Grupos Investigadores

Miembros del Grupo

Colaboradores
Ana Belén
Amezcua Martínez
Angel
Chaves Illana
María
Imas Lecumberri
Andrea
Marín Sierra
Lide
de Izeta

Líneas de Investigación

  • Accesibilidad del conocimiento ambiental para la sociedad.
  • Aspectos éticos, educativos y sociales derivados del conocimiento sobre biodiversidad y calidad ambienta.
  • Cuantificación y bioindicadores de calidad ecológica y medioambiental.
  • Gestión y conservación de la biodiversidad.
  • Infraestructuras de información para la biodiversidad: tratamiento de datos ambientales (big data) y ecoinformática.
  • Pautas biogeográficas, temporales y taxonómicas de la biodiversidad.

Palabras Clave

  • Análisis de lagunas de información (GAP)
  • Bases de datos de biodiversidad
  • Biocuantificación
  • Bioindicadores
  • Bioinformática
  • Biología animal
  • Cambio ambiental
  • Conservación
  • Dinámica de comunidades
  • Distribución de especies
  • Diversidad biológica
  • Ecoinformática
  • Ecología Animal
  • Ecología Vegetal
  • Educación y pensamiento ambiental
  • Evolución de la diversidad
  • Fauna del suelo
  • Fitness-for-use (FFU)
  • Hidrobiología
  • Impacto ambiental
  • Limnología
  • Medio ambiente y sociedad
  • Pérdida de la biodiversidad
  • Restauración natural
  • Validación de datos

Publicaciones Científicas desde 2018

  • Autores: Da Silva J.P. (Autor de correspondencia); Hermoso V.; Lopes-Lima M.; et al.
    Revista: GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY
    ISSN: 1354-1013 Vol.30 N° e17169 2024
    Resumen
    Climate change may lead to range shifts, and barriers to such displacements may result in extirpations from previously suitable habitats. This may be particularly important in freshwater ecosystems that are highly fragmented by anthropogenic obstacles, such as dams and other smaller in- stream barriers. Conservation planning in freshwaters should consider the dynamic effects of climate change and the ability of species to cope with it. In this study, we developed a framework for incorporating climate-driven dispersal barriers into conservation planning taking into account the medium and long- term impacts of climate change and species with obligatory interactions. Given that freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionida) are a group of highly threatened organ -isms dependent on fish hosts to complete their larval development and dispersal, we used Marxan to prioritize areas for their joint conservation in the Iberian Peninsula as a case study. We tested two connectivity scenarios between current and future habi -tats, (i) unlimited dispersal capacity and (ii) dispersal constrained by artificial barriers,and also identified priority translocation areas for species that were unable to dis -perse. Accounting for the effects of climate change on species distributions allowed the identification of long- term conservation areas, but disregarding artificial barriers to dispersal may lead to unrealistic solutions. Integrating the location of barriers al -lowed the identification of priority areas that are more likely to be colonized in the fu-ture following climatic shifts, although this resulted in an additional loss of six to eight features (~5%¿7%) compared to solutions without dispersal constraints. Between 173 and 357 artificial barriers (~1.6%¿3.3%) will potentially block species dispersal to irre -placeable planning units. Where removal of artificial barriers is unfeasible, conserva-tion translocations may additionally cover up to eight additional features that do not meet conservation targets due to dispersal constraints. This study highlights the chal -lenge of identifying protected areas to safeguard biodiversity under climate change.
  • Autores: Zuazua Ros, Amaia; Andrade, L. B. (Autor de correspondencia); Dorregaray Oyaregui, Sara; et al.
    Revista: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
    ISSN: 0944-1344 Vol.30 N° 25 2023 págs. 66538 - 66558
    Resumen
    Considering the time spent in enclosed environments, it is essential to study the relationship between pollutants and building ventilation systems to find whether the types and levels of pollutants and greenhouse gasses, which are expected to be exhaled through ventilation systems into the atmosphere, have been adequately evaluated. We propose the hypothesis that the exhaled air from residential buildings contains pollutants that may become another source of contamination affecting urban air quality and potentially contributing to climate drivers. Thus, the main goal of this article is to present a cross-review of the identification of pollutants expected to be exhaled through ventilation systems in residential buildings. This approach has created the concept of exhalation of buildings a new concept enclosed within the research project in which this article is included. We analyze the studies related to the most significant pollutants found in buildings and the studies about the relation of buildings' ventilation systems with such pollutants. Our results show that, on the one hand, the increase in the use of mechanical ventilation systems in residential buildings has been demonstrated to enhance the ventilation rate and generally improve the indoor air quality conditions. But no knowledge could be extracted about the corresponding environmental cost of this improvement, as no systematic data were found about the total mass of contaminants exhaled by those ventilation systems. At the same time, no projects were found that showed a quantitative study on exhalation from buildings, contrary to the existence of studies on pollutants in indoor air.
  • Autores: Oficialdegui, F. J. (Autor de correspondencia); Zamora-Marín, J. M.; Guareschi, S.; et al.
    Revista: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
    ISSN: 0048-9697 Vol.879 2023 págs. 162809
  • Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique (Autor de correspondencia); Arbea, J.; Nunes, E.; et al.
    Revista: INSECTS
    ISSN: 2075-4450 Vol.14 N° 6 2023 págs. 525
    Resumen
    Simple Summary The cave fauna of the Macaronesian archipelagos is rich in endemic species. In this region, most studies have been carried out in the Azores and the Canary Islands. In contrast to these archipelagos, the arthropod fauna of the lava tubes of the Madeira has not been well studied. Madeira is the only island in this archipelago with lava tube complexes suitable for endogenous arthropod species. In the two known complexes, San Vicente and Machico (Cavalum), 13 endemic species have been recorded; among these, there are two critically endangered cave spiders of the genus Centromerus. These caves not only have no protection measures, and while they are not exploited for tourism, they are under serious threats by the frequent passage of people. The San Vicente complex, the largest on the island, has undergone profound structural modifications for its tourist exploitation but still, since its inauguration in 1996, receives thousands of visitors per year. Until now, faunal studies of Madeiran caves have been the result of casual collecting. This work is the first monitoring study of Madeira's cave fauna. One-year monitoring has been done in four lava tubes of Machico: the Cavalum lava tubes (I, II, III) and the Landeiros tube. This study aimed to make a species checklist of the cave fauna present. So far, only three species of Collembola have been described for the Madeira lava tubes. Here we describe four new species, Neelus serratus Jordana & Baquero sp. nov., Coecobrya decemsetosa Jordana & Baquero sp. nov., Coecobrya octoseta Jordana & Baquero sp. nov., and Sinella duodecimoculata Jordana & Baquero sp. nov., and we update the checklist of the Collembola of lava tubes from three to 16 species. At present, the Machico complex caves represent the island's only natural lava tube habitats and are probably the main contributor to Madeira's cave biodiversity. The cave fauna of the Macaronesian archipelagos is rich in endemic species. Unlike the Azores and the Canary Islands, the cave fauna of the Madeira archipelago is little known. The only two cave complexes studied, Machico and Sao Vicente, lack protection measures. Sao Vicente is seriously threatened because it is being exploited for touristic purposes, while the Machico complex, the only one in its natural state, is open to the public but without any control. The importance of the conservation of this cave fauna is indisputable. So far, of the 13 cavernicolous species recorded, two of them-genus Centromerus-are critically endangered. Apart from occasional sampling, no monitoring study has ever been carried out. The aim of this work has been to make a species checklist of the cave fauna of the Machico complex, the least studied so far. For this purpose, during 2001-2002, a monitoring study was carried out using traps and manual collections in the lava tubes of Landeiros and Cavalum (I, II, III). Fourteen species of springtails were recorded. Of these, four are new species, Neelus serratus Jordana & Baquero sp. nov., Coecobrya decemsetosa Jordana & Baquero sp. nov., Coecobrya octoseta Jordana & Baquero sp. nov., and Sinella duodecimoculata Jordana & Baquero sp. nov., and one is a new record for the archipelago, Lepidocyrtus curvicollis Bourlet, 1839.
  • Autores: Zamora-Marín J.M.; Ruíz-Navarro A.; Oficialdegui F.; et al.
    Revista: NEOBIOTA
    ISSN: 1619-0033 Vol.89 2023 págs. 17 - 44
    Resumen
    Aquatic ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to the introduction of non-indigenous species (NIS), lead-ing to multi-faceted ecological, economic and health impacts worldwide. The Iberian Peninsula comprises an exceptionally biodiverse Mediterranean region with a high number of threatened and endemic aquatic species, most of them strongly impacted by biological invasions. Following a structured approach that combines a systematic review of available information and expert opinion, we provide a comprehensive and updated multi-taxa inventory of aquatic NIS (fungi, macroalgae, vascular plants, invertebrates and vertebrates) in Iberian inland waters. Moreover, we assess overall patterns in the establishment status, in-troduction pathways, native range and temporal introduction trends of listed NIS. In addition, we discuss the legal coverage provided by both national (Spanish and Portuguese) and European NIS regulations. We inventoried 326 aquatic NIS in Iberian inland waters, including 215 established, 96 with uncertain estab-lishment status and 15 cryptogenic taxa. Invertebrates (54.6%) and vertebrates (24.5%) were the groups with the highest number of NIS, with Arthropoda, Mollusca, and Chordata being the most represented phyla. Recorded NIS originated from diverse geographic regions, with North and South America being the most frequent. Vertebrates and vascular plants were mostly introduced through intentional pathways (i.e. release and escape), whereas invertebrates and macroalgae arrived mostly through unintentional ways (i.e. contaminant or stowaway). Most of the recorded NIS were introduced in Iberian inland waters over the second half of the 20thcentury, with a high number of NIS introductions being reported in the 2000s. While only 8% of the recorded NIS appear in the European Union list of Invasive Alien Species of Union concern, around 25% are listed in the Spanish and Portuguese NIS regulations. This study provides the most updated checklist of Iberian aquatic NIS, meeting the requirements set by the EU regulation and providing a baseline for the evaluation of its application. We point out the need for coordinated transna-tional strategies to properly tackle aquatic invasions across borders of the EU members.
  • Autores: Fernández-Eslava, B. (Autor de correspondencia); Alonso, D.; Galicia Paredes, David; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF ORNITHOLOGY
    ISSN: 2193-7192 2023
    Resumen
    Carotenoid-based ornamentation can vary greatly among individual birds of the same population. This variability might consider the timing and duration of moult. Crossbills (genus Loxia) show large variation in their colour patterns, ranging from dull yellow to red. Thus, they provide an excellent avian model for testing whether the timing and duration of their moult are associated with their dominant colour patterns. Using a dataset of more than 1900 crossbills captured in the Pyrenees (Spain), we observed that individuals with red feathers started their primary moult early, while those with yellow feathers started moult on an average of 18 days later. We also found that yellow crossbills were more likely to suspend moults (i.e. temporally interrupt moult), postponing a part of the moult until September. These differences in the moulting process may be related to plumage colour, which reflect individual condition.
  • Autores: Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Baquero Martín, Enrique
    Revista: BOLETIN DE LA SEA
    ISSN: 1134-6094 Vol.72 2023 págs. 81 - 82
  • Autores: Giuga, L. (Autor de correspondencia); Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Baquero Martín, Enrique
    Revista: ZOOTAXA
    ISSN: 1175-5326 Vol.5249 N° 5 2023 págs. 559 - 576
    Resumen
    Three new species of soil Collembola from both agricultural lands (vineyards and olive orchards) and a natural habitat (beech forest) located in Sicily (Italy) are described: Superodontella eleonorae sp. nov., first record of this genus for Italy, Lepidocyrtus rapitalai sp. nov. and Pseudosinella francae sp. nov..
  • Autores: Cancellario, Tommaso (Autor de correspondencia); Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael; Baquero Martín, Enrique; et al.
    Revista: LIMNETICA
    ISSN: 0213-8409 Vol.42 N° 1 2023 págs. 1 - 6
    Resumen
    We reported the first record of the rare species Trocheta subviridis Dutrochet, 1817 (Arhynchobdellida, Erpobdellidae) from north-eastern Spain (Suspiro stream at Señorio de Bértiz Natural Park, Navarra, Spain). The species was previously recorded in Spain by Cordero del Campillo (1980) and García Más and Jiménez (1981). However, the latter authors admitted (Garcia Más & Jiménez, 1984) that both citations could be considered erroneous due to a misinterpretation by Cordero del Campillo of Blanchard (1893) (Jueg, 2008). Thus, considering the limited and uncertain information about T. subviridis in Spain, we can argue that our specimen is the first valid record reported for the species in the Iberian Peninsula.
  • Autores: González Alonso, Mónica María; Bodeanu, M.; Koritnik, T.; et al.
    Revista: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
    ISSN: 0048-9697 Vol.861 2023 págs. 160180
    Resumen
    Although Alternaria spores are well-known allergenic fungal spores, automatic bioaerosol recognition systems have not been trained to recognize these particles until now. Here we report the development of a new algorithm able to classify Alternaria spores with BAA500 automatic bioaerosol monitors. The best validation score was obtained when the model was trained on both data from the original dataset and artificially generated images, with a validation unweighted mean Intersection over Union (IoU), also called Jaccard Index, of 0.95. Data augmentation techniques were applied to the training set. While some particles were not recognized (false negatives), false positives were few. The results correlated well with manual counts (mean of four Hirst-type traps), with R2 = 0.78. Counts from BAA500 were 1.92 times lower than with Hirst-type traps. The algorithm was then used to re-analyze the historical automatic pollen monitoring network (ePIN) dataset (2018-2022), which lacked Alternaria spore counts. Re-analysis of past data showed that Alternaria spore exposure in Bavaria was very variable, with the highest counts in the North (Marktheidenfeld, 154 m a.s.l.), and the lowest values close to the mountains in the South (Garmisch-Partenkirchen, 735 m a.s.l.). This approach shows that in our network future algorithms can be run on past datasets. Over time, the use of different algorithms could lead to misinterpretations as stemming from climate change or other phenological causes. Our approach enables consistent, homogeneous treatment of long-term series, thus preventing variability in particle counts owing to changes in the algorithms.
  • Autores: Oficialdegui, F. J. (Autor de correspondencia); Zamora-Marín, J. M.; Guareschi, S.; et al.
    Revista: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
    ISSN: 0048-9697 Vol.869 2023 págs. 161798
    Resumen
    As the number of introduced species keeps increasing unabatedly, identifying and prioritising current and potential Invasive Alien Species (IAS) has become essential to manage them. Horizon Scanning (HS), defined as an exploration of potential threats, is considered a fundamental component of IAS management. By combining scientific knowledge on taxa with expert opinion, we identified the most relevant aquatic IAS in the Iberian Peninsula, i.e., those with the greatest geographic extent (or probability of introduction), severe ecological, economic and human health impacts, greatest difficulty and acceptability of management. We highlighted the 126 most relevant IAS already present in Iberian inland waters (i.e., Concern list) and 89 with a high probability of being introduced in the near future (i.e., Alert list), of which 24 and 10 IAS, respectively, were considered as a management priority after receiving the highest scores in the expert assessment (i.e., top-ranked IAS). In both lists, aquatic IAS belonging to the four thematic groups (plants, freshwater invertebrates, estuarine invertebrates, and vertebrates) were identified as having been introduced through various pathways from different regions of the world and classified according to their main functional feeding groups. Also, the latest update of the list of IAS of Union concern pursuant to Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 includes only 12 top-ranked IAS identified for the Iberian Peninsula, while the national lists incorporate the vast majority of them. This fact underlines the great importance of taxa prioritisation exercises at biogeographical scales as a step prior to risk analyses and their inclusion in national lists. This HS provides a robust assessment and a cost-effective strategy for decision-makers and stakeholders to prioritise the use of limited resources for IAS prevention and management. Although applied at a transnational level in a European biodiversity hotspot, this approach is designed for potential application at any geographical or administrative scale, including the continental one.
  • Autores: Fernández-Eslava, B.; Alonso, D.; Galicia Paredes, David; et al.
    Revista: CURRENT ZOOLOGY
    ISSN: 1674-5507 Vol.69 N° 2 2023 págs. 165 - 172
    Resumen
    Carotenoid-based ornaments are often considered reliable (honest) individual condition signals because their expression implies physiological costs unaffordable for low-quality animals (handicap signals). Recently, it has been suggested that efficient cell respiration is mandatory for producing red ketocarotenoids from dietary yellow carotenoids. This implies that red colorations should be entirely unfalsifiable and independent of expression costs (index signals). In a precedent study, male common crossbills, Loxia curvirostra, showing a red plumage reported higher apparent survival than those showing yellowish-orange colors. The plumage redness in this species is due to ketocarotenoid accumulation in feathers. Here, we correlated the male plumage redness (a 4-level visual score: yellow, patchy, orange, and red) and the body morphology in more than 1,000 adult crossbills captured in 3 Iberian localities to infer the mechanisms responsible for color evolution. A principal component analysis summarized morphometry of 10 variables (beak, wing, tarsus length, etc.). The overall body size (PC1) and the length of flight feathers regarding body size (PC3) showed significant positive relationships with plumage redness. Plumage redness was barely correlated with bill shape measures, suggesting no constraint in acquiring carotenoids from pine cones. However, large body sizes or proportionally long flying feathers could help carotenoid acquisition via social competition or increased foraging ranges. Proportionally longer flight feathers might also be associated with a specific cell respiration profile that would simultaneously favor flying capacities and enzymatic transformations needed for ketocarotenoid synthesis. Such a phenotypic profile would agree with the hypothesis of ketocarotenoid-based colors acting as individual quality index signals.
  • Autores: Conti, L. (Autor de correspondencia); Valencia, E.; Galland, T.; et al.
