Grupos Investigadores

Líneas de Investigación

  • Promoción de la Salud Familiar y Comunitaria
  • Entornos saludables para el desarrollo de la Promoción de la Salud Familiar y Comunitaria
  • Diseño y validación de instrumentos para la Promoción de la Salud Familiar y Comunitaria
  • Diseño de intervenciones eficaces, innovadoras y sostenibles para la Promoción de la Salud Familiar y Comunitaria
  • Capacitación de profesionales / pares para la Promoción de la Salud Familiar y Comunitaria

Palabras Clave

  • Sostenibilidad
  • Salud Positiva
  • Salud Familia
  • Promoción de la Salud
  • Intervenciones
  • Instrumentos
  • Familia Cuidadora Sostenible
  • Estilos de vida
  • Enfermería de Familia
  • Comunidad
  • Capacitación de pares

Publicaciones Científicas desde 2018

  • Autores: Alfaro Díaz, Cristina; Svavarsdottir, E. K.; Esandi Larramendi, Nuria (Autor de correspondencia); et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF FAMILY NURSING
    ISSN 1074-8407 Vol.28 N° 2 2022 págs. 95 - 114
    Resumen
    Cancer diagnosis poses enormous physical and psychosocial challenges for both the affected person and their families. This systematic review identifies the characteristics and effectiveness of nursing interventions offered to adult patients with cancer and their families. Five databases were searched, and 19 studies published from 2009 to 2020 were included. Interventions were categorized as follows: (a) interventions with supporting and cognitive components (n = 3), (b) interventions that included skills training for the caregiver (n = 3), (c) interventions to enhance care through managing symptoms (n = 8), (d) interventions focusing on the dyad or family-patient relationship (n = 4), and (e) interventions targeted to the patient's condition (n = 1). The results of this review offer an overview from which to carry out new studies and are useful for providing future directions within family nursing practice, taking into account the impact that the family has on the disease and the consequences the condition may bring to the whole family.
  • Autores: Pueyo Garrigues, María; Pardavila Belio, Idoia (Autor de correspondencia); Canga Armayor, Ana; et al.
    Revista: NURSE EDUCATION IN PRACTICE
    ISSN 1471-5953 Vol.58 2022 págs. 103277
    Resumen
    AIM: To explore nurses' knowledge, skills and personal attributes for competent health education practice and their association with potential influencing factors. BACKGROUND: Clinical nurses are expected to perform effective health education interventions, but they do not feel competent. The self-assessment of the health education competence and its conditional factors is paramount for professional development. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: A total of 458 clinical nurses from two health specialized centers in Spain participated in this study. Data were collected using the Nurse Health Education Competence Instrument and a second self-report questionnaire from January to February 2019. Descriptive statistics, t-test, analysis of variance, Pearson's and Spearman's correlation and multiple linear regression were used to analyse the data. The STROBE guideline was used RESULTS: The mean scores of the knowledge (70.10±15.11), skills (92.14±15.18) and personal attributes scales (32.32±5.89) were found to be low to moderate. The main influencing factors for the health education implementation were lack of education and training (71.4%), lack of time (67.5%) and high workload (67.3%). Nurses with higher educational level and perceived self-efficacy for competently providing health education, more extensive professional experience and previous training in health education rated higher in knowledge, skills and personal attributes. Age and years of experience were negatively correlated with knowledge scores, but positively with the rest of domains of the competence and self-efficacy. The regression models for the overall health education competence's domains were significant (p<0.001) with R2 values ranging from 28.0% to 49.3%. Self-efficacy, previous health education training and working in intensive care units were found to be significant in all cognitive, psychomotor and attitudinal scales. CONCLUSION: Clinical nurses reported on some skills and personal attributes for health education practice, but they seem to lack health education knowledge necessary for a competent practice. This study suggested that effective education and training and supportive organizational cultures are key to enhance nurses' health education competence. Identifying nurses' educational needs on the main domains of the competence and its intrinsic/extrinsic influential factors may assist in both planning and organizing tailored training strategies and in promoting appropriate environments to support a high-quality health education practice TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Nurses' knowledge, skills and attitudes about health education competence are low to moderate. Training and organizational support are key.
