Grupos Investigadores

Miembros del Grupo

María Sol
María Florencia
Kalemkerian Tchakirian
Laura Cristina
Ramírez Rodríguez

Líneas de Investigación

  • Herramientas para favorecer el compromiso y la participación de las personas de la organización para con la mejora.
  • Iniciativas empresariales en el entorno de la Economía Circular.
  • Soluciones tecnológicas para incrementar la productividad, la calidad y la eficiencia ambiental de los procesos.

Palabras Clave

  • Eficiencia productiva y ambiental
  • Gestión sostenible
  • Implicación de las personas
  • Mejora continua
  • Mejora de procesos

Publicaciones Científicas desde 2018

  • Autores: Vidal-Ayuso, F.; Akhmedova, A.; Jaca García, Carmen (Autor de correspondencia)
    ISSN: 0959-6526 Vol.418 2023 págs. 137824 - *
    The circular economy (CE) has emerged as a sustainable alternative to the linear model of production and consumption of products and services. Consumers are key actors in the circular economy loop, yet consumer behaviour and decision-making remain at the periphery of research in this area. To close this gap and to promote related academic research we perform a systematic literature review, analysing the main areas of research in the CE relating to consumer behaviour and decision-making. The results show that there are six main areas that link consumer and CE: consumer behaviour, purchase intention and sustainable consumption; lifetime and reparability; recycled plastics, upcycling, e-waste and innovation. These areas seem incomplete and focused on a relatively small number of sectors. Further, while attitude and knowledge are the most influential elements in the consumer's buying decision-making process, our analysis shows significant gaps in current research in this regard. A key element of consumer behaviour, the post-purchase phase relating to use, recycle and upcycle was found to still be obscure. We provide recommendations on how this gap can be filled.
  • Autores: Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; Mejia-Villa, A.; Jaca García, Carmen; et al.
    ISSN: 2013-8423 Vol.16 N° 2 2023 págs. 186 - 204
    The circular economy is a key issue for any company, city, or institution. The linear economy model, based on "take, make, use and waste" of products and resources, has discarded potentially valuable resources and caused serious contamination problems. In contrast, the circular economy (CE) model is a strategic paradigm whose purpose is to regenerate and conserve resources through closed material loops and the sustainable use of energy in its processes. Therefore, a growing number of companies are applying different tools and techniques to implement the CE principles to innovate their products, services, and processes, achieving promising results. Thus, the main objective of this study is to suggest an implementation model named ¿Circular clock¿ based on a set of tools and techniques which firms may use for implementing CE.
  • Autores: Lindner, R. (Autor de correspondencia); Hernantes Apezetxea, Josune; Jaca García, Carmen
    ISSN: 1753-8378 Vol.16 N° 4-5 2023 págs. 664 - 685
    PurposeThis research assesses the implications of integrating standardization activities into European research projects to foster the engagement of project internal and external stakeholders and into different project stakeholder management theories.Design/methodology/approachThis paper analyzes the integration of standardization and the engagement of project internal and external stakeholders in standardization activities in a multi-case study of four European Framework Program projects and with the projects Advancing Resilience of Historic Areas Against Climate-Related and Other Hazards (ARCH) and Smart Mature Resilience (SMR) in two separate case studies more deeply. The multi-case study mainly evaluates the stakeholder participation in 10 CEN Workshop Agreements. While in the two case studies, among other things, two project surveys are used to investigate how stakeholder engagement was supported by standardization activities.FindingsThe results show that standardization significantly supports stakeholder engagement and lead to a proposal on how standardization can support achieving stakeholder engagement goals in the different research project phases.Originality/valueThis research provides practical information for policy-makers who support standardization as a tool for research, as well as for researchers and project managers who want to use standardization activities efficiently in research projects.
  • Autores: Henríquez, R. (Autor de correspondencia); Muñoz-Villamizar, A.; Santos García, Javier
    ISSN: 2040-4166 Vol.14 N° 4 2023 págs. 710 - 729
    Purpose This research has the following specific objectives: provide an overview of the literature addressing operational excellence (OE) and OE in emerging countries; propose an integrative framework of OE attributes; and propose future research directions for the OE literature. Design/methodology/approach To remain competitive in industry, many organizations are implementing OE initiatives. However, achieving OE in emerging markets has been a pressing challenge due to the scarce knowledge on how it works. Through a systematic review of the literature, this study aims to contribute to a deeper understanding of the concept of OE in emerging countries through the triple bottom line. Findings This study has found nine attributes of OE based on the three pillars of sustainability or triple bottom line (economic, environmental and social). Four of them were the most cited and served to build the proposed framework. The analysis concludes that most of the studies related to OE in emerging countries have been carried out in Asia. Finally, based on the results obtained from the literature review, six points of future research are proposed based on three research directions: OE in emerging countries, active participation by employees and culture generation and finally, research methods. Originality/value The gap that is filled in this study is that some authors have studied the application of OE in emerging countries, specifically on the Asian continent. In those cases, the literature is either oriented to describing OE from different perspectives or to its application in different companies, some of which are emerging countries. However, to the best of the authors' knowledge, there is no study that describes the specific and complete aspects that make up a model of OE and which can show how this model can be applied in emerging countries.
  • Autores: Mora-Contreras, R.; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; Hernandez-Salazar, G.; et al.
    ISSN: 2352-5509 Vol.40 2023 págs. 77 - 88
    The implementation of activities close to the circular economy (CE), such as environmental management system (EMS) and cleaner production (CP) practices, and their relationships, are expected to have positive effects on the circular and sustainability performance. However, current research has provided results in which the effects are diffuse, contradictory, or even negative in some cases. Given the need for more consensus on the relationship between CE-related practices and sustainability performance, we investigated the effect of EMSs and CP prac-tices, and their interactions on companies' circular and sustainability performance. This longitudinal study used official Colombian government data of 1544 manufacturing companies from 2012 to 2019, considering impact assessment and structural equation modeling. Our results clarify which elements of circular and sustainability performance have and have not been affected by the implementation of these practices and their interactions, highlighting important challenges for theory, practice, and society. In this regard, manufacturing companies that adopt EMSs, CP or both practices obtain benefits related to the sale of certain waste, the reuse of water and the creation of green jobs and improvements in their organizational performance. However, adopting such practices does not necessarily imply waste circularity. Moreover, our findings guide management decision-making on which practices to implement to achieve better performance. We also evidence limited sustainable value creation by industries in social terms. Finally, we recommend the strategic implementation of CE and the development of new business models enabled by systemic eco-innovations and technology for sustainable value creation.
  • Autores: Mejia-Villa, A.; Torres-Guevara, L. E. (Autor de correspondencia); Prieto-Sandoval, V.; et al.
    ISSN: 1871-1871 Vol.49 2023 págs. 101359 - *
    Biomimicry is a sustainable design strategy that harnesses the understanding of nature and its efficient resource utilization. However, the academic literature needs comprehensive methodol-ogies for applying biomimicry across various fields of study and professions. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of teaching a fusion of biomimicry and Creative Problem Solving (CPS) processes to management students tasked with designing eco-innovative products.Equipped with prior training in sustainability, biomimicry, creativity, and innovation, the students undertook a challenge to create a sustainable backpack using biomimicry within the CPS framework. To evaluate the training's effectiveness, systematic content analysis was applied to assess the usefulness and features of students' output. Additionally, a survey was administered to gauge the impact of this experience on the students' learning.The results suggest that the CPS approach effectively facilitated the students' development of sustainable products, even without a background in natural sciences, resource availability, or technology. These findings encourage the development of training workshops for future managers who may initially doubt their ability to propose sustainable products. Furthermore, insights from these pilot courses may inspire educators and the broader academic community to incorporate sustainable design strategies into their curriculum, leveraging valuable creative skills to address global challenges and future employment opportunities.
  • Autores: Mora Contreras, Rafael; Torres Guevara, Luz Elba; Mejía Villa, Andrés; et al.
    ISSN: 2352-5509 Vol.35 2023 págs. 95 - 115
  • Autores: Henríquez, R. (Autor de correspondencia); Muñoz-Villamizar, A.; Santos García, Javier
    ISSN: 1741-038X Vol.34 N° 5 2023 págs. 771 - 792
    Purpose - This paper proposes a maturity model to indicate the operational excellence (OE) implementation status of businesses in emerging countries, considering its importance in Industry 4.0.Design/methodology/approach- The study involves four steps. First, undertake a study of the literature to identify the variables to consider in the maturity model; second, identify how to organize the variables found in the first step; third, structure a questionnaire to define the maturity model; and lastly, validate the variables found in the literature and the maturity levels.Findings- A total of 23 variables were validated through interviews with general managers, operation managers and experts within organizations. Interviews were carried out in 49 companies from different sectors. Five maturity levels were defined in this study: basic level, beginner level, training level, innovative level and champion level.Originality/value - Many businesses are implementing OE as a practice to remain competitive in their industries, targeting economic, environmental and social sustainability. However, OE implementation in companies from developing or emerging countries is far below the average level of that in developed companies due to cultural, political or economic constraints. To the best of the authors' knowledge, there is no model that indicates the status of OE implementation in companies from emerging countries or the different levels to implement OE. This study fills the mentioned gap.
  • Autores: Romero-Silva, R. (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier; Hurtado-Hernández, M.
    ISSN: 0953-7287 Vol.35 N° 3 2023 págs. 262 - 282
    In the last century, there was a general perception that scheduling theory was highly irrelevant to scheduling practice. Many recent studies, however, have suggested that the applicability of scheduling approaches is highly intertwined with the manufacturing environment in which the scheduling task is carried out. In this paper we used the constructs of Contingency Theory to suggest specific fits between scheduling approaches and manufacturing environments, after suggesting that the theory-practice gap in production scheduling research has been caused by three issues: (a) simplification of scheduling problems, (b) simplification of the practical scheduling task as a decision process, and (c) lack of relevance of the traditional scheduling approach to all manufacturing environments. Furthermore, we suggest that the dynamism of the state of the system and the complexity of the scheduling problem are the two constituting vectors that define the complexity of the scheduling task. We use both vectors to identify different types of manufacturing environments and propose specific fits with scheduling approaches. Finally, we hypothesize that the fit between scheduling approaches and manufacturing environments is only relevant in environments with high resource utilization where the scheduling task could have a bigger impact on a firm's performance, and present three case studies to better exemplify the relevance of the conceptual framework.
  • Autores: Kalemkerian, F. (Autor de correspondencia); Lamela, S.; Santos García, Javier; et al.