    Revista: PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
    ISSN: 0962-8452 Vol.290 N° 2001 2023 págs. 20230344
    Resumen
    Ecological theory posits that temporal stability patterns in plant populations are associated with differences in species' ecological strategies. However, empirical evidence is lacking about which traits, or trade-offs, underlie species stability, especially across different biomes. We compiled a worldwide collection of long-term permanent vegetation records (greater than 7000 plots from 78 datasets) from a large range of habitats which we combined with existing trait databases. We tested whether the observed inter-annual variability in species abundance (coefficient of variation) was related to multiple individual traits. We found that populations with greater leaf dry matter content and seed mass were more stable over time. Despite the variability explained by these traits being low, their effect was consistent across different datasets. Other traits played a significant, albeit weaker, role in species stability, and the inclusion of multi-variate axes or phylogeny did not substantially modify nor improve predictions. These results provide empirical evidence and highlight the relevance of specific ecological trade-offs, i.e. in different resource-use and dispersal strategies, for plant populations stability across multiple biomes. Further research is, however, necessary to integrate and evaluate the role of other specific traits, often not available in databases, and intraspecific trait variability in modulating species stability.
  • Autores: San Emeterio, L. (Autor de correspondencia); Baquero Martín, Enrique; Antón, R.; et al.
    Revista: AGRICULTURE ECOSYSTEMS AND ENVIRONMENT
    ISSN: 0167-8809 Vol.356 2023 págs. 108632
    Resumen
    Woody plant encroachment threatens grassland biomes at a global scale. Pyric herbivory combines prescribed burnings and targeted grazing to restore open habitats and has proved to be successful in promoting landscape and plant community diversity. However, less is known on the effects of pyric herbivory practices on below ground biodiversity. We evaluated the midterm effect on mesofauna, bacteria and fungi of prescribed burns and targeted horse grazing regimes implemented to restore a grassland encroached by gorse (Ulex gallii Planch.). We hypothesized that 1) low-intensity shrub-to shrub burnings had no effect or had a transient effect of low magnitude on soil microbial diversity, and that 2) targeted horse grazing after burning increased soil mesofauna and microbial diversity in the midterm. We established an experiment in two shrub-encroached grasslands in western Pyrenees with three treatments (no burning and no grazing as control, burning but no grazing, and burning and grazing). We measured soil properties and soil diversity of fungi and bacteria (DNA-metabarcoding) just after fire, and vegetation structure, soil properties and soil diversity of fungi, bacteria and mesofauna after two periods of targeted grazing (a year and a half after the burning). The response to pyric herbivory differed among soil organisms. Fungi were more sensitive to burning than bacteria, but both recovered a year and a half after burning -fungi only recovered in the presence of grazing-. Grazing increased soil fungi and bacteria diversity indexes (-20 % and-5 % increase, respectively) at the two sites. A year and a half after burning, burned and ungrazed areas had a 30 % more mesofauna diversity than control areas whereas grazing of the burned areas decreased mesofauna diversity by 30 % at one of the sites compared to the control. Since the responses to pyric herbivory vary among soil organisms, a wide range of management intensities across space and time are recommended for maximizing soil biodiversity.
  • Autores: Groom, Q. (Autor de correspondencia); Dillen, M.; Addink, W.; et al.
    Revista: BIODIVERSITY DATA JOURNAL
    ISSN: 1314-2836 Vol.11 2023 págs. e109439
    Resumen
    Tens of millions of images from biological collections have become available online over the last two decades. In parallel, there has been a dramatic increase in the capabilities of image analysis technologies, especially those involving machine learning and computer vision. While image analysis has become mainstream in consumer applications, it is still used only on an artisanal basis in the biological collections community, largely because the image corpora are dispersed. Yet, there is massive untapped potential for novel applications and research if images of collection objects could be made accessible in a single corpus. In this paper, we make the case for infrastructure that could support image analysis of collection objects. We show that such infrastructure is entirely feasible and well worth investing in.
  • Autores: Ariño Plana, Arturo
    Revista: BIODIVERSITY INFORMATION SCIENCE AND STANDARDS
    ISSN: 2535-0897 Vol.7 N° e112151 2023 págs. 1-3
  • Autores: Maya-Manzano, J. M.; Tummon, F.; Abt, R.; et al.
    Revista: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
    ISSN: 0048-9697 Vol.866 2023 págs. 161220
    Resumen
    To benefit allergy patients and the medical practitioners, pollen information should be available in both a reliable and timely manner; the latter is only recently possible due to automatic monitoring. To evaluate the performance of all cur-rently available automatic instruments, an international intercomparison campaign was jointly organised by the EUMETNET AutoPollen Programme and the ADOPT COST Action in Munich, Germany (March-July 2021). The automatic systems (hardware plus identification algorithms) were compared with manual Hirst-type traps. Mea-surements were aggregated into 3-hourly or daily values to allow comparison across all devices. We report results for total pollen as well as for Betula, Fraxinus, Poaceae, and Quercus, for all instruments that provided these data. The re-sults for daily averages compared better with Hirst observations than the 3-hourly values. For total pollen, there was a considerable spread among systems, with some reaching R2 > 0.6 (3 h) and R2> 0.75 (daily) compared with Hirst-type traps, whilst other systems were not suitable to sample total pollen efficiently (R2 < 0.3). For individual pollen types, results similar to the Hirst were frequently shown by a small group of systems. For Betula, almost all systems performed well (R2 > 0.75 for 9 systems for 3-hourly data). Results for Fraxinus and Quercus were not as good for most systems, while for Poaceae (with some exceptions), the performance was weakest. For all pollen types and for most measure-ment systems, false positive classifications were observed outside of the main pollen season. Different algorithms ap-plied to the same device also showed different results, highlighting the importance of this aspect of the measurement system. Overall, given the 30 % error on daily concentrations that is currently accepted for Hirst-type traps, several au-tomatic systems are currently capable of being used operationally to provide real-time observations at high temporal resolutions. They provide distinct advantages compared to the manual Hirst-type measurements.
  • Autores: Valeriano, C.; Gutiérrez, E.; Colangelo, M.; et al.
    Revista: DENDROCHRONOLOGIA
    ISSN: 1125-7865 Vol.78 2023 págs. 126057
    Resumen
    Tree phenology is sensitive to climate warming and changes in seasonal precipitation. Long xylogenesis records are scarce, thus limiting our ability to analyse how radial growth responds to climate variability. Alternatively, process-based growth models can be used to simulate intra-annual growth dynamics and to better understand why growth bimodality varies along temperature and precipitation gradients. We used the Vaganov-Shashkin (VS) growth model to analyse the main climatic drivers of growth bimodality in eight trees and shrubs conifers (four pines and four junipers) across Spain. We selected eleven sites with different continentality degree and spring/autumn precipitation ratios since we expected to find pronounced bimodal growth in less continental sites with spring and autumn precipitation peaks. The VS model successfully simulated annual growth rates at all sites as a function of daily temperature and soil moisture data. Bimodal growth patterns clustered into less continental sites showing low spring/autumn precipitation ratios. This finding agrees with observed climate-growth associations showing that growth was enhanced by wet-cool winter-to-spring conditions, but also by wet autumn conditions in the most bimodal sites. We observed a stronger growth bimodality in pines compared to junipers.
  • Autores: Miqueleiz Legaz, Imanol (Autor de correspondencia); Ariño Plana, Arturo; Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael
    Revista: AQUATIC CONSERVATION-MARINE AND FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS
    ISSN: 1052-7613 Vol.33 N° 10 2023 págs. 1028 - 1038
    Resumen
    Freshwater habitats are vital for both humans and nature owing to their exceptional biodiversity and valuable ecosystem services, but they are currently facing serious threats. The designation and management of protected areas have been proposed as the most feasible way to ensure conservation objectives for the future. However, traditional approaches have not protected freshwater fauna effectively, especially freshwater fish.Previous studies have identified the most irreplaceable terrestrial places to achieve conservation goals. Here, the aim was to investigate how the present network of protected areas preserves irreplaceable rivers for freshwater fish.The irreplaceability of the world's river basins was calculated using International Union for the Conservation of Nature Red List distribution maps, considering the rarity, richness, and conservation status of their freshwater fish fauna. The overlap between irreplaceable basins and the present network of protected areas was also calculated.The results highlight the conservation significance of tropical rivers, particularly those in the Neotropics. The subset of the basins covering 30% of the most irreplaceable land surface (in line with the United Nations 30by30 target) encompasses 99% of freshwater fish species. However, protected areas do not seem to provide sufficient protection to these basins, as 89% of their surface area lies outside protected areas. Only 7% of freshwater ecoregions meet the United Nations 30by30 target.Given the context of climate change, allocating new protected areas becomes crucial in providing better survival opportunities for freshwater fish species. Despite the limitations inherent to the absence of total knowledge of freshwater fish biogeography and the irreplaceability index itself, this study identifies priority sites for their conservation that may help inform decision-making in the future to establish more effective protected areas.
  • Autores: da Silva, J. P. (Autor de correspondencia); Sousa, R.; Vasconcelos Gonçalves, D.; et al.
    Revista: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
    ISSN: 0048-9697 Vol.883 2023 págs. 163689
    Resumen
    Climate change is becoming the leading driver of biodiversity loss. The Mediterranean region, particularly southwest-ern Europe, is already confronting the consequences of ongoing global warming. Unprecedented biodiversity declines have been recorded, particularly within freshwater ecosystems. Freshwater mussels contribute to essential ecosystem services but are among the most threatened faunal groups on Earth. Their poor conservation status is related to the de-pendence on fish hosts to complete the life cycle, which also makes them particularly vulnerable to climate change. Species Distribution Models (SDMs) are commonly used to predict species distributions, but often disregard the poten-tial effect of biotic interactions. This study investigated the potential impact of future climate on the distribution of freshwater mussel species while considering their obligatory interaction with fish hosts. Specifically, ensemble models were used to forecast the current and future distribution of six mussel species in the Iberian Peninsula, including envi-ronmental conditions and the distribution of fish hosts as predictors. We found that climate change is expected to se-verely impact the future distribution of Iberian mussels. Species with narrow ranges, namely Margaritifera margaritifera and Unio tumidiformis, were predicted to have their suitable habitats nearly lost and could potentially be facing regional and global extinctions, respectively. Anodonta anatina, Potomida littoralis, and particularly Unio delphinus and Unio mancus, are expected to suffer distributional losses but may gain new suitable habitats. A shift in their distribution to new suitable areas is only possible if fish hosts are able to disperse while carrying larvae. We also found that includ-ing the distribution of fish hosts in the mussels' models avoided the underprediction of habitat loss under climate change. This study warns of the imminent loss of mussel species and populations and the urgent need of management actions to reverse current trends and mitigate irreversible damage to species and ecosystems in Mediterranean regions.
  • Autores: González Alonso, Mónica María; Ariño Plana, Arturo (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: AEROBIOLOGIA
    ISSN: 0393-5965 Vol.39 2023 págs. 175 - 179
    Resumen
    Up-to-date reporting of atmospheric pollen contents is essential to assist doctors and allergy sufferers alike to undertake treatment or preventative measures. We have evaluated the extent of the digitally accessible knowledge (DAK) created by the Spanish network of pollen monitoring stations and analyzed the gaps in three main DAK factors: data completeness, data obsolescence, and data publication. Data from 118 distinct stations were discovered, of which one in four seemed to have discontinued publication of updated data either continuously or seasonally. While two-thirds of the sites published data through their own local portals, only about one-half also contributed daily data to the two main aggregators in the country (SEAIC and REA), which in turn were the only outlets available for one-tenth of the sites. The analysis revealed the probable existence of completely obscure sites recording, but not reporting, data. Recovering or surfacing dormant or silent sites may significantly improve the DAK about pollen in Spain.
  • Autores: Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael (Autor de correspondencia); Bartrons, M.; Brucet, S.; et al.
    Revista: RESTORATION ECOLOGY
    ISSN: 1061-2971 Vol.31 N° 8 2023 págs. 1 - 10
    Resumen
    The construction of riverine structures (weirs, bridges, or channelization) on riverbeds causes alterations in the flow regime and channel geometry. Once a new stretch is created, species must colonize it. The ecological succession processes that are entailed are decisive for adequate recovery after alterations, and understanding these processes would enable elaborate efficient restoration actions. We analyzed environmental variables and the colonization and succession patterns of fish assemblages in a new channelized stretch of a river from its construction to the present (from 1996 to 2020) in the northern Iberian Peninsula. During the studied period, habitat diversity increased, and mesohabitat became more complex. Depths, depth diversity, and the number of pools in the new channel increased with time. Water temperature decreased because of the new shade provided by riparian forests. The size-related variables of the fish community (size diversity, mean, and maximum length) increased in the new section, achieving similar values to those in the control section. The slopes of the fish size spectra showed a slow evolution over 25 years from a fish assemblage dominated by small fish to a more size-diversity fish community. Our results suggest that habitat complexity shape fish assemblage and structure. Moreover, size-related variables can be effective ecological indicators of fish colonization and succession processes. Finally, small-scale restoration measures in the riverbed and riparian forest are expected to increase the effectiveness of future restoration projects in rivers.
  • Autores: González-Alonso, M.; Boldeanu, M.; Koritnik, T.; et al.
    Revista: ALLERGOLOGIE
    ISSN: 0344-5062 Vol.46 N° 2 2023 págs. 129-129
  • Autores: Valerio Galán, Mercedes (Autor de correspondencia); Ibáñez Gastón, Ricardo; Gazol, A.
    Revista: FORESTS
    ISSN: 1999-4907 Vol.13 N° 5 2022 págs. 791
  • Autores: Seminario-Córdova, R. (Autor de correspondencia); Baquero Martín, Enrique
    Revista: REVISTA CHILENA DE ENTOMOLOGIA
    ISSN: 0034-740X Vol.48 N° 1 2022 págs. 81 - 92
    Resumen
    La amazonia peruana, conocida por ser hábitat de un gran número de especies, ha sido objeto de innumerables investigaciones con la finalidad de comprender mejor su biodiversidad. Uno de los grupos más estudiados en esta parte del Perú es el de los lepidópteros. Sin embargo, a pesar de que hay algunos trabajos en zonas como Loreto, Tingo María e incluso el mismo San Martín, aún quedan muchas partes de la selva por explorar y evaluar. En ese sentido, se considera muy importante la realización de investigaciones como la presente, que tuvo como objetivo determinar las especies de lepidópteros diurnos que habitan el bosque El Pelejo, San Martín, Perú. Los muestreos se llevaron a cabo en un área conservada ubicada dentro de la propiedad de Agroganadera Huallaga S. A. C. Se registraron 31 especies de lepidópteros correspondientes a cinco familias, siendo Nymphalidae la que presentó mayor riqueza de especies. Asimismo, todas las especies registradas en la presente investigación se encuentran en la categoría de Preocupación Menor de acuerdo con la lista roja de especies de la IUCN. Este estudio representa el primer listado de lepidópteros para el Bosque El Pelejo, siendo la base para futuras investigaciones sobre mariposas diurnas en este importante bosque de la Amazonia peruana.
  • Autores: Miqueleiz Legaz, Imanol; Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael (Autor de correspondencia); Ariño Plana, Arturo; et al.
    Revista: FISHES
    ISSN: 2410-3888 Vol.7 N° 1 2022 págs. 2
    Resumen
    Biodiversity loss is a global problem, accelerated by human-induced pressures. In the marine realm, one of the major threats to species conservation, together with climate change, is overfishing. In this context, having information on the conservation status of target commercial marine fish species becomes crucial for assuring safe standards. We put together fisheries statistics from the FAO, the IUCN Red List, FishBase, and RAM Legacy databases to understand to what extent top commercial species¿ conservation status has been assessed. Levels of assessment for top-fished species were higher than those for general commercial or highly commercial species, but almost half of the species have outdated assessments. We found no relation between IUCN Red List traits and FishBase Vulnerability Index, depreciating the latter value as a guidance for extinction threat. The RAM database suggests good management of more-threatened species in recent decades, but more data are required to assess whether the trend has reverted in recent years. Outdated IUCN Red List assessments can benefit from reputed stock assessments for new reassessments. The future of IUCN Red List evaluations for commercial fish species relies on integrating new parameters from fisheries sources and improved collaboration with fisheries stakeholders and managers.
  • Autores: Valerio Galán, Mercedes (Autor de correspondencia); Ibáñez Gastón, Ricardo; Gotzenberger, L.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY
    ISSN: 0022-0477 Vol.110 N° 5 2022 págs. 1174 - 1188
    Resumen
    Understanding the mechanisms underlying community stability has become an urgent need to protect ecosystems from global change and resulting biodiversity loss. While community stability can be influenced by species richness, synchrony in annual fluctuations of species, species stability and functional traits, the relative contributions of these drivers to stability are still unclear. In semi-natural grasslands, land-use changes such as fertilization might affect stability by decreasing richness and influencing year-to-year fluctuations. In addition, they can promote long-term directional trends, shifting community composition and influencing grassland maintenance. Thus, it is important to consider how species and community stability vary year-to-year but also in the long term. Using a 14-year vegetation time series of a species-rich semi-natural Mediterranean grassland, we studied the relative importance of richness, synchrony, species stability and functional traits on community stability. To assess land-use change effects on stability, we applied a fertilization treatment. To distinguish stability patterns produced by year-to-year fluctuations from those caused by long-term trends, we compared the results obtained using a detrending approach from those without detrending. Independently of the treatment and approach applied, the most stable communities were those composed of asynchronous species with low specific leaf area. Fertilization decreased year-to-year and long-term community stability by increasing community-weighted mean of specific leaf area, decreasing species stability or also reducing richness in the case of year-to-year stability. Additionally, traits such as seed mass had an indirect effect on stability through synchrony. Long-term trends appeared in control and fertilized plots (due to fertilization), decreasing community and species stability and leading to differences in the relationships found between community stability and some of its drivers. This reflects the importance of accounting for the effect of temporal trends on community and species stability using both a long-term and a year-to-year approach. Synthesis. Stability is influenced by richness, synchrony and functional traits. Fertilization decreases species and community stability by promoting long-term trends in species composition, favouring competitive species and decreasing richness. Studying stability at the community level and species level, and accounting for the effect of trends is essential to understand stability and its drivers more comprehensively.
