Grupos Investigadores

Líneas de Investigación

  • Calidad y Sostenibilidad del Sistema Sanitario: Formación de profesionales, Formación de pares, Implementación y Traslación del conocimiento
  • Diseño y validación de Instrumentos de medida para evaluar los procesos de cuidado y de salud
  • Salud y Bienestar: Diseño, implementación y evaluación de intervenciones de promoción de la salud y del bienestar en todas las etapas de la vida de las personas, así como de promoción de la salud familiar

Palabras Clave

  • Capacitación de pares
  • Estilos de vida
  • Instrumentos
  • Intervenciones
  • Promoción de la Salud
  • Salud Familia
  • Salud Positiva
  • Sostenibilidad

Publicaciones Científicas desde 2018

  • Autores: Lavilla Gracia, María; Pueyo Garrigues, María (Autor de correspondencia); Diego Calavia Gil; et al.
    ISSN: 2296-2565 Vol.11 2023 págs. 01-10
  • Autores: Pueyo Garrigues, María; Agüera, Z.; Andrés, A.; et al.
    ISSN: 1471-5953 Vol.70 2023 págs. 103647
    Background: To improve smoking cessation, training of health professions students is essential. However, no specific instrument is available to assess factors that may affect students' learning about smoking cessation practice. Aim: To adapt and validate the Knowledge, Attitudes, Behaviors and Organization questionnaire in the popu-lation of undergraduate health professions students. Design: Methodological research.
  • Autores: Alfaro Díaz, Cristina; Esandi Larramendi, Nuria (Autor de correspondencia); Pueyo Garrigues, María; et al.
    ISSN: 1074-8407 Vol.29 N° 2 2023 págs. 179 - 191
    Nurses' attitudes toward families play an important role in improving relationships with patients' families. It is essential to have valid and reliable instruments to assess nurses' attitudes toward involving families. The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the refined Spanish version of the Families' Importance in Nursing Care-Nurses' Attitudes (FINC-NA) according to classical test theory and the Rasch model (N = 263). Cronbach's alpha values were .73 to .87 and intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from .72 to .86. Rasch analysis results suggested that it was a multidimensional scale with four dimensions and a simpler response scheme than the original scale. Except for one item, the scale was free from bias regarding age and experience time. The FINC-NA is a reliable and valid measure showing a good fit to the Rasch model and is ready to map nurses' attitudes and measure the effectiveness of family nursing educational interventions.
  • Autores: Lavilla Gracia, María; Pueyo Garrigues, María (Autor de correspondencia); Fotopoulou, M.; et al.
    ISSN: 0260-6917 Vol.125 2023 págs. 105775
    Background: Motivational interviewing led by nurses has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing alcohol consumption among university students. However, most of these professionals feel that they lack the competence necessary for motivational interviewing due to a lack of formal training in the nursing curriculum. Objectives: To design, implement and evaluate a motivational interviewing training course for alcohol misuse in an undergraduate nursing curriculum and to explore students' experiences with this course. Design: A mixed-methods study involving a descriptive comparative quantitative design and qualitative focus group interviews with nursing students. Settings: An elective nursing course in a Spanish university. Participants: A total of 21 fourth-year nursing students. Methods: The course was developed as a twelve-week, two-hour course. It comprised three modules covering the concepts, tools and skills associated with motivational interviewing for alcohol misuse. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected after the completion of the course to evaluate the training received by students; these data were categorized using Kirkpatrick's model. The quantitative results included students' satisfaction, knowledge, skills and attitudes, which were measured using an ad hoc questionnaire, a multiple-choice exam, and two rater-based assessments (the Peer Proficiency Assessment instrument and an evidence-based checklist). Qualitative focus groups were used to explore students' experiences of the entire programme. Results: Students' satisfaction with the course was rated 9 out of 10, highlighting the usefulness and adequacy of the course content. The quantitative and qualitative results both indicated that all students acquired the knowledge necessary to perform motivational interviewing and significantly improved their motivational interviewing microskills. Only half of the students reached the level of proficiency in two of the three ratios calculated. The three main themes identified pertained to the learning atmosphere, module methodologies, and students' self-perceptions of competence. Finally, the students reported having transferred their learning to clinical practice. Conclusion: A course on motivational interviewing for alcohol misuse positively influences nursing students both personally and in terms of their future professional work by improving their knowledge, skills, attitudes and self-perceived competence.