    ISSN: 1474-6778 Vol.22 N° 1 2023 págs. 77 - 94
    Since the concept of cleaner production (CP) considers not only the environment but also the economic and social dimension, additional scholarly attention is focused on studying the relationship of CP to sustainability. This research aims to present the main elements that contribute to successful CP implementation and sustainability in organisations. Eleven companies, mostly SMEs that adopted CP practices after a training course, were selected from different industrial sectors. The main results showed that the critical success factors most often cited for achieving successful implementation are commitment from top management and government support. Although some companies continue to implement sustainable practices, the majority apply CP only to comply with environmental laws, which results in a limited contribution to sustainability. Additionally, the analysed companies do not have standardised metrics to evaluate their sustainable performance, but CP serves as a guide to support their decisions. More effort is needed to make companies aware of the benefits of CP in other areas of organisations, and to integrate the three domains of sustainability when implementing CP practices.
  • Autores: Antony, J. (Autor de correspondencia); Lauterbach, L.; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; et al.
    Revista: THE TQM JOURNAL
    ISSN: 1754-2731 Vol.36 N° 2 2023 págs. 478 - 498
    PurposeThis article presents a novel case study that analyzes the applicability of DoE in the curling sport in order to improve their own performance and the performance of its athletes. Specifically, this study analyzes the most important factors to increase accuracy and precision in the draw game with curlers' opinions. It was decided to use the Last Stone Draw (LSD)' as an appropriate play situation.Design/methodology/approachSpecifically, this study analyzes most important factors to increase accuracy and precision in the draw game with curlers opinions from the German Curling association. Three research techniques were used in this study: case study, interviews and a well-designed experiment. The analysis through the use of DoE includes a measurement system analysis, an initial variance test between two players, a screening and a characterization experiment.FindingsThe results obtained from DoE suggest that the factors routine, stress, release, balance, and the previous play situation have a substantial impact on the score of the player's draw game. However, no factor has a statistically significant impact on the average distance to the center of the target. Moreover, the DoE analysis also concludes that the accuracy and precision of the player's performance is not affected equally by all analyzed factors, but they turn into highly significant when examining their relationship to the other factors.Practical implicationsThe findings of this study can be beneficial to other sports events in improving the performance. Moreover, DoE has proved to be an invaluable tool for many people in the German Curling Association in understanding the factors which influence the curlers performance and also factors which do not affect the curlers performance.Originality/valueThis research attempts to contribute to the existing sports management literature by identifying a way in which DoE can be an effective tool in non-manufacturing settings for identification of most important factors which influence the curling performance.
  • Autores: Martínez, I. (Autor de correspondencia); Bruse, J. L.; Flórez Tapia, Ane Miren; et al.
    ISSN: 0360-1323 Vol.207 2022 págs. 108495
    Recent evidence suggests that SARS-CoV-2, which is the virus causing a global pandemic in 2020, is predominantly transmitted via airborne aerosols in indoor environments. This calls for novel strategies when assessing and controlling a building's indoor air quality (IAQ). IAQ can generally be controlled by ventilation and/or policies to regulate human-building-interaction. However, in a building, occupants use rooms in different ways, and it may not be obvious which measure or combination of measures leads to a cost-and energy-effective solution ensuring good IAQ across the entire building. Therefore, in this article, we introduce a novel agent-based simulator, ArchABM, designed to assist in creating new or adapt existing buildings by estimating adequate room sizes, ventilation parameters and testing the effect of policies while taking into account IAQ as a result of complex human-building interaction patterns. A recently published aerosol model was adapted to calculate time-dependent carbon dioxide (CO2) and virus quanta concentrations in each room and inhaled CO2 and virus quanta for each occupant over a day as a measure of physiological response. ArchABM is flexible regarding the aerosol model and the building layout due to its modular architecture, which allows implementing further models, any number and size of rooms, agents, and actions reflecting human-building interaction patterns. We present a use case based on a real floor plan and working schedules adopted in our research center. This study demonstrates how advanced simulation tools can contribute to improving IAQ across a building, thereby ensuring a healthy indoor environment.
  • Autores: Escuder, M.; Tanco Rainusso, Martín (Autor de correspondencia); Muñoz-Villamizar, A.; et al.
    ISSN: 1741-0401 Vol.71 N° 2 2022 págs. 558 - 575
    Purpose Urban logistics presents a series of challenges, as the interests of the different stakeholders are not always aligned. The aim of this research is to explore the potential of applying Lean principles to reduce waste in urban logistics. Design/methodology/approach As a structure for "going to gemba," the authors implemented the shadowing technique to better understand the perspective of companies distributing products in the city of Montevideo, Uruguay. Then, meetings were conducted to validate the observations by the people shadowed. Findings The results show that most of shipper's time is dedicated to waiting (59%), which is followed by driving (22%), and only a small section of time was dedicated to unloading and verification activities (19%). Although collaborative solutions are needed along with the different stakeholders, this research highlights how deploying Lean thinking can improve significantly urban logistics achieving up to 25% improvement in the number of stores served per shift. Practical implications From an academic point of view, this study emphasizes the importance of continue applying and evaluating the Lean practices into transportation contexts. From a company's perspective, the authors have presented a list of propositions that can be implemented for carriers in order to reduce waste and/or improve the efficiency of the urban transportation process. Originality/value Based on the literature review carried out, the subject study of Lean and its application to urban logistics remains mostly unexplored in the scientific literature.
  • Autores: Bouranta, N.; Psomas, E.; Casolani, N. (Autor de correspondencia); et al.
    Revista: NEW MEDIT
    ISSN: 1594-5685 Vol.21 N° 4 2022 págs. 71 - 84
    The purpose of the study is to investigate and compare consumers' food safety perceptions in three Med-iterranean countries (Greece, Italy, and Spain). A survey was carried out based on a structured ques-tionnaire focusing on food safety-related issues concerning food characteristics, the labeling of systems implemented by food companies such as the Quality Management System and the Food Safety Manage-ment System, consumer trust in the food supply chain, and consumer illusion of food control. Information was collected from individuals located in those three countries (2,664 respondents), which share common characteristics. The results indicate that there is a significant heterogeneity in consumers' food safety perceptions in the three countries. The Spanish sample has the greatest level of trust in the supply chain in terms of food safety and the highest level of illusion of food control. The Italians evaluate the food characteristics and the QMS-FSMS's labeling higher than the Spanish and the Greeks. This multinational study brings to light the different types of food safety concerns of consumers from three Mediterranean countries.
  • Autores: Kalemkerian, F. (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier; Tanco Rainusso, Martín; et al.
    ISSN: 1741-038X Vol.33 N° 6 2022 págs. 1059 - 1079
    Purpose Green Lean tools are aligned with the Circular Economy strategy as they aim at reducing waste, however, they miss the creation of value through waste. Therefore, this paper investigates whether the current implementation of the Green Lean strategy promotes the introduction of the Circular philosophy to achieve sustainable management production processes. It analyses how the resources were managed by implementing the different strategies and tools presented in Green Lean case studies under the lens of Circular Economy and highlights future research paths on the Circular Lean integration. Design/methodology/approach An analysis of the implementation of Green Lean case studies, selected through a Systematic Literature Review, from the manufacturing sector is conducted. Findings The majority of Green Lean implementations were aimed at minimizing waste, which is aligned with the narrowing strategy of Circular Economy and only a few cases studies aimed at closing the production cycles. Even though the main results indicate that being eco-efficient is a good starting point to move towards sustainability, from a Circular Economy point of view, this approach could remain limited. Therefore, the current contribution of Green Lean to the implementation of circular practices is limited. It can be concluded that introducing the circular philosophy in the Green Lean methodology can be achieved through redirecting Green Lean from waste reduction towards a value creation focus. Originality/value The originality of this paper is that it provides a critical review of the literature on the topic of Green Lean integration and Circular Economy.
  • Autores: Martínez, I. (Autor de correspondencia); Otamendi, U.; Olaizola, I. G.; et al.
    Revista: MEASUREMENT
    ISSN: 0263-2241 Vol.190 2022 págs. 110646
    Accurate temperature measurements are essential for the proper monitoring and control of industrial furnaces. However, measurement uncertainty is a risk for such a critical parameter. Certain instrumental and environmental errors must be considered when using spectral-band radiation thermometry techniques, such as the uncertainty in the emissivity of the target surface, reflected radiation from surrounding objects, or atmospheric absorption and emission, to name a few. Undesired contributions to measured radiation can be isolated using measurement models, also known as error-correction models. This paper presents a methodology for budgeting significant sources of error and uncertainty during temperature measurements in a petrochemical furnace scenario. A continuous monitoring system is also presented, aided by a deep-learning-based measurement correction model, to allow domain experts to analyze the furnace's operation in real-time. To validate the proposed system's functionality, a real-world application case in a petrochemical plant is presented. The proposed solution demonstrates the viability of precise industrial furnace monitoring, thereby increasing operational security and improving the efficiency of such energy-intensive systems.
  • Autores: Prieto-Sandoval, V. (Autor de correspondencia); Mejía-Villa, A.; Jaca García, Carmen; et al.
    ISSN: 2730-5988 Vol.2 N° 2 2022 págs. 713 - 729
    The circular economy (CE) is an alternative economic system based on closing energy and material cycles to achieve sustainable development and create value based on innovation. In this sense, business associations (BAs) can work as intermediaries to promote CE in industrial sectors. They bring together many companies, generate trust-based relationships, support companies' strategy and collaborative innovation to construct closed-loop material flows, and increase competitiveness in sectors and regions. This study aims to show the BA's role as intermediaries of CE and promoters of industrial symbiosis (IS) as a value creation strategy among its affiliated companies (AC). Thus, this work takes the form of an exploratory case study of five different companies of the Union of Agricultural Cooperatives of Navarra (UCAN) in Spain. Researchers collected this study's data through a focus group and surveys. As a result, an original serious game was developed in 2016 and a survey in 2016 and 2020, which considers the CE's six fields of action (take, make, manufacture, distribution, use, recovery, and IS). Finally, this study proposes a methodology to promote the CE through the BAs, based on the performance of the UCAN as an intermediary of the CE and IS. Likewise, BAs' potential to promote the closure of energy and materials cycles in regions and commercial sectors such as agribusiness is demonstrated. ...
  • Autores: Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro (Autor de correspondencia); Montaner, A.; Edmondson, A. C.; et al.