  • Autores: Giuga, L. (Autor de correspondencia); Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Baquero Martín, Enrique; et al.
    Revista: REDIA-GIORNALE DI ZOOLOGIA
    ISSN: 0370-4327 Vol.105 2022 págs. 107 - 114
    Resumen
    Along with some studies on soil fauna in various Sicilian sites, both agricultural lands and typical Mediterranean habitats, particular attention was paid to the Collembolan. Specific identification allowed to assess the occurrence in Sicily of 39 species not previously recorded, belonging to 10 families: Hypogastruridae (six species), Brachystomellidae (one species), Neanuridae (five species), Onychiuridae (three species), Tullbergiidae (seven species), Isotomidae (nine species), Entomobryidae (three species), Cyphoderidae (one species), Dicyrtomidae (one species), and Katiannidae (one species). Of these 39 species, 21 are new also for Italy. Furthermore, this is the first record of the genus Doutnatcia Rusek, 1974 for the fauna of Italy. The discovery of such a number of new species for Sicily (i.e. 35% of those known) and Italy by sampling a limited number of habitats, shows that the knowledge relating to this group of arthropods in Sicily is still very scarce.
  • Autores: Cancellario, Tommaso (Autor de correspondencia); Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael; Baquero Martín, Enrique; et al.
    Revista: NPJ BIODIVERSITY
    ISSN: 2731-4243 Vol.1 N° 1 2022
    Resumen
    Climate change is rearranging the mosaic of biodiversity worldwide. These broad-scale species re-distributions affect the structure and composition of communities with a ripple effect on multiple biodiversity facets. Using European Odonata, we asked: i) how climate change will redefine taxonomic, phylogenetic, and functional diversity at European scales; ii) which traits will mediate species¿ response to global change; iii) whether this response will be phylogenetically conserved. Using stacked species distribution models, we forecast widespread latitudinal and altitudinal rearrangements in Odonata community composition determining broad turnovers in traits and evolutionary lineages. According to our phylogenetic regression models, only body size and flight period can be partly correlated with observed range shifts. In considering all primary facets of biodiversity, our results support the design of inclusive conservation strategies able to account for the diversity of species, the ecosystem services they provide, and the phylogenetic heritage they carry in a target ecosystem.
  • Autores: Valerio Galán, Mercedes (Autor de correspondencia); Gazol Burgos, Antonio; Puy, J.; et al.
    Revista: FORESTS
    ISSN: 1999-4907 Vol.13 N° 9 2022 págs. 1434
    Resumen
    The efficient conservation of vulnerable ecosystems in the face of global change requires a complete understanding of how plant communities respond to various environmental factors. We aim to demonstrate that a combined use of different approaches, traits, and indices representing each of the taxonomic and functional characteristics of plant communities will give complementary information on the factors driving vegetation assembly patterns. We analyzed variation across an environmental gradient in taxonomic and functional composition, richness, and diversity of the herb-layer of a temperate beech-oak forest that was located in northern Spain. We measured species cover and four functional traits: leaf dry matter content (LDMC), specific leaf area (SLA), leaf size, and plant height. We found that light is the most limiting resource influencing herb-layer vegetation. Taxonomic changes in richness are followed by equivalent functional changes in the diversity of leaf size but by opposite responses in the richness of SLA. Each functional index is related to different environmental factors even within a single trait (particularly for LDMC and leaf size). To conclude, each characteristic of a plant community is influenced by different and even contrasting factors or processes. Combining different approaches, traits, and indices simultaneously will help us understand how plant communities work.
  • Autores: De Biurrun Baquedano, Gabriel; Baquero Martín, Enrique
    Revista: BOLETIN DE LA SEA
    ISSN: 1134-6094 Vol.70 2022 págs. 1 - 2
    Resumen
    CavCollMap es una herramienta para mapear el catálogo de los colémbolos del ambiente subterráneo encontrados en el área Iberobalear y las islas macaronésicas septentrionales. Representa sobre un mapa, con posibilidad de filtrar por dimensión geográfica o taxonómica, un total de 329 especies distintas en 832 lugares (cuevas o MSS). Reúne y hace fácilmente accesibles las citas publicadas desde 1928 hasta 2021.
  • Autores: Fernández-Eslava, B. (Autor de correspondencia); Alonso, D.; Galicia Paredes, David; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF ORNITHOLOGY
    ISSN: 2193-7192 Vol.163 N° 1 2022 págs. 243 - 249
    Resumen
    Carotenoid staining has been repeatedly shown to serve as a sexually selected individual quality signal. In different species, individuals that show brighter carotenoid-based signals have been found to have superior feeding abilities, recover faster from disease, and generally enjoy better body condition. In the common crossbill (Loxia curvirostra), the colour has also been related to the different populations, with northern and central European populations being described as redder than those in the Mediterranean region. A study in the Pyrenees showed that long-winged individuals had lower apparent survival, and the proportion of red individuals was higher in long-winged birds, concluding that they could be nomadic birds (that travel long distances). A priori, if the red crossbills are more mobile than the yellow and orange ones, their apparent survival will be lower. However, in our study, red males showed a greater survival than males of other colours and almost double than that of the yellow ones. These results suggest that red coloration is linked to higher quality individuals regardless of their mobility.
  • Autores: Miqueleiz Legaz, Imanol (Autor de correspondencia); Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael; Ariño Plana, Arturo; et al.
    Revista: HYDROBIOLOGIA
    ISSN: 0018-8158 Vol.849 N° 6 2022 págs. 1339 - 1349
    Resumen
    IUCN Red List assessments for fish species can quickly become out of date. In recent years molecular techniques have added new ways of obtaining information about species distribution or populations. In this work, we propose the Iberian Peninsula as an example of reassessment needs in its endangered freshwater fish fauna. We compiled the list of freshwater fish species occurring in continental Spain and Portugal and examined their conservation status in global and national Red Lists. We retrieved records for these species in the Iberian Peninsula and calculated several biological indexes (richness and vulnerability indexes). Our results showed a patchy data coverage of fish records in the Iberian Peninsula. Threat levels reported within national Red Lists are higher than their global counterparts, reinforcing the necessity of improving and maintaining up to date national Red Lists. Iberian watersheds have moderate levels of threat and high levels of out of date assessments. The nearly fully completed genetic databases for Iberian fish species, along with the limited distribution of many endangered species and the necessity of update their assessments constitute an excellent opportunity to use data obtained from eDNA to improve species monitoring practices and their conservation status.
  • Autores: Lezana Amo, Luis (Autor de correspondencia); Hernández Soto, Rubén; Díez León, María; et al.
    Revista: BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES
    ISSN: 0376-6357 Vol.195 2022 págs. 104569
    Resumen
    In birds, early experiences determine the later behavioural phenotype of individuals and their way of adapting to the challenges they encounter in their environment. We investigated how the degree of exposure of barn owl chicks to humans and their biological parents influenced their behavioural response to humans and different environments. Only the treatment groups raised by human beings, or those that remained for less time with their biological parents (15 days posthatching), learned to fly towards their trainer. However, the two groups of chicks that were raised the longest by their biological parents (20 and 25 days) never flew towards their trainer. In these last groups, the filial imprint was shown not to be able to be reversed. Neophobia was estimated to emerge between 17 and 19 days of age, as barn owls were able to recognize the environment in which they were habituated, showing fear of a new environment. Birds were able to recognize the person who raised them and objects with which they had been raised. The results obtained in this work can help to establish breeding protocols in this and other species of birds of prey, which improve their adaptability to the environment where they will live, whether in captivity or in the wild.
  • Autores: Bellini, B. C. (Autor de correspondencia); Greenslade, P.; Baquero Martín, Enrique; et al.
    Revista: ZOOTAXA
    ISSN: 1175-5326 Vol.5115 N° 2 2022 págs. 221 - 257
    Resumen
    The Australian Orchesellidae includes only 11 nominal species in four genera: Australotomurus Stach, 1947, Alloscopus Borner, 1906, Heteromurus Wankel, 1860, and Falcomurus Mandal, 2018. Here we describe Dicranocentrus dolosus sp. nov. from Cocos and Keeling Islands, the first species of the genus to be recorded from Australia. The new species is similar to D. inermodentes (Uchida, 1944) and D. indicus Bonet, 1930, but differs from both by the combination of the ventral head, mesothoracic and dental chaetotaxy. We also revisit Australotomurus based on previous studies to better interpret the dorsal macrochaetotaxy of the genus, and provide a synthetic map of chaetae to guide future studies on scaleless Orchesellidae. Finally, we present updated diagnoses to all genera and species of Australian Orchesellidae, as well as an identification key to all species.
  • Autores: da Silva, J. P. (Autor de correspondencia); Goncalves, D. V.; Lopes-Lima, M.; et al.
    Revista: FRESHWATER BIOLOGY
    ISSN: 0046-5070 Vol.67 N° 5 2022 págs. 842 - 856
    Resumen
    The freshwater pearl mussel Margaritifera margaritifera has been suffering major population declines in Europe. This endangered species is a host specialist and exclusively requires salmonid species (Salmo trutta and Salmo salar) to complete its life cycle. In theory, obligatory biotic interactions should deserve special conservation attention, because the loss or massive decline of fish hosts may elicit the extirpation of their affiliated species. While many threats disturbing M. margaritifera are similarly affecting salmonids, climate change is particularly alarming, with the potential to significantly change the fish-mussel dynamics. To evaluate the importance of including the occurrence of fish hosts for predicting the distribution of M. margaritifera in Europe, three datasets were used to build species distribution models (SDMs) with a maximum entropy (MaxEnt) approach: (1) environmental variables (ENV); (2) probability of fish hosts occurrence (FH); and (3) environmental variables and probability of fish hosts occurrence (ENV + FH). We identified the environmental variables that better explain M. margaritifera distribution and modelled its current and future distribution under a suite of climate change scenarios. Furthermore, projections were used to evaluate the adequacy of current networks of European protected areas in covering the suitable habitats for M. margaritifera.
  • Autores: Valerio Galán, Mercedes (Autor de correspondencia); Gazol Burgos, Antonio; Ripollés, M.; et al.
    Revista: PLANT ECOLOGY AND DIVERSITY
    ISSN: 1755-0874 Vol.15 N° 3 - 4 2022 págs. 137 - 151
    Resumen
    Background Climate and land-use changes, which include the application of various types of organic and inorganic fertilisers, have been reducing the species diversity of Mediterranean grasslands and threatening its conservation. Annual plants are one of the most diverse functional groups of species in these grasslands, despite suffering competitive pressure from perennial herbaceous and woody species, and they are essential for ecosystem functioning and stability. Aims To quantify how fertilisation modulates the impact of plant-to-plant interactions and climate fluctuations on the dynamics of annuals in Mediterranean grasslands. We hypothesised that the application of sewage sludge would increase competition between functional groups, reducing the abundance of annuals in the long-term, but would buffer the negative impacts of drought on the year-to-year fluctuation of the diversity of annuals. Methods In a semi-natural species-rich Mediterranean grassland in northern Spain, we analysed the changes in the taxonomical and functional composition and diversity of annuals over 14 years in response to variations in the abundance of perennial herbaceous and woody species, climate fluctuations and fertilisation with sewage sludge. We quantified separately the patterns of year-to-year fluctuations and long-term trends. Results The frequency and diversity of annuals decreased with higher abundance of perennial herbaceous species, drought in June and cold winters. The addition of sewage
  • Autores: Boldeanu, M. (Autor de correspondencia); González Alonso, Mónica María; Cucu, H. ; et al.
    Revista: IEEE ACCESS
    ISSN: 2169-3536 Vol.10 2022 págs. 73675 - 73684
    Resumen
    Pollen allergies have become one of the most wide-spread afflictions that impact quality of life. This has made automatic pollen detection, classification and monitoring a very important topic of research. This paper introduces a new public annotated image data-set of pollen with almost 45 thousand samples obtained from an automatic instrument. In this work we apply some of the best performing convolutional neural networks architectures on the task of pollen classification as well as some fully convolutional networks optimized for image segmentation on complex microscope images. We obtain an F1 scores of 0.95 on the new data-set when the best trained model is used as a fully convolutional classifier and a class mean Intersection over Union (IoU) of 0.88 when used as an object detector.
  • Autores: de Brito-Andrade, L. (Autor de correspondencia); Martín Gómez, César; Zuazua Ros, Amaia; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF VETERINARY HEALTH SCIENCE
    ISSN: 2831-3887 Vol.3 N° 3 2022 págs. 223 - 249
    Resumen
    The issue of air pollutants from livestock buildings is prevalent in the literature. Because they and their emissions impact both animal production and livestock building users as well as the outdoor environment. This paper aims to compile and review data available in the scientific literature on the types of pollutants for a better understanding of their generation form, their distribution according to the kind of animal, and the main factors affecting their generation and concentration, i.e., the rearing system, the indoor microclimate, and the manure management. The elevated generation of pollutants in animal buildings is tied to the dense occupancy in this industrial activity. The indoor air quality is defined according to the type of livestock in animal housing, considering its welfare needs, and the types and concentrations of pollutants generated as a function of the family of animal and the management used in production. The main gases generated are CH4, CO2, H2S, NH3, N2O, in addition to particulate matter and airborne microorganisms such as fungi and bacteria that very negatively affect the health of animals and users of the animal buildings.
  • Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique (Autor de correspondencia); Jordana Butticaz, Rafael
    Revista: INSECTS
    ISSN: 2075-4450 Vol.13 N° 11 2022 págs. 1025
    Resumen
    An intensive sampling in a colluvial mesovoid shallow substratum (MSS) of the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park, using 33 subterranean sampling devices (SSDs) is the origin of the Collembola studied in this paper. The data were obtained from the second extraction of the traps, in operation between October of 2015 and May of 2016. This paper presents the faunistic and diversity data along with the entire park (mostly at sampling points above 200 m a.s.l.) for this period, compares the data between the first extraction of the traps and the second one, and describes one species of the genus Pseudosinella that appears as new in the second campaign.
  • Autores: Sperandii, M. G. (Autor de correspondencia); de Bello, F.; Valencia, E.; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF VEGETATION SCIENCE
    ISSN: 1100-9233 Vol.33 N° 2 2022 págs. e13115
    Resumen
    Analysing temporal patterns in plant communities is extremely important to quantify the extent and the consequences of ecological changes, especially considering the current biodiversity crisis. Long-term data collected through the regular sampling of permanent plots represent the most accurate resource to study ecological succession, analyse the stability of a community over time and understand the mechanisms driving vegetation change. We hereby present the LOng-Term Vegetation Sampling (LOTVS) initiative, a global collection of vegetation time-series derived from the regular monitoring of plant species in permanent plots. With 79 data sets from five continents and 7,789 vegetation time-series monitored for at least 6 years and mostly on an annual basis, LOTVS possibly represents the largest collection of temporally fine-grained vegetation time-series derived from permanent plots and made accessible to the research community. As such, it has an outstanding potential to support innovative research in the fields of vegetation science, plant ecology and temporal ecology.
  • Autores: Marcer, A. (Autor de correspondencia); Chapman, A. D.; Wieczorek, J. R.; et al.
    Revista: ECOGRAPHY
    ISSN: 0906-7590 Vol.2022 N° 9 2022 págs. e06025
    Resumen
    Natural history collections (NHCs) represent an enormous and largely untapped wealth of information on the Earth's biota, made available through GBIF as digital preserved specimen records. Precise knowledge of where the specimens were collected is paramount to rigorous ecological studies, especially in the field of species distribution modelling. Here, we present a first comprehensive analysis of georeferencing quality for all preserved specimen records served by GBIF, and illustrate the impact that coordinate uncertainty may have on predicted potential distributions. We used all GBIF preserved specimen records to analyse the availability of coordinates and associated spatial uncertainty across geography, spatial resolution, taxonomy, publishing institutions and collection time. We used three plant species across their native ranges in different parts of the world to show the impact of uncertainty on predicted potential distributions. We found that 38% of the 180+ million records provide coordinates only and 18% coordinates and uncertainty. Georeferencing quality is determined more by country of collection and publishing than by taxonomic group. Distinct georeferencing practices are more determinant than implicit characteristics and georeferencing difficulty of specimens. Availability and quality of records contrasts across world regions. Uncertainty values are not normally distributed but peak at very distinct values, which can be traced back to specific regions of the world. Uncertainty leads to a wide spectrum of range sizes when modelling species distributions, potentially affecting conclusions in biogeographical and climate change studies. In summary, the digitised fraction of the world's NHCs are far from optimal in terms of georeferencing and quality mainly depends on where the collections are hosted. A collective effort between communities around NHC institutions, ecological research and data infrastructure is needed to bring the data on a par with its importance and relevance for ecological research.
  • Autores: Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael (Autor de correspondencia); Rios-Touma, B.; Falconi-López, A.; et al.
