational framework in which time is fundamental and all laws are subject to change. Within this alternative framework, however, Unger and Smolin find themselves confronted by a dilemma: either the laws of nature evolve according to some higher set of ¿meta-laws,¿ which reinstates a timeless background at a higher level, or the laws of nature evolve randomly and the path of inquiry is blocked. In response to this dilemma, the authors propose a theory of causal events as singular, freely chosen, and self-determined optimalities constrained only by their intrinsic relations to all other events.
  • Autores: Sánchez Cañizares, Javier
    Revista: FRONTERASCTR
    ISSN 2530-657X 2018
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Revista: NATURALEZA Y LIBERTAD
    ISSN 2254-9668 Vol.10 N° 1 2018 págs. 193 - 209
    Resumen
    Resumen: Es común el el pensamiento actual la negación o incluso la falta de percepción de una posible diferencia esencial entre el conocimiento humano y el animal. En este texto se presentan algunas razones de esta situación, se plantea si es adecuado usar el término conocimiento tanto para los hombres como para el resto de los animales y, desde una perspectiva aristotélica, se recupera un debate de la antropología del siglo pasado en el que se pone de manifiesto un aspecto de la cuestión frecuentemente pasado por alto en nuestra época. Palabras clave: conocimiento animal, inteligencia, antropología, Köhler, Pavlov, Scheler, Aristóteles. Abstract: In contemporary thinking it is common the negation or even the inca-pacity of perceiving an essential difference between human and animal cognition. In this text, some reasons that explain this situation are offered, the problem of the opportunity of using the same term for animal and human cognition is re-vised and, from an Aristotelian perspective, a debate of last century philosophical anthropology is revisited that addresses an aspect of this problem frequently ig-nored. Keywords: animal cognition, intelligence, anthropology, Köhler, Pavlov, Scheler, Aristotle
  • Autores: Orón Semper, José Víctor
    Revista: STUDIA POLIANA. REVISTA SOBRE EL PENSAMIENTO DE LEONARDO POLO
    ISSN 1139-6660 N° 20 2018 págs. 241 - 262
    Resumen
    La forma de entender la educación realizó un giro de una educación centrada en el profesor a una educación centrada en el alumno. Si en el modelo centrado en el profesor el acto educativo descansa sobre todo en lo que el profesor realiza, en el modelo centrado en el alumno el acto educativo descansa sobre todo en lo que el alumno hace. No obstante, proponemos que este cambio es insuficiente y que hace falta más bien entender el acto educativo centrado en todo el juego de relaciones interpersonales que permite un centro escolar.
  • Autores: Orón Semper, José Víctor
    Revista: Correlatos
    ISSN 2594-1380 Vol.1 N° 1 2018 págs. 105 - 140
    Resumen
    Este artículo propone una reflexión sobre el marco conceptual adecuado para abordar la educación sexual. No ofrece un desglose de cuáles han de ser los objetivos que se deben considerar en tal educación ni un análisis de los programas que la han emprendido. Pensamos que la diversidad de enfoques históricos de educación sexual ofrecen dos grandes perspectivas: una, la de aquellas que apuestan por la abstinencia, con todas sus variantes, o bien las llamadas holísticas (comprehensive); ambas, sin embargo, pueden ser consideradas opciones ¿técnicas¿; hay otra perspectiva, que podría llamarse ¿personalista¿, otra forma de entender la educación emocional y sexual: aquí se intenta exponer y justificar esta última.
