Grupos Investigadores

Líneas de Investigación

  • Soluciones tecnológicas para incrementar la productividad, la calidad y la eficiencia ambiental de los procesos.
  • Iniciativas empresariales en el entorno de la Economía Circular.
  • Herramientas para favorecer el compromiso y la participación de las personas de la organización para con la mejora.

Palabras Clave

  • Mejora de procesos
  • Mejora continua
  • Implicación de las personas
  • Gestión sostenible
  • Eficiencia productiva y ambiental

Publicaciones Científicas desde 2018

  • Autores: Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro (Autor de correspondencia); Montaner, A.; Edmondson, A. C.; et al.
    Revista: MIT SLOAN MANAGEMENT REVIEW
    ISSN 1532-9194 Vol.63 N° 4 2022 págs. 20 - 23
  • Autores: Kalemkerian, F. (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier; Tanco Rainusso, Martín; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT
    ISSN 1741-038X Vol.33 N° 6 2022 págs. 1059 - 1079
    Resumen
    Purpose Green Lean tools are aligned with the Circular Economy strategy as they aim at reducing waste, however, they miss the creation of value through waste. Therefore, this paper investigates whether the current implementation of the Green Lean strategy promotes the introduction of the Circular philosophy to achieve sustainable management production processes. It analyses how the resources were managed by implementing the different strategies and tools presented in Green Lean case studies under the lens of Circular Economy and highlights future research paths on the Circular Lean integration. Design/methodology/approach An analysis of the implementation of Green Lean case studies, selected through a Systematic Literature Review, from the manufacturing sector is conducted. Findings The majority of Green Lean implementations were aimed at minimizing waste, which is aligned with the narrowing strategy of Circular Economy and only a few cases studies aimed at closing the production cycles. Even though the main results indicate that being eco-efficient is a good starting point to move towards sustainability, from a Circular Economy point of view, this approach could remain limited. Therefore, the current contribution of Green Lean to the implementation of circular practices is limited. It can be concluded that introducing the circular philosophy in the Green Lean methodology can be achieved through redirecting Green Lean from waste reduction towards a value creation focus. Originality/value The originality of this paper is that it provides a critical review of the literature on the topic of Green Lean integration and Circular Economy.
  • Autores: Martínez, I. (Autor de correspondencia); Otamendi, U.; Olaizola, I. G.; et al.
    Revista: MEASUREMENT
    ISSN 0263-2241 Vol.190 2022 págs. 110646
    Resumen
    Accurate temperature measurements are essential for the proper monitoring and control of industrial furnaces. However, measurement uncertainty is a risk for such a critical parameter. Certain instrumental and environmental errors must be considered when using spectral-band radiation thermometry techniques, such as the uncertainty in the emissivity of the target surface, reflected radiation from surrounding objects, or atmospheric absorption and emission, to name a few. Undesired contributions to measured radiation can be isolated using measurement models, also known as error-correction models. This paper presents a methodology for budgeting significant sources of error and uncertainty during temperature measurements in a petrochemical furnace scenario. A continuous monitoring system is also presented, aided by a deep-learning-based measurement correction model, to allow domain experts to analyze the furnace's operation in real-time. To validate the proposed system's functionality, a real-world application case in a petrochemical plant is presented. The proposed solution demonstrates the viability of precise industrial furnace monitoring, thereby increasing operational security and improving the efficiency of such energy-intensive systems.
  • Autores: Martínez, I. (Autor de correspondencia); Bruse, J. L.; Flórez Tapia, Ane Miren; et al.
    Revista: BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT
    ISSN 0360-1323 Vol.207 2022 págs. 108495
    Resumen
    Recent evidence suggests that SARS-CoV-2, which is the virus causing a global pandemic in 2020, is predominantly transmitted via airborne aerosols in indoor environments. This calls for novel strategies when assessing and controlling a building's indoor air quality (IAQ). IAQ can generally be controlled by ventilation and/or policies to regulate human-building-interaction. However, in a building, occupants use rooms in different ways, and it may not be obvious which measure or combination of measures leads to a cost-and energy-effective solution ensuring good IAQ across the entire building. Therefore, in this article, we introduce a novel agent-based simulator, ArchABM, designed to assist in creating new or adapt existing buildings by estimating adequate room sizes, ventilation parameters and testing the effect of policies while taking into account IAQ as a result of complex human-building interaction patterns. A recently published aerosol model was adapted to calculate time-dependent carbon dioxide (CO2) and virus quanta concentrations in each room and inhaled CO2 and virus quanta for each occupant over a day as a measure of physiological response. ArchABM is flexible regarding the aerosol model and the building layout due to its modular architecture, which allows implementing further models, any number and size of rooms, agents, and actions reflecting human-building interaction patterns. We present a use case based on a real floor plan and working schedules adopted in our research center. This study demonstrates how advanced simulation tools can contribute to improving IAQ across a building, thereby ensuring a healthy indoor environment.
  • Autores: Rincón Moreno, John Anderson; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta (Autor de correspondencia); Jaca García, María del Carmen
    Revista: CIRCULAR ECONOMY AND SUSTAINABILITY
    ISSN 2730-5988 Vol.2 2022 págs. 693 - 711
    Resumen
    The circular economy (CE) is now more imperative than ever due to several shortcomings humanity faces due to global economic disruptions. The CE might help initiate a virtuous circle whereby waste materials would be turned into resources for other companies to create closed-loop systems. However, the CE remains a niche paradigm embraced by only a small number of companies in some areas of the world. Some authors have argued that it is essential to encourage stakeholders at different implementation levels of a CE to increase the uptake of this new model among companies, and stakeholders may provide the required framework for the shift towards a circular model. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to answer the following research question: how can the transition towards the CE be accelerated from a `stakeholders¿ perspective? The study was undertaken in the Spanish region of Basque Country, where a CE strategy is already in place at the regional level, and some companies are already delivering circular solutions. This approach was selected to help understand the lack of widespread adoption of CE initiatives in a local system despite having a regional CE strategy. Data were collected from respondents from various stakeholders and also from desk research to ensure their reliability. The results showed the relevance of understanding how stakeholders can help speed up the transition by proactively exploring new ways to create novel conditions to work together with a broad...
  • Autores: Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; Ruiz-Palomino, P.; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; et al.
    Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRODUCTION ECONOMICS
    ISSN 0925-5273 Vol.242 2021 págs. 108280
    Resumen
    Sustaining continuous improvement activities is one of the biggest challenges that companies face. In order to foster operator participation in continuous improvement activities, this paper aims to present and validate a scale for measuring middle manager trustworthiness. Firstly, we combine the available literature with two concept mappings, one with operators and another with supervisors, and an expert panel (consisting of experienced academics, practitioners and consultants) to identify the specific middle manager behaviors that are essential to convey trustworthiness. Secondly, an empirical analysis with 211 operators from three different companies located in three different countries (i.e., Peru, Honduras and Spain) served to define, debug and test the reliability and the convergent, discriminant, and nomological validity of the scale. The validated scale presents middle manager trustworthiness as a reflective-reflective second-order construct formed by four critical dimensions: human qualities; training and development; technical and managerial competencies; team building. To the best of our knowledge, this paper is the first to present a valid and reliable scale for measuring middle manager trustworthiness in continuous improvement activities. The proposed scale can be used as a guideline for companies which aim to foster operators' trust and participation in continuous improvement activities and for those activities to be sustainable over time.
  • Autores: Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta (Autor de correspondencia); Sarriegi Domínguez, José María; Rich, E.; et al.