    Revista: HYDROBIOLOGIA
    ISSN: 0018-8158 Vol.849 2022 págs. 4569 ¿ 4585
    Resumen
    The lack of knowledge about freshwater biodiversity in remote areas like montane Andean rivers is noticeable and hinder the development of efficient conservation plans for aquatic ecosystems. Habitat requirements of tropical Andean fishes have been poorly analysed, despite the relevance of these ecological features on the fish conservation strategies. The present study aimed to examine fish assemblages along the altitudinal gradient in tropical Andean rivers and their relationship to habitat features to detect the most relevant abiotic factors and their implication on conservation. This study was conducted on a regional scale, along six basins located in tropical Andes (500 to 2,692 m a.s.l.). We studied fish diversity and distribution and their habitats along these elevation gradients. We found 6,320 specimens from 53 genera. Our analysis for the six most common and widely distributed genera (Astroblepus, Brycon, Bryconamericus, Chaetostoma, Pimelodella and Trichomycterus) underlines the relevance of hydromorphological variables on fish community structure in the Andean montane rivers, whereas human alterations seem to be less significant. These findings could be useful for current management and conservation strategies considering present threats over tropical montane rivers.
  • Autores: Laini, A.; Guareschi, S. (Autor de correspondencia); Bolpagni, R.; et al.
    Revista: PEERJ
    ISSN: 2167-8359 Vol.10 2022 págs. e14183
    Resumen
    The monitoring of biological indicators is required to assess the impacts of environmental policies, compare ecosystems and guide management and conservation actions. However, the growing availability of ecological data has not been accompanied by concomitant processing tools able to facilitate data handling and analysis. Multiple common challenges limit the usefulness of biomonitoring information across ecosystems and biological groups. Biomonitoring data analysis is currently constrained by time-consuming steps for data preparation and a data processing environment with limited integration in terms of software, biological groups, and protocols. We introduce biomonitoR, a package for the R programming language that addresses technical challenges for the management of ecological data and metrics calculation. biomonitoR implements most of the biological indices currently used or proposed in different fields of ecology and water resource management. Its combination of customizable functions aims to support a transferable and comprehensive biomonitoring workflow in a user-friendly environment.
  • Autores: De Biurrun Baquedano, Gabriel; Prieto, C. E.; Baquero Martín, Enrique (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: REVISTA IBERICA DE ARACNOLOGIA
    ISSN: 1576-9518 N° 40 2022 págs. 2 - 3
    Resumen
    ArachnoMap es una herramienta para mapear el catálogo de las arañas de la península ibérica y Baleares. Representa sobre un mapa, con posibilidad de filtrar por dimensión geográfica o taxonómica, un total de 1535 especies distintas en 5408 lugares. Reúne y hace fácilmente accesibles las citas conocidas desde la creación del Catálogo de las arañas ibéricas en el año 2000 (que recoge citas desde 1767) hasta el 2021.
  • Autores: Picornell, A. (Autor de correspondencia); Rojo, J.; Trigo, M. M.; et al.
    Revista: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
    ISSN: 0048-9697 Vol.823 2022 págs. 153596
    Resumen
    Alternaria conidia have high allergenic potential and they can trigger important respiratory diseases. Due to that and to their extensive detection period, airborne Alternaria spores are considered as a relevant airborne allergenic particle. Several studies have been developed in order to predict the human exposure to this aeroallergen and to prevent their negative effects on sensitive population. These studies revealed that some sampling locations usually have just one single Alternaria spore season while other locations generally have two seasons within the same year. However, the reasons of these two different seasonal patterns remain unclear. To understand them better, the present study was carried out in order to determine if there are any weather conditions that influence these different behaviours at different sampling locations. With this purpose, the airborne Alternaria spore concentrations of 18 sampling locations in a wide range of latitudinal, altitudinal and climate ranges of Spain were studied. The aerobiological samples were obtained by means of Hirst-Type volumetric pollen traps, and the seasonality of the airborne Alternaria spores were analysed. The optimal weather conditions for spore production were studied, and the main weather factor affectthat the temperature was the most relevant variable for the Alternaria spore dispersion and it influenced both the summer when the temperatures are extremely warm, what splits the favourable period for Alternaria spore production and dispersion into two separate ones, detected as two Alternaria spore seasons within the same year.
  • Autores: Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael; Miqueleiz Legaz, Imanol (Autor de correspondencia); Darwall, W.; et al.
    Revista: REVIEWS IN FISH BIOLOGY AND FISHERIES
    ISSN: 0960-3166 Vol.32 N° 3 2022 págs. 975 - 991
    Resumen
    Global biodiversitytargets require us to identify species at risk of extinction and quantify status and trends of biodiversity. The Red List Index (RLI) tracks trends in the conservation status of entire species groups over time by monitoring changes in categories assigned to species. Here, we calculate this index for the world's fishes in 2010, using a sampled approach to the RLI based on a randomly selected sample of 1,500 species, and also present RLI splits for freshwater and marine systems separately. We further compare specific traits of a worldwide fish list to our sample to assess its representativeness. Overall, 15.1% of species in the sample were estimated to be threatened with extinction, resulting in a sampled RLI of 0.914 for all species, 0.968 in marine and 0.862 in freshwater ecosystems. Our sample showed fishing as the principal threat for marine species, and pollution by agricultural and forestry effluents for freshwater fishes. The sampled list provides a robust representation for tracking trends in the conservation status of the world's fishes, including disaggregated sampled indices for marine and freshwater fish. Reassessment and backcasting of this index is urgent to check the achievement of the commitments proposed in global biodiversity targets.
  • Autores: Salgado, J.M.; Fresneda, J.; Vila-Farré, M.; et al.
    Revista: BOLETIN DE LA SEA
    ISSN: 1134-6094 Vol.11 2022 págs. 1 - 12
    Resumen
    La fauna hipogea o cavernícola ibero-balear ha sido a lo largo de muchos años puesta en evidencia por numerosos zoólogos en las distintas disciplinas. Especialistas de los distintos grupos faunísticos capaces de colonizar las cuevas y las aguas subterráneas que las recorren. Hoy sabemos que esta diversidad de troglobios y estigobios alcanza un total de 1364 taxones: 1285 especies y 79 subespecies hipogeas (cavernícolas) pertenecientes a cuatro filos: Plathyhelminthes (2), Annelida (23), Mollusca (122) y Arthropoda (1217) en todo el territorio ibero-balear. Una fauna que cuenta con numerosos ejemplos de elementos relictos de especial interés paleogeográfico. De la totalidad de taxones hipogeos o cavernícolas del territorio ibero balear, 438 taxones (430 especies y 8 subespecies) son estigobios y 926 taxones (852 especies y 74 subespecies) son troglobios. En lo referente a la distribución de los taxones troglobios es el distrito Cantábrico el que posee una mayor riqueza en especies y subespecies, un total de 208, seguido del Vasco con 163 taxones, el Pirenaico con 153 y el Bético con 142. Algo menos diversos son los distritos Levantino (124 taxones) y Catalán (104 taxones), seguidos de lejos por el Lusitánico con 46 taxones, el Balear con 41 y el Central con tan sólo 19. Entre los estigobios 156 especies y subespecies pueblan las aguas subterráneas de las regiones delimitadas por las cuecas lusitánicas.
  • Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique (Autor de correspondencia); Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Ortuno, V. M.
    Revista: ZOOSYSTEMA
    ISSN: 1280-9551 Vol.44 N° 16 2022 págs. 435 - 437
    Resumen
    The specimens identified as Entomobrya intermedia Brook, 1883 by Katz et al. (2015) have been proposed to be a new species from the USA, Entomobrya katzi Jordana & Baquero n. sp. (Baquero et al. 2021). However, type material had not been designated. Here we provide a diagnosis and designate type material for Entomobrya katzi Jordana & Baquero n. sp.
  • Autores: Moncada, G.; Torrens, J.; Oscoz Escudero, Javier; et al.
    Revista: BIOLOGY AND LIFE SCIENCES FORUM
    ISSN: 2673-9976 Vol.13 N° 1 2022 págs. 62
    Resumen
    The introduction of invasive alien species (IAS) is a severe problem in ecosystems worldwide, heavily impacting biodiversity and especially endemic species. This situation is especially worrying in the Iberian Peninsula, since Spain and Portugal¿s rivers and lakes host an outstanding richness of endemic freshwater species. Ignorance about IAS presence and distribution is a serious problem that hampers its management. Regarding invasive fish species, difficulties in sampling and studying the ichthyofauna of lentic and deep waters, where many IAS inhabit, comprise some of the reasons for this lack of knowledge. In this study, we sampled the fish community of ten impounded waters in Navarre (Ebro River Basin, Spain) using multi-mesh gillnets. Four sampling points were dams located in rivers, and the remaining points were ponds. One of these ponds had a direct connection with a water channel, and another was found in a flood plain, so it connects with a nearby river in floods. The remaining ponds did not have a direct connection to any major river. A total of 14 fish species were detected (9 of which were IAS (64.3%)), with 3383 specimens collected (56% IAS). Only one of the analyzed dams did not contain IAS. Numerically, the most abundant fish was the exotic bleak (Alburnus alburnus) (almost 44% of the captures), followed by the native Ebro nase (Parachondrostoma miegii) (23.4%).
  • Autores: Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael (Autor de correspondencia); Miqueleiz Legaz, Imanol
    Revista: WATER
    ISSN: 2073-4441 Vol.13 N° 14 2021 págs. 1929
  • Autores: Angulo Rodeles, Amaia (Autor de correspondencia); Galicia Paredes, David; Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael
    Revista: ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS
    ISSN: 1470-160X Vol.125 2021 págs. 107557
    Resumen
    Rivers are very vulnerable to fragmentation caused by the presence of man-made barriers. To restore river basin connectivity, numerous indices have been developed to calculate river fragmentation and optimise barrier mitigation actions. These methods usually calculate connectivity for whole river basins, but sometimes it is useful to analyse the connectivity for certain elements of interest. The main goal of this study was to develop a simple method to calculate the connectivity of specific riverine habitats or fish meta-populations. The framework of the Dendritic Connectivity Index (DCI) created by Cote et al. in 2009 was changed to develop the Population Connectivity Index (PCI). This index would depend on the number of populations, the total river length occupied by each population, the distance between populations, the dispersal capability of the fish species and the presence of barriers in the river. The outcome of the index is a percentage that measures the degree of connectivity in a meta-population. The PCI was tested in four Iberian fish species with different dispersal capabilities: Salmo trutta, Luciobarbus comizo, Anaecypris hispanica and Cobitis vettonica. The results show a natural connectivity between populations (without considering dams) of 7.95-47.48%. The most connected meta-population was L. comizo while the most naturally fragmented meta-population was A. hispanica. When large impassable dams were added to the index the results show a connectivity of 2.19-16.48%. Dams reduce connectivity between 5.37 and 30.99 points. Dams were ranked according to their impact in the fragmentation of each studied meta-population. This PCI allows to find out naturally isolated fish meta-populations and to assess the impact of dams in the fragmentation of fish meta-populations. It can also be used in dam prioritization decisions such as dam removals and new dam location selection. It also can aid in the creation of river ecological corridors between endangered or important fish populations.
  • Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique (Autor de correspondencia); Potapov, M.; Jordana Butticaz, Rafael
    Revista: ZOOTAXA
    ISSN: 1175-5326 Vol.4969 N° 1 2021 págs. 119 - 134
    Resumen
    The studied area (Far East of Russia) is very little investigated for the Entomobryidae family. A specific sampling in the area has made it possible to detect the presence of four and one new species of the genera Entomobrya and Willowsia respectively, which are herein described (E. amurica sp. nov., E. mediostriata sp. nov., E. umbroviolacea sp. nov., E bicincta sp. nov. and W babykinae sp. nov.) from the western part of the Far East of Russia. Homidia hjesanica is also recorded.
  • Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique; Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Ortuño, V.
    Revista: INSECTS
    ISSN: 2075-4450 Vol.12 N° 3 2021 págs. 266
    Resumen
    Simple Summary The material for this study was obtained after intensive sampling in the colluvial mesovoid shallow substratum (MSS) of the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park using 33 subterranean sampling devices (SSD). The data were obtained from the first extraction of the traps between May and October of 2015. This paper presents the results for a small part of the total Collembola captured (4.4% of the total for this sampling), namely, the Neelipleona and Symphypleona. Eleven species belonging to seven families were identified, two of which are new species. Based on the results of this study, and others previously published on Collembola of the MSS in the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park, the presence of epigeal and edaphic species is observed, which, in general, are not as abundant as the newly discovered species. The high abundance and extensive presence in the hypogean environment of most of the new species discovered are indicative that the MSS has a unique and distinct Collembola community. Megalothorax minimus (Neelidae) and Sphaeridia pumilis (Sminthurididae) had already been identified in surface sampling from Sierra de Guadarrama. In Europe, Sminthurinus gisini (Katiannidae) seems to be associated with environments at specific altitudes, and has little representation in this sampling. Pygmarrhopalites custodum Baquero and Jordana sp. nov. (Arrhopalitidae) coexists with two previously identified surface occurring species of the same family (P. elegans and Arrhop
  • Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique (Autor de correspondencia); Potapov, M.; Jordana Butticaz, Rafael
    Revista: ZOOTAXA
    ISSN: 1175-5326 Vol.4991 N° 2 2021 págs. 247 - 270
    Resumen
    We studied Entomobryidae and Orchesellidae springtails collected throughout Chechnya, Ingushetia, and Dagestan, Russia. Three new species of the genus Entomobrya (E. multisetis sp. nov., E. hirsutothorax sp. nov., and E. kremenitsai sp. nov.), and one of Entomobryoides (E. dagestanicus sp. nov.) are described. Taxonomic information for Entomobrya nicoleti (Lubbock, 1868), Willowsia potapovi Zhang et al., 2011, and Heteromurus nitidus (Templeton, 1836) in Templeton & Westwood 1836 from the Caucasus are given. Although the Caucasus is faunistically interesting, the Collembola of this region are poorly studied. The list of the Caucasian species of the family Entomobryidae and, particularly, the genus Entomobrya, appears to be very limited. In the past, Stach (1963) described four new species and recorded three more based on color patterns. Afterward, several pattern-identified species were mentioned in the local lists of different areas of Caucasus (Rasulova 1980; Kremenitsa 2002; Dobrolubova 1982; and others, see Table 1). The only known modern taxonomic paper on the genus for the Caucasus was by Jordana et al. (2011a) where three new species were described from Russia (Kabardino-Balkaria) and Armenia. Concerning earlier described forms, in his monograph, Jordana (2012)
  • Autores: Triapitsyn, S. V. (Autor de correspondencia); Baquero Martín, Enrique; Rugman-Jones, P. F.
    Revista: ZOOTAXA
    ISSN: 1175-5326 Vol.4941 N° 4 2021 págs. 594 - 600
    Resumen
    Soyka (1946) described the European fairyfly species Anagrus bakkendorfi Soyka (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) from a single female collected on the same day, 7.x.1931, together with several non-type specimens incorrectly labeled as paratypes (Chiappini Triapitsyn 1999), on a window at its type locality, the former St. Ignatius Jesuit College in Valkenburg, Limburg, the Netherlands. Soyka (1956) did not mention type specimens of any of his species of Anagrus Haliday. He described Anagrus avalae Soyka (Soyka 1956) based apparently on a specimen collected on Mt. Avala, Belgrade, Serbia, former Yugoslavia, along with several other nominal species (some also from Valkenburg) that were later synonymized with A. avalae and A. bakkendorfi by Chiappini (1989) and Chiappini Triapitsyn (1999). The only, minor, morphological difference between the two nominal species is the length of the ovipositor in females relative to the length of the protibia, being at least 2.6× in A. bakkendorfi and at most 2.3× in A. avalae (Triapitsyn 2015). Specimens identifiable as both species were captured by the second author in 2000 by a Malaise trap in Iratibizkar, Irati Forest (Selva de Irati), Navarra, Spain. Chiappini Triapitsyn (1999) discussed both nominal species but despite recognizing their apparent conspecificity, no formal synonymy was proposed. Triapitsyn Berezovskiy (2004) and Triapitsyn (2015) also did not propose synonymy because at that time genetic evidence for conspecificity was lacking. ...
  • Autores: Marcer, A. (Autor de correspondencia); Haston, E.; Groom, Q.; et al.
    Revista: DIVERSITY AND DISTRIBUTIONS
    ISSN: 1366-9516 Vol.27 N° 3 2021 págs. 564 - 567
    Resumen
    Natural history collections constitute an enormous wealth of information of Life on Earth. It is estimated that over 2 billion specimens are preserved at institutions worldwide, of which less than 10% are accessible via biodiversity data aggregators such as GBIF. Moreover, they are a very important resource for eco¿evolutionary research, which greatly depends on knowing the precise location where the specimens were collected in order to characterize the environment in which they lived. Yet, only about 55% of the accessible records are georeferenced and only 31% have coordinate uncertainty information, which is critical for conducting rigorous studies. The awareness of this gap of knowledge which hinders the enormous potential of such data in research led to the organization of a workshop which brought together key players in georeferencing of natural history collections. The discussion and outcomes of this workshop are here presented.
  • Autores: Arana-Maestre J.; Álvarez-Tolentino D.; Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael; et al.
    Revista: REVISTA DE LA ACADEMIA COLOMBIANA DE CIENCIAS EXACTAS, FÍSICAS Y NATURALES
    ISSN: 2382-4980 Vol.45 N° 177 2021 págs. 1097 - 1112
    Resumen
    Hay pocos estudios ecológicos sobre los patrones de diversidad de los macroinvertebrados acuáticos en la Amazonía peruana, a pesar de ser esenciales para la gestión y manejo de estos ecosistemas fluviales. En este contexto, el objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar su composición taxonómica y su relación con las variables ambientales a lo largo de un gradiente altitudinal del río Alto Madre de Dios, cuenca en donde podrían registrarse nuevas especies. Se establecieron 22 estaciones en un rango altitudinal de 398 a 2.411 m s.n.m., cuantificando las características fisicoquímicas del agua y del hábitat fluvial: pH, temperatura del agua (T, °C), conductividad eléctrica (CE, ¿S.cm-1), ancho del río (A, m), profundidad (P, cm), sombra y velocidad del flujo de la corriente (m·s-1). Para los muestreos de macroinvertebrados se utilizó una red ¿de patada¿ de 200 ¿m de tamaño de malla. Se identificaron 56 taxones distribuidos en los órdenes Acari, Ephemeroptera, Coleoptera, Diptera, Hemiptera, Megaloptera, Odonata, Plecoptera, Trichoptera y Decapoda. Los análisis multivariados de clasificación y agrupamiento permitieron establecer cuatro grupos de estaciones estadísticamente diferenciadas (p<0,05), principalmente por la velocidad y el tipo de sustrato dominante, lo que explica la abundancia y amplia distribución de Chironomidae, Baetodes, Thraulodes y Anacroneuria.