  • Autores: Salas Bergüés, Vanesa; Lizarazu Armendáriz, Elena; Eraso Perez de Urabayen, Maialen; et al.
    ISSN: 1130-2399 Vol.34 N° 4 2023 págs. 195 - 204
    Background: Nursing professionals working in intensive care units (ICU) are at high risk of developing negative emotional responses as well as emotional and spiritual problems related to ethical issues. The design of effective strategies that improve these aspects is determined by knowing the levels of burnout and ethical conflict of these professionals, as well as the influence that the practice environment might have on them.Objectives: To analyze the relationship between levels of burnout, the exposure to ethical conflicts and the perception of the practice environment among themselves and with sociodemographic variables of the different intensive care nursing professionals. Methods: Descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional, observational study in an ICU of a tertiary level university hospital. The level of burnout was evaluated with the Maslach Burnout Inventory Human Services Survey scale; the level of ethical conflict with the Ethical Conflict Questionnaire for Nurses; and the perception of the environment with the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed. The association between categorical variables was analyzed using Fisher's exact chi-square test (x2)Results: 31 nurses and 8 nursing assistants were evaluated, which meant a participation rate of 82.93%. 31.10% of the nursing professionals presented signs of burnout, 14.89% considered that they work in an unfavorable environment and 87.23% presented a medium-high index of exposure to ethical conflict. The educational level (x2 = 11.084, P = .011) and the professional category (x2 = 5.007, P = .025) influenced the level of burnout: nursing assistants presented higher levels of this. When comparing the level of burnout with the environment and the index of ethical conflict, there were no statistically significant differences.Conclusions: The absence of association found in the study between burnout and ethical conflict with the perception of the practice environment suggests that personal factors may influence its development.
  • Autores: Shamali, M. (Autor de correspondencia); Esandi Larramendi, Nuria; Ostergaard, B.; et al.
    ISSN: 0962-1067 Vol.32 N° 15 - 16 2023 págs. 4574 - 4585
    Aims and Objective To explore differences in nurses' attitudes regarding the importance of family in nursing care and factors associated with nurses' attitudes across 11 European countries. Background Family involvement in healthcare has received attention in many European healthcare systems. Nurses have a unique opportunity to promote family involvement in healthcare; however, their attitudes and beliefs may facilitate or impede this practice. Design A cross-sectional survey across European countries. Method A broad convenience sample of 8112 nurses across 11 European countries was recruited from October 2017 to December 2019. Data were collected using the Families' Importance in Nursing Care-Nurses' Attitudes (FINC-NA) questionnaire. We used the STROBE checklist to report the results. Results There were significant differences in nurses' attitudes about families' importance in nursing care across Europe. Country was the factor with the strongest association with the total scores of the FINC-NA. Older age, higher level of education, increased years since graduation, having a strategy for the care of families in the workplace, and having experience of illness within one's own family were associated with a higher total FINC-NA score. Being male and working in a hospital or other clinical settings were associated with a lower total FINC-NA score. Conclusion Nurses' attitudes regarding the importance of family in nursing care vary across 11 European countries. This study highlights multiple factors associated with nurses' attitudes. Further research is necessary to gain a deeper understanding of the reasons for nurses' different attitudes and to develop a strong theoretical framework across Europe to support family involvement in patient care. The inclusion of family healthcare programs in the baccalaureate curriculum may improve nurses' attitudes. Relevance for clinical practice In clinical practice, the focus should be on identifying influencing factors on nurses' attitudes to enhance families' importance in nursing care across Europe.
  • Autores: Lavilla Gracia, María; Canga Armayor, Navidad; Pueyo Garrigues, María
    ISSN: 1940-0640 Vol.18 N° Supl. 1 2023
  • Autores: Alfaro Díaz, Cristina; Svavarsdottir, E. K.; Esandi Larramendi, Nuria (Autor de correspondencia); et al.