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel; García-Valdecasas Merino, Miguel; Sánchez Cañizares, Javier
    Revista: AUSTRALASIAN PHILOSOPHICAL REVIEW
    ISSN 2474-0500 Vol.2 N° 2 2018 págs. 209 - 213
    Resumen
    We support the development of non-reductive cognitive science and the naturalization of phenomenology for this purpose, and we agree that the 'relational turn' defended by Gallagher is a necessary step in this direction. However, we believe that certain aspects of his relational concept of nature need clarification. In particular, Gallagher does not say whether or how teleology, affect, and other value-related properties of life and mind can be naturalized within this framework. In this paper, we argue that (1) given the phenomenological standards recognized by Gallagher, his commitment to a naturalized phenomenology should entail a commitment to a naturalized concept of value; and (2) the kind of 'relational nature' described by Gallagher in his paper is insufficient for this purpose
  • Autores: Ostiz Blanco, Mikel
    Revista: NATURALEZA Y LIBERTAD
    ISSN 2254-9668 Vol.10 N° 1 2018 págs. 211 - 231
    Resumen
    El ser humano es un ser peculiar, ya que participa de diversos ámbitos sin agotarse en ninguno de ellos. En este artículo se elabora un análisis compara-do del ser humano con otros seres: los animales no humanos y las máquinas. De esta forma, se pretende poner de manifiesto las coincidencias y diferencias y, así, intentar bosquejar lo específicamente humano. Respecto a los animales, el ser humano comparte una dimensión biológica ¿no solo material, sino también psi-cológica¿ pero su condición de ser espiritual hace que el resto de dimensiones ¿incluido el propio cuerpo¿ tengan una orientación distinta. Respecto a las máquinas, si bien han demostrado una cierta ¿inteligencia¿, es siempre una racio-nalidad prestada, que carece de la condición de ser libre tan propia del ser humano. Precisamente, esta capacidad de destinarse y entregarse es la caracterís-tica más propia humana.
  • Autores: Bernácer María, Javier; Güell Pelayo, Francisco
    Libro: Psychiatry and Neuroscience update: from Epistemology to Clinical Psychiatry
    ISSN 978-3-030-61721-9 Vol.IV 2021 págs. 107 - 119
    Resumen
    The attribution of the category of person to a living being is not irrelevant at all, since it indicates who is entitled to rights, dignity, and duties by law. Throughout approximately 15 centuries, since Boethius first defined the term, the most influential philosophers have provided an interpretation on which are the defining features of persons. Current neuroscience, influenced by mainstream utilitarian bioethics, takes John Locke¿s definition of person as starting point: the being with intelligence, self-consciousness, and memory. This notion has been subsequently refined by analytic philosophy and contemporary thinkers such as Daniel Dennett, ending up in a cognitivist conception of person. In this text, we will discuss how current neuroscience has embraced this definition and the subsequent reductionism it leads to. In fact, for some authors, personhood is an illusion held by human beings. We will present other philosophical perspectives on the issue and will concentrate on the phenomenological interpretation to achieve a comprehensive notion of person. From this perspective, the person is understood as an embodied mind where the role of the environment, including interpersonal relationships, is utterly radical. This vision presupposes the inability of neuroscience, or any other individual discipline, to cover by itself what a person is. Thus, the phenomenological approach on the person is presented as a paradigmatic example to promote dialogue between scientific and humanistic disciplines.
  • Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel
    Libro: The Wiley Blackwell Companion to religion and materiality
    ISSN 9781118660102 2020 págs. 108 - 127
    Resumen
    Insofar as studies of religious materiality include embodiment within their purview, they call for interdisciplinary collaboration with cognitive science, which in recent decades has taken an `embodied turn¿. However, not only is the meaning of embodied cognition still unsettled, but some of the most prominent theories interpret the body as the fixed `ground¿ of experience in a way that curtails the role of materials outside the body. In an attempt to clarify the issues at stake, this chapter explores the problematic concept of embodiment within cognitive science and marks an important difference between so¿called `radical¿ theories of embodied mind and those that remain within the sway of functionalism. Insofar as the former are concerned with the dynamic emergence and context¿sensitivity of mental processes, they would seem to make ideal partners for studies of the dynamic character of religious objects and practices.
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Libro: Desire and human flourishing. Perspectives from positive psychology, Moral education and virtue ethics
    ISSN 978-3-030-47000-5 2020 págs. 121 - 134
    Resumen
    Desire is a key feature for understanding human beings, but there are different conceptions of its nature and its role in human life. Modern thinkers tend to understand desire as a force that must be regulated, whereas classical philosophy proposes ways of integrating and harmonizing desires in the context of the whole life. Christian early thinkers argued that our desire tends toward an infinite good whose pursuit implies an always-open personal growth. From this perspective, the integration of human desires can no longer be seen as mere limitation or regulation. In this context, it is possible to understand the classical notions of habit and virtue as a kind of personal growth, which includes growth in one¿s capacity for desire. However, the question arises of how to reconcile this perpetual growth with the pursuit of happiness and peace.