  • Autores: Ortiz-Sánchez F. J.; Baquero Martín, Enrique
    Revista: BOLETIN DE LA SEA
    ISSN: 1134-6094 N° 69 2021 págs. 257 - 258
    Resumen
    Se cita Megachile sculpturalis Smith, 1853 por primera vez en Navarra y se añaden nuevas citas en Cataluña. Se discute su posible vía de entrada y dispersión por la península ibérica.
  • Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique; Beruete, E.; Jordana Butticaz, Rafael
    Revista: BOLETIN DE LA SEA
    ISSN: 1134-6094 Vol.68 2021 págs. 391 - 402
    Resumen
    Desde hace unos años la actividad de la espeleología ha visto enriquecidos sus objetivos con la consideración del estudio de la vida en las cuevas. En la actualidad hay muchos biólogos dedicados al estudio de las biocenosis en miles de cavidades a lo largo de todo el mundo, y se están revisando algunas en las que solo se habían recogido datos geológicos. También hay muchos espeleólogos tradicionales que ahora, durante sus expediciones, además de realizar mapas y recoger parámetros fisicoquímicos, recogen material que envían a taxónomos con los que colaboran. La fauna de las cuevas es muy interesante, pero a la vez delicada y escasa, por lo que la captura de ejemplares debe hacerse con el máximo cuidado y limitación en el número de ejemplares. Tanto la propia visita a una cueva con fauna, como la captura, recogida de información, o envío final al taxónomo deberían hacerse con el máximo rigor. En este trabajo se pretende recopilar de forma clara y resumida todas las cuestiones que permiten conseguir este objetivo. Se consideran las actitudes, metodologías (como captura directa o trampas), los materiales a utilizar, la etiquetación, y el modo de realizar los envíos para el intercambio de material. Aunque la mayoría de las cuestiones metodológicas no están referidas a un área geográfica concreta, la clave de géneros que se incluye está enfocada a la identificación de los presentes en la península ibérica.
  • Autores: Valerio Galán, Mercedes (Autor de correspondencia); Ibáñez Gastón, Ricardo; Gazol Burgos, Antonio
    Revista: FORESTS
    ISSN: 1999-4907 Vol.12 N° 7 2021 págs. 938
    Resumen
    The understory of temperate forests harbour most of the plant species diversity present in these ecosystems. The maintenance of this diversity is strongly dependent on canopy gap formation, a disturbance naturally happening in non-managed forests, which promotes spatiotemporal heterogeneity in understory conditions. This, in turn, favours regeneration dynamics, functioning and structural complexity by allowing changes in light, moisture and nutrient availability. Our aim is to study how gap dynamics influence the stability of understory plant communities over a decade, particularly in their structure and function. The study was carried out in 102 permanent plots (sampled in 2006 and revisited in 2016) distributed throughout a 132 ha basin located in a non-managed temperate beech-oak forest (Bertiz Natural Park, Spain). We related changes in the taxonomical and functional composition and diversity of the understory vegetation to changes in canopy coverage. We found that gap dynamics influenced the species composition and richness of the understory through changes in light availability and leaf litter cover. Species with different strategies related to shade tolerance and dispersion established in the understory following the temporal evolution of gaps. However, changes in understory species composition in response to canopy dynamics occur at a slow speed in old-growth temperate forests, needing more than a decade to really be significant.
  • Autores: Tobes Sesma, Ibon; Ramos-Merchante, A.; Araujo-Flores, J.; et al.
    Revista: WATER
    ISSN: 2073-4441 Vol.13 N° 8 2021 págs. 1038
    Resumen
    Our study analyzes the distribution of fish communities related to the environmental variables of the Alto Madre de Dios River, an Andean-Amazon watershed of southern Peru, between 300 and 2811 m a.s.l. within the Manu Biosphere Reserve. We provide new ecological and diversity data on fishes for these poorly studied rivers and new data for palm swamp habitats. With electric fishing techniques, we collected a total of 1934 fish specimens belonging to 78 species, 42 genera and 15 families. To assess main patterns of diversity we combined SIMPER and ANOSIM with canonical correspondence analysis to obtain an overview of the community structure of fish and their distribution related to aquatic habitats. Our results show an important shift on fish diversity at 700 m a.s.l. separating headwater and middle-lowland communities. Electrofishing was a hindrance due to the depth, flow and low conductivity of the rivers, but also allowed us to capture fish not observed with other techniques. We also compared the use of elevation with slope as an alternative variable for statistical analysis. Our results show that slope offers a solid and equivalent explanation for fish distribution variability, avoids redundance, and instead of giving geographical data offers ecologically solid information.
  • Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique (Autor de correspondencia); Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Ortuño, V. M.
    Revista: ZOOSYSTEMA
    ISSN: 1280-9551 Vol.43 N° 3 2021 págs. 37 - 78
    Resumen
    The material for this study was obtained after intensive sampling in the colluvial mesovoid shallow substratum, or MSS, of the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park using 33 subterranean sampling devices (SSD). The data were obtained from the first extraction of the traps between May and October of 2015. This paper presents the results for the Entomobryomorpha Borner, 1913, which was part of the Collembola captured. Four Families and 12 genera have been studied: Isotomidae Schaffer, 1896 (Folsomia Willem, 1902, Tetracanthella Schott, 1891, Uzelia Absolon, 1901, Folsomides Stach, 1922, Isotomurus Borner, 1903, Parisotoma Bagnall, 1940, Pseueksoloma Handschin, 1924 and Pachyotoma Bagnall, 1949), Orchesellidae Borner, 1906 (Orchesella Templeton, 1835 and Heteromurus Wankel, 1860), Entomobryidae Schaffer, 1896 (Entomobrya Rondani, 1861) and Lepidocyrtidae Wahlgren, 1906 (Lepidocyrtus Bourlet, 1839 and Pseudosinella Schaffer, 1897). The species of Orchesella were studied in a previous paper (Baquero et al. 2017). The richness of the habitat sampled is defined by twenty-one species, eight of which are new: Pachyotoma penalarensis Baquero & Jordana n. sp., Entomobrya guadarramensis Jordana & Baquero n. sp., Entomobrya ledesmai Jordana & Baquero n. sp., Leptdocyrtus labyrinthi Baquero & Jordana n. sp., Lepidocyrtus paralignorum Baquero & Jordana n. sp., Lepidocyrtus purgatori Baquero & Jordana n. sp., Pseudosinella valverdei Baquero & Jordana n. sp. and Pseudosinella gonzaloi Baquero & Jordana n. sp. Entomobrya intermedia Brook, 1884 (England) is discussed and a new name Entomobrya katzi Jordana & Baquero n. sp. is proposed for F,. intermedia sensu Katz et al. (2015) based on the American specimens.
  • Autores: De Biurrun Baquedano, Gabriel (Autor de correspondencia); Barrientos, J.A.; Baquero Martín, Enrique
    Revista: ZOOTAXA
    ISSN: 1175-5326 Vol.4941 N° 1 2021 págs. 84 - 90
    Resumen
    A new spider species belonging to the genus Agroeca Westring, 1861 is described. Agroeca istia sp. n. has been collected in southern Navarra, Spain. The description is based on 21 individuals of both sexes, present throughout the year on the ground of pine forests and surrounding low vegetation of the Natural Reserve Vedado de Eguaras.
  • Autores: Escribano Compains, Nora; Ariño Plana, Arturo (Autor de correspondencia); Pino del Carpio, Andrea; et al.
    Revista: CONSERVATION BIOLOGY
    ISSN: 0888-8892 Vol.35 N° 6 2021 págs. 1894 - 1902
    Resumen
    Zoos and aquaria, often regarded as preservation-cum-entertainment enterprises, are also actors in the effort to curb the biodiversity crisis: raising awareness, supporting conservation, and conducting research. We assessed trends in zoo and aquaria research topics and study organisms over time worldwide. For the zoos and aquaria registered in the Species360's Zoological Information Management System and the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums, we compiled metadata on their research published in the peer-reviewed literature indexed in Scopus and carried out a keyword frequency analysis. The production of scientific papers by zoos increased at a much faster rate than the average accrual of scientific papers in the literature. Evolution of research themes ran parallel to that of biological sciences (e.g., development of molecular genetics or increased awareness about conservation). The focus of 48.5% of zoo-led research was on vertebrates, of which mammal research was 33.7%. Whether zoos are effectively contributing to conservation may still be debatable, but our results highlight their institutional efforts to increase knowledge about the species in their care.
  • Autores: Arbea, J. I.; Baquero Martín, Enrique (Autor de correspondencia); Beruete, E.; et al.
    Revista: BOLETIN DE LA SEA
    ISSN: 1134-6094 Vol.68 2021 págs. 1 - 80
    Resumen
    En este trabajo se recogen las citas de los colémbolos encontrados en cavidades y en el medio subterráneo superficial (MSS) de la península ibérica (España y Portugal continentales), Andorra, País Vasco francés, islas Baleares e islas Macaronésicas septentrionales (archipiélagos de Canarias, Madeira y Azores). En total, el catálogo incluye 329 especies en 93 géneros de 19 familias. Para cada especie se indica el nombre actual, la basionimia con la referencia bibliográfica completa, las citas en los diferentes territorios con la autoría y la distribución general. Cuando es necesario se añaden notas taxonómicas. El catálogo se basa en 269 referencias bibliográficas publicadas hasta abril de 2021 y en algunos datos hasta ahora inéditos. La información incluida en este catálogo se mantendrá actualizada en una futura publicación electrónica en forma de visor de mapas online (en preparación): http://sea-entomologia.org/CavCollMap.
  • Autores: Beruete, E.; Arbea, J.I.; Baquero Martín, Enrique (Autor de correspondencia); et al.
    Revista: ZOOTAXA
    ISSN: 1175-5326 Vol.5040 N° 2 2021 págs. 151 - 194
    Resumen
    The study of Onychiuridae from 42 caves of the north of the Iberian Peninsula and southwestern France has revealed the existence of 32 species inhabiting the caves of the Basque bio-speleological district, among which four new species are described: Deuteraphorura bizkaiensis sp. nov., Deuteraphorura bolivari sp. nov., Onychiurus arbailakensis sp. nov. and Protaphorura leitzaldeaensis sp. nov. Furthermore, three species, Deuteraphorura boneti (Gisin, 1953), Deuteraphorura akelaris (Jordana & Beruete, 1983) and Spinonychiurus vandeli (Cassagnau, 1960), are redescribed based on type and new material to furnish the description of some characters, especially concerning the chaetotaxy, not considered in the original description. Keys to the recorded species are also reported.
  • Autores: Angulo Rodeles, Amaia (Autor de correspondencia); Galicia Paredes, David; Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael
    Revista: LIMNETICA
    ISSN: 0213-8409 Vol.39 N° 2 2020 págs. 601 - 619
    Resumen
    River connectivity is essential for the correct functioning of freshwater ecosystems at all scales. However, it has not received the necessary attention by researchers, managers and policymakers until recent years. In this review, we recap the state of knowledge in river connectivity and its applications to conservation. We describe the particular characteristics of river connectivity and summarise the effects of its interruption in different freshwater ecosystem elements. We then focus on the effects of the lack of segment connectivity in fish species and review the different methods developed to study it. The application of connectivity in freshwater fish conservation areas is also reviewed, which highlights the lack of studies on this subject. Finally, connectivity restoration is studied. The review addresses these topics in a general way and then focus on the Iberian Peninsula.The Iberian Peninsula is an interesting place to study river connectivity because it has one of the highest numbers of dams per square kilometre and a large number of endemic and endangered freshwater fish species. Despite the high number of fish species affected by water extraction and damming, river connectivity and its effect in Iberian freshwater fish populations have not been well studied. A small number of studies analyse the effect of small dams in nearby fish communities, but large-scale impact assessments are scarce.
  • Autores: Valencia, E. (Autor de correspondencia); De Bello, F.; Leps, J.; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF VEGETATION SCIENCE
    ISSN: 1100-9233 Vol.31 N° 5 2020 págs. 792 - 802
    Resumen
    Questions: Compensatory dynamics are described as one of the main mechanisms that increase community stability, e.g., where decreases of some species on a year-to-year basis are offset by an increase in others. Deviations from perfect synchrony between species (asynchrony) have therefore been advocated as an important mechanism underlying biodiversity effects on stability. However, it is unclear to what extent existing measures of synchrony actually capture the signal of year-to-year species fluctuations in the presence of long-term directional trends in both species abundance and composition (species directional trends hereafter). Such directional trends may lead to a misinterpretation of indices commonly used to reflect year-to-year synchrony. Methods: An approach based on three-term local quadrat variance (T3) which assesses population variability in a three-year moving window, was used to overcome species directional trend effects. This "detrending" approach was applied to common indices of synchrony across a worldwide collection of 77 temporal plant community datasets comprising almost 7,800 individual plots sampled for at least six years. Plots included were either maintained under constant "control" conditions over time or were subjected to different management or disturbance treatments. Results: Accounting for directional trends increased the detection of year-to-year synchronous patterns in all synchrony indices considered.
  • Autores: Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Baquero Martín, Enrique (Autor de correspondencia); Ledesma, E.; et al.
    Revista: ZOOLOGISCHER ANZEIGER
    ISSN: 0044-5231 Vol.285 2020 págs. 81 - 96
    Resumen
    The material for this study was obtained after intensive sampling in the colluvial milieu souterrain superficiel (mesovoid shallow substratum, or MSS) of the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park using 33 subterranean sampling devices (SSD). The data were obtained from the first extraction of the traps between May and October of 2015. This paper presents the results for the Poduromorpha taxon, which was part of the total Collembola captured. Of the 17 species captured in this study, 11 had previously been cited in Guadarrama, four are new references, and two new species. Friesea ortunoi Jordana and Baquero sp. nov. is characterised as having seven eyes, tibiotarsus as having one clavate chaetae and only two spiniform chaetae on Abd VI. Schaefferia sendrai Jordana and Baquero sp. nov. is characterised as having six eyes, seven sensilla on Ant IV, a bi- or tri-lobed apical vesicle on the antennal tip, claws with internal tooth and lateral (posterior) tooth, dens with six chaetae and retinaculum with 5 + 4 teeth (asymmetrically). Based on the results of the study of the group of species of Xenylla Tullberg, 1869 that appeared, Xenylla xavieri Gama, 1959 is separated from Xenylla lotharingiae Thibaud, 1963 and a brief description of the latter is provided. The comparative study of the Schaefferia Absolon, 1900 species related to the new species found in the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park led to the description of two new species: Schaefferia fjellbergi Jordana and Baquero sp. nov. and Schaefferia babenkoi Jordana and Baquero sp. nov., accepting the previous descriptions. The mesovoid shallow substratum (MSS) was revealed as an important habitat for the richness of the Collembola species. Furthermore, the findings showed the value of MSS as an indicator of the richness of the Collembola species. As many as 3000-4000 specimens were gathered in one sample device SSD. Among all specimens, the most abundant was Hypogastrura meridionalis Steiner, 1955 (77.7 %) and the least abundant was Xenylla schillei Borner, 1903 (11.5 %). (C) 2020 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
  • Autores: Latorre, D.; Maso, G.; Hinckley, A.; et al.
    Revista: WATER
    ISSN: 2073-4441 Vol.12 N° 8 2020 págs. 2200
    Resumen
    The bleak Alburnus alburnus is native to most of Europe. This cyprinid fish is a successful invader in the Iberian Peninsula. No studies exist on its foraging strategies on a large scale for this ecoregion. The aim of the present study was to compare dietary traits of invasive bleak among the main Iberian rivers and a "reference" native bleak population from France. Bleak were sampled during May-June 2019 from the Iberian Rivers Ebro, Tagus, Guadiana, Segura and Guadalquivir and the River Saône (France). Diptera larvae and zooplankton were common food categories in the River Saône. Insect nymphs were more important in the River Ebro. The intake of plant material was higher in the River Tagus. Flying insects were more consumed in the River Guadiana. Nektonic insects were important in the River Guadalquivir. Detritus was a frequent food category for all populations, in terms of occurrence and mass. Dietary parameters followed a unimodal response in relation to the latitudinal gradient, with the maximum values for the Tagus and Guadiana populations. Overall, results suggest that this wide interpopulation variability will contribute to the species¿ successful establishment throughout Mediterranean Europe, which poses a serious risk to its highly valuable native fish fauna.
  • Autores: Gozlan, R. E.; Zahorska, E.; Cherif, E. ; et al.
    Revista: ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION
    ISSN: 2045-7758 Vol.10 N° 16 2020 págs. 8623 - 8633
    Resumen
    Rapid adaptation to global change can counter vulnerability of species to population declines and extinction. Theoretically, under such circumstances both genetic variation and phenotypic plasticity can maintain population fitness, but empirical support for this is currently limited. Here, we aim to characterize the role of environmental and genetic diversity, and their prior evolutionary history (via haplogroup profiles) in shaping patterns of life history traits during biological invasion. Data were derived from both genetic and life history traits including a morphological analysis of 29 native and invasive populations of topmouth gudgeonPseudorasbora parvacoupled with climatic variables from each location. General additive models were constructed to explain distribution of somatic growth rate (SGR) data across native and invasive ranges, with model selection performed using Akaike's information criteria. Genetic and environmental drivers that structured the life history of populations in their native range were less influential in their invasive populations. For some vertebrates at least, fitness-related trait shifts do not seem to be dependent on the level of genetic diversity or haplogroup makeup of the initial introduced propagule, nor of the availability of local environmental conditions being similar to those experienced in their native range. As long as local conditions are not beyond the species physiological threshold, its local establishment and invasive potential are likely to be determined by local drivers, such as density-dependent effects linked to resource availability or to local biotic resistance.