    Revista: ORGANIZATION AND ENVIRONMENT
    ISSN 1086-0266 Vol.34 N° 1 2021 págs. 145 - 170
    Resumen
    Maturity models enhance the performance of companies by prescribing a trajectory through stages of increasing capability. However, a recent review of maturity models concludes that current maturity models hardly meet the design principles required for prescriptive use. To address this deficiency, we conducted semistructured interviews and a Group Model Building study with industrial companies in Spain in which we studied the progression toward a Leading Green Company as the highest maturity stage of environmental management. The findings from the study were tested using surveys with enterprises in Spain, Italy, and the United Kingdom, semistructured interviews in the United Kingdom and case studies in Spain. Using these data sources, we develop a causal model that captures an idealized environmental management maturity dynamic progression though stages. By mapping maturity stages to feedback loops connected to actions to improve those maturity levels, system dynamics can help companies articulate policies for transitioning toward higher maturity stages.
  • Autores: Otamendi, U. (Autor de correspondencia); Martínez Zubiaurre, Íñigo; Quartulli, M.; et al.
    Revista: SOLAR ENERGY
    ISSN 0038-092X Vol.220 2021 págs. 914 - 926
    Resumen
    In the operation & maintenance (O&M) of photovoltaic (PV) plants, the early identification of failures has become crucial to maintain productivity and prolong components' life. Of all defects, cell-level anomalies can lead to serious failures and may affect surrounding PV modules in the long run. These fine defects are usually captured with high spatial resolution electroluminescence (EL) imaging. The difficulty of acquiring such images has limited the availability of data. For this work, multiple data resources and augmentation techniques have been used to surpass this limitation. Current state-of-the-art detection methods extract barely low-level information from individual PV cell images, and their performance is conditioned by the available training data. In this article, we propose an end-to-end deep learning pipeline that detects, locates and segments cell-level anomalies from entire photovoltaic modules via EL images. The proposed modular pipeline combines three deep learning techniques: 1. object detection (modified Faster-RNN), 2. image classification (EfficientNet) and 3. weakly supervised segmentation (autoencoder). The modular nature of the pipeline allows to upgrade the deep learning models to the further improvements in the state-of-the-art and also extend the pipeline towards new functionalities.
  • Autores: Henriquez-Machado, R.; Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier
    Revista: SUSTAINABILITY
    ISSN 2071-1050 Vol.13 N° 6 2021 págs. 3165
    Resumen
    Operational excellence is directly related to improving performance and efficiency in every dimension of sustainability (i.e., economic, environmental and social). Consequently, companies are implementing this initiative to remain competitive in their industries. Previous works measured operational excellence in first-world companies. However, it is expected that the productivity level in many companies from developing or emerging countries is far below the average level of developed companies. In this context, the research objectives of this study are to (1) evaluate the level of implementation of operational excellence, impacting the three dimensions of sustainability simultaneously in some companies from the central-savanna region of Colombia; (2) compare their implementation status with similar studies carried out in companies of developed countries. In order to solve it, we first present an empirical assessment of operational excellence in that region using semistructured interviews in 79 different companies. Then, we compare the obtained results with the assessments available in the literature. Our results show that operational excellence performance in Colombian companies is lower than in developed companies in terms of economic performance by operations standards and continuous improvement schemes, environmental sustainability and social sustainability.
  • Autores: Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier; Grau Gumbau, Paloma; et al.
    Revista: CENTRAL EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OPERATIONS RESEARCH
    ISSN 1435-246X Vol.29 N° 4 2021 págs. 1219 - 1230
    Resumen
    Environmental efficiency should not be treated independently of production efficiency. Several studies have demonstrated that lean management can be a major part of the answer to improving the environmental performance of companies. In this context, this work integrates existing methodologies and approaches from lean thinking, Industry 4.0 and mathematical optimization and then presents a toolkit for integrating, measuring, controlling and improving production and environmental performance in companies. The proposed approach is the result of previous investigations and is being validated in companies in the agri-food sector.
  • Autores: Tanco Rainusso, Martín; Kalemkerian, F. (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier
    Revista: JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION
    ISSN 0959-6526 Vol.293 2021 págs. 126139
    Resumen
    Growing concerns about the environmental impact caused by industrial operations is spurring companies to seek more sustainable modes of production. In this context, adopting sustainable manufacturing (SM) practices still represents a challenge, especially for small and medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs). In order to address this issue, this study identified a set of barriers to SM implementation. The main findings reveal that there is limited research on SM from Latin American (LATAM) countries, and the majority of published articles discuss the implementation of lean tools and cleaner production in industry. Additionally, results showed that the biggest challenges that Uruguayan companies have to face are associated with economic and financial barriers. A new categorization of barriers: human perceptions, resource constraints and weak legislation was presented. Finally, the study examines the adoption of SM practices in the country, with cleaner production and product recovery being the most implemented practices. This study concludes that there is an urgent need for government institutions, academia, and organizations to align their objectives and work together in order to support SMEs in their transition towards sustainability.
  • Autores: Lindner, R. (Autor de correspondencia); Lückerath, D.; Milde, K.; et al.
    Revista: SUSTAINABILITY
    ISSN 2071-1050 Vol.13 N° 21 2021 págs. 12276
    Resumen
    Risks related to climate change and natural hazards increasingly affect urban areas such as historic towns, old urban quarters, villages, and hamlets. These, as well as historic landscapes, make up a significant part of an urban area¿s identity and cannot just be rebuilt or significantly changed without taking into account the historic value, cultural background, and prescribed regulations. Systematic resilience building for historic areas is becoming essential, and research supporting it will be in the spotlight. However, questions still exist concerning how to best transfer research results into practice at the community level. Standardization of resilience-enhancing methods and tools deriving from research projects is one option, chosen, e.g., for the EU-Horizon 2020 project ARCH. Within the project, a disaster risk management (DRM) framework has been composed and then transferred into a standard, supported by a co-creation approach involving relevant stakeholders. This article outlines the project¿s different standardization steps and its impact on the development of the ARCH DRM Framework. It highlights the systematic inclusion of project-external stakeholders who actively contribute to the validation and enhancement of the ARCH DRM framework to guarantee maximum applicability in historic areas, supporting them in their fight against the impacts of climate change and natural hazards
  • Autores: Martinez, I. (Autor de correspondencia); Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Olaizola, .IG.
    Revista: BIG DATA RESEARCH
    ISSN 2214-5796 Vol.24 2021 págs. 100183
    Resumen
    Data science has employed great research efforts in developing advanced analytics, improving data models and cultivating new algorithms. However, not many authors have come across the organizational and socio-technical challenges that arise when executing a data science project: lack of vision and clear objectives, a biased emphasis on technical issues, a low level of maturity for ad-hoc projects and the ambiguity of roles in data science are among these challenges. Few methodologies have been proposed on the literature that tackle these type of challenges, some of them date back to the mid-1990, and consequently they are not updated to the current paradigm and the latest developments in big data and machine learning technologies. In addition, fewer methodologies offer a complete guideline across team, project and data & information management. In this article we would like to explore the necessity of developing a more holistic approach for carrying out data science projects. We first review methodologies that have been presented on the literature to work on data science projects and classify them according to the their focus: project, team, data and information management Finally, we propose a conceptual framework containing general characteristics that a methodology for managing data science projects with a holistic point of view should have.This framework can be used by other researchers as a roadmap for the design of newdata science methodologies or the updating of exitin
  • Autores: Muñoz-Villamizar, A.; Santos García, Javier
    Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INNOVATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
    ISSN 1740-8822 Vol.15 N° 3 2021 págs. 336 - 351
    Resumen
    Lean and green are major, compatible management initiatives because of their joint focus on waste reduction, efficient use of resources and emphasis on satisfying customer needs at the lowest possible cost (economic and environmental). From this angle, this paper presents a bibliometric analysis of the integration of lean and green management. To that end, this paper analyses 685 research papers retrieved from the Scopus database using the following parameters: year of publication, discipline, source, institution, country and citations. This final dataset was composed of articles from scientific journals published between 1992-2018. Furthermore, VOSviewer software was used to map the bibliographic material using the coupling of countries and the co-occurrence of keywords. The analysis indicates that research on lean and green topics has increased in recent years, and that moreover the topic is structured into three clusters: 1) manufacturing; 2) energy, emissions and costs; 3) Lean Six Sigma. These highlights can facilitate the development of future research on this topic.