  • Autores: Alfaro Díaz, Cristina; Esandi Larramendi, Nuria (Autor de correspondencia); Canga Armayor, Navidad; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF FAMILY NURSING
    ISSN 1074-8407 Vol.28 N° 3 2022 págs. 277 - 291
    Resumen
    The aim of this study was to explore nurses' attitudes and beliefs about the importance of families in nursing care, as well as the barriers and facilitators within the clinical context that influence the implementation offamily nursing in an in-patient oncology service. A cross-sectional study design, incorporating quantitative and qualitative measurements, was used with a sample of nurses in Spain from an oncology service (N = 39). In general, oncology nurses reported positive attitudes and beliefs about the importance of family in nursing care. However, they did not effectively involve the family in their daily clinical practice. This was due to the nurses' lack of clinical skills and competence to work with families as well as contextual factors such as the lack of time and workload that acted as barriers to the implementation of family-oriented care. This study identified areas of improvement that are needed to promote the effective and sustainable implementation of family nursing knowledge in clinical practice settings.
  • Autores: Gutiérrez Alemán, Teresa; Esandi Larramendi, Nuria (Autor de correspondencia); Pardavila Belio, Idoia; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF FAMILY NURSING
    ISSN 1074-8407 Vol.27 N° 4 2021 págs. 255 - 274
    Resumen
    Evidence shows that applying family nursing theory to practice benefits the patient, the family, and nursing professionals, yet the implementation of family nursing in clinical practice settings is inconsistent and limited. One of the contributing factors may be related to insufficient or inadequate educational programs focused on family nursing. This article presents a systematic review of the research that has examined the effectiveness of family nursing educational programs aimed at promoting clinical competence in family nursing. Six databases were systematically searched and 14 studies met the inclusion criteria, generating three themes: general study characteristics, educational program components, and outcome measures. These educational programs reported effectiveness in developing family nursing knowledge, skills, and attitudes, but did not evaluate the nurses' actual acquisition and implementation of family nursing clinical competencies. This review offers relevant implications for research and for family nursing education, especially when designing and evaluating future educational programs. Future research must more closely address the process and outcomes of best educational practices in family nursing education and how these are applied and evaluated in actual practice settings.
  • Autores: Martínez, C. (Autor de correspondencia); Pardavila Belio, Idoia; Tricas-Sauras, S.; et al.
    Revista: REFERÊNCIA
    ISSN 0874-0283 Vol.2021 N° 6 2021 págs. e21ED6
  • Autores: Martinez, C.; Pardavila Belio, Idoia; Martinez, C.; et al.
    Revista: REFERÊNCIA
    ISSN 0874-0283 Vol.5 N° 6 2021 págs. e21ED6
  • Autores: Alfaro Díaz, Cristina; Esandi Larramendi, Nuria (Autor de correspondencia); Pueyo Garrigues, María; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF NURSING MANAGEMENT
    ISSN 0966-0429 Vol.29 N° 5 2021 págs. 1130 - 1140
    Resumen
    Aim To translate and psychometrically validate the Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire for nurses in Spain. Background Nurses are one of the groups most affected by work-related stress. The combination of high job demands and low control is identified as the main source of stress among nurses. The Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire is a valid and reliable tool for assessing psychosocial stress in the workplace. Methods A two-phase cross-sectional descriptive study. The instrument was translated according to Sousa and Rojjanasrirat guidelines, including forward and backward translations, consensus meetings, pilot testing and expert committee. Structural validity, convergent and discriminative validity, internal consistency and test-retest reliability were assessed in a sample of 247 nurses. Results Exploratory factor analysis verified a three-factor solution with good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha values ranged from 0.62 to 0.87) and test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from 0.65 to 0.85). Conclusions The Spanish version of the Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire seems to be a brief, valid and reliable instrument to measure psychosocial stress in the workplace in nurses. Implications for nursing management The use of the Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire can be of value to inform the design and implementation of appropriate management strategies to foster a more favourable work environment that promotes the well-being of professionals.