    ISSN: 1532-9194 Vol.63 N° 4 2022 págs. 20 - 23
  • Autores: Rincón Moreno, John Anderson; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta (Autor de correspondencia); Jaca García, Carmen
    ISSN: 2730-5988 Vol.2 2022 págs. 693 - 711
    The circular economy (CE) is now more imperative than ever due to several shortcomings humanity faces due to global economic disruptions. The CE might help initiate a virtuous circle whereby waste materials would be turned into resources for other companies to create closed-loop systems. However, the CE remains a niche paradigm embraced by only a small number of companies in some areas of the world. Some authors have argued that it is essential to encourage stakeholders at different implementation levels of a CE to increase the uptake of this new model among companies, and stakeholders may provide the required framework for the shift towards a circular model. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to answer the following research question: how can the transition towards the CE be accelerated from a `stakeholders¿ perspective? The study was undertaken in the Spanish region of Basque Country, where a CE strategy is already in place at the regional level, and some companies are already delivering circular solutions. This approach was selected to help understand the lack of widespread adoption of CE initiatives in a local system despite having a regional CE strategy. Data were collected from respondents from various stakeholders and also from desk research to ensure their reliability. The results showed the relevance of understanding how stakeholders can help speed up the transition by proactively exploring new ways to create novel conditions to work together with a broad...
  • Autores: Rincón Moreno, John Anderson; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; Álvarez Sánchez-Arjona, María Jesús; et al.
    ISSN: 0959-6526 Vol.279 2021 págs. 123605
    Current research on the circular economy (CE) reveals that, while the concept and its application have been extensively explored as shown in several case studies, the definition of tools and criteria measuring ¿circularity¿ of products, companies or regions are not well-defined. Therefore, indicators for measuring the different levels of a CE (micro, meso, and macro) should be a high priority for stakeholders (governments, companies, NGOs, civil society, etc.) in order to track progress on CE initiatives. However, the increasing interest on CE has caused a still open debate on the conceptualization of CE which hampers the creation of indicators based on a common conceptual framework. As a result, the absence of standard indicators to track progress on circularity is leading to contradiction and misunderstanding, which represents a challenge to the implementation of CE strategies. Thus, this study tries to address this gap by advancing a set of indicators adapted from existing indicators that guarantees simplicity and effectiveness, closely based on indicators proposed by government bodies. This research carried out an exploratory study to formulate the indicators requirements based on literature, refined through experts¿ opinion and then they were tested in Spanish companies located in the Basque Country region through an empirical work to assess this theory...
  • Autores: Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta (Autor de correspondencia); Sarriegi Domínguez, José María; Rich, E.; et al.
    ISSN: 1086-0266 Vol.34 N° 1 2021 págs. 145 - 170
    Maturity models enhance the performance of companies by prescribing a trajectory through stages of increasing capability. However, a recent review of maturity models concludes that current maturity models hardly meet the design principles required for prescriptive use. To address this deficiency, we conducted semistructured interviews and a Group Model Building study with industrial companies in Spain in which we studied the progression toward a Leading Green Company as the highest maturity stage of environmental management. The findings from the study were tested using surveys with enterprises in Spain, Italy, and the United Kingdom, semistructured interviews in the United Kingdom and case studies in Spain. Using these data sources, we develop a causal model that captures an idealized environmental management maturity dynamic progression though stages. By mapping maturity stages to feedback loops connected to actions to improve those maturity levels, system dynamics can help companies articulate policies for transitioning toward higher maturity stages.
  • Autores: Muñoz-Villamizar, A.; Santos García, Javier
    ISSN: 1740-8822 Vol.15 N° 3 2021 págs. 336 - 351
    Lean and green are major, compatible management initiatives because of their joint focus on waste reduction, efficient use of resources and emphasis on satisfying customer needs at the lowest possible cost (economic and environmental). From this angle, this paper presents a bibliometric analysis of the integration of lean and green management. To that end, this paper analyses 685 research papers retrieved from the Scopus database using the following parameters: year of publication, discipline, source, institution, country and citations. This final dataset was composed of articles from scientific journals published between 1992-2018. Furthermore, VOSviewer software was used to map the bibliographic material using the coupling of countries and the co-occurrence of keywords. The analysis indicates that research on lean and green topics has increased in recent years, and that moreover the topic is structured into three clusters: 1) manufacturing; 2) energy, emissions and costs; 3) Lean Six Sigma. These highlights can facilitate the development of future research on this topic.
  • Autores: Viles Díez, Elisabeth (Autor de correspondencia); Bultó, Ramón; Mateo Dueñas, Ricardo; et al.
    ISSN: 0953-7287 Vol.32 N° 1 2021 págs. 34 - 51
    Many new model launches in Europe do not meet the quality, cost and production targets set by automotive companies during production ramp-up. Although increasing car complexity could be a key factor in explaining this issue, it is not sufficient to explain why production sites are not able to meet these important targets. This article analyses whether the production system used in European car manufacturing plants are suitable for achieving performance goals during the production ramp-up phase. First, the differences between serial production and the production ramp-up phase are analyzed through the conceptual framework of the European Production System in the automotive industry. Second, a case study using real data from a European automotive plant is presented, and the evidence calls into question the appropriateness of maintaining the same production system during the ramp-up phase. The study concludes that there is a need to make the production system in Europe more flexible during the ramp-up phase. In particular, changes should be more oriented towards fostering organizational improvement capability in order to reduce the stops that occur in the production line, avoid using pull systems as a constraint or limitation, and help to build a new culture of stopping to fix problems.
  • Autores: Ruiz Pérez, Fernando (Autor de correspondencia); Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; et al.
    Revista: THE TQM JOURNAL
    ISSN: 1754-2731 Vol.33 N° 4 2021 págs. 823 - 840
    Purpose This paper unifies previous research literature on employee participation in continuous improvement (CI) activities through the development and validation of a conceptual model. The purpose of this model is to illustrate how organizational drivers foster organizational and individual enablers which, in turn, strengthen employee participation in CI. The article also discusses the results and managerial implications. Design/methodology/approach Firstly, the article introduces the main variables affecting employee participation in CI, looking at the different possible relationships proposed in existing literature. In accordance with the Kaye and Anderson (1999) framework, these variables are categorized into organizational drivers, organizational and individual enablers and individual outcomes. Based on these categories, a model was put forward and empirically validated using data collected from three Spanish companies (n = 483) and using partial least squares structural equations modelling (PLS-SEM). Findings A model was put forward, proposing PIRK systems (power, information, rewards, knowledge) as the main organizational driver of employee participation in CI activities. PIRK impacts positively on social influence (organizational enabler), self-efficacy and job satisfaction (individual enablers). These enablers, together with employee intention of participating, help determine employee participation in CI activities. Practical implications Organizations...
  • Autores: Ruiz Pérez, Fernando; Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta (Autor de correspondencia)
    ISSN: 0959-6526 Vol.329 2021 págs. 129742
    Corporate Sustainability is today a key issue for companies considering value generation, climate change and social requirements. This sustainability must be achieved in the economic, social, and environmental aspects; many authors have studied the variables that make up these aspects. Despite the importance of employees in Corporate Sustainability, to our knowledge, no studies have connected the variables with the impact that employees have on them. Therefore, in this study, combining a literature review with a Panel Delphi with 11 experts, we seek consensus on: 1) the relevance of the different variables that define Corporate Sustainability; 2) on which variables can employees have an impact; and 3) what employee behaviors are more susceptible of having this impact. The results show consensus on employees and propose behaviors that could enhance some of the most important variables of economic, social and environmental sustainability. This result opens up the possibility of developing a scale to measure employee sustainable behaviors and to understand how companies can facilitate these behaviors.
  • Autores: Antony, J. (Autor de correspondencia); Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Torres, A. F.; et al.
    Revista: THE TQM JOURNAL
    ISSN: 1754-2731 Vol.33 N° 5 2021 págs. 987 - 1000
    Purpose The purpose of this study is to critically evaluate the current status of Design of experiments (DoE) in the service industry or non-manufacturing processes in the manufacturing sector. This involves the identification of critical success factors and challenges in the use of DoE in the context of the service industry as well as the key skills needed for its successful applications. Design/methodology/approach In order to identify the critical success factors and challenges, an online survey instrument was developed and distributed across Six Sigma Black Belts (SSBB), Six Sigma Master Black Belts (SSMBB), process improvement champions, continuous improvement professionals, DoE experts and specialists as well as academics who are involved in DoE research and applications. Findings A total of 109 participants from over 20 countries responded to the study. One of the first findings of the study is that over 40% of the process improvement professionals in the service sector do not have any hands-on experience with the application of DoE. Further, this study highlights the following critical factors for successful DoE applications: dedicating adequate resources in terms of time, budget and people for the experiment; getting a clear understanding of the problem at hand; securing a reliable and validated measurement system for measuring the response or quality characteristics of interest; and identifying input independent variables, which influence the quality characteristics during the brainstorming stage. Some respondents also mention the importance of having training or education in DoE as a critical success factor. At the same time, the lack of adequate planning to experimentation, mathematical knowledge and statistical reasoning remains as challenge to be solved. Research limitations/implications As data were collected at an individual level, inter-reliability, which measures the consistency of judgements on a particular survey item, could not be gauged. Moreover, due to low sample size across some continents, an intercontinental comparative study on the extent of the application of DoE across various continents could not be performed. Originality/value To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first global survey carried out to understand the status of DoE in the service industry. The results of the global study can be used to encourage quality, continuous improvement and process improvement professionals in the service sector to drive wider acceptance of one of the most powerful tools in the Six Sigma toolkit for problem-solving scenarios. Moreover, senior managers in the service industry can take away some of the key benefits, challenges and success factors in the implementation of DoE.
  • Autores: Tanco Rainusso, Martín; Kalemkerian, F. (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier
    ISSN: 0959-6526 Vol.293 2021 págs. 126139
    Growing concerns about the environmental impact caused by industrial operations is spurring companies to seek more sustainable modes of production. In this context, adopting sustainable manufacturing (SM) practices still represents a challenge, especially for small and medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs). In order to address this issue, this study identified a set of barriers to SM implementation. The main findings reveal that there is limited research on SM from Latin American (LATAM) countries, and the majority of published articles discuss the implementation of lean tools and cleaner production in industry. Additionally, results showed that the biggest challenges that Uruguayan companies have to face are associated with economic and financial barriers. A new categorization of barriers: human perceptions, resource constraints and weak legislation was presented. Finally, the study examines the adoption of SM practices in the country, with cleaner production and product recovery being the most implemented practices. This study concludes that there is an urgent need for government institutions, academia, and organizations to align their objectives and work together in order to support SMEs in their transition towards sustainability.