  • Autores: Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro (Autor de correspondencia); Bastons, M.; Rey, C.; et al.
    Revista: SUSTAINABILITY
    ISSN 2071-1050 Vol.13 N° 4 2021 págs. 1921
    Resumen
    Understanding what drives effective purpose implementation is the key to making more sustainable organizations. Most studies on the subject of purpose focus on two of its dimensions: formulation (knowledge) and practical application (contribution). However, for it to be effectively implemented in the organization, purpose also involves motivating and exciting people. In this article, we propose a three-dimensional formative second-order construct of purpose implementation based on the knowledge, internalization and contribution of purpose. In this conceptualization of purpose, for effective purpose implementation to occur, its three dimensions must be implemented intensively and consistently in a balanced way. Two separate studies were combined to develop a validated scale for measuring the intensity of purpose implementation and for demonstrating that the more intensely and consistently purpose is implemented within a company, the greater its impact on organizational citizenship behaviors.
  • Autores: Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Santos García, Javier (Autor de correspondencia); Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe; et al.
    Revista: SUSTAINABILITY
    ISSN 2071-1050 Vol.13 N° 4 2021 págs. 2240
    Resumen
    Water has become a critical resource due to increased manufacturing activities. However, there is a lack of detailed information on water management and consumption by industries. In the recent bibliography, lean-green was established as a good approach for achieving sustainability in manufacturing industries, but few studies have aimed to achieve both operational and environmental improvements in water consumption. In this paper, we present a multi-case study in the agri-food industry in which water consumption in company activities is monitored, allowing them to improve their industrial processes based on lean-green practices, leading to a zero-waste strategy for this critical resource. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the importance of having detailed knowledge regarding water consumption in order to discover, in a lean-green context, new improvement opportunities which could remain hidden by the current way of analysing consumption.
  • Autores: Viles Díez, Elisabeth (Autor de correspondencia); Bultó, Ramón; Mateo Dueñas, Ricardo; et al.
    Revista: PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL
    ISSN 0953-7287 Vol.32 N° 1 2021 págs. 34 - 51
    Resumen
    Many new model launches in Europe do not meet the quality, cost and production targets set by automotive companies during production ramp-up. Although increasing car complexity could be a key factor in explaining this issue, it is not sufficient to explain why production sites are not able to meet these important targets. This article analyses whether the production system used in European car manufacturing plants are suitable for achieving performance goals during the production ramp-up phase. First, the differences between serial production and the production ramp-up phase are analyzed through the conceptual framework of the European Production System in the automotive industry. Second, a case study using real data from a European automotive plant is presented, and the evidence calls into question the appropriateness of maintaining the same production system during the ramp-up phase. The study concludes that there is a need to make the production system in Europe more flexible during the ramp-up phase. In particular, changes should be more oriented towards fostering organizational improvement capability in order to reduce the stops that occur in the production line, avoid using pull systems as a constraint or limitation, and help to build a new culture of stopping to fix problems.
  • Autores: Mas-Machuca, M.; Marimon, F.; Jaca García, María del Carmen (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: RESEARCH IN TRANSPORTATION BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT
    ISSN 2210-5395 Vol.41 2021 págs. 100618
    Resumen
    Ride-sharing and services associated with mobility are developing a growing presence in society, especially those that are focused on mobility in cities. These services are provided to a great extent through a digital platform. Measure the aspects of quality, trust and loyalty are relevant to understand the rationale of this kind of business models. The purpose of this paper is to test empirically the relationship between quality, trust (digital and driver trust), satisfaction (platform and driver satisfaction) and loyalty. Specially, we examine the mediating role of trust among these relationships in on-demand ridesharing services. A sample of 429 respondents completed an on-line questionnaire in four European countries (France, Spain, Portugal, and Italy). We propose a model for investigating this relationship and assess its constructs using exploratory factor analysis, and the whole research model by Structural Equating Modelling, using EQS. 6.4 software. In addition, a focus group with users from the four countries was conducted to confirm the results. The present study contributes theoretically to the field of examining the antecedents and consequences of trust in the sharing economy. In addition, this research proposes several trust-building actions that managers can take to increase both business and the level of loyalty to these digital platforms.
  • Autores: Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; Torres-Guevara, L. E. (Autor de correspondencia); Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT
    ISSN 2013-8423 Vol.14 N° 3 2021 págs. 425 - 438
    Resumen
    Purpose: The circular economy has multiple benefits and opportunities to achieve sustainability and a better future for the next generations. The purpose of this paper is to propose a methodology that guides step-by-step any industrial SMEs in the transition from the linear to a circular model. Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) have a crucial role in the sustainable development transition, considering that they represent most of the world's companies. Design/methodology/approach: To develop this methodology, two research techniques were used: a focus group and storyboarding. Findings: The resulting methodology, called Ecopyme, comprises five steps: 1) Firm identity, 2) Diagnosis, 3) Planning, 4) Get the ball rolling, and 5) Assessment and feedback. In addition, two key criteria that must be included in the whole process were identified: value creation in the firm through a circular economy and organization commitment from the top management to the staff. Research limitations/implications: The Ecopyme methodology has two limitations: It does not propose either implementation tools or involve consumers and actors at the meso (e.g., eco-industrial parks) and macro (e.g., cities, provinces, countries) levels. Practical implications: This study will help policymakers understand the SMEs' perspective and remove barriers that may hinder the paradigm shift. The methodology is also a useful tool for consultants and entrepreneurs to incorporate the circular economy (CE) principles into their business. Originality/value: In the CE literature, little attention has been paid to proposing a structured methodology to implement CE in SMEs. Thus, the study provides a step-by-step methodology that guides any industrial SMEs to transition from linear to circular. Also, it provides additional evidence concerning the importance of human commitment in changing firms' paradigm because people can encourage the adoption of responsible production practices if firms commit CEOs, sustainability managers, and staff.
  • Autores: Ruiz Pérez, F. (Autor de correspondencia); Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; et al.
    Revista: THE TQM JOURNAL
    ISSN 1754-2731 Vol.33 N° 4 2021 págs. 823 - 840
    Resumen
    Purpose This paper unifies previous research literature on employee participation in continuous improvement (CI) activities through the development and validation of a conceptual model. The purpose of this model is to illustrate how organizational drivers foster organizational and individual enablers which, in turn, strengthen employee participation in CI. The article also discusses the results and managerial implications. Design/methodology/approach Firstly, the article introduces the main variables affecting employee participation in CI, looking at the different possible relationships proposed in existing literature. In accordance with the Kaye and Anderson (1999) framework, these variables are categorized into organizational drivers, organizational and individual enablers and individual outcomes. Based on these categories, a model was put forward and empirically validated using data collected from three Spanish companies (n = 483) and using partial least squares structural equations modelling (PLS-SEM). Findings A model was put forward, proposing PIRK systems (power, information, rewards, knowledge) as the main organizational driver of employee participation in CI activities. PIRK impacts positively on social influence (organizational enabler), self-efficacy and job satisfaction (individual enablers). These enablers, together with employee intention of participating, help determine employee participation in CI activities. Practical implications Organizations...
  • Autores: Rincón Moreno, John Anderson; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; Álvarez Sánchez-Arjona, María Jesús; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION
    ISSN 0959-6526 Vol.279 2021 págs. 123605
    Resumen
    Current research on the circular economy (CE) reveals that, while the concept and its application have been extensively explored as shown in several case studies, the definition of tools and criteria measuring ¿circularity¿ of products, companies or regions are not well-defined. Therefore, indicators for measuring the different levels of a CE (micro, meso, and macro) should be a high priority for stakeholders (governments, companies, NGOs, civil society, etc.) in order to track progress on CE initiatives. However, the increasing interest on CE has caused a still open debate on the conceptualization of CE which hampers the creation of indicators based on a common conceptual framework. As a result, the absence of standard indicators to track progress on circularity is leading to contradiction and misunderstanding, which represents a challenge to the implementation of CE strategies. Thus, this study tries to address this gap by advancing a set of indicators adapted from existing indicators that guarantees simplicity and effectiveness, closely based on indicators proposed by government bodies. This research carried out an exploratory study to formulate the indicators requirements based on literature, refined through experts¿ opinion and then they were tested in Spanish companies located in the Basque Country region through an empirical work to assess this theory...