    ISSN: 1074-8407 Vol.28 N° 2 2022 págs. 95 - 114
    Cancer diagnosis poses enormous physical and psychosocial challenges for both the affected person and their families. This systematic review identifies the characteristics and effectiveness of nursing interventions offered to adult patients with cancer and their families. Five databases were searched, and 19 studies published from 2009 to 2020 were included. Interventions were categorized as follows: (a) interventions with supporting and cognitive components (n = 3), (b) interventions that included skills training for the caregiver (n = 3), (c) interventions to enhance care through managing symptoms (n = 8), (d) interventions focusing on the dyad or family-patient relationship (n = 4), and (e) interventions targeted to the patient's condition (n = 1). The results of this review offer an overview from which to carry out new studies and are useful for providing future directions within family nursing practice, taking into account the impact that the family has on the disease and the consequences the condition may bring to the whole family.
  • Autores: Lavilla Gracia, María; Pueyo Garrigues, María (Autor de correspondencia); Pueyo Garrigues, Sara; et al.
    ISSN: 0966-0410 Vol.30 N° 6 2022 págs. e3562 - e3578
    Risky alcohol consumption among college students is a significant public health issue. In the college setting, students can collaborate in the implementation of peer-led interventions. To date, evidence of peer-led programmes in reducing harmful alcohol consumption in this population is inconclusive. The aim of the current scoping review is to provide a broad overview by systematically examining and mapping the literature on peer-led interventions for preventing risky alcohol consumption by college students. The specific aims were to (1) identify the underlying focus of the interventions and assess their (2) effectiveness and (3) feasibility. A comprehensive search was conducted in PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, DART-Europe, RCAAP, Trove and ProQuest. The inclusion criteria were peer-led interventions that exclusively addressed alcohol consumption, college students as the target population and interventional studies (randomised controlled trials, quasi-experimental studies, systematic reviews and meta-analyses of interventions). The methodological quality of the articles was evaluated. From 6654 potential studies, 13 were included. Nine interventions were described within these studies: Voice of Reason programme, Brief Advice sessions, Peer Theatre, Alcohol Education programme, Perceptions of Alcohol Norms intervention, Motivational Intervention, Alcohol Skills Training programme, Lifestyle Management Class and the Brief Alcohol Screening and Intervention for College Students. Only the last showed significant reductions in three of the four outcome measures: quantity and frequency of drinking, estimated peak blood alcohol concentration and alcohol-related consequences. It did not significantly decrease the number of heavy-drinking episodes. Peer interventions may be effective in preventing alcohol use among college students, although the evidence is weak and scarce. Further research is needed to strengthen the findings about peer-led interventions.
  • Autores: Pueyo Garrigues, María; Pardavila Belio, Idoia (Autor de correspondencia); Canga Armayor, Ana; et al.
    ISSN: 1471-5953 Vol.58 2022 págs. 103277
    AIM: To explore nurses' knowledge, skills and personal attributes for competent health education practice and their association with potential influencing factors. BACKGROUND: Clinical nurses are expected to perform effective health education interventions, but they do not feel competent. The self-assessment of the health education competence and its conditional factors is paramount for professional development. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: A total of 458 clinical nurses from two health specialized centers in Spain participated in this study. Data were collected using the Nurse Health Education Competence Instrument and a second self-report questionnaire from January to February 2019. Descriptive statistics, t-test, analysis of variance, Pearson's and Spearman's correlation and multiple linear regression were used to analyse the data. The STROBE guideline was used RESULTS: The mean scores of the knowledge (70.10±15.11), skills (92.14±15.18) and personal attributes scales (32.32±5.89) were found to be low to moderate. The main influencing factors for the health education implementation were lack of education and training (71.4%), lack of time (67.5%) and high workload (67.3%). Nurses with higher educational level and perceived self-efficacy for competently providing health education, more extensive professional experience and previous training in health education rated higher in knowledge, skills and personal attributes. Age and years of experience were negatively correlated with knowledge scores, but positively with the rest of domains of the competence and self-efficacy. The regression models for the overall health education competence's domains were significant (p<0.001) with R2 values ranging from 28.0% to 49.3%. Self-efficacy, previous health education training and working in intensive care units were found to be significant in all cognitive, psychomotor and attitudinal scales. CONCLUSION: Clinical nurses reported on some skills and personal attributes for health education practice, but they seem to lack health education knowledge necessary for a competent practice. This study suggested that effective education and training and supportive organizational cultures are key to enhance nurses' health education competence. Identifying nurses' educational needs on the main domains of the competence and its intrinsic/extrinsic influential factors may assist in both planning and organizing tailored training strategies and in promoting appropriate environments to support a high-quality health education practice TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Nurses' knowledge, skills and attitudes about health education competence are low to moderate. Training and organizational support are key.