  • Autores: Pueyo Garrigues, María; Pardavila Belio, Idoia (Autor de correspondencia); Whitehead, D.; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING
    ISSN 0309-2402 Vol.77 N° 2 2021 págs. 715 - 728
    Resumen
    Aim To develop and psychometrically test the Nurse Health Education Competence Instrument for assessing nurses' knowledge, skills and personal attributes concerning competent health education practice. Design A psychometric instrument development and validation study. Methods A four-step approach was used: Step 1) operational definition based on an up-to-date concept analysis and experts' judgement; step 2) item generation and content validation by expert panel and target population; step 3) item analysis based on acceptability, internal consistency and face validity; and step 4) psychometric evaluation based on construct validity, criterion validity, internal consistency and stability, conducted from January -February 2019 with 458 hospital-care nurses. Results The operational framework and expert groups showed good content validity, resulting in the first version. From the initial 88-item pool, 58 items were retained after item analysis. Exploratory factor analysis revealed three scales concerning the cognitive (three-factor solution with 23 items), psychomotor (two-factor solution with 26 items) and affective-attitudinal (one-factor solution with nine items) competency domains, which respectively accounted for 58%, 53% and 54% of the variance. Known-group study demonstrated significant differences by years working in the service and training received in health education, providing evidence for the measure's sensitivity. The three scales correlated positively ...
  • Autores: Esandi Larramendi, Nuria (Autor de correspondencia); Nolan, M.; Canga Armayor, Navidad; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF FAMILY NURSING
    ISSN 1074-8407 Vol.27 N° 2 2021 págs. 124-135
    Resumen
    Using constructivist grounded theory, this study explored how family groups respond to Alzheimer's disease in its early stages. Seven family units (N = 22) participated in a series of 26 longitudinal interviews and 14 other family caregivers took part in three focus groups at a later stage for refinement and verification of the findings. Data analysis revealed four types of family dynamics: close dynamics at the start that were maintained throughout the experience, close dynamics at the start which became conflicting, conflicting dynamics at the start which remained problematic, and conflicting dynamic at the start which became closer over time. Factors such as prior relationships and family history, motivation to care, family organization, communication, and the family vision for future shaped the development of these dynamics. This theory of family dynamics in Alzheimer's disease has the potential to inform the development of more adequate early interventions for families living with the illness.
  • Autores: Alfaro Díaz, Cristina; Esandi Larramendi, Nuria (Autor de correspondencia); Canga Armayor, Navidad; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF FAMILY NURSING
    ISSN 1074-8407 Vol.26 N° 3 2020 págs. 240 - 253
    Resumen
    The beliefs of nursing professionals who care for families experiencing illness are fundamental to the quality of the nurse-family relationship and the level of the nurse's involvement in the therapeutic process of Family Systems Nursing. It is essential to have valid and reliable instruments for assessing nurses' illness beliefs, especially in the Spanish context where no instruments have been identified to date. The Iceland Health Care Practitioner Illness Beliefs Questionnaire (ICE-HCP-IBQ) is a reliable and valid measure of professionals' beliefs about their understanding of the meaning of the illness experience of families. The purpose of this study was to adapt and psychometrically test the Spanish version of the ICE-HCP-IBQ (N= 249 nurses). The exploratory factor analysis showed one-factor solution with good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = .91) and test-retest reliability (r= .72,p< .01). This questionnaire is a promising tool for mapping nurse's illness beliefs and monitoring the effectiveness of family nursing educational interventions in the Spanish context.