  • Autores: Ruiz-Pérez, F.; Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION
    ISSN 0959-6526 Vol.329 2021 págs. 129742
    Resumen
    Corporate Sustainability is today a key issue for companies considering value generation, climate change and social requirements. This sustainability must be achieved in the economic, social, and environmental aspects; many authors have studied the variables that make up these aspects. Despite the importance of employees in Corporate Sustainability, to our knowledge, no studies have connected the variables with the impact that employees have on them. Therefore, in this study, combining a literature review with a Panel Delphi with 11 experts, we seek consensus on: 1) the relevance of the different variables that define Corporate Sustainability; 2) on which variables can employees have an impact; and 3) what employee behaviors are more susceptible of having this impact. The results show consensus on employees and propose behaviors that could enhance some of the most important variables of economic, social and environmental sustainability. This result opens up the possibility of developing a scale to measure employee sustainable behaviors and to understand how companies can facilitate these behaviors.
  • Autores: Antony, J. (Autor de correspondencia); Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Torres, A. F.; et al.
    Revista: THE TQM JOURNAL
    ISSN 1754-2731 Vol.33 N° 5 2021 págs. 987 - 1000
    Resumen
    Purpose The purpose of this study is to critically evaluate the current status of Design of experiments (DoE) in the service industry or non-manufacturing processes in the manufacturing sector. This involves the identification of critical success factors and challenges in the use of DoE in the context of the service industry as well as the key skills needed for its successful applications. Design/methodology/approach In order to identify the critical success factors and challenges, an online survey instrument was developed and distributed across Six Sigma Black Belts (SSBB), Six Sigma Master Black Belts (SSMBB), process improvement champions, continuous improvement professionals, DoE experts and specialists as well as academics who are involved in DoE research and applications. Findings A total of 109 participants from over 20 countries responded to the study. One of the first findings of the study is that over 40% of the process improvement professionals in the service sector do not have any hands-on experience with the application of DoE. Further, this study highlights the following critical factors for successful DoE applications: dedicating adequate resources in terms of time, budget and people for the experiment; getting a clear understanding of the problem at hand; securing a reliable and validated measurement system for measuring the response or quality characteristics of interest; and identifying input independent variables, which influence the quality characteristics during the brainstorming stage. Some respondents also mention the importance of having training or education in DoE as a critical success factor. At the same time, the lack of adequate planning to experimentation, mathematical knowledge and statistical reasoning remains as challenge to be solved. Research limitations/implications As data were collected at an individual level, inter-reliability, which measures the consistency of judgements on a particular survey item, could not be gauged. Moreover, due to low sample size across some continents, an intercontinental comparative study on the extent of the application of DoE across various continents could not be performed. Originality/value To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first global survey carried out to understand the status of DoE in the service industry. The results of the global study can be used to encourage quality, continuous improvement and process improvement professionals in the service sector to drive wider acceptance of one of the most powerful tools in the Six Sigma toolkit for problem-solving scenarios. Moreover, senior managers in the service industry can take away some of the key benefits, challenges and success factors in the implementation of DoE.
  • Autores: Pérez-Ilzarbe, Paloma (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: ANUARIO FILOSOFICO
    ISSN 0066-5215 Vol.53 N° 3 2020 págs. 578 - 580
  • Autores: Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier; Montoya Torres, Jairo; et al.
    Revista: SUSTAINABLE CITIES AND SOCIETY
    ISSN 2210-6707 Vol.52 2020 págs. 101844
    Resumen
    Environmental sustainability is a requirement for modern urban freight transport systems. On a global scale, most resources are currently consumed in cities, contributing to the economic importance of urban freight transport as well as its poor environmental performance. However, there is a lack of knowledge about how to correctly quantify the environmental efficiency of urban freight systems. In this context, this paper proposes a new methodology for evaluating the environmental performance of urban freight transport systems by applying the Overall Greenness Performance (OGP) tool. OGP is a lean-based hierarchy of metrics that uses the value-added concept to relate a company¿s productivity with its environmental performance. The proposed methodology uses a mixed-integer linear programming model to assess the environmental impact of the activities and/or requirements in an urban freight transportation system. This paper examines how company context, the supply chain and value stream activity types, namely value adding, necessary but non-value adding and non-value adding, affect a system¿s performance, operational costs and environmental impact. Real data from the city of Bogotá, Colombia, were used to validate this approach. A sensitivity analysis was performed with different companies, demands and costs in order to evaluate the trade-offs between economic performance and environmental impact.
  • Autores: Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; Mejia-Villa, A. (Autor de correspondencia); Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; et al.
    Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT
    ISSN 0948-3349 Vol.25 N° 5 2020 págs. 856 - 867
    Resumen
    Purpose The European Ecolabel (EU Flower) has the mission to encourage cleaner production and influence consumers to promote Europe's transition to a circular economy. Nonetheless, little is known about EU Ecolabel evolution; it is not clear what the drivers that encourage its implementation are. Thus, this study aims to assess the growing acceptance of the EU Ecolabel in the European Union, and Spain more specifically, by examining product and service categories and geographical regions. Methods The methodological approach taken in this study is a mixed methodology based on the triangulation method by consulting the EU Ecolabel scheme database, EU Ecolabel delegates from some autonomous regions, and the academic literature. Also, a geographic analysis was run in the ArcGIS Software with data about the accumulation of licenses assigned in 2016. Results and discussion The analysis shows that most products in Spain that have been awarded the EU Ecolabel belong to the following categories: Do-It-Yourself Products (paint and varnish), Paper Products, Cleaning Up Products, and Electronic Equipment. At the same time, the study showed that this ecolabel faces significant obstacles in its diffusion, such as the competition with environmental labels launched previously in Europe and other regional labels. Conclusions The results of this study indicate the existence of five drivers that may encourage the implementation of EU Flower in a region: (1) public management, (2) communication strategy, (3) sustainable public procurement criteria, (4) local income per capita, and (5) international trade incentives. Finally, this study provides essential recommendations for policymakers to trigger ecolabeling practices such as the need to improve the understanding of the EU ecolabel impact in different levels of activity, which means countries, regions, industrial clusters, firms, and consumers. Also, this investigation identifies areas for further research, and it expresses the need to develop business case studies about ecolabeling with the objective to visualize this phenomenon as an eco-innovation process.
  • Autores: Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Santos García, Javier; Fernández Arevalo, Tamara; et al.
    Revista: SUSTAINABILITY
    ISSN 2071-1050 Vol.12 N° 22 2020 págs. 9781
    Resumen
    In a circular economy (CE) environment, it is important to make good and efficient use of resources and consider that the waste generated in production processes can be a valuable resource. However, the tools and methodologies conventionally used to analyze and evaluate production systems are based on techniques focused on linear production management models, where the primary purpose is to reduce the treatment and management of waste as much as possible and where productive and environmental efficiency are not evaluated simultaneously. Changing the paradigm from a linear to a circular economy requires that a new strategy for production systems be defined, one that makes production processes simultaneously circular and efficient (in terms of quality and productivity). In this context, a holistic vision is needed when implementing CE strategies. Therefore, the main aim of this paper is to provide evidence, through two real case studies in the use of water, that the management of this resource without considering systemic thinking may not be the most circular solution. Main results showed that improvements based on the traditional approach of reducing resource use cannot provide the best results if they are supported only by current process consumption without considering the circularity of resources.
  • Autores: Rincón Moreno, John Anderson; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta (Autor de correspondencia); Álvarez Sánchez-Arjona, María Jesús; et al.