  • Autores: Gaitán Mantaras, Leandro Martín
    Libro: Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Philosophers
    2020 págs. 1 - 5
  • Autores: Echarte Alonso, Luis Enrique
    Libro: Confluencias. Arte, ciencia e inmortalidad
    ISSN 978-84-8081-615-1 2019 págs. 85 - 106
  • Autores: Arrondo Ostíz, Gonzalo; Barrett, Nathaniel; Güell Pelayo, Francisco; et al.
    Libro: Psychiatry and neuroscience update: from translational research to a humanistic approach
    ISSN 9783319953595 Vol.III 2019 págs. 83 - 97
  • Autores: Alonso Bastarreche, Gonzalo
    Libro: La Humildad del Maestro. Homenaje a Urbano Ferrer
    ISSN 9788413390055 2019 págs. 602 - 617
  • Autores: Fernández de Barrena Marchena, Sara; Nubiola, Jaime
    Libro: Sementes de pragmatismo na contemporaneidade: homenagem a Ivo Assad Ibri
    ISSN 978-85-66249-33-0 2019 págs. 153 - 164
  • Autores: Ostiz Blanco, Mikel
    Libro: La posverdad o el dominio de lo trivial
    ISSN 978-84-1339-006-2 2019 págs. 389 - 402
  • Autores: Güell Pelayo, Francisco
    Libro: El embrión humano. Una mirada desde la antropología, la bioética, la biología del desarrollo y los derechos humanos
    ISSN 978-84-1313-382-9 2019 págs. 101 - 130
  • Autores: Arrondo Ostíz, Gonzalo; Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio; Bernácer María, Javier
    Libro: Todo lo que necesitas saber sobre el TDAH en la etapa de aprendizaje
    ISSN 9788499872032 Vol.501 2019 págs. 65 - 70
  • Autores: Güell Pelayo, Francisco; Reyes-Cárdenas, P.
    Libro: ¿Quiénes somos? Cuestiones en torno al ser humano
    ISSN 9788431332853 2018 págs. 274 - 279
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Libro: La unidad del viviente desde un enfoque interdisciplinario: del origen de la vida a la generación de hábitos. Una aproximación desde la filosofía y las ciencias biológicas
    ISSN 9788417203795 2018 págs. 411 - 433
  • Autores: García-Valdecasas Merino, Miguel
    Libro: La teoría del conocimiento de Leonardo Polo. Entre la tradición metafísica y la filosofía contemporánea
    ISSN 9788431332785 2018 págs. 57 - 81
    Resumen
    Como señala J. Searle, ¿desde Descartes, el problema mente-cuerpo ha tomado la forma siguiente: ¿cómo podemos dar cuenta de las relaciones entre dos géneros de cosas, en apariencia totalmente diferentes?¿. Por un lado, tenemos los fenómenos físicos; por otro, fenómenos subjetivos. La tensión entre unos y otros aparece como consecuencia de considerar las propiedades fenoménicas como irreconciliables, heterogéneas y opuestas a la materia, es decir, de aprobar una cierta forma de dualismo entre lo real y lo intencional. La pregunta que voy enfrentar directamente es: ¿es verdad que ambas clases de propiedades son opuestas e irreconciliables? O lo que es lo mismo: ¿son la conciencia, la intencionalidad y el conocimiento irreconciliables con la realidad física en el sentido de que no toman origen en ella, sino que se constituyen independientemente? Para responder a esta pregunta, presentaré la dificultad inversa al axioma de la intencionalidad tal como la describe L. Polo en su Curso de teoría del conocimiento, I, donde se habla de la la noción de facultad orgánica en el contexto de la vida. Este análisis ofrece una solución novedosa a este problema inspirada en la noción aristotélica de praxis teleía.
  • Autores: García-Valdecasas Merino, Miguel
    Libro: ¿Quiénes somos?: cuestiones en torno al ser humano
    ISSN 9788431332853 2018 págs. 118 - 123
  • Autores: García-Valdecasas Merino, Miguel
    Libro: ¿Quiénes somos?: cuestiones en torno al ser humano
    ISSN 9788431332853 2018 págs. 50 - 56
  • Autores: Orón Semper, José Víctor
    Libro: Educación y persona. Reflexiones críticas sobre el sentido de la educación
    ISSN 978-84-17203-38-2 2018 págs. 59 - 92
    Resumen
    El capítulo muestra como a partir de la experiencia vivida la persona accede a la emoción vivida, el significado, la cosmovisión y el autoconcepto según una focalización atencional bien centrada en la relevancia individual, social, puntual del evento o de su relación con la experiencia global de vivir.