  • Autores: Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; Torres-Guevara, L. E. (Autor de correspondencia); Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; et al.
    ISSN: 2013-8423 Vol.14 N° 3 2021 págs. 425 - 438
    Purpose: The circular economy has multiple benefits and opportunities to achieve sustainability and a better future for the next generations. The purpose of this paper is to propose a methodology that guides step-by-step any industrial SMEs in the transition from the linear to a circular model. Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) have a crucial role in the sustainable development transition, considering that they represent most of the world's companies. Design/methodology/approach: To develop this methodology, two research techniques were used: a focus group and storyboarding. Findings: The resulting methodology, called Ecopyme, comprises five steps: 1) Firm identity, 2) Diagnosis, 3) Planning, 4) Get the ball rolling, and 5) Assessment and feedback. In addition, two key criteria that must be included in the whole process were identified: value creation in the firm through a circular economy and organization commitment from the top management to the staff. Research limitations/implications: The Ecopyme methodology has two limitations: It does not propose either implementation tools or involve consumers and actors at the meso (e.g., eco-industrial parks) and macro (e.g., cities, provinces, countries) levels. Practical implications: This study will help policymakers understand the SMEs' perspective and remove barriers that may hinder the paradigm shift. The methodology is also a useful tool for consultants and entrepreneurs to incorporate the circular economy (CE) principles into their business. Originality/value: In the CE literature, little attention has been paid to proposing a structured methodology to implement CE in SMEs. Thus, the study provides a step-by-step methodology that guides any industrial SMEs to transition from linear to circular. Also, it provides additional evidence concerning the importance of human commitment in changing firms' paradigm because people can encourage the adoption of responsible production practices if firms commit CEOs, sustainability managers, and staff.
  • Autores: Otamendi, U. (Autor de correspondencia); Martínez Zubiaurre, Íñigo; Quartulli, M.; et al.
    Revista: SOLAR ENERGY
    ISSN: 0038-092X Vol.220 2021 págs. 914 - 926
    In the operation & maintenance (O&M) of photovoltaic (PV) plants, the early identification of failures has become crucial to maintain productivity and prolong components' life. Of all defects, cell-level anomalies can lead to serious failures and may affect surrounding PV modules in the long run. These fine defects are usually captured with high spatial resolution electroluminescence (EL) imaging. The difficulty of acquiring such images has limited the availability of data. For this work, multiple data resources and augmentation techniques have been used to surpass this limitation. Current state-of-the-art detection methods extract barely low-level information from individual PV cell images, and their performance is conditioned by the available training data. In this article, we propose an end-to-end deep learning pipeline that detects, locates and segments cell-level anomalies from entire photovoltaic modules via EL images. The proposed modular pipeline combines three deep learning techniques: 1. object detection (modified Faster-RNN), 2. image classification (EfficientNet) and 3. weakly supervised segmentation (autoencoder). The modular nature of the pipeline allows to upgrade the deep learning models to the further improvements in the state-of-the-art and also extend the pipeline towards new functionalities.
  • Autores: Henriquez-Machado, R.; Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier
    ISSN: 2071-1050 Vol.13 N° 6 2021 págs. 3165
    Operational excellence is directly related to improving performance and efficiency in every dimension of sustainability (i.e., economic, environmental and social). Consequently, companies are implementing this initiative to remain competitive in their industries. Previous works measured operational excellence in first-world companies. However, it is expected that the productivity level in many companies from developing or emerging countries is far below the average level of developed companies. In this context, the research objectives of this study are to (1) evaluate the level of implementation of operational excellence, impacting the three dimensions of sustainability simultaneously in some companies from the central-savanna region of Colombia; (2) compare their implementation status with similar studies carried out in companies of developed countries. In order to solve it, we first present an empirical assessment of operational excellence in that region using semistructured interviews in 79 different companies. Then, we compare the obtained results with the assessments available in the literature. Our results show that operational excellence performance in Colombian companies is lower than in developed companies in terms of economic performance by operations standards and continuous improvement schemes, environmental sustainability and social sustainability.
  • Autores: Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; Ruiz-Palomino, P.; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; et al.
    ISSN: 0925-5273 Vol.242 2021 págs. 108280
    Sustaining continuous improvement activities is one of the biggest challenges that companies face. In order to foster operator participation in continuous improvement activities, this paper aims to present and validate a scale for measuring middle manager trustworthiness. Firstly, we combine the available literature with two concept mappings, one with operators and another with supervisors, and an expert panel (consisting of experienced academics, practitioners and consultants) to identify the specific middle manager behaviors that are essential to convey trustworthiness. Secondly, an empirical analysis with 211 operators from three different companies located in three different countries (i.e., Peru, Honduras and Spain) served to define, debug and test the reliability and the convergent, discriminant, and nomological validity of the scale. The validated scale presents middle manager trustworthiness as a reflective-reflective second-order construct formed by four critical dimensions: human qualities; training and development; technical and managerial competencies; team building. To the best of our knowledge, this paper is the first to present a valid and reliable scale for measuring middle manager trustworthiness in continuous improvement activities. The proposed scale can be used as a guideline for companies which aim to foster operators' trust and participation in continuous improvement activities and for those activities to be sustainable over time.
  • Autores: Lindner, R. (Autor de correspondencia); Lückerath, D.; Milde, K.; et al.
    ISSN: 2071-1050 Vol.13 N° 21 2021 págs. 12276
    Risks related to climate change and natural hazards increasingly affect urban areas such as historic towns, old urban quarters, villages, and hamlets. These, as well as historic landscapes, make up a significant part of an urban area¿s identity and cannot just be rebuilt or significantly changed without taking into account the historic value, cultural background, and prescribed regulations. Systematic resilience building for historic areas is becoming essential, and research supporting it will be in the spotlight. However, questions still exist concerning how to best transfer research results into practice at the community level. Standardization of resilience-enhancing methods and tools deriving from research projects is one option, chosen, e.g., for the EU-Horizon 2020 project ARCH. Within the project, a disaster risk management (DRM) framework has been composed and then transferred into a standard, supported by a co-creation approach involving relevant stakeholders. This article outlines the project¿s different standardization steps and its impact on the development of the ARCH DRM Framework. It highlights the systematic inclusion of project-external stakeholders who actively contribute to the validation and enhancement of the ARCH DRM framework to guarantee maximum applicability in historic areas, supporting them in their fight against the impacts of climate change and natural hazards
  • Autores: Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier; Grau Gumbau, Paloma; et al.
    ISSN: 1435-246X Vol.29 N° 4 2021 págs. 1219 - 1230
    Environmental efficiency should not be treated independently of production efficiency. Several studies have demonstrated that lean management can be a major part of the answer to improving the environmental performance of companies. In this context, this work integrates existing methodologies and approaches from lean thinking, Industry 4.0 and mathematical optimization and then presents a toolkit for integrating, measuring, controlling and improving production and environmental performance in companies. The proposed approach is the result of previous investigations and is being validated in companies in the agri-food sector.
  • Autores: Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Santos García, Javier (Autor de correspondencia); Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe; et al.
    ISSN: 2071-1050 Vol.13 N° 4 2021 págs. 2240
    Water has become a critical resource due to increased manufacturing activities. However, there is a lack of detailed information on water management and consumption by industries. In the recent bibliography, lean-green was established as a good approach for achieving sustainability in manufacturing industries, but few studies have aimed to achieve both operational and environmental improvements in water consumption. In this paper, we present a multi-case study in the agri-food industry in which water consumption in company activities is monitored, allowing them to improve their industrial processes based on lean-green practices, leading to a zero-waste strategy for this critical resource. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the importance of having detailed knowledge regarding water consumption in order to discover, in a lean-green context, new improvement opportunities which could remain hidden by the current way of analysing consumption.
  • Autores: Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro (Autor de correspondencia); Bastons, M.; Rey, C.; et al.
    ISSN: 2071-1050 Vol.13 N° 4 2021 págs. 1921
    Understanding what drives effective purpose implementation is the key to making more sustainable organizations. Most studies on the subject of purpose focus on two of its dimensions: formulation (knowledge) and practical application (contribution). However, for it to be effectively implemented in the organization, purpose also involves motivating and exciting people. In this article, we propose a three-dimensional formative second-order construct of purpose implementation based on the knowledge, internalization and contribution of purpose. In this conceptualization of purpose, for effective purpose implementation to occur, its three dimensions must be implemented intensively and consistently in a balanced way. Two separate studies were combined to develop a validated scale for measuring the intensity of purpose implementation and for demonstrating that the more intensely and consistently purpose is implemented within a company, the greater its impact on organizational citizenship behaviors.
  • Autores: Mas-Machuca, M.; Marimon, F.; Jaca García, Carmen (Autor de correspondencia)
    ISSN: 2210-5395 Vol.41 2021 págs. 100618
    Ride-sharing and services associated with mobility are developing a growing presence in society, especially those that are focused on mobility in cities. These services are provided to a great extent through a digital platform. Measure the aspects of quality, trust and loyalty are relevant to understand the rationale of this kind of business models. The purpose of this paper is to test empirically the relationship between quality, trust (digital and driver trust), satisfaction (platform and driver satisfaction) and loyalty. Specially, we examine the mediating role of trust among these relationships in on-demand ridesharing services. A sample of 429 respondents completed an on-line questionnaire in four European countries (France, Spain, Portugal, and Italy). We propose a model for investigating this relationship and assess its constructs using exploratory factor analysis, and the whole research model by Structural Equating Modelling, using EQS. 6.4 software. In addition, a focus group with users from the four countries was conducted to confirm the results. The present study contributes theoretically to the field of examining the antecedents and consequences of trust in the sharing economy. In addition, this research proposes several trust-building actions that managers can take to increase both business and the level of loyalty to these digital platforms.
  • Autores: Martinez, I. (Autor de correspondencia); Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Olaizola, .IG.