  • Autores: Alfaro Díaz, Cristina; Esandi Larramendi, Nuria (Autor de correspondencia); Canga Armayor, Navidad; et al.
    ISSN: 1074-8407 Vol.28 N° 3 2022 págs. 277 - 291
    The aim of this study was to explore nurses' attitudes and beliefs about the importance of families in nursing care, as well as the barriers and facilitators within the clinical context that influence the implementation offamily nursing in an in-patient oncology service. A cross-sectional study design, incorporating quantitative and qualitative measurements, was used with a sample of nurses in Spain from an oncology service (N = 39). In general, oncology nurses reported positive attitudes and beliefs about the importance of family in nursing care. However, they did not effectively involve the family in their daily clinical practice. This was due to the nurses' lack of clinical skills and competence to work with families as well as contextual factors such as the lack of time and workload that acted as barriers to the implementation of family-oriented care. This study identified areas of improvement that are needed to promote the effective and sustainable implementation of family nursing knowledge in clinical practice settings.
  • Autores: Sesma Mendaza, Ana (Autor de correspondencia); Aranguren Sesma, María; Estraviz Pardo, Fátima; et al.
    ISSN: 1130-2399 Vol.33 N° 4 2022 págs. 197 - 205
    Introduction and objetive: Patients admitted to the Critical Care Unit (CCU) have a high mor-tality rate due to their complexity. Palliative care (PC) is a key aspect that can improve patient care. Because of the essential role of the nurse in providing this care, training, and including it in daily practice are needed. Our objective was to review the level of knowledge among the nurses in the CCU regarding PC and assess whether there is an association between each of the study variables. Methodology: We performed a descriptive observational cross-sectional study in the CCU of a tertiary level university hospital. The questionnaire Palliative Care Quiz for Nurses, previously validated and translated into Spanish, was used. This is a self-administered questionnaire con-sisting of 20 multiple-choice questions (True/False/Do not Know-Do not answer) which evaluates three aspects of PC: philosophy, psychosocial and control of pain and other symptoms. In addi-tion, sociodemographic data was collected. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used, a p < .05 was considered statistically significant in all cases. Results: The questionnaire was administered to 68 nursers, with an average age of 34.98 +/- 12.12 years, and 13.00 +/- 11.75 years of professional experience. Twelve nurses have Master studies and 28 nurses have received training in PC. The percent of correct answers of the questionnaire was 56.98%. There were no statistically significant differences between the total average score and the variables studied. However, looking at each aspect on the scale, an association was found between PC training and control of pain and other symptoms (p = .033). Conclusion: Critical care nurses have a basic knowledge of PC, it being insufficient in the psycho-logical sphere. Developing a training programme which identifies misconceptions and training deficits might improve the management of symptom control in palliative care patients, quality of care and its application. (c) 2022 Sociedad Espan similar to ola de Enfermeri ' a Intensiva y Unidades Coronarias (SEEIUC). Published by Elsevier Espan similar to a, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
  • Autores: Gutiérrez Alemán, Teresa; Esandi Larramendi, Nuria (Autor de correspondencia); Pardavila Belio, Idoia; et al.
    ISSN: 1074-8407 Vol.27 N° 4 2021 págs. 255 - 274
    Evidence shows that applying family nursing theory to practice benefits the patient, the family, and nursing professionals, yet the implementation of family nursing in clinical practice settings is inconsistent and limited. One of the contributing factors may be related to insufficient or inadequate educational programs focused on family nursing. This article presents a systematic review of the research that has examined the effectiveness of family nursing educational programs aimed at promoting clinical competence in family nursing. Six databases were systematically searched and 14 studies met the inclusion criteria, generating three themes: general study characteristics, educational program components, and outcome measures. These educational programs reported effectiveness in developing family nursing knowledge, skills, and attitudes, but did not evaluate the nurses' actual acquisition and implementation of family nursing clinical competencies. This review offers relevant implications for research and for family nursing education, especially when designing and evaluating future educational programs. Future research must more closely address the process and outcomes of best educational practices in family nursing education and how these are applied and evaluated in actual practice settings.