    Revista: SUSTAINABILITY
    ISSN 2071-1050 Vol.12 N° 20 2020 págs. 8423
    Resumen
    Defining the circular economy (CE) as a material and energy model coincides with the definition given by multiple authors in which Industrial Symbiosis (IS) has been deemed as a foundational strategy to support the implementation of the CE. The consumption of secondary materials is essential to achieve a successful transformation from a linear economy to a CE focused on IS practices. In this scenario, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play a major role as stakeholders in developing CE systems as it is not possible to create this model with each company working in isolation. However, there is a lack of empirical studies on the role played by relevant local stakeholders such as individual firms interacting in the development of a local CE system. This study aimed to study the challenges that SMEs face in developing a CE system. A case study is selected as a research strategy using a mixed-method approach: a sequential quantitative (questionnaire) and qualitative (semi-structured interviews) data collection techniques were employed for this research. It was observed that an absence of inter-organisational collaboration and a misunderstanding of the roles played by SMEs may impede the implementation of a local CE system level.
  • Autores: Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Rudeli, N. C. (Autor de correspondencia); Santilli Almaraz, Adrian
    Revista: ENGINEERING, CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECTURAL MANAGEMENT
    ISSN 0969-9988 Vol.27 N° 4 2020 págs. 917 - 935
    Resumen
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to perform a quantitative analysis of the literature in order to determine the main causes of delay in construction projects. Design/methodology/approach A set of 47 articles from the literature were analyzed, yielding 1,057 different causes of delay. In order to analyze and compare the main causes of delay, their degree of impact was studied statistically. Next, a mention count method was used to determine the primary causes of construction project delays and through the use of Pareto diagrams, the main causes of delays in construction projects were determined. Findings It was determined that the three main causes of construction project delay are problems that occur during execution, administrative problems and labor conflicts; together they account for almost 80 percent of the causes found in the literature. Moreover, it was deduced that problems during execution are based on unpredictable events, while administrative problems are rooted in poor cash flow management. In addition, seven sub-groups of delay causes were identified as being major due to the number of mentions detected. These were "Changes during construction," "Poor construction management," "Construction errors," "Economic/Financial," "Conflict/Relationship" and "Lack of experience." Social implications Identifying the factors and causes of the delays will allow mitigation actions to be taken in order to avoid delays, which will ultimately allow homes, schools, hospitals and other necessary infrastructure to be delivered on time or even before the planned date. Originality/value This study provides a unique classification method that was successfully validated. Thanks to the classification, designers may use this information as a starting point for designing future construction projects, thereby minimizing unforeseen events during construction.
  • Autores: Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe; Santos García, Javier; Garcia Sabater, Julio; et al.
    Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRODUCTIVITY AND PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT
    ISSN 1741-0401 Vol.3 2019 págs. 608 - 625
  • Autores: Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier; Montoya-Torres, J.; et al.
    Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING COMPUTATIONS
    ISSN 1923-2926 Vol.10 N° 3 2019 págs. 375 - 392
    Resumen
    This paper assesses the effectiveness in scheduling independent jobs with earliness/tardiness costs and variable setup times applying the Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE). The OEE is a common metric for measuring the manufacturing productivity. We defined a mixed-integer linear programming formulation of the parallel machine scheduling problem with four different objective functions in order to compare different scheduling configurations. Real data, from a plastic container manufacturing company located in the Basque Country (Spain), were used to validate this approach. A sensitivity analysis was performed with different production capacities and earliness/tardiness costs in order to evaluate the trade-offs between economic performance (i.e., costs) and the partial rates of OEE (i.e., quality, performance and availability). The objective of this study is to propose a guideline to help management make decisions regarding the measurement and improvement of scheduling effectiveness through contemplating earliness, tardiness and variable setup times. (C) 2019 by the authors; licensee Growing Science, Canada
  • Autores: Jurburg, D.; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Tanco Rainusso, Martín; et al.
    Revista: THE TQM JOURNAL
    ISSN 1754-2731 Vol.31 N° 3 2019 págs. 359 - 376
    Resumen
    Purpose Companies use continuous improvement (CI) as a strategy to achieve business excellence and innovation. Yet CI initiatives fail mostly due to a lack of employee engagement. The paper aims to discuss this issue. Design/methodology/approach Based on the CI literature and the technology acceptance model (TAM), a comprehensive model called continuous improvement acceptance mode (CIAM) was developed to understand the main organisational antecedents that predict employee intention to participate in CI. The CIAM is based on structural equation modelling using partial least squares and it was validated in a large manufacturing plant in Europe. Findings Emulating the findings of the TAM, this study shows that employee intention to participate can be predicted by two variables called ease of participating and usefulness of participating. The CIAM then relates these constructs with relevant CI enablers found in the CI literature. Practical implications The CIAM could help academics and practitioners to better understand employee participation in CI activities, allowing CI systems to be better designed and achieve long-term sustainability. Originality/value The CIAM presents new variables and interactions that help to understand employee participation in CI activities. Some of these variables and interactions have received scant attention in the CI literature and thus they are worth investigating in greater depth in the future.
  • Autores: Bouranta, Nancy; Psomas, Evangelos; Suarez-Barraza, Manuel; et al.
    Revista: BENCHMARKING
    ISSN 1463-5771 Vol.26 N° 3 2019 págs. 893 - 921
    Resumen
    Purpose¿Literature refers to the key factors of total quality management (TQM) based on studies carriedout in individual countries. However, few studies focus on studying the TQM factors in service companiesbased on multinational data. The purpose of this paper is to empirically identify the key TQM factors andtheir impact on internal and external customer performance measures across different countries.Design/methodology/approach¿The research questions regarding the TQM factors and their effectswere examined using a sample of service organisations from three countries (131 from Greece, 70 from Mexicoand 151 from Spain). TQM factors and their impact on employee and customer satisfaction were analysedseparately for each country. Exploratory factor analyses, coupled with multiple linear regression analyses,were conducted.Findings¿The key TQM factors identified are common among the three participating countries and can besummarised as follows: quality practices of top management, process management, employee qualitymanagement, customer focus, and employee knowledge and education. The adoption level of these five keyfactors of TQM varies across service organisations in different countries. The results also confirmed thatsome of the TQM elements are antecedents of customer- and employee-focused performance.Practical implications¿Multinational service organisations may use such an instrument to evaluate TQMimplementation among worldwide operations and then benchmark their performan
  • Autores: Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; Jaca García, María del Carmen (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier; et al.
    Revista: CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
    ISSN 1535-3958 Vol.26 N° 6 2019 págs. 1473 - 1484
    Resumen
    Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are key actors in the implementation of the circular economy (CE) concept as a basis for creating sustainable societies. Thus, the main objective of this study is to identify key strategies and resources that may favor CE implementation in SMEs. These key strategies should encourage SMEs to develop eco-innovations to gain competitive advantage and create and capture value that is coherent with nature. A mixed-method approach that consisted of a literature review and a focus group for gathering qualitative data was used. This focus group was made up of experts such as researchers and practitioners from universities, sustainable SMEs, and consultancy firms in Spain. A set of strategies and internal and external factors were identified to help SMEs to implement the CE. Finally, some useful dynamic capabilities for implementing the CE in business performance were identified.
  • Autores: Henao-Hernández, I.; Solano-Charris, E.; Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe; et al.
    Revista: IFAC-PAPERSONLINE
    ISSN 2405-8963 Vol.52 N° 10 2019 págs. 195 - 200
    Resumen
    Sustainability and Industry 4.0 are trending concepts today. It is expected that Industry 4.0 brings a multitude of benefits toward more sustainable operations such as manufacturing. In manufacturing, monitoring and control approaches are the most common tools included in the Industry 4.0 strategy. In this context, this paper presents a literature review concerning to control and monitoring techniques for sustainable-manufacturing decision making in the era of Industry 4.0. The objectives of this paper are to evaluate the state-of-the-art of this trending topic and to propose new opportunities and challenges that should be addressed in future research.