  • Autores: Miqueleiz Legaz, Imanol (Autor de correspondencia); Bohm, M.; Ariño Plana, Arturo; et al.
    Revista: AQUATIC CONSERVATION-MARINE AND FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS
    ISSN: 1052-7613 Vol.30 N° 2 2020 págs. 225 - 236
    Resumen
    More than 33,500 fish species inhabit freshwater and marine environments, according to FishBase database records. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has assessed the conservation status of approximately half of them, the lowest percentage in any vertebrate group. In order to identify what factors may underlie this assessment gap, several traits were examined related to distribution, life-history, taxonomy, conservation, and the economic relevance of species according to their assessment status. IUCN assessment patterns were explored and separate analyses were included for freshwater and marine species. The results showed that IUCN assessments were biased towards economically developed regions, species with early description dates and species covered by current IUCN specialist groups. Species living in remote areas or habitats were more likely to be unassessed. In particular, South America had low assessment levels. Other traits such as commercial importance did not influence the assessment status of fish species. We therefore encourage assessment in poorly assessed areas and taxonomic subgroups to prompt timely conservation action to prevent species extinctions.
  • Autores: Valencia, E. (Autor de correspondencia); de Bello, F. ; Galland, T. ; et al.
    Revista: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
    ISSN: 0027-8424 Vol.117 N° 39 2020 págs. 24345 - 24351
    Resumen
    The stability of ecological communities is critical for the stable provisioning of ecosystem services, such as food and forage production, carbon sequestration, and soil fertility. Greater biodiversity is expected to enhance stability across years by decreasing synchrony among species, but the drivers of stability in nature remain poorly resolved. Our analysis of time series from 79 datasets across the world showed that stability was associated more strongly with the degree of synchrony among dominant species than with species richness. The relatively weak influence of species richness is consistent with theory predicting that the effect of richness on stability weakens when synchrony is higher than expected under random fluctuations, which was the case in most communities. Land management, nutrient addition, and climate change treatments had relatively weak and varying effects on stability, modifying how species richness, synchrony, and stability interact. Our results demonstrate the prevalence of biotic drivers on ecosystem stability, with the potential for environmental drivers to alter the intricate relationship among richness, synchrony, and stability.
  • Autores: Angulo Rodeles, Amaia (Autor de correspondencia); Galicia Paredes, David; Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael
    Revista: ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS
    ISSN: 1470-160X Vol.117 2020
    Resumen
    Different indices have been developed to quantify the extent and severity of river fragmentation. These indices vary depending on the specific goals of the study. Here, we present a new Conservation Connectivity Index (CCIp) for potamodromous fish species that considers the conservation value (richness, rarity and vulnerability) of river segments. The Iberian Peninsula holds > 20 endemic and endangered potamodromous fish species as well as > 1000 large dams (> 1 hm3 of capacity). The CCIp was calculated for the eight most important river basins of the Iberian Peninsula and compared to the Dendritic Connectivity Index (DCIp) developed by Cote et al. in 2009, which uses only river length as a habitat variable. With the use of both DCIp and CCIp, the dams were analysed and ranked according to their impacts on the river basin. The main results show that Iberian river basins are heavily fragmented, with river basin connectivity percentages of less than 20% in most cases using both DCIp and CCIp. CCIp values are slightly higher than DCIP values in almost all cases. When the impact of individual dams is analysed, differences also appear between the DCIp and CCIp. CCIp highlights the impact of dams located in areas of high fish conservation value while DCIp emphasize the impact of dams fragmenting large river segments.
  • Autores: Fernandez-Eslava, B. (Autor de correspondencia); Alonso Soto, Daniel; Galicia Paredes, David; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF ORNITHOLOGY
    ISSN: 2193-7192 Vol.161 N° 2 2020 págs. 481 - 490
    Resumen
    Suspended moult is a relatively common phenomenon in birds, but it has remained relatively ignored for a long time in studies dealing with moulting process. Furthermore, the new and increasing number of models used to estimate moult duration systematically omit the fact that suspended moults can occur and that they significantly alter parameter estimates. Taking suspended moults into account is critical to obtain reliable moult-associated parameter estimates, which is fundamental given the demographic and evolutionary consequences of moult in birds. The main goal of this work is to develop a standardised method useful for characterising the main moulting parameters (such as the duration and starting date) of bird species that perform suspended moults. Additionally, with the aim of delving into our understanding of when and why suspended moults happen, we study their relationship with the occurrence of second breeding attempts in summer. We used data obtained from a Red Crossbill population in the Pyrenees during a period of 17 years. We observed that the percentage of crossbills undergoing suspended moult was approximately 50% during summer (July-August) and that moult suspension ultimately gives rise to a lengthened moulting period. Underhill-Zucchini models assume a time-linear replacement of feathers, overestimating the moult duration. Based on these same modelling approaches, we proposed a method to calculate the real moult duration after removing the time during which the moult was suspended. We also obtained evidence supporting the idea that crossbills suspend their moult as a strategy that could increase their breeding output in summer. The method proposed here can be used as a tool for working with species that undergo suspended moults.
  • Autores: Ledesma, E. (Autor de correspondencia); Jimenez-Valverde, A. (Autor de correspondencia); Baquero Martín, Enrique; et al.
    Revista: ZOOLOGY
    ISSN: 0944-2006 Vol.141 2020 págs. 1 - 8
    Resumen
    The determinants of biodiversity patterns in the subterranean habitat called Mesovoid Shallow Substratum (MSS) are not well-understood. In this study, thirty-three scree slopes at high altitudes were selected across the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park in central Spain to investigate the effect of ten environmental variables on the abundance and species diversity of the spider and springtail assemblages from the colluvial MSS. In each locality, a multiperforated PVC tube with a pitfall trap inside was buried up to 1 m deep, and generalized linear models and Mantel tests were used to analyze the effect of mainly climate- and habitat-related variables on the diversity patterns of both taxa. A total of 1143 individual spiders belonging to 54 species and 40 811 springtail individuals belonging to 62 species were collected. The analyses indicated that cold temperatures and the presence of forest cover on the surface significantly enhance richness and abundance in the two taxa. Environmental similarity also had a small positive effect on faunistic similarity. However, the effects of temperature and habitat detected on spider richness and abundance were stronger than on springtails, whereas the reverse was found regarding faunistic similarity. These results indicate that subterranean dwellers respond differently to the same environmental factors, which in turn, points to a different degree of affinity for the MSS.
  • Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique (Autor de correspondencia); Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Labrada, L.; et al.
    Revista: ZOOKEYS
    ISSN: 1313-2989 N° 989 2020 págs. 39 - 54
    Resumen
    This paper describes Pseudosinella altamirensis sp. nov. from the Altamira Caves, municipal district of Santillana del Mar (Cantabria, Spain), and five other caves near the coast of Cantabria (northern Spain). Its taxonomic position is discussed and differences and similarities among morphologically and geographi-cally close species are highlighted. The new species can be identified by its five eyes, the basal and small inner paired teeth on the claw, and the length of the uncrenulated part of the distal dens.
  • Autores: Sánchez Montes, Gregorio (Autor de correspondencia); Martínez-Solano I.; Díaz-Paniagua C.; et al.
    Revista: BIOLOGY LETTERS
    ISSN: 1744-9561 Vol.16 N° 7 2020
    Resumen
    Telomere shortening with age has been documented in many organisms, but few studies have reported telomere length measurements in amphibians, and no information is available for growth after metamorphosis, nor in wild populations. We provide both cross-sectional and longitudinal evidence of net telomere attrition with age in a wild amphibian population of natterjack toads (Epidalea calamita). Based on age-estimation by skeletochronology and qPCR telomere length measurements in the framework of an individual-based monitoring programme, we confirmed telomere attrition in recaptured males. Our results support that toads experience telomere attrition throughout their ontogeny, and that most attrition occurs during the first 1-2 years. We did not find associations between telomere length and inbreeding or body condition. Our results on telomere length dynamics under natural conditions confirm telomere shortening with age in amphibians and provide quantification of wide telomere length variation within and among age-classes in a wild breeding population.
  • Autores: Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael (Autor de correspondencia); Hermoso, V.; Hassall, C.
    Revista: INLAND WATERS
    ISSN: 2044-2041 Vol.9 N° 3 2019 págs. 275 - 277
    Resumen
    Assessment of freshwater ecosystems is crucial for measuring their ecological status and providing primary information for their conservation. This editorial introduces a special section of Inland Waters regarding the study of ecological monitoring and biodiversity conservation of inland waters. Papers in this special section of Inland Waters are briefly described and a synthesis of the topic is provided to offer a summary of contents and an overview of the subject matter.
  • Autores: Casas Jericó, María; Puig i Baguer, Jordi; Erneta Altarriba, Luis
    Revista: UNES. UNIVERSIDAD, ESCUELA Y SOCIEDAD
    ISSN: 2530-1012 Vol.6 2019 págs. 56 - 75
    Resumen
    La presente investigación tiene por objeto analizar el tratamiento que recibe el paisaje en los libros de texto de las materias de Ciencias Sociales y Geografía e Historia, correspondientes, respectivamente, al contexto normativo vigente (LOMCE) y a su predecesor (LOE). Los resultados apuntan a que el estudio del paisaje no ha variado significativamente en la última década; paralelamente, se observa que los manuales presentan una concepción reduccionista y sesgada del paisaje.
  • Autores: Vedia Jiménez, Iván; Almeida, D.; Rodeles, A. A.; et al.
    Revista: WATER
    ISSN: 2073-4441 Vol.11 N° 3 2019 págs. 1 - 17
    Resumen
    The signal crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus Dana, 1852 is a successful invasive species in the Iberian Peninsula. This is of particular conservation concern, as fish fauna is highly endemic and also threatened within this ecoregion. The aim of this study was to analyze behavioral interactions and trophic overlap between signal crayfish and native fishes in Iberian rivers (northern Spain). Video cameras were used to record fish "dominance/evasion" after spatial encounters with crayfish. Diet composition and isotopic signatures (¿13C and ¿15N) were compared to evaluate the niche overlap. Fish were dominant in 25% of the encounters with juvenile crayfish, whereas this percentage was only 4% with adult crayfish. Observations showed a high fish "evasion" response for Pyrenean stone loach Barbatula quignardi (B¿cescu-Me¿ter, 1967) (>30%). Dietary results showed a high trophic overlap between signal crayfish with the pelagic Pyrenean minnow Phoxinus bigerri Kottelat, 2007 and the benthic loach. However, the isotopic niche overlap was low, with brown trout Salmo trutta L., 1758 showing the highest area (only 0.1 ¿2). Overall, our findings suggest that interferences may occur with native species for food (i.e., benthic invertebrates). Consequently, measures should be applied to control invasive crayfish in Iberian rivers.
  • Autores: Bal-Damerow, J.E. (Autor de correspondencia); Brenskelle, L.; Barve, N.; et al.
    Revista: PLOS ONE
    ISSN: 1932-6203 Vol.14 N° 9 2019
    Resumen
    Our world is in the midst of unprecedented change-climate shifts and sustained, widespread habitat degradation have led to dramatic declines in biodiversity rivaling historical extinction events. At the same time, new approaches to publishing and integrating previously disconnected data resources promise to help provide the evidence needed for more efficient and effective conservation and management. Stakeholders have invested considerable resources to contribute to online databases of species occurrences. However, estimates suggest that only 10% of biocollections are available in digital form. The biocollections community must therefore continue to promote digitization efforts, which in part requires demonstrating compelling applications of the data. Our overarching goal is therefore to determine trends in use of mobilized species occurrence data since 2010, as online systems have grown and now provide over one billion records. To do this, we characterized 501 papers that use openly accessible biodiversity databases. Our standardized tagging protocol was based on key topics of interest, including: database(s) used, taxa addressed, general uses of data, other data types linked to species occurrence data, and data quality issues addressed.
  • Autores: Angulo Rodeles, Amaia (Autor de correspondencia); Leunda Urretavizcaya, Pedro Manuel; Elso, J. ; et al.
    Revista: INLAND WATERS
    ISSN: 2044-2041 Vol.9 N° 3 2019 págs. 278 - 288
    Resumen
    River fragmentation is one of the main threats to diadromous fish species. We aimed to create a new and simple connectivity index to calculate habitat accessibility that considers habitat suitability for fish species, using the Bidasoa River basin in the north of Spain and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) as an example. A habitat connectivity index (HCI) was calculated for the river basin using upstream passability and segment length as variables. We then calculated a new habitat quality index for each river segment and multiplied it by river segment length to create the Breeding Habitat Connectivity Index (HCIb). These 2 indices were first calculated using only upstream barrier passability and then by adding downstream passability. In each case, the indices show different outcomes but a similar pattern: in all cases, main-stem obstacles closest to the river mouth most affected the connectivity index, even when habitat quality was considered. Although we cannot compare the indices to the real area used by salmon because spatial tracking was not performed during the study years, we consider that including habitat quality in a river connectivity index adds useful information for scientists and managers.
  • Autores: Vilches Morales, Antonio; Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael; Arizaga Martínez, Juan
    Revista: ORNIS FENNICA
    ISSN: 0030-5685 Vol.96 N° 1 2019 págs. 33 - 40
    Resumen
    During the check-rearing period, strategies of prey provisioning can have a decisive impact on several reproductive aspects. Adults can maximise their foraging effort by increasing the number of fish-prey brought to the nest per unit time and/or by catching more energetic prey, i.e. larger prey or prey with relatively higher caloric values. The Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis) is a fish-eating predator normally breeding in freshwater habitats. We collect data on fish-prey proportions found at nests (n=10) and determined the caloric content of such fish-prey (6 species overall) in rivers in northen Iberia. The proportion of each fish-prey species in the nest was not correlated with the proportion of lipids, proteins or carbihydrates, nor with its caloric content. Furthermore, the most energetic prey was nor the most coomonly consumed, illustrating the fact that the Common Kingfisher does not fish for the most energetic prey during the chick-rearing period.
  • Autores: Escribano Compains, Nora; Galicia Paredes, David; Ariño Plana, Arturo
    Revista: PLOS ONE
    ISSN: 1932-6203 Vol.14 N° 3: e0213542 2019 págs. 1 - 16
    Resumen
    The advent of online data aggregator infrastructures has facilitated the accumulation of Digital Accessible Knowledge (DAK) about biodiversity. Despite the vast amount of freely available data records, their usefulness for research depends on completeness of each body of data regarding their spatial, temporal and taxonomic coverage. In this paper, we assess the completeness of DAK about terrestrial mammals distributed across the Iberian Peninsula. We compiled a dataset with all records about mammals occurring in the Iberian Peninsula available in the Global Biodiversity Information Facility and in the national atlases from Portugal and Spain. After cleaning the dataset of errors as well as records lacking collection dates or not determined to species level, we assigned all occurrences to a 10-km grid. We assessed inventory completeness by calculating the ratio between observed and expected richness (based on the Chao2 richness index) in each grid cell and classified cells as well-sampled or under-sampled. We evaluated survey coverage of well-sampled cells along four environmental gradients and temporal coverage. Out of 796,283 retrieved records, quality issues led us to remove 616,141 records unfit for this use. The main reason for discarding records was missing collection dates. Only 25.95% cells contained enough records to robustly estimate completeness. The DAK about terrestrial mammals from the Iberian Peninsula was low, and spatially and temporally biased.
  • Autores: Puig i Baguer, Jordi; Villarroya Ballarín, Ana; Casas Jericó, María
    Revista: AZAFEA
    ISSN: 0213-3563 Vol.21 N° 1 2019 págs. 183 - 206
    Resumen
    Ante los indicadores de insostenibilidad ambiental y social, se busca un enfoque educativo eficaz que contribuya a revertirla. A tal efecto, se propone una educación moral, que no se centre tanto en contenidos como en facilitar que cada estudiante aprenda a buscarlos, hacerlos propios y los traduzca en compromisos de conducta personal. La propuesta educativa se presenta ejemplificada en una asignatura concreta, que sirve de hilo expositivo y ejemplo de aplicación. Tras una breve introducción sobre los indicadores de insostenibilidad, se presenta la planificación, metodología y objetivo de la asignatura. A continuación, se reflexiona sobre dos de los obstáculos a los que se enfrenta la educación moral en la actualidad: la fragmentación del saber y la dificultad para que los aprendizajes teóricos se traduzcan en conductas. Por último, se exploran dos oportunidades para la educación moral que pueden facilitar ese vínculo: la búsqueda de las causas profundas de problemas ambientales y sociales actuales, y el empleo de la belleza.
  • Autores: Puig i Baguer, Jordi (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: SCIENTIA ET FIDES
    ISSN: 2300-7648 Vol.7 N° 1 2019 págs. 73 - 96
    Resumen
    Contemporary environmental sensitivity has characterized for decades the emerging culture in the developed world. It is not yet mainstream in influencing behavior at a global level, as the growing environmental impact of consumerism testifies particularly to it. Present day environmental sensitivity seems somehow at odds with Christianism, charged for decades alongside Judaism with major responsibility in the environmental crisis. This paper explains and discusses on seven interlinked aspects of the environmental value amply recognized across environmentalism. In examining them, Christian environmentalism learns particularly some demands of the Christian vocation that may remain neglected and demand a moral conversion both of Christians and of no non-Christians and non-believers. In accepting this demand, the Christian discerns the life-giving presence of Christ in many traits of the environmental sensitivity and culture. This encounter offers grounds for a reciprocal understanding and enrichment of Christians and non-believers or non-Christians, towards the attainment of a wider and deeper respect of environmental and human shared values.