  • Autores: Goñi Viguria, Rosana (Autor de correspondencia); Carrión Torre, María; Tainta Cuezva, María; et al.
    ISSN: 1137-6627 Vol.44 N° 1 2021 págs. 131 - 132
  • Autores: Martínez, C. (Autor de correspondencia); Pardavila Belio, Idoia; Tricas-Sauras, S.; et al.
    Revista: REFERÊNCIA
    ISSN: 0874-0283 Vol.2021 N° 6 2021 págs. e21ED6
  • Autores: Alfaro Díaz, Cristina; Esandi Larramendi, Nuria (Autor de correspondencia); Pueyo Garrigues, María; et al.
    ISSN: 0966-0429 Vol.29 N° 5 2021 págs. 1130 - 1140
    Aim To translate and psychometrically validate the Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire for nurses in Spain. Background Nurses are one of the groups most affected by work-related stress. The combination of high job demands and low control is identified as the main source of stress among nurses. The Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire is a valid and reliable tool for assessing psychosocial stress in the workplace. Methods A two-phase cross-sectional descriptive study. The instrument was translated according to Sousa and Rojjanasrirat guidelines, including forward and backward translations, consensus meetings, pilot testing and expert committee. Structural validity, convergent and discriminative validity, internal consistency and test-retest reliability were assessed in a sample of 247 nurses. Results Exploratory factor analysis verified a three-factor solution with good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha values ranged from 0.62 to 0.87) and test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from 0.65 to 0.85). Conclusions The Spanish version of the Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire seems to be a brief, valid and reliable instrument to measure psychosocial stress in the workplace in nurses. Implications for nursing management The use of the Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire can be of value to inform the design and implementation of appropriate management strategies to foster a more favourable work environment that promotes the well-being of professionals.
  • Autores: Esandi Larramendi, Nuria (Autor de correspondencia); Nolan, M.; Canga Armayor, Navidad; et al.
    ISSN: 1074-8407 Vol.27 N° 2 2021 págs. 124-135
    Using constructivist grounded theory, this study explored how family groups respond to Alzheimer's disease in its early stages. Seven family units (N = 22) participated in a series of 26 longitudinal interviews and 14 other family caregivers took part in three focus groups at a later stage for refinement and verification of the findings. Data analysis revealed four types of family dynamics: close dynamics at the start that were maintained throughout the experience, close dynamics at the start which became conflicting, conflicting dynamics at the start which remained problematic, and conflicting dynamic at the start which became closer over time. Factors such as prior relationships and family history, motivation to care, family organization, communication, and the family vision for future shaped the development of these dynamics. This theory of family dynamics in Alzheimer's disease has the potential to inform the development of more adequate early interventions for families living with the illness.
  • Autores: Pueyo Garrigues, María; Pardavila Belio, Idoia (Autor de correspondencia); Whitehead, D.; et al.
    ISSN: 0309-2402 Vol.77 N° 2 2021 págs. 715 - 728
    Aim To develop and psychometrically test the Nurse Health Education Competence Instrument for assessing nurses' knowledge, skills and personal attributes concerning competent health education practice. Design A psychometric instrument development and validation study. Methods A four-step approach was used: Step 1) operational definition based on an up-to-date concept analysis and experts' judgement; step 2) item generation and content validation by expert panel and target population; step 3) item analysis based on acceptability, internal consistency and face validity; and step 4) psychometric evaluation based on construct validity, criterion validity, internal consistency and stability, conducted from January -February 2019 with 458 hospital-care nurses. Results The operational framework and expert groups showed good content validity, resulting in the first version. From the initial 88-item pool, 58 items were retained after item analysis. Exploratory factor analysis revealed three scales concerning the cognitive (three-factor solution with 23 items), psychomotor (two-factor solution with 26 items) and affective-attitudinal (one-factor solution with nine items) competency domains, which respectively accounted for 58%, 53% and 54% of the variance. Known-group study demonstrated significant differences by years working in the service and training received in health education, providing evidence for the measure's sensitivity. The three scales correlated positively ...