  • Autores: Alfaro Díaz, Cristina; Canga Armayor, Ana (Autor de correspondencia); Gutiérrez Alemán, Teresa; et al.
    Revista: ANALES DEL SISTEMA SANITARIO DE NAVARRA
    ISSN 1137-6627 Vol.43 N° 1 2020 págs. 17 - 33
    Resumen
    Background. Nursing professionals are one of the groups most affected by work-related stress, which may affect the professional's quality of life and the quality of nursing care. At the international level, the Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire (DCSQ) has proved to be a brief, valid and reliable tool for assessing psychosocial stress at work. The objective of this study was to obtain a Spanish version of the DCSQ for nursing professionals. Methods. The linguistic validation proceeded in two phases: 1) forward-translation, back-translation and linguistic adaptation of the instrument and 2) content validation of the instrument using a panel of seven experts, and evaluation of the applicability and comprehension of the adapted version in a sample of twenty-one nursing professionals. Results. Phase 1) In the translation process, one item required semantic changes, while five items required syntactic changes. The back-translation versions were similar, and the most relevant doubts were found in item 5, identified as a problematic item throughout the entire process. Phase 2) The content validity analysis showed excellent values (content validity index >= 0.90 and Kappa index values >= 0.65); moreover, the pilot study confirmed the adequate comprehensibility and applicability of the questionnaire. Conclusions. The use of a systematic and rigorous methodology made it possible to obtain a Spanish version of the DCSQ that is conceptually and linguistically equivalent to the original instrument and suitable for assessing psychosocial stress of nursing professionals in the workplace in a multidimensional manner.
  • Autores: Pardavila Belio, Idoia; Canga Armayor, Navidad; Pueyo Garrigues, María; et al.
    ISSN 978-84-313-4784-0 2021
    Resumen
    Tobacco consumption represents the first cause of preventable illness, disability, and death in the world, being considered an avoidable "pandemic". According to the World Health Organization (2020; [WHO]), tobacco consumption, at a global level, is responsible for over eight million deaths per year. All in all, the INSTrUCT course has the general goal to enable healthcare profession students in the assessment of the tobacco consumption status and in the main interventions to quit smoking. This manual intends to guide the professor through the implementation and assessment of the INSTrUCT course and to discuss which is the role of the professor and the student during its development.
  • Autores: Pardavila Belio, Idoia; Canga Armayor, Navidad; Pueyo Garrigues, María; et al.
    ISSN 978-84-313-5684-2 2021
    Resumen
    El consumo de tabaco representa la primera causa prevenible de enfermedad, discapacidad y muerte en el mundo, considerándose una pandemia evitable. Los profesionales sanitarios tienen un papel esencial en ayudar a los fumadores a dejar este hábito. Es por ello que estos, durante su formación universitaria, deberían recibir los conocimientos, habilidades y aptitudes necesarias para llevar a cabo intervenciones de cesación tabáquica. Con este objetivo investigadores y profesores del Institut Català d'Oncologia (ICO), la Universidad de Navarra, el King's College de Londres, la Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra, la Université Libre de Bruxelles, la Universitat de Barcelona, el Erasmushogeschool Brussel y la Universitat de Lleida han desarrollado el curso INSTrUCT. Este recurso educativo innovador de aprendizaje online está disponible en abierto en cuatro idiomas: español, inglés, francés y portugués. La finalidad de este manual es guiar a los profesores universitarios en la implementación y evaluación de este curso, así como profundizar en el rol del profesor y del estudiante en el mismo. Por último, es importante señalar que el desarrollo de este curso ha sido posible gracias a la financiación del programa ERASMUS+.

Proyectos desde 2018

  • Título: Innovative e-learning educational resource to improve Smoking Cessation knowledge and skills among Healthcare degrees in Higher Education
    Código de expediente:
    Investigador principal: MIREN IDOIA PARDAVILA BELIO
    Financiador: COMISIÓN EUROPEA
    Convocatoria: Erasmus+ Convocatoria 2019
    Fecha de inicio: 01-09-2019
    Fecha fin: 31-08-2022
    Importe concedido: 47.861,00 €
    Fondos FEDER: NO