  • Autores: Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe; Solano-Charris, E.; Quintero-Araujo, C.; et al.
    Revista: UNCERTAIN SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT
    ISSN 2291-6822 Vol.7 N° 4 2019 págs. 703 - 712
    Resumen
    Digitalization is impacting almost every aspect of people¿s life and is greatly affecting supply chain processes. At the same time, supply chains are becoming progressively more aware of their impacts on people, the planet and profits (triple bottom line perspective) and the concept of sustainable supply chain has received increasing attention among scholars and practitioners. In this context, this article aims to analyze scientific research on supply chain management in the field of sustainability and digitalization using a bibliometric approach. To this end, this article analyses 484 papers from Scopus database according to the following parameters: chronology, discipline, source, center, country and citations. The dataset consisted of articles from scientific journals published over the period 2002¿2018. In addition, VOSviewer software is used to map the bibliographic material using the co-occurrence of keywords and most influential journals. The analysis reveals that: sustainability and digitalization are important emerging fields within supply chains that have increased significantly during the last ten years; the USA is the most influential country; and the topic is structured around 2 clusters (1) Supply chain management, concepts and practices and (2) energy related technologies. The results may facilitate the planning, designing, running and publishing of future research on this topic.
  • Autores: Santos García, Javier; Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; et al.
    Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING
    ISSN 0951-192X Vol.32 N° 2 2019 págs. 183 - 193
    Resumen
    Nowadays companies are trying to become 'greener', which requires integrating the environmental dimension into their traditional performance metrics. However, managers may not have the complete information and data for their environmental problems and, crucially, there is a lack of knowledge about how these environmental issues affect a company's productivity. Even though the availability of technology has increased and it is easier than ever to obtain all kinds of data, there is a lack of agreement on how to correctly measure environmental performance, and companies could suffer from an overload of environmental information. The biggest challenge, therefore, lies in how to measure and obtain the appropriate environmental data and how to interpret and relate these data to the company's productivity. In this context, this paper presents a new and innovative approach, called Plug&Glean, for diagnosing and improving productivity and environmental performance in a defined production system. The approach is applied to a case study in the north of Spain. The findings suggest that it is possible to improve productivity and environmental performance at the same time, as well as reinforce the notion that waste elimination has a positive impact on improving environmental performance.
  • Autores: Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier; Grau Gumbau, Paloma; et al.
    Revista: BRITISH FOOD JOURNAL
    ISSN 0007-070X Vol.121 N° 5 2019 págs. 1140 - 1153
    Resumen
    Purpose-The purpose of this paper is to analyze gaps and trends, as well suggest approaches andmethodologies that should be addressed by future studies for implementing the lean and green managementin the agri-food sector. Design/methodology/approach-Based on a sample with 117 papers, this paper presents a systematicreview on the integration of lean and green in the agri-food sector. Findings-Key findings indicate that research on lean and greentopics has increased in recent years, an importantgapintheintegrationofleanandgreenintheagri-foodsector has been identified. Two paths that remain open forfurther research are detected: the lack of theoretical, prescriptive and quantitative research and the possibility ofintegrating the two most used tools of lean (i.e. value stream mapping) and green (i.e. life-cycle assessment). Practical implications-This study does not only advance the theoretical knowledge of the lean and greenfield, but it is also beneficial for agri-food companies who aim to effectively deploy lean and green in theirprocesses in order to improve both operational and environmental performances. Social implications-No other industry matches in such a complete way the agri-food industry¿s challengeof sustainability that is due to the amount of resources it consumes and its interrelatedness with thewell-being of humanity. Originality/value-There are separate streams of established research on lean and green management inthe agri-food sector,
  • Autores: Carnerud, Daniel ; Jaca García, María del Carmen; Bäckström, Ingela
    Revista: THE TQM JOURNAL
    ISSN 1754-2731 Vol.30 N° 4 2018 págs. 371 - 390
    Resumen
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to depict how Kaizen and continuous improvement (CI) are represented in scientific journals focusing on quality management (QM) from the 1980s until 2017. Additionally, the study aims to examine how Kaizen is studied and described and how the relationship between Kaizen and CI is portrayed. Design/methodology/approach The study applies a mixed methods approach to search for tendencies and outlines concerning Kaizen and CI in four scientific journals focusing on QM and two focusing on OM. The data set contains entries from 1980 until 2017, which makes it possible to depict how Kaizen has evolved over more than 30 years. Findings The findings show that Kaizen and CI attained special interest in the mid-1990s, after which interest appears to have decreased. However, the findings imply that a regenerated interest for the areas spiked post 2010. In addition, the results indicate that Kaizen is on the one hand accepted by one part of the management community but on the other hand completely ignored by the rest. Finally, the data illuminate a need to strengthen and clarify Kaizen¿s theoretical basis and its relationship to CI. Practical implications If an aspiration exists to increase the success rate of Kaizen implementation, the results from the study highlight the need to address and clarify epistemological, terminological and theoretical issues.
  • Autores: Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta (Autor de correspondencia); Jaca García, María del Carmen; et al.
    Revista: BUSINESS STRATEGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
    ISSN 0964-4733 Vol.27 N° 8 2018 págs. 1525 - 1534
    Resumen
    The circular economy has become an important issue in recent years because it makes sustainable development feasible by creating value in the economy and by closing the energy and materials loops. However, since most companies continue to operate under a linear model, it is particularly important to start providing companies with tools that facilitate their shift to the circular paradigm. The main objective of this research is to establish the key elements that are necessary for assessing the level of circular economy implementation. To that end, the Delphi method is used to validate and define the key elements of three categories: circular economy fields of action, industrial symbiosis, and environmental certifications. As a result, this study identifies the key elements that assess the degree of circular economy implementation and that allows small and medium-sized enterprises to understand where they are and what they need to do to improve their performance.
  • Autores: Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; Jaca García, María del Carmen; Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; et al.
    Revista: MEMORIA INVESTIGACIONES EN INGENIERIA
    ISSN 2301-1092 Vol.16 2018 págs. 99-107
    Resumen
    La Economía Circular se ha convertido en un tema de gran interés para los legisladores, académicos y empresarios, ya que se muestra como un nuevo paradigma para lograr la sostenibilidad de nuestra sociedad. Sin embargo, los principales esfuerzos en la Economía Circular no pueden reducirse a actos de profesionales o de expertos. Consideramos que, si pretendemos satisfacer las necesidades actuales sin comprometer la capacidad de las generaciones futuras para satisfacer sus propias necesidades, tenemos que enseñar a las generaciones actuales los principios para lograr la sostenibilidad económica, social y ambiental a corto, medio y largo plazo. Este artículo destaca el uso de actividades participativas en lugar de cursos tradicionales para enseñar e involucrar a estudiantes de ingeniería con las prácticas de economía circular.
  • Autores: Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro (Autor de correspondencia); Agholor, D.; Serrano Barcena, Nicolás; et al.
    Revista: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING EDUCATION
    ISSN 0304-3797 2018 págs. 1 - 19
    Resumen
    This article describes an action research (AR) project for designing and implementing a structured mentoring programme in a Spanish university. A student affairs unit, a team of researchers, faculty-mentors and student-protégés worked together on three cycles of AR. The result is a programmatic mentoring programme for the development of non-technical personal and professional competencies for undergraduate students. This paper describes the original situation that sparked the project, the iterative process followed, the tools and guides developed and the final programme designed. In addition to the increase in the level of satisfaction perceived by the entire university, the paper outlines the five critical factors that emerged from the AR project: the competency development process, programme value added, trust between mentors and protégés, the prominence of the student-protégé in the improvement plans and the continuous improvement culture generated.