  • Autores: Tainta Cuezva, María; Arteche Nosellas, Yolanda; Martin Gil, Irene; et al.
    ISSN: 1137-6627 Vol.43 N° 2 2020 págs. 177 - 187
    Background: Intensive Care Units (ICU) usually treat patients with pain. Being close to patients makes nurses key professionals for guaranteeing an optimal assessment and treatment of pain, which are crucial to ensure quality care. Therefore this study aims to describe the knowledge and attitudes of ICU nurses about pain management in their clinical practice, and its relationship with socio-demographic data. Methods: Cross-sectional study carried out in a third level university teaching hospital ICU. The Knowledge and Attitudes Survey Regarding Pain (KARSP) translated into Spanish was used to obtain information about the knowledge and attitudes towards pain of nurses. Results: All nurses (n?=?37) working at the ICU answered the questionnaire. The mean score of the questionnaire was 5.87 over 10 (SD: 0.98, range: 7.89-3.68). There was not a statistically significant relationship among the questionnaire score and age, professional experience, time worked at the ICU, specialized training or pain training. However, nurses with a master's degree obtained significantly higher mean scores in the questionnaire (6.97; DE: 0.75 vs. 5.73; DE: 0.92; p?=?0.018). Conclusions: ICU nurses show insufficient knowledge and attitudes towards pain. Having a master's degree improves the results obtained in the questionnaire about knowledge and attitudes towards pain.
  • Autores: Alfaro Díaz, Cristina; Esandi Larramendi, Nuria (Autor de correspondencia); Canga Armayor, Navidad; et al.
    ISSN: 1074-8407 Vol.26 N° 3 2020 págs. 240 - 253
    The beliefs of nursing professionals who care for families experiencing illness are fundamental to the quality of the nurse-family relationship and the level of the nurse's involvement in the therapeutic process of Family Systems Nursing. It is essential to have valid and reliable instruments for assessing nurses' illness beliefs, especially in the Spanish context where no instruments have been identified to date. The Iceland Health Care Practitioner Illness Beliefs Questionnaire (ICE-HCP-IBQ) is a reliable and valid measure of professionals' beliefs about their understanding of the meaning of the illness experience of families. The purpose of this study was to adapt and psychometrically test the Spanish version of the ICE-HCP-IBQ (N= 249 nurses). The exploratory factor analysis showed one-factor solution with good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = .91) and test-retest reliability (r= .72,p< .01). This questionnaire is a promising tool for mapping nurse's illness beliefs and monitoring the effectiveness of family nursing educational interventions in the Spanish context.
  • Autores: Alfaro Díaz, Cristina; Canga Armayor, Ana (Autor de correspondencia); Gutiérrez Alemán, Teresa; et al.
    ISSN: 1137-6627 Vol.43 N° 1 2020 págs. 17 - 33
    Background. Nursing professionals are one of the groups most affected by work-related stress, which may affect the professional's quality of life and the quality of nursing care. At the international level, the Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire (DCSQ) has proved to be a brief, valid and reliable tool for assessing psychosocial stress at work. The objective of this study was to obtain a Spanish version of the DCSQ for nursing professionals. Methods. The linguistic validation proceeded in two phases: 1) forward-translation, back-translation and linguistic adaptation of the instrument and 2) content validation of the instrument using a panel of seven experts, and evaluation of the applicability and comprehension of the adapted version in a sample of twenty-one nursing professionals. Results. Phase 1) In the translation process, one item required semantic changes, while five items required syntactic changes. The back-translation versions were similar, and the most relevant doubts were found in item 5, identified as a problematic item throughout the entire process. Phase 2) The content validity analysis showed excellent values (content validity index >= 0.90 and Kappa index values >= 0.65); moreover, the pilot study confirmed the adequate comprehensibility and applicability of the questionnaire. Conclusions. The use of a systematic and rigorous methodology made it possible to obtain a Spanish version of the DCSQ that is conceptually and linguistically equivalent to the original instrument and suitable for assessing psychosocial stress of nursing professionals in the workplace in a multidimensional manner.