  • Autores: Miqueleiz Legaz, Imanol (Autor de correspondencia); Ariño Plana, Arturo; Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael
    Revista: BIODIVERSITY INFORMATION SCIENCE AND STANDARDS
    ISSN: 2535¿0897 Vol.3 N° e37077 2019 págs. 1 - 3
    Resumen
    Critical as they are for humans and nature, freshwater ecosystems are threatened-but the extent and depth of these threats are not well understood, especially if essential biodiversity data are lacking. Any policy aimed at protecting such ecosystems must first assess the threat factors and the potential harm, well before proposing conservation measures such as the creation and development of Protected Areas (PAs). These assessments must be done using a deep and sound knowledge of the actual and potential biodiversity variables. Freshwater ecosystems have been largely neglected in traditional PA design and management (Abell et al. 2007), be it for scarcity of biodiversity data, or for more perception-related reasons such as visibility and accessibility driving the allocation of conservation resources to more data-rich environments.
  • Autores: Escribano Compains, Nora (Autor de correspondencia); Galicia Paredes, David; Ariño Plana, Arturo
    Revista: BIODIVERSITY INFORMATION SCIENCE AND STANDARDS
    ISSN: 2535-0897 Vol.3 N° e37187 2019 págs. 1 - 2
    Resumen
    Building on the development of Biodiversity Informatics, the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) undertook the task of enabling access to the world¿s wealth of biodiversity data via the Internet. To date, GBIF has become, in many respects, the most extensive biodiversity information exchange infrastructure in the world, opening up a full range of possibilities for science.
  • Autores: Ariño Plana, Arturo (Autor de correspondencia); González Alonso, Mónica María; Pérez de Zabalza Madoz, Ana Isabel
    Revista: BIODIVERSITY INFORMATION SCIENCE AND STANDARDS
    ISSN: 2535-0897 Vol.3 N° e37191 2019 págs. 1 - 3
    Resumen
    With more than one billion primary biodiversity data records (PBR), the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) is the largest and, arguably, most comprehensive and accurate resource about the biodiversity data on the planet. Yet, its gaps (taxonomical, geographical or chronological, among others) have often been brought to attention (Gaijy et al. 2013) and efforts are continuously made to ensure more uniform coverage. Especially as data obtained through this resource are increasingly being used for science, policy, and conservation (Ariño et al. 2018), drawing on every possible source of information to complement already existing data opens new opportunities for supplying the integrative knowledge required for global endeavors, such as understanding the global patterns of ecosystem and environment changes.
  • Autores: Galicia Paredes, David (Autor de correspondencia); Amezcua Martínez, Ana Belén; Baquero Martín, Enrique; et al.
    Revista: BIODIVERSITY INFORMATION SCIENCE AND STANDARDS
    ISSN: 2535-0897 Vol.3 2019 págs. 1 - 2
    Resumen
    In business, the "long-tail economy" refers to a market strategy where the gravity center shifts from a few high-demand products to many, varied products focused on small niches. Commercialization of individually low-demand products can be profitable as long as their production cost is low and, all taken together, they aggregate into a big chunk of the market. Similarly, in the "business" of biodiversity data acquisition, we can find several mainstream products that produce zillions of bits of information every year and account for most of the budget allocated to increase our primary data-based knowledge about Earth's biological diversity. These products play a crucial role in biodiversity research. However, along with these large global projects, there is a constellation of small-scale institutions that work locally, but whose contribution to our understanding of natural processes should not be dismissed. These information datasets can be collectively referred to as the "long-tail biodiversity data".
  • Autores: Seminario-Córdova, R.; Baquero Martín, Enrique; Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; et al.
    Revista: ZOOTAXA
    ISSN: 1175-5326 Vol.4532 N° 1 2018 págs. 44 - 56
    Resumen
    This paper documents the collembolan fauna of the Campanet cave, in the province of Mallorca (Balearic Islands). Sampling was carried out using pitfall traps baited with beer and checked every 15 days. The cave fauna included the following species: Coecobrya tenebricosa, Disparrhopalites patrizi, Entomobrya pazaristei, Neelus murinus and Dicyrtomina ornata. In addition, two new species were found and are described here: Pseudosinella grauae sp. nov. and Oncopodura siquierae sp. nov. The former is characterised by an unpigmented body, eyes absent, dorsal chaetotaxy R0R1R2001/31/0101+2, with accessory chaeta `s¿ on Abd IV; all claws with three teeth; posterior chaetae on labial triangle as M1, M2, r, E, L1, L2, all ciliated except for r, a smooth microchaetae and smooth remaining anterior labial chaetae. O. siquierae sp. nov is typified by an unpigmented body; eyes absent; PAO as a single small vesicle; Ant IV with four distal leaf¿shaped sensilla and a basal pointed cylindrical chaeta; dens with one proximal inner spine, one distal inner tooth and a large disto-external hook¿like spine; and mucro with four teeth, the basal one distinctly pointed.
  • Autores: Casas Jericó, María; Erneta, L.; Puig i Baguer, Jordi
    Revista: UNES. UNIVERSIDAD, ESCUELA Y SOCIEDAD
    ISSN: 2530-1012 Vol.4 2018 págs. 40 - 58
    Resumen
    Esta investigación tiene por objeto conocer cómo se aborda el estudio del paisaje en las materias de Ciencias de la naturaleza y biología y Geología que se imparten en Educación Secundaria obligatoria en España. Para ello se realizó un análisis comparativo de los contenidos sobre paisaje presentes tanto en los libros de texto del contexto normativo vigente, como en los de su predecesor. Así, se pudo detectar que el estudio del paisaje en estas materias es ahora más limitado que hace casi una década.
  • Autores: Camarero Martínez, J. J.; Gazol Burgos, Antonio; Sangüesa Barreda, G.; et al.
    Revista: FRONTIERS IN ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION
    ISSN: 2296-701X Vol.6 2018 págs. 9
    Resumen
    Drought-triggered declines in forest productivity and associated die-off events have increased considerably due to climate warming in the last decades. There is an increasing interest in quantifying the resilience capacity of forests against climate warming and drought to uncover how different stands and tree species will resist and recover after more frequent and intense droughts. Trees form annual growth rings that represent an accurate record of how forest growth responded to past droughts. Here we use dendrochronology to quantify the radial growth of different forests subjected to contrasting climatic conditions in Spain during the last half century. Particularly, we considered four climatically contrasting areas where dominant forests showed clear signs of drought-induced dieback. Studied forests included wet sites dominated by silver fir (Abies alba) in the Pyrenees and beech (Fagus sylvatica) stands in northern Spain, and drought-prone sites dominated by Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) in eastern Spain and black pine (Pinus nigra) in the semi-arid south-eastern Spain. We quantified the growth reduction caused by different droughts and assessed the short-and long-term resilience capacity of declining vs. non-declining trees in each forest. In all cases, drought induced a marked growth reduction regardless tree vigor. However, the capacity to recover after drought (resilience) at short- and long-term scales varied greatly between declining and non-declining individuals. ..
  • Autores: Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael (Autor de correspondencia); Tobes Sesma, Ibon; Gaspar, S.; et al.
    Revista: ECOSCIENCE
    ISSN: 1195-6860 Vol.25 N° 1 2018 págs. 85 - 95
    Resumen
    Knowledge of the fish assemblages of Andean mountain streams is restricted to accessible areas. This study is the first biological survey of the remote Suaza River in the Colombian Andes, at its source in the Cueva de los Guacharos National Park. Mechanistic insight into the ecological patterns and gradients of the river is provided, focusing on the spatial distribution of fish communities in relation to environmental variables and habitat characteristics. Electrofishing surveys and macroinvertebrate sampling were carried out, the river habitat was characterized, three environmental quality indices were applied, and potential water pollutant concentrations were measured. Twenty-seven fish species were recorded - two of them exotic (Poecilia reticulata and Xiphophorus hellerii) - as well as 45 macroinvertebrate families. Fish species richness was higher at lower altitudes with gentle slopes, where habitat temperature, size and heterogeneity were higher. Although macroinvertebrate diversity slightly increased downstream following a similar pattern as fish species richness, it declined at lower sites. Fish assemblages were distributed in three clusters corresponding to headwaters, middle sections and lower reaches of the river, showing correlations with environmental factors, suggesting habitat preferences. Although the headwaters of the Suaza River remains pristine inside the park, human influence is responsible for ecosystem alteration downstream.
  • Autores: Benejam, L. (Autor de correspondencia); Tobes Sesma, Ibon; Brucet, S.; et al.
    Revista: ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS
    ISSN: 1470-160X Vol.90 2018 págs. 366 - 378
    Resumen
    The estimation of biodiversity is complex in remote areas like Andean-Amazon piedmont where the lack of knowledge is noticeable and most species have not yet been identified. An alternative to the taxonomical approach to assess biodiversity and community structure is to study the body size structure of the community. The present study aimed to identify systematic changes of the size structure of fish communities along the altitudinalgradient of pristine Andean streams. At the same time, we assessed if size structure of fish communities could be an alternative or complementary approach to traditional taxonomic metrics of ecological assessment. This study was conducted along two rivers of eastern Andean piedmont: Hacha River and Alto Madre de Dios basin. Our analysis showed lower values of total size range, maximum length and number of size classes in the highest places and increasing in lower reaches of the rivers. Concerning abundance size spectra, we found flatter slopes (indicating higher relative abundance of large fish) and lower coefficient of determination (i.e. less linear size spectra) and intercept at y-axis on upstream reaches. On the other hand, fish abundance, species richness and species diversity increasing from upstream to downstream. These systematic changes on size-related variables were similar using both basins together or independently and may be used in future studies as management reference conditions when assessing the effect of perturbations ...
  • Autores: Ariño Plana, Arturo; Noesgaard , D.; Hjarding , A.; et al.
    Revista: BIODIVERSITY INFORMATION SCIENCE AND STANDARDS
    ISSN: 2535-0897 Vol.2 2018 págs. e25738
    Resumen
    Standards set up by Biodiversity Information Standards-Taxonomic Databases Working Group (TDWG), initially developed as a way to share taxonomical data, greatly facilitated the establishment of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) as the largest index to digitally-accessible primary biodiversity information records (PBR) held by many institutions around the world. The level of detail and coverage of the body of standards that later became the Darwin Core terms enabled increasingly precise retrieval of relevant records useful for increased digitally-accessible knowledge (DAK) which, in turn, may have helped to solve ecologically-relevant questions. After more than a decade of data accrual and release, an increasing number of papers and reports are citing GBIF either as a source of data or as a pointer to the original datasets. GBIF has curated a list of over 5,000 citations that were examined for contents, and to which tags were applied describing such contents as additional keywords. The list now provides a window on what users want to accomplish using such DAK. We performed a preliminary word frequency analysis of this literature, starting at titles, which refers to GBIF as a resource. Through a standardization and mapping of terms, we examined how the facility-enabled data seem to have been used by scientists and other practitioners through time: what concepts/issues are pervasive, which taxon groups are mostly addressed, ...
  • Autores: Escribano Compains, Nora; Oscoz Escudero, Javier; Galicia Paredes, David (Autor de correspondencia); et al.
    Revista: SCIENTIFIC DATA
    ISSN: 2052-4463 Vol.5 N° 180108 2018
    Resumen
    This dataset gathers information about the macroinvertatebrate samples and environmental variables collected on rivers of the Ebro River Basin (NE Iberian Peninsula), the second largest catchment in the Iberian Peninsula. The collection is composed of 1,776 sampling events carried out between 2005 and 2015 at more than 400 sampling sites. This dataset is part of a monitoring network set up by the Ebro Hydrographic Confederation, the official body entrusted with the care of the basin, to fulfill the requirements of the European Water Framework Directive. Biological indices based on the freshwater macroinvertebrate communities were used to evaluate the ecological status of the water bodies within the basin. Samples were qualitatively screened for all occurring taxa. Then, all individuals from all taxa in a quantitative subsample of each sample were counted. Biological indices were calculated to estimate water quality at each sampling site. All samples are kept at the Museum of Zoology of the University of Navarra.
  • Autores: Casas Jericó, María; Erneta Altarriba, Luis; Puig i Baguer, Jordi
    Revista: DIDACTICA GEOGRÁFICA
    ISSN: 0210-492X Vol.19 2018 págs. 47 - 76
    Resumen
    El Convenio Europeo del Paisaje (2000) reconoció la necesidad de desarrollar propuestas formativas y de sensibilización en materia de paisaje, encaminadas a lograr una ciudadanía concienciada y activa. Por este motivo, es adecuado conocer las ideas previas sobre paisaje de los ciudadanos, para, a partir de éstas, diseñar propuestas que respondan a las necesidades educativas reales. El presente artículo tiene por objeto mostrar una breve encuesta diseñada para lograr una primera aproximación a las ideas previas y preferencias paisajísticas del alumnado de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria de Navarra.
  • Autores: Puig i Baguer, Jordi; Echarri Iribarren, Fernando (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION RESEARCH
    ISSN: 1350-4622 Vol.24 N° 5 2018 págs. 678 - 693
    Resumen
    A primary aim of environmental education is to promote environmental values. Significant life experiences (SLE) are a powerful, fast and long-lasting way to achieve this objective, but they have received little scholarly attention thus far. As examples to help us characterize SLE and understand their function, the cases of three well-known environmentalists, Seton, Leopold, and Rodriguez de la Fuente, will be studied. All three environmentalists came into contact with wolves and looked them in the eye. These experiences, described as SLE, resulted in major changes in these environmentalists' lives. Although SLE are not reproducible on demand, by studying these cases through the narratives and biographies of these environmentalists, we can shed light on how to facilitate or promote, when possible, the acquisition of deep and lasting values through environmental education.
  • Autores: Latorre, D. ; Maso, G.; Hinckley, A.; et al.
    Revista: MARINE AND FRESHWATER RESEARCH
    ISSN: 1323-1650 Vol.69 N° 8 2018 págs. 1326 - 1332
    Resumen
    The native European freshwater cyprinid fish, common bleak Alburnus alburnus (Linnaeus, 1758), is an invasive non-native fish in the Iberian Peninsula, where it threatens the valuable endemic fish fauna. Despite the bleak's invasive status, there is a dearth of studies on the biological traits of non-native populations in Europe's Mediterranean region, and the present study aimed to compare bleak growth and reproductive traits across the principal rivers of Iberia with those from a native 'reference' bleak population in France. Non-native bleak from the River Tagus had the highest back-calculated total lengths (TLs), growth rate and body condition, but the lowest reproductive investment and smallest egg size of all studied populations. Whereas, these latter two traits were the highest in the River Ebro, where fecundity was the lowest for all Iberian rivers. The youngest age and the smallest TL at maturity were observed in the River Ebro. The River Segura had the lowest back-calculated TLs and growth rate, the highest fecundity and proportion of females, and the oldest age at maturity. Population traits of bleak in the River Saone (the native 'reference' population) were generally different from those in Iberian rivers, except for the River Ebro. This wide inter-population variability contributes to the species' successful establishment in novel habitats.
  • Autores: Sánchez Montes, Gregorio; Wang, J. L.; Ariño Plana, Arturo; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF BIOGEOGRAPHY
    ISSN: 0305-0270 Vol.45 N° 2 2018 págs. 318 - 331
    Resumen
    Aim: To test the role of mountains as barriers to gene flow in co-distributed taxa with different life history traits. Location: Sierra de Guadarrama, Central Spain. Methods: We used larval genotypes of four amphibian species (Epidalea calamita, Hyla molleri, Pelophylax perezi and Pelobates cultripes) sampled on northern and southern slopes of Sierra de Guadarrama to describe genetic structure with F-ST, migration rates per generation, clustering algorithms and resistance by elevation surfaces. We also recorded individual displacement events as a proxy of dispersal potential during a seven-year monitoring project based on capture-mark-recapture (CMR). Results: All species travelled longer cumulative distances than those reported in the study area for P. cultripes (0.71 km). Individuals of E. calamita travelled up to 3.55 km, followed by H. molleri (2.84 km) and P. perezi (1.51 km). Pairwise F-ST estimates showed lower overall connectivity in P. cultripes. Average migration rates per generation were low in all species, with exceptions in same-slope populations of H. molleri and P. cultripes. Clustering algorithms consistently recovered well-differentiated population groups of P. cultripes in northern versus southern slopes, but widely admixed areas were observed in the other species, especially near mountain passes. Resistance by elevation surfaces showed a strong barrier effect of Sierra de Guadarrama in P. cultripes and suggested a potential role of topography in the genetic structure of E. calamita and H. molleri. Main conclusions: Sierra de Guadarrama currently acts as a strong barrier to gene flow for P. cultripes and, to a lesser extent, for E. calamita, H. molleri and P. perezi. This differential effect can be partly explained by differences in life history traits, including dispersal potential. Our findings support the general role of the Central System as a key feature shaping population connectivity and genetic variation in amphibian communities.
  • Autores: Cipola, N.G.; Arbea, J.; Baquero Martín, Enrique; et al.
    Revista: ZOOTAXA
    ISSN: 1175-5326 Vol.4458 N° 1 2018 págs. 1 - 66
    Resumen
    Here we present a survey of Seira fauna from Iberian Peninsula and Canary Islands, including the description of three new species from Spain: Seira barrai sp. nov., Seira betica sp. nov. and Seira burgersi sp. nov., the latter with unprece-dented antennal morphology for Seira. Five species from Western Europe are redescribed and their dorsal detailed chaetotaxy is revealed for the first time: S. domestica (Nicolet), S. dinizi Gama, S. ferrarii Parona, S. mantis Zeppelini & Bellini and S. pini Jordana & Arbea, the first two from type locality, and the latter two based on analysis of the type material. A note on chaetal interpretation of the first abdominal segment for Seira is presented. An identification key to 31 species with known dorsal chaetotaxy from Western Palearctic region is also provided, including a discussion on dense macrochaetotaxy present in Palearctic and Oriental species and its reduction in species from others biogeographic regions.