  • Autores: Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa (Autor de correspondencia); Jaca García, María del Carmen; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta
    Revista: JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION
    ISSN 0959-6526 Vol.179 2018 págs. 605 - 615
    Resumen
    The growing importance of the concept of the circular economy as a way to attain sustainable development has encouraged scholars to propose different ways to understand it. Given the large number of studies done on the circular economy, their differing approaches and their multiple applications, this paper attempts to propose a consensus view of the basic notions of the circular economy framework and highlight its relationship with eco-innovation. To that end, this study carried out a systematic literature review that resulted in four main outputs: a knowledge map of the circular economy, an analysis of the main notions of the concept, principles, and determinants of a circular economy. Finally, this study brings to light some remarkable examples of eco-innovations developed for implementation in the circular economy. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Autores: Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier; Montoya-Torres, J. R.; et al.
    Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRODUCTION ECONOMICS
    ISSN 0925-5273 Vol.197 2018 págs. 232 - 242
    Resumen
    The transport of goods is essential for the economic growth of cities and regions. Urban freight transportation makes up a very small percentage of the total transportation time for goods, but it can represent up to 28% of total transportation costs. To reduce overall costs and increase revenue from this operation, one common methodology used by decision makers is the optimization models. This paper proposes a new methodology for evaluating the effectiveness of urban freight transportation systems using the OEE (Overall Equipment Effectiveness) metric, a well-known rate used in the Lean Manufacturing framework. The methodology uses a mathematical model with several objective functions, two of which are multi-objective, to explore the relationships and trade-offs between economic development, quality, performance and availability (partial rates of the OEE). The final objective is to optimize the OEE metrics and the profitability of a transportation system. This methodology was tested using real data from the city of Bogota, Colombia. Experiments were run with different companies, costs, demands and travel times in order to validate the proposed approach. The results show the benefits of using multi-objective functions to optimize both OEE (quality, performance and availability metrics) and profits. The proposed methodology provides an 'ex ante' evaluation of the tactical and operational decisions made by companies in configuring an urban freight transport system.
  • Autores: Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta (Autor de correspondencia); Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; Puga-Leal, R.; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION
    ISSN 0959-6526 Vol.185 2018 págs. 157 - 167
    Resumen
    The important role of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in most economies underpins this research, which develops an empirical analysis that allows us to explore the potential for implementation of the Circular Economy in SMEs and the barriers and opportunities they may distinguish from it. To that end, a survey was carried out in Navarra and the Basque Country, Spain. The main results show that companies are focused on complying with the law and, in many cases, they are worried about their company's image. Moreover, they do not tend to be committed to environmental issues because they do not think it would increase their profits and competitiveness. The focus on cost savings became clear from the Factor Analysis applied to the Take-Transform and Recovery phases of the Circular Economy. In this sense, three factors were associated with the companies' perception of the Circular Economy: 1) Material Provision, 2) Resources' Reutilization and 2) Financial Advantage. With regard to the barriers, another Factor Analysis suggested two different categories of barriers: Hard barriers and Human-based barriers, each requiring different strategies for addressing them, must be considered. Finally, the study briefly examines the integration opportunities between SMEs with other companies and industry associations or clusters to develop industrial symbiosis and close their materials loop. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Autores: Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION
    ISSN 0959-6526 Vol.178 2018 págs. 268 - 275
    Resumen
    Manufacturers have become progressively more aware of their operations' impacts on the triple bottom line (social, environmental and financial), and they are under increased pressure to account for their resource consumption and environmental footprint. These challenges are forcing companies to implement and combine different management approaches, such as "green" and "lean", to meet the needs of the ever-changing market demand. Using semi-structured interviews in 58 different companies, this paper shows how manufacturing companies carry out manufacturing and environmental practices. This study contributes to the current debate in the literature on environmentally friendly manufacturing by arguing that companies with advanced manufacturing practices do not engage in proactive participation in environmental management with tactical and strategic practices inside their organizations. Following that, some considerations for correctly measuring the environmental efficiency in companies are presented. The findings and recommendations of this study can be used to fully utilize the potential of environmental practices to simultaneously improve manufacturing productivity and environmental performance and to identify trends in organizational development. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Autores: Romero Silva, Rodrigo (Autor de correspondencia); Santos García, Javier; Hurtado, M.
    Revista: PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL
    ISSN 0953-7287 Vol.29 N° 16 2018 págs. 1343 - 1348
    Resumen
    This paper aims to improve the applicability and relevance of contingency theory research in the field of Operations Management. Based on the results of previous studies, we have identified a systems-based single definition of organisation types that could describe the fit between organisational environment and organisational structure. This definition of organisation type, which we call an 'organisational system', regards the organisation as an integrated whole instead of as a sum of its parts and can help to better classify organisations in order to identify fits between organisation types and emerging practices in Operations Management.
  • Autores: Bermeo Losada, Juan Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Rodríguez Chacón, Victoria María; Álvarez Sánchez-Arjona, María Jesús
    Revista: ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT
    ISSN 1088-1913 Vol.27 N° 3 2018 págs. 135 - 146
    Resumen
    Global warming is negatively affecting the environment of the planet. This situation has led to the development of international standards, such as the International Organisation for Standardization's DIS 14064-1 and the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Standard, both of which measure corporate carbon footprints. These standards provide guidelines that can be applied to different organizational sectors. However, these are not sufficient for controlling the reduction of carbon emissions, because although they propose the use of indicators, they do not explicitly define them. In addition, in the case of emissions from wastewater treatment, they only suggest that the emissions associated with this process be considered. In the present study, an eight¿step, unified methodology based on these two international standards is proposed, focusing on direct emissions. Moreover, the step¿by¿step to data collection, calculations, and the required indicators to control the emissions are defined. The first scope considers direct emissions from sources that are owned or controlled by the company. Methane generation measurement from wastewater treatment has been included in the methodology within Scope 1, as it is the second most polluting gas after carbon dioxide, both of which give rise to global warming. The proposed methodology was tested as a case study in one of the most important companies in the food sector in Colombia.
  • Autores: Jaca García, María del Carmen (Autor de correspondencia); Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; Psomas, E. L.; et al.
    Revista: JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION
    ISSN 0959-6526 Vol.181 2018 págs. 201 - 208
    Resumen
    The growing complexity of environmental issues and its connection with the way in which society is consuming make essential to understand the extent of the consumers' awareness regarding the sustainable aspects. Therefore, the aim of this study is to explore the motivations of sustainable consumers and how those motivations should be considered by consumer organizations for improving their purposes and services to drive environmental sustainability. The research presents a content analysis of the websites of 30 lbero-American organizations that promote sustainable consumption habits, classifying those organizations according to their purposes and services based on the six dimensions of consumer sustainability awareness. Then, a questionnaire was sent to a sample of Spanish-speaking consumers of sustainable products in order to assess their motivations for choosing environmentally friendly products or services. Then, an analysis was performed by comparing both results. As a result, the study offers new knowledge about the perception of sustainability consciousness across Spanish-speaking consumers and of the purpose of consumer organizations. It also provides valuable information for companies and marketers who wish to align their eco-innovation strategies with green consumers' motivations. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Autores: Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Santos García, Javier; et al.
    Revista: MANAGEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
    ISSN 1477-7835 Vol.29 N° 1 2018 págs. 49 - 62
    Resumen
    Purpose Environmental management (EM) is becoming increasingly important in all types of organizations. The food industry represents the top industrial sector of the Spanish economy; however, there is still little knowledge about how it is managed environmentally. The purpose of this paper is to present a descriptive analysis of the Spanish food sector. Design/methodology/approach This study undertook a descriptive analysis based on probabilistic sampling surveys from food companies in Spain. The survey was sent out to 900 companies obtaining 128 answers. Findings The results of this study show that companies with an EM standard tend to have a more developed system and a greater presence of EM tools and actions. Moreover, statistical differences were identified among the characteristics of companies and various factors that affect the evolution of their EM. Originality/value There are no studies that reveal a clear picture of the status of EM in the Spanish food industry. This study presents a clear starting point that might help policy makers, consultants, researchers and other parties to set new improvement routes so companies do not get stuck in their progress toward environmental excellence
  • Autores: Jaca García, María del Carmen; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; et al.