  • Autores: Yoldi Arzoz, Esther; Goñi Viguria, Rosana (Autor de correspondencia)
    ISSN: 1130-2399 Vol.30 N° 2 2019 págs. 95
  • Autores: López Alfaro, María Pilar; Echarte Nuin, Izaskun; Fernández Sangil, Paula; et al.
    ISSN: 1130-2399 Vol.30 N° 3 2019 págs. 99 - 107
    Introduction: Pain assessment and treatment are essential for ensuring quality of care as well as for improving patient satisfaction and clinical outcomes. Objectives: 1) To describe pain perception of surgical patients admitted to our Intensive Care Unit(ICU). 2) To compare the patients' pain perception with the assessment carried out by nurses. 3) To correlate International Pain Outcomes Questionnaire results with socio-demographical data. Methodology: A prospective descriptive observational study was carried out in the ICU of a third level university hospital over a period of 3 months. Surgical patients' pain-perception was assessed 24 hours after their admission to the ICU using the Spanish translation of International Pain Outcomes Questionnaire. Results: The highest pain score recorded among 109 patients by nurses was 4.47 +/- 2.75, while, the lowest was.69 +/- 1,25. However, the highest and lowest pain scores reported by patients were 5.59 +/- 2.72 and 2.13 +/- 2.03, which showed significant differences (P < 0.001). The highest pain score seemed to be related to the type of surgery (P < 0.027). There are significant variations in the lowest pain score depending on age (P=0.005 r = 0.270). Likewise, the worst pain score correlated with the patients' sex (P=0.004). Patients who reported that pain made them feet very anxious or helpless scored highest with the worst pain, 7.35 1.98, 7.44 1.85 respectively. These differences were statistically significant (P = 0.001, P < 0.001). Regarding to the score of less pain, there is an association with feeling anxiety (P=0.032) and not with feeling helpless (P = -0.088). Conclusions: The post-surgical patients reported pain during the first 24 hours following admission to ICU (max score 5.59 +/- .26). The nurses underestimated the patients' reported pain. Improving nurses' education would provide them with assessment strategies for better pain management. Age, sex, anxiety and helplessness caused by pain, were variables that significantly influenced pain.
  • Autores: Goñi Viguria, Rosana (Autor de correspondencia); Yoldi Arzoz, Esther; Casajús Sola, Lucía; et al.
    ISSN: 1130-2399 Vol.29 N° 4 2018 págs. 168 - 181
    Introduction and aims: Patients in intensive care unit are susceptible to complications due to different causes (underlying disease, immobilisation, infection risk...) The current main intervention in order to prevent these complications is respiratory physiotherapy, a common practice for nurses on a daily basis. Therefore, we decided to carry out this bibliographic review to describe the most efficient respiratory physiotherapy methods for the prevention and treatment of lung complications in patients in intensive care, taking into account the differences between intubated and non-intubated patients. Methodology: The bibliographic narrative review was carried out on literature available in Pubmed, Cinahl and Cochrane Library. The established limits were language, evidence over the last 15 years and age. Results: Techniques involving lung expansion, cough, vibration, percussion, postural drainage, incentive inspirometry and oscillatory and non-oscillatory systems are controversial regarding their efficacy as respiratory physiotherapy methods. However, non-invasive mechanical ventilation shows clear benefits. In the case of intubated patients, manual hyperinflation and secretion aspirations are highly efficient methods for the prevention of the potential complications mentioned above. In this case, other RP methods showed no clear efficiency when used individually. DiscusSion and conclusions: Non-invasive mechanical ventilation (for non-intubated patients) and manual hyperinflation (for intubated patients) proved to be the respiratory physiotherapy methods with the best results. The other techniques are more controversial and the results are not so clear. In both types of patients this literature review suggests that combined therapy is the most efficient. (C) 2018 Sociedad Espanola de Enfermeria Intensiva y Unidades Coronarias (SEEIUC). Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
  • Autores: Carrera Hernández, Lidia (Autor de correspondencia); Aizpitarte Pegenaute, Eva; Zugazagoitia Ciarrusta, Nerea; et al.