  • Autores: Escribano Compains, Nora (Autor de correspondencia); Galicia Paredes, David; Ariño Plana, Arturo
    Revista: DATABASE
    ISSN: 1758-0463 Vol.2018 N° bay033 2018 págs. 1 - 6
    Resumen
    Researchers are embracing the open access movement to facilitate unrestricted availability of scientific results. One sign of this willingness is the steady increase in data freely shared online, which has prompted a corresponding increase in the number of papers using such data. Publishing datasets is a time-consuming process that is often seen as a courtesy, rather than a necessary step in the research process. Making data accessible allows further research, provides basic information for decision-making and contributes to transparency in science. Nevertheless, the ease of access to heaps of data carries a perception of `free lunch for all¿, and the work of data publishers is largely going unnoticed. Acknowledging such a significant effort involving the creation, management and publication of a dataset remains a flimsy, not well established practice in the scientific community. In a meta-analysis of published literature, we have observed various dataset citation practices, but mostly (92%) consisting of merely citing the data repository rather than the data publisher. Failing to recognize the work of data publishers might lead to a decrease in the number of quality datasets shared online, compromising potential research that is dependent on the availability of such data. We make an urgent appeal to raise awareness about this issue.
  • Autores: Barjadze , S; Jordana Butticaz, Rafael; Baquero Martín, Enrique; et al.
    Revista: ZOOTAXA
    ISSN: 1175-5326 Vol.4526 N° 1 2018 págs. 29 - 40
    Resumen
    Two new species of Plutomurus, P. pichkhaiai sp. nov. from Garakha and Letsurtsume caves and P. shurubumuensis sp. nov. from Shurubumu Cave (Chkhorotsku district, Western Georgia) are described, and illustrated. The new species are very similar to P. kelasuricus from the Tsebelda karst massif formation in Apkhazeti, Georgia, but differ in having two inner spine-like chaetae on the inner edge of the hind tibiotarsus (only one in P. kelasuricus) and in occupying different, isolated cave formations separated by a geographic distance of nearly a 100 km. A key to the species of Plutomurus with 6 prelabral chaetae is provided.
  • Autores: Elizalde Gaztea, X.; Baquero Martín, Enrique; Biurrun Aramayo, R.; et al.
    Revista: PHYTOMA ESPAÑA
    ISSN: 1131-8988 Vol.296 2018 págs. 38 - 41
    Resumen
    El control biológico es un proceso por el cual se reduce la presencia e incidencia de las plagas en los cultivos a través de la acción de organismos beneficiosos, los cuales depredan, parasitan o infectan a los organismos nocivos. Una banda florida es una formación vegetal lineal que se ubica junto al cultivo y que está compuesta por varias especies con una gran capacidad de producir flores. Su finalidad es atraer y aportar alimento a los insectos polinizadores, depredadores y parasitoides con el objetivo de conseguir una mejor polinización y potenciar el control biológico de plagas en los cultivos próximos. El control biológico es un proceso por el cual se reduce la presencia e incidencia de las plagas en los cultivos a través de la acción de organismos beneficiosos, los cuales depredan, parasitan o infectan a los organismos nocivos. Una banda florida es una formación vegetal lineal que se ubica junto al cultivo y que está compuesta por varias especies con una gran capacidad de producir flores. Su finalidad es atraer y aportar alimento a los insectos polinizadores, depredadores y parasitoides con el objetivo de conseguir una mejor polinización y potenciar el control biológico de plagas en los cultivos próximos.
  • Autores: Baquero Martín, Enrique; Jordana Butticaz, Rafael
    Revista: ZOOTAXA
    ISSN: 1175-5326 Vol.4461 N° 2 2018 págs. 151 - 195
    Resumen
    This paper examines a single genus of springtails (Collembola, Entomobryidae, Entomobrya) across the Canary Islands archipelago. A great sampling effort carried out more than 20 years ago, and over several years, allows us to present the distribution of the genus with the presence of 17 species, some better represented by their abundance than others. In addition to some species present in continental Europe or elsewhere in the world, or those already reported for the Canary Islands (e.g., E. multifasciata (Tullberg, 1871), E. nigrocincta Denis, 1923, E. palmensis Jordana & Baquero, 2010, E. quinquelineata Börner, 1901 and E. unostrigata Stach, 1930), 12 new species have been detected and described, representing 71% of the total species found. All new species have been named in honour of important persons to the history of the Canary Islands, including some leaders. A combination of colouring patterns and other morphological characteristics that are easy to observe in most specimens (Katz et al. 2015a, b) have been used for the identification of the specimens, as is usual for the genus (Christiansen 1958), in addition to the dorsal macrochaetotaxy formula proposed by Jordana & Baquero (2005). Without this formula, many specimens could not have been identified or distinguished from already described species because the colourations ¿in many cases¿show ranges so broad as not to be diagnostic. In some species, the range of colouration can range from totally clear to totally dark,
  • Autores: Ariño Plana, Arturo (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: BIODIVERSITY INFORMATION SCIENCE AND STANDARDS
    ISSN: 2535-0897 Vol.2 N° e26300 2018
    Resumen
    Over the past decades, digitization endeavors across many institutions holding natural history collections (NHCs) have multiplied with three broad aims: first, to facilitate collection management by moving existing analog catalogues into digital form; second, to efficiently document and inventory specimens in collections, including imaging them as taxonomical surrogates; and third, to enable discovery of, and access to, the resulting collection data. NHCs contain a unique wealth of potential knowledge in the form of primary biodiversity data records (PBR): at its most basic level, the "what, where and when" of occurrences of the specimens in the collections. But as T.S. Eliot famously said, "knowledge is invariably a matter of degree". For such data to be transformed into digitally accessible knowledge (DAK) that is conducive to an understanding about how the natural world works, release of digitized data (the 2this we know") is necessary. At least two billion specimens are estimated to exist in NHCs already, but only a small fraction can be considered properly DAK: most have either not been digitized yet, or not released through a discovery facility. Digitizing is relatively costly as it often entails manually processing each specimen unit (e.g. a herbarium sheet, a pinned insect, or a vial full of invertebrates). How long could it take us to transform all NHCs into DAK? Can we keep up with the natural growth in collections?
  • Autores: Ariño Plana, Arturo
    Libro: Guía de las especies exóticas e invasoras de los ríos, lagos y estuarios de la Península Ibérica
    ISSN: 978-84-09-20863-0 2020 págs. 39 - 39
  • Autores: Galicia Paredes, David; Casas Jericó, María; Amezcua Martínez, Ana Belén; et al.
    Libro: La Divulgación del Conocimiento Evoluciona. Actas del VII Congreso de Comunicación Social de la Ciencia
    ISSN: 978-84-16283-92-7 2020 págs. 54 - 58
  • Autores: Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael; Leunda Urretavizcaya, Pedro Manuel
    Libro: Enciclopedia virtual de los vertebrados españoles
    2020 págs. 1 - 7
    Resumen
    A comprehensive review of the natural history of the black bullhead Ameirus melas in Spain.
  • Autores: Ariño Plana, Arturo
    Libro: Guía de las especies exóticas e invasoras de los ríos, lagos y estuarios de la Península Ibérica
    ISSN: 978-84-09-20863-0 2020 págs. 36 - 36
  • Autores: Puig i Baguer, Jordi
    Libro: ¿Quiénes somos? Cuestiones en torno al ser humano
    ISSN: 9788431332853 2018 págs. 62 - 66
  • Autores: Puig i Baguer, Jordi
    Libro: ¿Quiénes somos? cuestiones en torno al ser humano
    ISSN: 9788431332853 2018 págs. 33 - 37
  • Autores: Pons Izquierdo, Juan José; Santamaría Ulecia, Jesús Miguel; Ariño Plana, Arturo; et al.
    Libro: Tecnologías de la Información Geográfica: perspectivas multidisciplinares en la sociedad del conocimiento
    ISSN: 978-84-9133-146-9 2018 págs. 414 - 423
    Resumen
    La calidad del aire urbano es un aspecto muy relevante para el bienestar de los ciudadanos y está cada vez más presente en el debate social y político. Para contar con una atmósfera saludable en nuestras ciudades, resulta necesario disponer de información detallada sobre cómo se distribuye la contaminación en cada punto de la ciudad y no solo en torno a las cabinas de control de calidad del aire. En este contexto, se inscribe el proyecto LIFE+ RESPIRA (2014-2017), concebido como una iniciativa de ciencia ciudadana, en la que cerca de 150 ciclistas voluntarios han recorrido el área metropolitana de Pamplona a lo largo de dos años, equipados con captadores geolocalizados de diferentes tipos de contaminantes atmosféricos (CO , NOX, O3 y partículas en suspensión). A lo largo de ese tiempo, los voluntarios han recorrido unos 47.000 km en bicicleta, contribuyendo a obtener casi 150 millones de medidas en más de 4 millones de posiciones geolocalizadas a lo largo de las calles de la ciudad y sus alrededores, cubriendo la mayoría de las situaciones estacionales, horarias, climáticas y de tráfico de un año típico. Con toda esa ingente cantidad de información se ha podido realizar gran cantidad de mapas muy detallados de la calidad del aire, que han permitido modelizar el comportamiento de cada contaminante estudiado de acuerdo a las diferentes condiciones que se presentan.
  • Autores: Ibáñez Gastón, Ricardo
    Libro: Enseñando Biología III. Curso formativo práctico para profesores de Bachillerato
    ISSN: 978-84-8081-620-5 2018 págs. 7 - 14
  • Autores: Oliva-Paterna, F. J.; Ribeiro, F.; Miranda Ferreiro, Rafael; et al.
    ISSN: 978-84-123500-0-5 2021
    Resumen
    Se presenta una lista actualizada de las especies exóticas que se encuentran en etapa de establecimiento o de propagación de la invasión en aguas continentales de la península ibérica. La lista está basada en la evaluación sistemática de los datos en colaboración con un amplio equipo de expertos de España y Portugal. Esta lista de actualización es un instrumento de apoyo importante para la aplicación del Reglamento de la Unión Europea (UE) sobre las especies exóticas invasoras (EEI) y también proporciona una base objetiva para el examen de su aplicación. En última instancia, la información incluida puede utilizarse para supervisar el cumplimiento del objetivo de la Estrategia de la UE sobre diversidad biológica hasta 2030 para combatir las EEI, pero también para la aplicación de otras políticas de la UE con requisitos sobre especies exóticas, como las Directivas de Hábitats y Aves, la Directiva Marco sobre la Estrategia Marina (DMEM) y la Directiva Marco del Agua (DMA).
  • Autores: Almeida, D.; Anastacio, P. M.; Ariño Plana, Arturo; et al.
    ISSN: 978-84-09-20863-0 2020
  • Autores: Marcer, A.; Haston, E.; Groom, Q.; et al.
    2020
    Resumen
    This is a summary of the discussions and conclusions from the workshop on Quality issues in georeferencing in Natural History Collections, hosted at the Biological And Chemical Research Centre, University Of Warsaw, in Warsaw, Poland, from the 10th to the 13th of February 2020. The workshop was organized by Working Group 2 of the MOBILISE Cost Action 17106 ((https://www.mobilise-action.eu). Funding was provided by the Cost Action.
  • Autores: Kampmeier, G. (Editor); Ariño Plana, Arturo (Editor); Wallis, E. (Editor); et al.
    2019
  • Autores: Santamaría Ulecia, Jesús Miguel (Editor); Ariño Plana, Arturo; León Anguiano, Bienvenido; et al.
    ISSN: 978-84-947947-6-6 2018
    Resumen
    Recoge los principales resultados generados durante la realización del proyecto LIFE+RESPIRA, llevado a cabo en la ciudad de Pamplona (Navarra, España) por un equipo interdisciplinar constituido por más de 30 investigadores pertenecientes a la Universidad de Navarra, el Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT) y Gestión Ambiental de Navarra (GAN-NIK). El libro, que se ha publicado en castellano y en inglés, se ha dividido en 7 capítulos: 1. ¿Ciudades sostenibles? 2. Exposición de los ciudadanos a la contaminación atmosférica 3. Papel de la vegetación urbana en la calidad del aire 4. Modelos de alta resolución para evaluar la calidad del aire 5. Impactos de la contaminación urbana 6. Movilidad y sostenibilidad urbanas 7. Comunicación y educación ambiental. Este libro pretende ser una guía de utilidad para científicos, gestores y ciudadanos, aportando un conjunto de herramientas que permitan mejorar la calidad de vida de nuestras ciudades. Además, quiere rendir un homenaje a todos los voluntarios ciclistas que han participado en dicho proyecto y que son los verdaderos artífices del mismo, ya que gracias a su dedicación incondicional durante más de dos años, han proporcionado una cantidad ingente de datos sobre la calidad del aire de la ciudad de Pamplona.
  • Autores: Oscoz Escudero, Javier; Rodeles, A. A.; Miqueleiz Legaz, Imanol; et al.
    2018
    Resumen
    Es una publicación que muestra las principales especies animales que habitan en la cuenca del río Baztan-Bidasoa. A lo largo de sus doscientas páginas y con el apoyo de cuidadas imágenes, cada especie cuenta con su descripción, con sus datos de distribución, el detalle de su biología y de su estado de conservación, facilitándonos su reconocimiento y aportándonos la información básica que nos va a permitir aprender sobre cada una de ellas.

Proyectos desde 2018

  • Título: Plan anual de actividades de la UCC+i de la Universidad de Navarra
    Código de expediente: FCT-20-16125
    Investigador principal: IGNACIO LOPEZ GOÑI.
    Financiador: FUNDACION ESPAÑOLA PARA LA CIENCIA Y LA TECNOLOGIA
    Convocatoria: 2020 FECYT Fomento de la cultura científica
    Fecha de inicio: 01-07-2021
    Fecha fin: 30-06-2022
    Importe concedido: 25.000,00€
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: Ayuda de Movilidad Senior 2019
    Código de expediente: PRX19/00189
    Investigador principal: RAFAEL MIRANDA FERREIRO.
    Financiador: MINISTERIO DE EDUCACION , CULTURA Y DEPORTE
    Convocatoria: 2019 MECD Movilidad SENIOR
    Fecha de inicio: 01-09-2019
    Fecha fin: 29-02-2020
    Importe concedido: 19.309,00€
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: Impacto del depósito de N en zonas vulnerables españolas: tendencias temporales e interacciones a nivel de ecosistema y paisaje
    Código de expediente: CGL2017-84687-C2-2-R
    Investigador principal: DAVID ELUSTONDO VALENCIA.
    Financiador: MINISTERIO DE CIENCIA E INNOVACIÓN
    Convocatoria: 2017 MINECO RETOS INVESTIGACION. PROYECTOS DE I+D+i
    Fecha de inicio: 01-01-2018
    Fecha fin: 30-09-2021
    Importe concedido: 145.200,00€
    Otros fondos: Fondos FEDER
  • Título: LIFE INVASAQUA- Acuatic Invasive Alien Species of Freshwater and Estuarine Systems: Awareness and prevention in the Iberian Peninsula.LIFE17 GIE/ES/515
    Código de expediente: LIFE17 GIE/ES/000515
    Investigador principal: RAFAEL MIRANDA FERREIRO
    Financiador: COMISIÓN EUROPEA
    Convocatoria: LIFE + 2018
    Fecha de inicio: 01-11-2018
    Fecha fin: 31-10-2023
    Importe concedido: 438.641,00€
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: Percepción social del bienestar y los derechos animales en España: diagnóstico y caracterización
    Investigador principal: JORDI PUIG BAGUER
    Financiador: UNIVERSIDAD DE NAVARRA
    Convocatoria: 2020 Convocatoria PIUNA, 2021 Convocatoria PIUNA
    Fecha de inicio: 01-09-2020
    Fecha fin: 31-08-2022
    Importe concedido: 23.300,00€
  • Título: Loro Parque -Percepción
    Investigador principal: RAFAEL MIRANDA FERREIRO
    Fecha de inicio: 01-01-2019
    Fecha fin: 31-12-2022
    Importe: 0
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: Evaluación zoológicos y conservación biodiversidad
    Investigador principal: RAFAEL MIRANDA FERREIRO
    Fecha de inicio: 01-01-2019
    Fecha fin: 31-12-2021
    Importe: 0
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: Red de Observatorios de la Biodiversidad en Navarra
    Investigador principal: ENRIQUE BAQUERO MARTIN
    Financiador: UNIVERSIDAD DE NAVARRA
    Convocatoria: 2020 Convocatoria PIUNA, 2019 Convocatoria PIUNA, 2018 Convocatoria PIUNA
    Fecha de inicio: 01-09-2018
    Fecha fin: 31-08-2021
    Importe concedido: 44.150,00€
  • Título: Estudio de la función de los zoológicos
    Investigador principal: RAFAEL MIRANDA FERREIRO
    Fecha de inicio: 01-03-2018
    Fecha fin: 15-01-2019
    Importe: 0
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: PAIRQURS (public data access component of the bigger project
    Investigador principal: ARTURO HUGO ARIÑO PLANA
    Fecha de inicio: 09-11-2017
    Fecha fin: 09-09-2018
    Importe: 0
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: EUDAT 2020 - PAIRQURS
    Investigador principal: ARTURO HUGO ARIÑO PLANA
    Fecha de inicio: 29-09-2017
    Fecha fin: 30-09-2018
    Importe: 0
    Otros fondos: -