    ISSN: 2214-5796 Vol.24 2021 págs. 100183
    Data science has employed great research efforts in developing advanced analytics, improving data models and cultivating new algorithms. However, not many authors have come across the organizational and socio-technical challenges that arise when executing a data science project: lack of vision and clear objectives, a biased emphasis on technical issues, a low level of maturity for ad-hoc projects and the ambiguity of roles in data science are among these challenges. Few methodologies have been proposed on the literature that tackle these type of challenges, some of them date back to the mid-1990, and consequently they are not updated to the current paradigm and the latest developments in big data and machine learning technologies. In addition, fewer methodologies offer a complete guideline across team, project and data & information management. In this article we would like to explore the necessity of developing a more holistic approach for carrying out data science projects. We first review methodologies that have been presented on the literature to work on data science projects and classify them according to the their focus: project, team, data and information management Finally, we propose a conceptual framework containing general characteristics that a methodology for managing data science projects with a holistic point of view should have.This framework can be used by other researchers as a roadmap for the design of newdata science methodologies or the updating of exitin
  • Autores: Pérez-Ilzarbe, Paloma (Autor de correspondencia)
    ISSN: 0066-5215 Vol.53 N° 3 2020 págs. 578 - 580
  • Autores: Rincón Moreno, John Anderson; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta (Autor de correspondencia); Álvarez Sánchez-Arjona, María Jesús; et al.
    ISSN: 2071-1050 Vol.12 N° 20 2020 págs. 8423
    Defining the circular economy (CE) as a material and energy model coincides with the definition given by multiple authors in which Industrial Symbiosis (IS) has been deemed as a foundational strategy to support the implementation of the CE. The consumption of secondary materials is essential to achieve a successful transformation from a linear economy to a CE focused on IS practices. In this scenario, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play a major role as stakeholders in developing CE systems as it is not possible to create this model with each company working in isolation. However, there is a lack of empirical studies on the role played by relevant local stakeholders such as individual firms interacting in the development of a local CE system. This study aimed to study the challenges that SMEs face in developing a CE system. A case study is selected as a research strategy using a mixed-method approach: a sequential quantitative (questionnaire) and qualitative (semi-structured interviews) data collection techniques were employed for this research. It was observed that an absence of inter-organisational collaboration and a misunderstanding of the roles played by SMEs may impede the implementation of a local CE system level.
  • Autores: Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier; Montoya Torres, Jairo; et al.
    ISSN: 2210-6707 Vol.52 2020 págs. 101844
    Environmental sustainability is a requirement for modern urban freight transport systems. On a global scale, most resources are currently consumed in cities, contributing to the economic importance of urban freight transport as well as its poor environmental performance. However, there is a lack of knowledge about how to correctly quantify the environmental efficiency of urban freight systems. In this context, this paper proposes a new methodology for evaluating the environmental performance of urban freight transport systems by applying the Overall Greenness Performance (OGP) tool. OGP is a lean-based hierarchy of metrics that uses the value-added concept to relate a company¿s productivity with its environmental performance. The proposed methodology uses a mixed-integer linear programming model to assess the environmental impact of the activities and/or requirements in an urban freight transportation system. This paper examines how company context, the supply chain and value stream activity types, namely value adding, necessary but non-value adding and non-value adding, affect a system¿s performance, operational costs and environmental impact. Real data from the city of Bogotá, Colombia, were used to validate this approach. A sensitivity analysis was performed with different companies, demands and costs in order to evaluate the trade-offs between economic performance and environmental impact.
  • Autores: Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Santos García, Javier; Fernández Arevalo, Tamara; et al.
    ISSN: 2071-1050 Vol.12 N° 22 2020 págs. 9781
    In a circular economy (CE) environment, it is important to make good and efficient use of resources and consider that the waste generated in production processes can be a valuable resource. However, the tools and methodologies conventionally used to analyze and evaluate production systems are based on techniques focused on linear production management models, where the primary purpose is to reduce the treatment and management of waste as much as possible and where productive and environmental efficiency are not evaluated simultaneously. Changing the paradigm from a linear to a circular economy requires that a new strategy for production systems be defined, one that makes production processes simultaneously circular and efficient (in terms of quality and productivity). In this context, a holistic vision is needed when implementing CE strategies. Therefore, the main aim of this paper is to provide evidence, through two real case studies in the use of water, that the management of this resource without considering systemic thinking may not be the most circular solution. Main results showed that improvements based on the traditional approach of reducing resource use cannot provide the best results if they are supported only by current process consumption without considering the circularity of resources.
  • Autores: Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; Mejia-Villa, A. (Autor de correspondencia); Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; et al.
    ISSN: 0948-3349 Vol.25 N° 5 2020 págs. 856 - 867
    Purpose The European Ecolabel (EU Flower) has the mission to encourage cleaner production and influence consumers to promote Europe's transition to a circular economy. Nonetheless, little is known about EU Ecolabel evolution; it is not clear what the drivers that encourage its implementation are. Thus, this study aims to assess the growing acceptance of the EU Ecolabel in the European Union, and Spain more specifically, by examining product and service categories and geographical regions. Methods The methodological approach taken in this study is a mixed methodology based on the triangulation method by consulting the EU Ecolabel scheme database, EU Ecolabel delegates from some autonomous regions, and the academic literature. Also, a geographic analysis was run in the ArcGIS Software with data about the accumulation of licenses assigned in 2016. Results and discussion The analysis shows that most products in Spain that have been awarded the EU Ecolabel belong to the following categories: Do-It-Yourself Products (paint and varnish), Paper Products, Cleaning Up Products, and Electronic Equipment. At the same time, the study showed that this ecolabel faces significant obstacles in its diffusion, such as the competition with environmental labels launched previously in Europe and other regional labels. Conclusions The results of this study indicate the existence of five drivers that may encourage the implementation of EU Flower in a region: (1) public management, (2) communication strategy, (3) sustainable public procurement criteria, (4) local income per capita, and (5) international trade incentives. Finally, this study provides essential recommendations for policymakers to trigger ecolabeling practices such as the need to improve the understanding of the EU ecolabel impact in different levels of activity, which means countries, regions, industrial clusters, firms, and consumers. Also, this investigation identifies areas for further research, and it expresses the need to develop business case studies about ecolabeling with the objective to visualize this phenomenon as an eco-innovation process.
  • Autores: Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Rudeli, N. C. (Autor de correspondencia); Santilli Almaraz, Adrian
    ISSN: 0969-9988 Vol.27 N° 4 2020 págs. 917 - 935
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to perform a quantitative analysis of the literature in order to determine the main causes of delay in construction projects. Design/methodology/approach A set of 47 articles from the literature were analyzed, yielding 1,057 different causes of delay. In order to analyze and compare the main causes of delay, their degree of impact was studied statistically. Next, a mention count method was used to determine the primary causes of construction project delays and through the use of Pareto diagrams, the main causes of delays in construction projects were determined. Findings It was determined that the three main causes of construction project delay are problems that occur during execution, administrative problems and labor conflicts; together they account for almost 80 percent of the causes found in the literature. Moreover, it was deduced that problems during execution are based on unpredictable events, while administrative problems are rooted in poor cash flow management. In addition, seven sub-groups of delay causes were identified as being major due to the number of mentions detected. These were "Changes during construction," "Poor construction management," "Construction errors," "Economic/Financial," "Conflict/Relationship" and "Lack of experience." Social implications Identifying the factors and causes of the delays will allow mitigation actions to be taken in order to avoid delays, which will ultimately allow homes, schools, hospitals and other necessary infrastructure to be delivered on time or even before the planned date. Originality/value This study provides a unique classification method that was successfully validated. Thanks to the classification, designers may use this information as a starting point for designing future construction projects, thereby minimizing unforeseen events during construction.
  • Autores: Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier; Grau Gumbau, Paloma; et al.
    ISSN: 0007-070X Vol.121 N° 5 2019 págs. 1140 - 1153
    Purpose-The purpose of this paper is to analyze gaps and trends, as well suggest approaches andmethodologies that should be addressed by future studies for implementing the lean and green managementin the agri-food sector. Design/methodology/approach-Based on a sample with 117 papers, this paper presents a systematicreview on the integration of lean and green in the agri-food sector. Findings-Key findings indicate that research on lean and greentopics has increased in recent years, an importantgapintheintegrationofleanandgreenintheagri-foodsector has been identified. Two paths that remain open forfurther research are detected: the lack of theoretical, prescriptive and quantitative research and the possibility ofintegrating the two most used tools of lean (i.e. value stream mapping) and green (i.e. life-cycle assessment). Practical implications-This study does not only advance the theoretical knowledge of the lean and greenfield, but it is also beneficial for agri-food companies who aim to effectively deploy lean and green in theirprocesses in order to improve both operational and environmental performances. Social implications-No other industry matches in such a complete way the agri-food industry¿s challengeof sustainability that is due to the amount of resources it consumes and its interrelatedness with thewell-being of humanity. Originality/value-There are separate streams of established research on lean and green management inthe agri-food sector,
  • Autores: Jurburg, D.; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Tanco Rainusso, Martín; et al.
    Revista: THE TQM JOURNAL
    ISSN: 1754-2731 Vol.31 N° 3 2019 págs. 359 - 376
    Purpose Companies use continuous improvement (CI) as a strategy to achieve business excellence and innovation. Yet CI initiatives fail mostly due to a lack of employee engagement. The paper aims to discuss this issue. Design/methodology/approach Based on the CI literature and the technology acceptance model (TAM), a comprehensive model called continuous improvement acceptance mode (CIAM) was developed to understand the main organisational antecedents that predict employee intention to participate in CI. The CIAM is based on structural equation modelling using partial least squares and it was validated in a large manufacturing plant in Europe. Findings Emulating the findings of the TAM, this study shows that employee intention to participate can be predicted by two variables called ease of participating and usefulness of participating. The CIAM then relates these constructs with relevant CI enablers found in the CI literature. Practical implications The CIAM could help academics and practitioners to better understand employee participation in CI activities, allowing CI systems to be better designed and achieve long-term sustainability. Originality/value The CIAM presents new variables and interactions that help to understand employee participation in CI activities. Some of these variables and interactions have received scant attention in the CI literature and thus they are worth investigating in greater depth in the future.
  • Autores: Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe; Santos García, Javier; Garcia Sabater, Julio; et al.
    ISSN: 1741-0401 Vol.3 2019 págs. 608 - 625
  • Autores: Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier; Montoya-Torres, J.; et al.
    ISSN: 1923-2926 Vol.10 N° 3 2019 págs. 375 - 392
    This paper assesses the effectiveness in scheduling independent jobs with earliness/tardiness costs and variable setup times applying the Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE). The OEE is a common metric for measuring the manufacturing productivity. We defined a mixed-integer linear programming formulation of the parallel machine scheduling problem with four different objective functions in order to compare different scheduling configurations. Real data, from a plastic container manufacturing company located in the Basque Country (Spain), were used to validate this approach. A sensitivity analysis was performed with different production capacities and earliness/tardiness costs in order to evaluate the trade-offs between economic performance (i.e., costs) and the partial rates of OEE (i.e., quality, performance and availability). The objective of this study is to propose a guideline to help management make decisions regarding the measurement and improvement of scheduling effectiveness through contemplating earliness, tardiness and variable setup times. (C) 2019 by the authors; licensee Growing Science, Canada
  • Autores: Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe; Solano-Charris, E.; Quintero-Araujo, C.; et al.