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Libro: The cours de linguistique génerale revisited: 1916-2016. Saussure et le cours de linguistique générale cent ans après
    ISSN 978-965-7698-11-2 2018 págs. 303 - 317
  • Autores: Güell Pelayo, Francisco
    Libro: ¿Quiénes somos? Cuestiones en torno al ser humano
    ISSN 9788431332853 2018 págs. 197 - 202
  • Autores: Bernácer María, Javier
    Libro: ¿Quiénes somos? Cuestiones en torno al ser humano
    ISSN 9788431332853 2018 págs. 91 - 95
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Libro: La teoría del conocimiento de Leonardo Polo. Entre la tradición metafísica y la filosofía contemporánea
    ISSN 978-84-313-3278-5 2018 págs. 273 - 287
  • Autores: Ostiz Blanco, Mikel
    Libro: Filósofo, maestro, amigo. 234 testimonios sobre Leonardo Polo
    ISSN 978-84-313-3262-4 2018 págs. 396 - 397
  • Autores: Echarte Alonso, Luis Enrique
    Libro: ¿Quiénes somos? Cuestiones en torno al ser humano
    ISSN 978-84-313-3285-3 2018 págs. 124 - 129
  • Autores: Echarte Alonso, Luis Enrique
    Libro: ¿Quiénes somos? Cuestiones en torno al ser humano
    ISSN 978-84-313-3285-3 2018 págs. 283 - 288
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Libro: Opere et veritate. Homenaje al profesor Ángel Luis González
    ISSN 978-84-313-3248-8 2018 págs. 543 - 555
  • Autores: Echarte Alonso, Luis Enrique
    Libro: El consumidor de moda
    ISSN 978-84-313-3289-1 2018 págs. 249 - 288
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Libro: La unidad desde el enfoque interdisciplinario: del origen de la vida a la generación de hábitos. Una aproximación desde la filosofía y las ciencias biológicas
    ISSN 978-84-17203-79-5 2018 págs. 53 - 77
  • Autores: Alonso Bastarreche, Gonzalo
    Libro: Opere et veritate. Homenaje al profesor Ángel Luis González
    ISSN 9788431332488 2018 págs. 45 - 50
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio
    Título: Foreword
    Libro: The interprocessual self. towards a personalist virtue ethics proposal for human agency
    ISSN 978-1-5275-0827-9 2018 págs. XII - XV
  • Autores: Alonso Bastarreche, Gonzalo
    Libro: Filósofo, maestro, amigo. 234 Testimonios sobre Leonardo Polo
    ISSN 9788431332624 2018 págs. 55 - 59
  • Autores: Murillo Gómez, José Ignacio; Alonso Bastarreche, Gonzalo
    Libro: Encyclopedia of business and professional ethics
    ISSN 978-3-319-23514-1 2018 págs. Online
  • Autores: Sánchez Cañizares, Javier
    ISSN 9788416552979 2019
  • Autores: Orón Semper, José Víctor
    ISSN 978-84-368-4089-6 2019
    Resumen
    La primera investigación neuropsicológica sobre las emociones llegó a una comprensión de la emoción entendiéndola como una reacción biológica ante la contemplación de un objeto cuya carga emocional dispara la emoción en el sujeto. La educación emocional se entendió como la regulación emocional, y se planteó la identificación de la emoción para su control realizado gracias a que el módulo cerebral cognitivo actuaría sobre el módulo cerebral emocional. En esta obra se descubre cómo esa investigación inicial ha sido ampliamente superada rechazándose la visión modular del cerebro y acogiéndose a una visión dinámica de sistemas complejos que implican diversas funciones psicológicas alcanzadas gracias a procesos de sincronización en los que interviene todo el cerebro. El libro tiene una ordenación que guía al lector desde lo general a lo particular. Cada capítulo se inicia con el apartado de objetivos para orientar la lectura y finaliza con un resumen que sintetiza lo expuesto y al mismo tiempo sirve como una referencia rápida para la localización de los contenidos de la obra. Se incluye también un anexo de neurociencia para que las personas no familiarizadas con la terminología puedan hacer una introducción en función de lo que necesitan para entender el libro y un glosario de términos para identificarlos, ya que las mismas palabras significan cosas distintas en diversas disciplinas.