    ISSN: 1130-2399 Vol.29 N° 2 2018 págs. 53 - 63
    Introduction and objectives: Patients' sleep can be disturbed during their stay in an Intensive Care Unit. Many factors can explain this disturbance, both within the ICU environment and caused by patients' illnesses. There is evidence that patients' sleep can be improved within ICUs. The aim of this study is to describe patientsperceptions of a night's sleep and develop a care plan that promotes a night's sleep. Methodology: A prospective descriptive study was performed in the ICU of a training hospital. The sleep of 125 patients was explored. Sociodemographic and clinical variables were collected from patients' medical records. The 5-item Richards-Campbell Sleep Questionnaire was utilised to assess patients' perception of a night's sleep. In addition, an ad-hoc 9-item questionnaire was developed which included factors that can affect sleep according to the literature. Patients had to grade the level of interference of those factors with their night's sleep. Results: The sleep of patients in our Intensive Care Unit was moderately deep, with light arousals and ease in falling sleep again. The average value on the Richards-Campbell Sleep Questionnaire was 52.92 mm. The factors that significantly interfered with sleep were: pain (P=0.009), worries/anxiety (P=.01), staff voices (P=0.033), alarm/medical devices sounds (P-0.047) and peripheral intravenous lines (P-.036). Conclusions: Our patients' perception of a night's sleep in the ICU was fair. Optimising pain management, answering questions or worries, minimizing background noise and voices have the potential to improve sleep quality. (C) 2018 Sociedad Espanola de Enfermeria Intensiva y Unidades Coronarias (SEEIUC). Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
  • Autores: Pardavila Belio, Idoia; Canga Armayor, Navidad; Pueyo Garrigues, María; et al.
    ISSN: 978-84-313-5684-2 2021
    El consumo de tabaco representa la primera causa prevenible de enfermedad, discapacidad y muerte en el mundo, considerándose una pandemia evitable. Los profesionales sanitarios tienen un papel esencial en ayudar a los fumadores a dejar este hábito. Es por ello que estos, durante su formación universitaria, deberían recibir los conocimientos, habilidades y aptitudes necesarias para llevar a cabo intervenciones de cesación tabáquica. Con este objetivo investigadores y profesores del Institut Català d'Oncologia (ICO), la Universidad de Navarra, el King's College de Londres, la Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra, la Université Libre de Bruxelles, la Universitat de Barcelona, el Erasmushogeschool Brussel y la Universitat de Lleida han desarrollado el curso INSTrUCT. Este recurso educativo innovador de aprendizaje online está disponible en abierto en cuatro idiomas: español, inglés, francés y portugués. La finalidad de este manual es guiar a los profesores universitarios en la implementación y evaluación de este curso, así como profundizar en el rol del profesor y del estudiante en el mismo. Por último, es importante señalar que el desarrollo de este curso ha sido posible gracias a la financiación del programa ERASMUS+.
  • Autores: Pardavila Belio, Idoia; Canga Armayor, Navidad; Pueyo Garrigues, María; et al.
    ISSN: 978-84-313-4784-0 2021
    Tobacco consumption represents the first cause of preventable illness, disability, and death in the world, being considered an avoidable "pandemic". According to the World Health Organization (2020; [WHO]), tobacco consumption, at a global level, is responsible for over eight million deaths per year. All in all, the INSTrUCT course has the general goal to enable healthcare profession students in the assessment of the tobacco consumption status and in the main interventions to quit smoking. This manual intends to guide the professor through the implementation and assessment of the INSTrUCT course and to discuss which is the role of the professor and the student during its development.

Proyectos desde 2018

  • Título: Diseño de una intervención, basada en el modelo de Cuidado Centrado en la Familia (CCF), dirigida al paciente oncológico y su familia.
    Código de expediente: CAS22/00109
    Investigador principal: CRISTINA ALFARO DIAZ.
    Convocatoria: 2023 MECD Movilidad José Castillejo
    Fecha de inicio: 01-06-2023
    Fecha fin: 30-11-2023
    Importe concedido: 17.449,00€
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: Innovative e-learning educational resource to improve Smoking Cessation knowledge and skills among Healthcare degrees in Higher Education
    Código de expediente:
    Investigador principal: MIREN IDOIA PARDAVILA BELIO
    Financiador: COMISIÓN EUROPEA
    Convocatoria: Erasmus+ Convocatoria 2019
    Fecha de inicio: 01-09-2019
    Fecha fin: 31-12-2022
    Importe concedido: 47.861,00€
    Otros fondos: -