    ISSN: 2291-6822 Vol.7 N° 4 2019 págs. 703 - 712
    Digitalization is impacting almost every aspect of people¿s life and is greatly affecting supply chain processes. At the same time, supply chains are becoming progressively more aware of their impacts on people, the planet and profits (triple bottom line perspective) and the concept of sustainable supply chain has received increasing attention among scholars and practitioners. In this context, this article aims to analyze scientific research on supply chain management in the field of sustainability and digitalization using a bibliometric approach. To this end, this article analyses 484 papers from Scopus database according to the following parameters: chronology, discipline, source, center, country and citations. The dataset consisted of articles from scientific journals published over the period 2002¿2018. In addition, VOSviewer software is used to map the bibliographic material using the co-occurrence of keywords and most influential journals. The analysis reveals that: sustainability and digitalization are important emerging fields within supply chains that have increased significantly during the last ten years; the USA is the most influential country; and the topic is structured around 2 clusters (1) Supply chain management, concepts and practices and (2) energy related technologies. The results may facilitate the planning, designing, running and publishing of future research on this topic.
  • Autores: Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; Jaca García, Carmen (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier; et al.
    ISSN: 1535-3958 Vol.26 N° 6 2019 págs. 1473 - 1484
    Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are key actors in the implementation of the circular economy (CE) concept as a basis for creating sustainable societies. Thus, the main objective of this study is to identify key strategies and resources that may favor CE implementation in SMEs. These key strategies should encourage SMEs to develop eco-innovations to gain competitive advantage and create and capture value that is coherent with nature. A mixed-method approach that consisted of a literature review and a focus group for gathering qualitative data was used. This focus group was made up of experts such as researchers and practitioners from universities, sustainable SMEs, and consultancy firms in Spain. A set of strategies and internal and external factors were identified to help SMEs to implement the CE. Finally, some useful dynamic capabilities for implementing the CE in business performance were identified.
  • Autores: Bouranta, Nancy; Psomas, Evangelos; Suarez-Barraza, Manuel; et al.
    ISSN: 1463-5771 Vol.26 N° 3 2019 págs. 893 - 921
    Purpose¿Literature refers to the key factors of total quality management (TQM) based on studies carriedout in individual countries. However, few studies focus on studying the TQM factors in service companiesbased on multinational data. The purpose of this paper is to empirically identify the key TQM factors andtheir impact on internal and external customer performance measures across different countries.Design/methodology/approach¿The research questions regarding the TQM factors and their effectswere examined using a sample of service organisations from three countries (131 from Greece, 70 from Mexicoand 151 from Spain). TQM factors and their impact on employee and customer satisfaction were analysedseparately for each country. Exploratory factor analyses, coupled with multiple linear regression analyses,were conducted.Findings¿The key TQM factors identified are common among the three participating countries and can besummarised as follows: quality practices of top management, process management, employee qualitymanagement, customer focus, and employee knowledge and education. The adoption level of these five keyfactors of TQM varies across service organisations in different countries. The results also confirmed thatsome of the TQM elements are antecedents of customer- and employee-focused performance.Practical implications¿Multinational service organisations may use such an instrument to evaluate TQMimplementation among worldwide operations and then benchmark their performan
  • Autores: Henao-Hernández, I.; Solano-Charris, E.; Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe; et al.
    ISSN: 2405-8963 Vol.52 N° 10 2019 págs. 195 - 200
    Sustainability and Industry 4.0 are trending concepts today. It is expected that Industry 4.0 brings a multitude of benefits toward more sustainable operations such as manufacturing. In manufacturing, monitoring and control approaches are the most common tools included in the Industry 4.0 strategy. In this context, this paper presents a literature review concerning to control and monitoring techniques for sustainable-manufacturing decision making in the era of Industry 4.0. The objectives of this paper are to evaluate the state-of-the-art of this trending topic and to propose new opportunities and challenges that should be addressed in future research.
  • Autores: Santos García, Javier; Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; et al.
    ISSN: 0951-192X Vol.32 N° 2 2019 págs. 183 - 193
    Nowadays companies are trying to become 'greener', which requires integrating the environmental dimension into their traditional performance metrics. However, managers may not have the complete information and data for their environmental problems and, crucially, there is a lack of knowledge about how these environmental issues affect a company's productivity. Even though the availability of technology has increased and it is easier than ever to obtain all kinds of data, there is a lack of agreement on how to correctly measure environmental performance, and companies could suffer from an overload of environmental information. The biggest challenge, therefore, lies in how to measure and obtain the appropriate environmental data and how to interpret and relate these data to the company's productivity. In this context, this paper presents a new and innovative approach, called Plug&Glean, for diagnosing and improving productivity and environmental performance in a defined production system. The approach is applied to a case study in the north of Spain. The findings suggest that it is possible to improve productivity and environmental performance at the same time, as well as reinforce the notion that waste elimination has a positive impact on improving environmental performance.
  • Autores: Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Santos García, Javier; et al.
    ISSN: 1477-7835 Vol.29 N° 1 2018 págs. 49 - 62
    Purpose Environmental management (EM) is becoming increasingly important in all types of organizations. The food industry represents the top industrial sector of the Spanish economy; however, there is still little knowledge about how it is managed environmentally. The purpose of this paper is to present a descriptive analysis of the Spanish food sector. Design/methodology/approach This study undertook a descriptive analysis based on probabilistic sampling surveys from food companies in Spain. The survey was sent out to 900 companies obtaining 128 answers. Findings The results of this study show that companies with an EM standard tend to have a more developed system and a greater presence of EM tools and actions. Moreover, statistical differences were identified among the characteristics of companies and various factors that affect the evolution of their EM. Originality/value There are no studies that reveal a clear picture of the status of EM in the Spanish food industry. This study presents a clear starting point that might help policy makers, consultants, researchers and other parties to set new improvement routes so companies do not get stuck in their progress toward environmental excellence
  • Autores: Romero Silva, Rodrigo (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier; Hurtado, M.
    ISSN: 0953-7287 Vol.29 N° 16 2018 págs. 1343 - 1348
    This paper aims to improve the applicability and relevance of contingency theory research in the field of Operations Management. Based on the results of previous studies, we have identified a systems-based single definition of organisation types that could describe the fit between organisational environment and organisational structure. This definition of organisation type, which we call an 'organisational system', regards the organisation as an integrated whole instead of as a sum of its parts and can help to better classify organisations in order to identify fits between organisation types and emerging practices in Operations Management.
  • Autores: Bermeo Losada, Juan Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Rodríguez Chacón, Victoria María; Álvarez Sánchez-Arjona, María Jesús
    ISSN: 1088-1913 Vol.27 N° 3 2018 págs. 135 - 146
    Global warming is negatively affecting the environment of the planet. This situation has led to the development of international standards, such as the International Organisation for Standardization's DIS 14064-1 and the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Standard, both of which measure corporate carbon footprints. These standards provide guidelines that can be applied to different organizational sectors. However, these are not sufficient for controlling the reduction of carbon emissions, because although they propose the use of indicators, they do not explicitly define them. In addition, in the case of emissions from wastewater treatment, they only suggest that the emissions associated with this process be considered. In the present study, an eight¿step, unified methodology based on these two international standards is proposed, focusing on direct emissions. Moreover, the step¿by¿step to data collection, calculations, and the required indicators to control the emissions are defined. The first scope considers direct emissions from sources that are owned or controlled by the company. Methane generation measurement from wastewater treatment has been included in the methodology within Scope 1, as it is the second most polluting gas after carbon dioxide, both of which give rise to global warming. The proposed methodology was tested as a case study in one of the most important companies in the food sector in Colombia.
  • Autores: Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta (Autor de correspondencia); Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; Puga-Leal, R.; et al.
    ISSN: 0959-6526 Vol.185 2018 págs. 157 - 167
    The important role of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in most economies underpins this research, which develops an empirical analysis that allows us to explore the potential for implementation of the Circular Economy in SMEs and the barriers and opportunities they may distinguish from it. To that end, a survey was carried out in Navarra and the Basque Country, Spain. The main results show that companies are focused on complying with the law and, in many cases, they are worried about their company's image. Moreover, they do not tend to be committed to environmental issues because they do not think it would increase their profits and competitiveness. The focus on cost savings became clear from the Factor Analysis applied to the Take-Transform and Recovery phases of the Circular Economy. In this sense, three factors were associated with the companies' perception of the Circular Economy: 1) Material Provision, 2) Resources' Reutilization and 2) Financial Advantage. With regard to the barriers, another Factor Analysis suggested two different categories of barriers: Hard barriers and Human-based barriers, each requiring different strategies for addressing them, must be considered. Finally, the study briefly examines the integration opportunities between SMEs with other companies and industry associations or clusters to develop industrial symbiosis and close their materials loop. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Autores: Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; et al.
    ISSN: 0959-6526 Vol.178 2018 págs. 268 - 275
    Manufacturers have become progressively more aware of their operations' impacts on the triple bottom line (social, environmental and financial), and they are under increased pressure to account for their resource consumption and environmental footprint. These challenges are forcing companies to implement and combine different management approaches, such as "green" and "lean", to meet the needs of the ever-changing market demand. Using semi-structured interviews in 58 different companies, this paper shows how manufacturing companies carry out manufacturing and environmental practices. This study contributes to the current debate in the literature on environmentally friendly manufacturing by arguing that companies with advanced manufacturing practices do not engage in proactive participation in environmental management with tactical and strategic practices inside their organizations. Following that, some considerations for correctly measuring the environmental efficiency in companies are presented. The findings and recommendations of this study can be used to fully utilize the potential of environmental practices to simultaneously improve manufacturing productivity and environmental performance and to identify trends in organizational development. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Autores: Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta (Autor de correspondencia); Jaca García, Carmen; et al.