  • Autores: Orón Semper, José Víctor
    ISSN 978-84-09-02482-7 2018
    Resumen
    El libro presenta una fundamentación teórica inicial sobre la neuropsicología del desarrollo, la relación entre emociones y creencias, una definición y explicación del concepto educación, una exposición sobre la naturaleza de la emoción para, finalmente, expresar una visión de la educación emocional en clave de integración. Después, todo este contenido teórico se concreta en unas herramientas prácticas con sus correspondientes explicaciones teóricas que ayudan a la persona a conocerse y a tomar decisiones para el crecimiento. Los capítulos finales versan sobre el estrés, el apego y el acompañamiento personal.

Proyectos desde 2018

  • Título: Efectos sobre la salud y el funcionamiento de la pandemia COVID-19 en niños y jóvenes españoles
    Código de expediente: 0011-3638-2020-000010
    Investigador principal: GONZALO ARRONDO OSTIZ.
    Financiador: GOBIERNO DE NAVARRA. DEPARTAMENTO DE SALUD
    Convocatoria: 2020 GN Proyectos de Investigación en salud
    Fecha de inicio: 21-12-2020
    Fecha fin: 20-12-2021
    Importe concedido: 31.050,00 €
    Fondos FEDER: NO
  • Título: Ayuda movilidad (Estancia en Reino Unido)
    Código de expediente: CAS19/00249
    Investigador principal: GONZALO ARRONDO OSTIZ.
    Financiador: MINISTERIO DE EDUCACION , CULTURA Y DEPORTE
    Convocatoria: 2019 MECD Movilidad José Castillejo
    Fecha de inicio: 01-02-2020
    Fecha fin: 31-07-2020
    Importe concedido: 19.620,00 €
    Fondos FEDER: NO
  • Título: Solicitud ayuda movilidad Senior
    Código de expediente: PRX18/00539
    Investigador principal: MIGUEL GARCIA-VALDECASAS MERINO.
    Financiador: MINISTERIO DE EDUCACION , CULTURA Y DEPORTE
    Convocatoria: 2018 MECD SENIOR
    Fecha de inicio: 01-06-2019
    Fecha fin: 30-11-2019
    Importe concedido: 19.309,00 €
    Fondos FEDER: NO
  • Título: Devaluación en la toma de decisiones en adultos con TDAH: asociación con estilos de vida y efecto de la medicación
    Código de expediente: PSI2017-86763-P
    Investigador principal: JAVIER BERNACER MARIA, GONZALO ARRONDO OSTIZ.
    Financiador: MINISTERIO DE CIENCIA E INNOVACIÓN
    Convocatoria: 2017 MINECO EXCELENCIA
    Fecha de inicio: 01-01-2018
    Fecha fin: 30-09-2021
    Importe concedido: 54.813,00 €
    Fondos FEDER: SI
  • Título: Adicción, personalidad y tolerancia a la frustración: un estudio neuropsicológico en sujetos adscritos a Proyecto Hombre
    Código de expediente: 2016/057
    Investigador principal: FRANCISCO JUAN GUELL PELAYO.
    Financiador: MINISTERIO DE SANIDAD, SERVICIOS SOCIALES E IGUALDAD
    Convocatoria: 2016 DROGODEPENDENCIA
    Fecha de inicio: 01-01-2017
    Fecha fin: 31-12-2020
    Importe concedido: 42.683,00 €
    Fondos FEDER: NO
  • Título: Templeton Cañizares
    Código de expediente: IP620214001
    Investigador principal: JAVIER SANCHEZ CAÑIZARES
    Financiador: TEMPLETON FOUNDATION
    Convocatoria: JTF Small Grant 2018
    Fecha de inicio: 01-09-2018
    Fecha fin: 31-05-2021
    Importe concedido: 162.393,00 €
    Fondos FEDER: NO
  • Título: Polo Digital Universidad de Navarra (PODIUN)
    Investigador principal: JUAN FERNANDO SELLES DAUDER
    Financiador: UNIVERSIDAD DE NAVARRA
    Convocatoria: 2020 Convocatoria PIUNA
    Fecha de inicio: 01-09-2020
    Fecha fin: 31-08-2021
    Importe concedido: 4.925,00 €