    ISSN: 0964-4733 Vol.27 N° 8 2018 págs. 1525 - 1534
    The circular economy has become an important issue in recent years because it makes sustainable development feasible by creating value in the economy and by closing the energy and materials loops. However, since most companies continue to operate under a linear model, it is particularly important to start providing companies with tools that facilitate their shift to the circular paradigm. The main objective of this research is to establish the key elements that are necessary for assessing the level of circular economy implementation. To that end, the Delphi method is used to validate and define the key elements of three categories: circular economy fields of action, industrial symbiosis, and environmental certifications. As a result, this study identifies the key elements that assess the degree of circular economy implementation and that allows small and medium-sized enterprises to understand where they are and what they need to do to improve their performance.
  • Autores: Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro (Autor de correspondencia); Agholor, D.; Serrano Barcena, Nicolás; et al.
    ISSN: 0304-3797 2018 págs. 1 - 19
    This article describes an action research (AR) project for designing and implementing a structured mentoring programme in a Spanish university. A student affairs unit, a team of researchers, faculty-mentors and student-protégés worked together on three cycles of AR. The result is a programmatic mentoring programme for the development of non-technical personal and professional competencies for undergraduate students. This paper describes the original situation that sparked the project, the iterative process followed, the tools and guides developed and the final programme designed. In addition to the increase in the level of satisfaction perceived by the entire university, the paper outlines the five critical factors that emerged from the AR project: the competency development process, programme value added, trust between mentors and protégés, the prominence of the student-protégé in the improvement plans and the continuous improvement culture generated.
  • Autores: Carnerud, Daniel ; Jaca García, Carmen; Bäckström, Ingela
    Revista: THE TQM JOURNAL
    ISSN: 1754-2731 Vol.30 N° 4 2018 págs. 371 - 390
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to depict how Kaizen and continuous improvement (CI) are represented in scientific journals focusing on quality management (QM) from the 1980s until 2017. Additionally, the study aims to examine how Kaizen is studied and described and how the relationship between Kaizen and CI is portrayed. Design/methodology/approach The study applies a mixed methods approach to search for tendencies and outlines concerning Kaizen and CI in four scientific journals focusing on QM and two focusing on OM. The data set contains entries from 1980 until 2017, which makes it possible to depict how Kaizen has evolved over more than 30 years. Findings The findings show that Kaizen and CI attained special interest in the mid-1990s, after which interest appears to have decreased. However, the findings imply that a regenerated interest for the areas spiked post 2010. In addition, the results indicate that Kaizen is on the one hand accepted by one part of the management community but on the other hand completely ignored by the rest. Finally, the data illuminate a need to strengthen and clarify Kaizen¿s theoretical basis and its relationship to CI. Practical implications If an aspiration exists to increase the success rate of Kaizen implementation, the results from the study highlight the need to address and clarify epistemological, terminological and theoretical issues.
  • Autores: Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa (Autor de correspondencia); Jaca García, Carmen; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta
    ISSN: 0959-6526 Vol.179 2018 págs. 605 - 615
    The growing importance of the concept of the circular economy as a way to attain sustainable development has encouraged scholars to propose different ways to understand it. Given the large number of studies done on the circular economy, their differing approaches and their multiple applications, this paper attempts to propose a consensus view of the basic notions of the circular economy framework and highlight its relationship with eco-innovation. To that end, this study carried out a systematic literature review that resulted in four main outputs: a knowledge map of the circular economy, an analysis of the main notions of the concept, principles, and determinants of a circular economy. Finally, this study brings to light some remarkable examples of eco-innovations developed for implementation in the circular economy. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Autores: Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier; Montoya-Torres, J. R.; et al.
    ISSN: 0925-5273 Vol.197 2018 págs. 232 - 242
    The transport of goods is essential for the economic growth of cities and regions. Urban freight transportation makes up a very small percentage of the total transportation time for goods, but it can represent up to 28% of total transportation costs. To reduce overall costs and increase revenue from this operation, one common methodology used by decision makers is the optimization models. This paper proposes a new methodology for evaluating the effectiveness of urban freight transportation systems using the OEE (Overall Equipment Effectiveness) metric, a well-known rate used in the Lean Manufacturing framework. The methodology uses a mathematical model with several objective functions, two of which are multi-objective, to explore the relationships and trade-offs between economic development, quality, performance and availability (partial rates of the OEE). The final objective is to optimize the OEE metrics and the profitability of a transportation system. This methodology was tested using real data from the city of Bogota, Colombia. Experiments were run with different companies, costs, demands and travel times in order to validate the proposed approach. The results show the benefits of using multi-objective functions to optimize both OEE (quality, performance and availability metrics) and profits. The proposed methodology provides an 'ex ante' evaluation of the tactical and operational decisions made by companies in configuring an urban freight transport system.
  • Autores: Jaca García, Carmen (Autor de correspondencia); Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; Psomas, E. L.; et al.
    ISSN: 0959-6526 Vol.181 2018 págs. 201 - 208
    The growing complexity of environmental issues and its connection with the way in which society is consuming make essential to understand the extent of the consumers' awareness regarding the sustainable aspects. Therefore, the aim of this study is to explore the motivations of sustainable consumers and how those motivations should be considered by consumer organizations for improving their purposes and services to drive environmental sustainability. The research presents a content analysis of the websites of 30 lbero-American organizations that promote sustainable consumption habits, classifying those organizations according to their purposes and services based on the six dimensions of consumer sustainability awareness. Then, a questionnaire was sent to a sample of Spanish-speaking consumers of sustainable products in order to assess their motivations for choosing environmentally friendly products or services. Then, an analysis was performed by comparing both results. As a result, the study offers new knowledge about the perception of sustainability consciousness across Spanish-speaking consumers and of the purpose of consumer organizations. It also provides valuable information for companies and marketers who wish to align their eco-innovation strategies with green consumers' motivations. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Autores: Jaca García, Carmen; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; et al.
    Revista: THE TQM JOURNAL
    ISSN: 1754-2731 Vol.30 N° 4 2018 págs. 281 - 295
    The purpose of this paper is to develop a methodology that is based on the concept of environmental comfort and can serve as a tool that can help companies and employees to implement Kaizen projects. This methodology focuses on the worker¿s participation in analyzing and developing improvements related to their workplace. Design/methodology/approach This research is focused on the development of a methodology that encourages worker participation in improvement activities, through the analysis of their working conditions. For this purpose, the proposed methodology was developed in accordance with the dimensions of workplace comfort proposed by Vischer. The employees start working on the analysis of problems and their solutions through the logical framework approach, as it is a tool that encourages worker participation and consensus. The developed methodology was applied in a company, with three different groups of people, which enabled the authors to test its utility. Findings The findings reveal that the proposed methodology is effective in initiating workers in the path of Kaizen. The employees who applied this methodology were able to propose improvement actions that addressed the problems and opportunities that they had previously detected. Moreover, the questionnaire that was used to validate the methodology and was administered to employees shows that the methodology is useful in preparing them for adopting continuous improvement (CI) programs.
  • Autores: Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; Jaca García, Carmen; Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; et al.
    ISSN: 2301-1092 Vol.16 2018 págs. 99-107
    La Economía Circular se ha convertido en un tema de gran interés para los legisladores, académicos y empresarios, ya que se muestra como un nuevo paradigma para lograr la sostenibilidad de nuestra sociedad. Sin embargo, los principales esfuerzos en la Economía Circular no pueden reducirse a actos de profesionales o de expertos. Consideramos que, si pretendemos satisfacer las necesidades actuales sin comprometer la capacidad de las generaciones futuras para satisfacer sus propias necesidades, tenemos que enseñar a las generaciones actuales los principios para lograr la sostenibilidad económica, social y ambiental a corto, medio y largo plazo. Este artículo destaca el uso de actividades participativas en lugar de cursos tradicionales para enseñar e involucrar a estudiantes de ingeniería con las prácticas de economía circular.
  • Autores: Álvarez Sánchez-Arjona, María Jesús; Jaca García, Carmen; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; et al.
    Libro: Ensuring sustainability. New challenges for organizational engineering
    ISSN: 978-3-030-95967-8 2022 págs. 23-33
    Sustainability and the circular economy are the answer to today's challenge of resource depletion and waste generation. The transition to circular economy requires technological and process innovations: However, the capacity for innovation has often been a point of difficulty, and the problem is worse in small-sized companies because of the scarcity of resources. Our aim is to show how a company committed to sustainability overcomes the obstacles in the innovation process.
  • Autores: Jaca García, Carmen; Rincón Moreno, John Anderson; Barrenechea, Pablo; et al.
    Libro: Organizational Engineering in Industry 4.0
    ISSN: 978-3-030-67708-4 2021 págs. 205-212
    Circular economy has been claimed as an approach to foster a systemic change in the current model based on disposability. Though, many companies have sprout to deliver circular solutions through either new business models, products or services, a full shift away from the entire system is lacking. In other words, in order to experience a fully transition toward a circular economy model, an inter-organizational approach needs to be deployed. This approach has been named industrial symbiosis whereby interactions among companies are crucial to start developing a circular economy in the so-called meso level. Collaboration among organizations rises as one of the most important factors in developing industrial symbiosis. In that sense, different projects have developed digital platforms with the idea of promoting active participation and collaboration between organizations. Those sorts of platforms ideally enable industrial symbiosis through gathering information about resources and potential substitutes in order to recommend waste-to-resource exchanges. However, depending on the context the platform was built certain characteristics may not apply. Thus, this paper is focused on the characteristics and usefulness of different available platforms that facilitate the exchange of waste as a resource, product or good. Based on this research, it is likely that none of the existing platforms and the upcoming ones will be one-size-fits-all, thus, for industrial symbiosis to succeed it is still important for companies to determine what their needs are and then explore which platform best covers their requirements.
  • Autores: Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; Santos García, Javier; et al.
    Libro: Industrial Symbiosis for the Circular Economy
    ISSN: 978-3-030-36659-9 2020 págs. 27 - 41
    Most companies operate on a linear economy that consists of ¿take, make, use and waste.¿ However, the growing impact of industries¿ emissions on the environment has aroused global concerns about their activities. As a result, companies are increasingly aware of the importance of implementing a circular economy (CE) with environmental, social and economic beneficial results. In this transition to a circular system, companies will need guidance, especially in the case of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which are the predominant type of company in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) area. Taking this into account, the objective of this chapter is to provide SMEs with a methodology to understand the value of CE for their corporate strategy, diagnose their business and design an action plan to facilitate the transition to the CE, allowing them to create value and gain a competitive advantage in the market. The CE could be addressed through six fields of action: take, make, distribute, use and recover goods and materials (Park et al. in J Clean Prod 18:1492¿1499, 2010; Stahel in Nature 24:6¿9, 2016), and a transversal field of action called industrial symbiosis. These six fields of action are the methodology¿s backbone. The CE methodology for an SME consists of the following steps: Diagnose the company¿s situation, through reflection on the current value proposal, the stakeholders and a preliminary diagnosis regarding its level of CE application through a proposed diagnosis tool. Analyze barriers and opportunities derived from the application of the CE. Propose a CE implementation plan. This chapter will explain, the process followed, and the various results obtained in the rubber-metal company. The proposed methodology makes an important contribution to SMEs¿ professionals regarding the step-by-step implementation of the CE using a real case that shows how to identify, plan and capitalize on the opportunities of the circular economy. The case study reveals how SMEs can start implementing the paradigm shift through environmental strategies that do not usually require high amounts of financial resources or technology. Moreover, the case study also highlights the relevance of the CE for creating value and a competitive strategy in the market.
  • Autores: Sierra-Henao, A.; Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe; Solano-Charris, E.; et al.
    Libro: Service Oriented, Holonic and Multi-agent Manufacturing Systems for Industry of the Future
    ISSN: 978-3-030-27476-4 Vol.SCI 853 2019 págs. 366 - 376
  • Autores: Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; Rey Peña, Carlos; Chinchilla Albiol, Nuria
    Libro: Purpose-Driven Organizations: Ideas for a better world
    ISSN: 978-3-030-17674-7 2019 págs. 119 - 130
    How are leaders to assess whether or not the purpose of the business is truly common and deeply shared? To be able to answer such questions, it is crucial we have a perspective that allows for the gathering of our employees¿ thoughts and feelings, a system that assesses the organization¿s health and its areas for improvement upon which to base our actions. This work develops the Purpose Strength Model, which establishes the basis for the development of measuring tools. The model integrates the different frameworks introduced in the previous chapters into four sequential areas: organizational purpose antecedents, purpose accelerators, shared purpose development, and purpose outcomes (individual and organizational). Theoretical implications and further research lines are discussed.
  • Autores: Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe; Solano-Charris, E.; Santos García, Javier; et al.
    Libro: Computational Logistics
    ISSN: 978-3-030-31139-1 Vol.LNCS 11756 2019 págs. 53 - 66
    Nowadays, urban freight transport networks must be environmentally sustainable. As a consequence, collaboration strategies have been implemented as one alternative to enhance the efficiency of the supply chain and to reduce its environmental burden. However, there is a lack of knowledge about how to correctly quantify the environmental impact of collaborative urban freight transport networks. To fill this gap, we present an optimization approach for evaluating the environmental performance of collaborative systems by applying the Overall Greenness Performance (OGP) tool. We illustrate our approach using real data from the city of Bogotá, Colombia. Our results provide insights for shifting towards sustainable freight transportation networks. For example, we quantify savings up to 11% of CO2 emissions after applying collaboration in urban transportation contexts.
  • Autores: Lomas Echeveste, Lucia; Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; et al.
    Libro: Engineering Digital Transformation
    ISSN: 978-3-319-96005-0 2019 págs. 49-57
  • Autores: Santos García, Javier; Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; et al.
    Libro: Engineering Digital Transformation
    ISSN: 978-3-319-96004-3 Vol.1 2018 págs. 275-282
    The increase in environmental and social awareness has triggered numerous green initiatives at companies. Traditionally, companies¿ training related to environmental management focuses on technical aspects and theoretical concepts. In addition to these theoretical contents, it is necessary to carry out practical activities to impart the desired behaviors and skills. Serious games have been found to improve employees understanding of practical environmental sustainability challenges, by offering opportunities to obtain first-hand experiences that may otherwise be too costly and difficult to reproduce in reality. This work presents Pizz@green, a serious game which simulates the productive and environmental efficiencies generated by the improvements of processes in a pizza shop. The purpose of the game is the practical learning of the environmental impact caused by the production processes of a company.
  • Autores: Martinez, I.; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Cabrejas, I.
    Libro: Intelligent Distributed Computing XII. Studies in Computational Intelligence,
    ISSN: 978-3-319-99626-4 Vol.798 2018 págs. 145-156
    A failure detection system is the first step towards predictive maintenance strategies. A popular data-driven method to detect incipient failures and anomalies is the training of normal behaviour models by applying a machine learning technique like feed-forward neural networks (FFNN) or extreme learning machines (ELM). However, the performance of any of these modelling techniques can be deteriorated by the unexpected rise of non-stationarities in the dynamic environment in which industrial assets operate. This unpredictable statistical change in the measured variable is known as concept drift. In this article a wind turbine maintenance case is presented, where non-stationarities of various kinds can happen unexpectedly. Such concept drift events are desired to be detected by means of statistical detectors and window-based approaches. However, in real complex systems, concept drifts are not as clear and evident as in artificially generated datasets. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of current drift detectors and also to design an appropriate novel technique for this specific industrial application, it is essential to dispose beforehand of a characterization of the existent drifts. Under the lack of information in this regard, a methodology for labelling concept drift events in the lifetime of wind turbines is proposed. This methodology will facilitate the creation of a drift database that will serve both as a training ground for concept drift detectors and as a valuable information to enhance the knowledge about maintenance of complex systems.
  • Autores: Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; Ruiz Pérez, Fernando; Agholor, D.
    ISSN: 978-84-313-3495-6 2020
    El Tu&Co es un programa de mentoring universitario basado en el desarrollo de competencias, fruto de un trabajo conjunto con profesores, alumnos y múltiples empresas que contratan a graduados de la Universidad de Navarra.
  • Autores: Arnedo Lasheras, R.; Jaca García, Carmen; León Perfecto, C.; et al.
    ISSN: 978-84-17891-25-1 2020
    Esta guía pretende ayudar a las organizaciones a establecer una estrategia de desarrollo hacia un crecimiento sostenible para ser rentables a largo plazo, dejando atrás la dinámica "extraer-fabricar-usar-tirar". Cada vez más, el agotamiento de los recursos está generando consumidores concienciados y empresas comprometidas con un modelo de negocio más circular.
  • Autores: Jaca García, Carmen; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; et al.
    ISSN: 978-84-313-3383-6 2019
    This book aims to introduce the Circular Economy to companies, in order to understand its origin, principles and benefits. The book presents a methodology to approach the Circular Economy in a systematic way. The guide is structured in four chapters that show the steps to help organizations on their way to the Circular Economy. The chapters are: 01. Transition to the Circular Economy, 02. Fields of Action in the Circular Economy, 03. Implementation methodology, 04. Tools for developing the Circular Economy. The methodology follows the improvement cycle, based on 1. Diagnosis, 2. Opportunity analysis, 3. Implementation plan, 4. Evaluation and feedback. The last chapter also presents a set of tools to help companies in their way to the Circular Economy
  • Autores: Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro
    ISSN: 978-3319584089 2018
    This book presents the proceedings of the XXII International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, International IIE Conference 2016, and International AIM Conference 2016. This joint conference is a result of an agreement between ADINGOR (Asociación para el Desarrollo de la Ingeniería de Organización), ABEPRO (Associação Brasileira de Engenharia de Produção), AIM (European Academy for Industrial Management) and the IIE (Institute of Industrial Engineers), and took place at TECNUN-School of Engineering (San Sebastián, Spain) from July 13th to 15th, 2016. The book includes the latest research advances and cutting-edge analyses of real case studies in Industrial Engineering and Operations Management from diverse international contexts, while also identifying concrete business applications for the latest findings and innovations in operations management and the decisions sciences.
  • Autores: Jaca García, Carmen; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; et al.
    ISSN: 9788431333331 2018
    Vivimos en un maravilloso planeta, en el que hemos conseguido la tecnología necesaria para alcanzar altos niveles de bienestar y alargar la esperanza de vida humana. Este avance tecnológico ha cambiado radicalmente nuestra forma de vivir y relacionarnos con el planeta. En concreto, el consumo de energía a partir de combustibles fósiles ha ocasionado una serie de cambios ambientales con consecuencias potenciales como inundaciones, tormentas, sequías, aumento del nivel del mar y extinción masiva de especies. Pero éste no es el único aspecto en el nuestra actividad industrial y social está influyendo. Ya conocemos muchos datos que nos alertan de las consecuencias de nuestro desarrollo.

Proyectos desde 2018

  • Título: REPLAS: Rethinking Plastic. Impulso de la simbiosis industrial en torno al plástico y su valorización en el sector de la alimentación
    Código de expediente: 002-1214601
    Investigador principal: MARTA ORMAZABAL GOENAGA.
    Convocatoria: 2023 Ayudas al diseño de proyectos tractores transversales colaborativos de Investigación y Desarrollo
    Fecha de inicio: 28-07-2023
    Fecha fin: 27-07-2024
    Importe concedido: 26.615,00€
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: Retos del sector turístico en Euskadi: sostenibilidad y digitalización, oportunidades y barreras
    Código de expediente: PIBA_2023_1_0050
    Investigador principal: MARIA JESUS ALVAREZ SANCHEZ-ARJONA.
    Convocatoria: Proyectos de investigación Básica y/o Aplicada 2023-2025
    Fecha de inicio: 17-07-2023
    Fecha fin: 30-06-2024
    Importe concedido: 50.000,00€
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: La Gobernanza de las prácticas ambientales, sociales y gobierno (ASG): El papel del propósito, la ética, el cumplimiento y la innovación (Govesg)
    Código de expediente: PID2021-124151NA-I00
    Convocatoria: 2021 AEI Proyectos de Generación del Conocimiento
    Fecha de inicio: 01-01-2022
    Fecha fin: 31-12-2024
    Importe concedido: 80.041,50€
    Otros fondos: Fondos FEDER
  • Título: Modelling tool for giving value to agri-food residual streams in bio-based industries - Santos & Insausti -
    Código de expediente: 887191
    Investigador principal: JAVIER SANTOS GARCIA
    Financiador: COMISIÓN EUROPEA
    Convocatoria: 2019 GV Elkartek 2019 - Fase I. Programa de apoyo a la investigación colaborativa en áreas estratégicas
    Fecha de inicio: 10-06-2020
    Fecha fin: 30-11-2023
    Importe concedido: 260.051,98€
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: Industrial symbiosis, Circular Economy, Sustainability
    Investigador principal: MARIA JESUS ALVAREZ SANCHEZ-ARJONA
    Convocatoria: 2020 Convocatoria PIUNA, 2021 Convocatoria PIUNA
    Fecha de inicio: 01-09-2020
    Fecha fin: 31-08-2022
    Importe concedido: 22.900,00€