    Revista: THE TQM JOURNAL
    ISSN 1754-2731 Vol.30 N° 4 2018 págs. 281 - 295
    Resumen
    The purpose of this paper is to develop a methodology that is based on the concept of environmental comfort and can serve as a tool that can help companies and employees to implement Kaizen projects. This methodology focuses on the worker¿s participation in analyzing and developing improvements related to their workplace. Design/methodology/approach This research is focused on the development of a methodology that encourages worker participation in improvement activities, through the analysis of their working conditions. For this purpose, the proposed methodology was developed in accordance with the dimensions of workplace comfort proposed by Vischer. The employees start working on the analysis of problems and their solutions through the logical framework approach, as it is a tool that encourages worker participation and consensus. The developed methodology was applied in a company, with three different groups of people, which enabled the authors to test its utility. Findings The findings reveal that the proposed methodology is effective in initiating workers in the path of Kaizen. The employees who applied this methodology were able to propose improvement actions that addressed the problems and opportunities that they had previously detected. Moreover, the questionnaire that was used to validate the methodology and was administered to employees shows that the methodology is useful in preparing them for adopting continuous improvement (CI) programs.
  • Autores: Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; Santos García, Javier; et al.
    Libro: Industrial Symbiosis for the Circular Economy
    ISSN 978-3-030-36659-9 2020 págs. 27 - 41
    Resumen
    Most companies operate on a linear economy that consists of ¿take, make, use and waste.¿ However, the growing impact of industries¿ emissions on the environment has aroused global concerns about their activities. As a result, companies are increasingly aware of the importance of implementing a circular economy (CE) with environmental, social and economic beneficial results. In this transition to a circular system, companies will need guidance, especially in the case of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which are the predominant type of company in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) area. Taking this into account, the objective of this chapter is to provide SMEs with a methodology to understand the value of CE for their corporate strategy, diagnose their business and design an action plan to facilitate the transition to the CE, allowing them to create value and gain a competitive advantage in the market. The CE could be addressed through six fields of action: take, make, distribute, use and recover goods and materials (Park et al. in J Clean Prod 18:1492¿1499, 2010; Stahel in Nature 24:6¿9, 2016), and a transversal field of action called industrial symbiosis. These six fields of action are the methodology¿s backbone. The CE methodology for an SME consists of the following steps: Diagnose the company¿s situation, through reflection on the current value proposal, the stakeholders and a preliminary diagnosis regarding its level of CE application through a proposed diagnosis tool. Analyze barriers and opportunities derived from the application of the CE. Propose a CE implementation plan. This chapter will explain, the process followed, and the various results obtained in the rubber-metal company. The proposed methodology makes an important contribution to SMEs¿ professionals regarding the step-by-step implementation of the CE using a real case that shows how to identify, plan and capitalize on the opportunities of the circular economy. The case study reveals how SMEs can start implementing the paradigm shift through environmental strategies that do not usually require high amounts of financial resources or technology. Moreover, the case study also highlights the relevance of the CE for creating value and a competitive strategy in the market.
  • Autores: Lomas Echeveste, Lucia; Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; et al.
    Libro: Engineering Digital Transformation
    ISSN 978-3-319-96005-0 2019 págs. 49-57
  • Autores: Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro; Rey Peña, Carlos; Chinchilla Albiol, Nuria
    Libro: Purpose-Driven Organizations: Ideas for a better world
    ISSN 978-3-030-17674-7 2019 págs. 119 - 130
    Resumen
    How are leaders to assess whether or not the purpose of the business is truly common and deeply shared? To be able to answer such questions, it is crucial we have a perspective that allows for the gathering of our employees¿ thoughts and feelings, a system that assesses the organization¿s health and its areas for improvement upon which to base our actions. This work develops the Purpose Strength Model, which establishes the basis for the development of measuring tools. The model integrates the different frameworks introduced in the previous chapters into four sequential areas: organizational purpose antecedents, purpose accelerators, shared purpose development, and purpose outcomes (individual and organizational). Theoretical implications and further research lines are discussed.
  • Autores: Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe; Solano-Charris, E.; Santos García, Javier; et al.
    Libro: Computational Logistics
    ISSN 978-3-030-31139-1 Vol.LNCS 11756 2019 págs. 53 - 66
    Resumen
    Nowadays, urban freight transport networks must be environmentally sustainable. As a consequence, collaboration strategies have been implemented as one alternative to enhance the efficiency of the supply chain and to reduce its environmental burden. However, there is a lack of knowledge about how to correctly quantify the environmental impact of collaborative urban freight transport networks. To fill this gap, we present an optimization approach for evaluating the environmental performance of collaborative systems by applying the Overall Greenness Performance (OGP) tool. We illustrate our approach using real data from the city of Bogotá, Colombia. Our results provide insights for shifting towards sustainable freight transportation networks. For example, we quantify savings up to 11% of CO2 emissions after applying collaboration in urban transportation contexts.
  • Autores: Sierra-Henao, A.; Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe; Solano-Charris, E.; et al.
    Libro: Service Oriented, Holonic and Multi-agent Manufacturing Systems for Industry of the Future
    ISSN 978-3-030-27476-4 Vol.SCI 853 2019 págs. 366 - 376
  • Autores: Martinez, I.; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Cabrejas, I.
    Libro: Intelligent Distributed Computing XII. Studies in Computational Intelligence,
    ISSN 978-3-319-99626-4 Vol.798 2018 págs. 145-156
    Resumen
    A failure detection system is the first step towards predictive maintenance strategies. A popular data-driven method to detect incipient failures and anomalies is the training of normal behaviour models by applying a machine learning technique like feed-forward neural networks (FFNN) or extreme learning machines (ELM). However, the performance of any of these modelling techniques can be deteriorated by the unexpected rise of non-stationarities in the dynamic environment in which industrial assets operate. This unpredictable statistical change in the measured variable is known as concept drift. In this article a wind turbine maintenance case is presented, where non-stationarities of various kinds can happen unexpectedly. Such concept drift events are desired to be detected by means of statistical detectors and window-based approaches. However, in real complex systems, concept drifts are not as clear and evident as in artificially generated datasets. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of current drift detectors and also to design an appropriate novel technique for this specific industrial application, it is essential to dispose beforehand of a characterization of the existent drifts. Under the lack of information in this regard, a methodology for labelling concept drift events in the lifetime of wind turbines is proposed. This methodology will facilitate the creation of a drift database that will serve both as a training ground for concept drift detectors and as a valuable information to enhance the knowledge about maintenance of complex systems.
  • Autores: Santos García, Javier; Muñoz Villamizar, Andrés Felipe; Viles Díez, Elisabeth; et al.
    Libro: Engineering Digital Transformation
    ISSN 978-3-319-96004-3 Vol.1 2018 págs. 275-282
    Resumen
    The increase in environmental and social awareness has triggered numerous green initiatives at companies. Traditionally, companies¿ training related to environmental management focuses on technical aspects and theoretical concepts. In addition to these theoretical contents, it is necessary to carry out practical activities to impart the desired behaviors and skills. Serious games have been found to improve employees understanding of practical environmental sustainability challenges, by offering opportunities to obtain first-hand experiences that may otherwise be too costly and difficult to reproduce in reality. This work presents Pizz@green, a serious game which simulates the productive and environmental efficiencies generated by the improvements of processes in a pizza shop. The purpose of the game is the practical learning of the environmental impact caused by the production processes of a company.
  • Autores: Arnedo Lasheras, R.; Jaca García, María del Carmen; León Perfecto, C.; et al.
    ISSN 978-84-17891-25-1 2020
    Resumen
    Esta guía pretende ayudar a las organizaciones a establecer una estrategia de desarrollo hacia un crecimiento sostenible para ser rentables a largo plazo, dejando atrás la dinámica "extraer-fabricar-usar-tirar". Cada vez más, el agotamiento de los recursos está generando consumidores concienciados y empresas comprometidas con un modelo de negocio más circular.
  • Autores: Jaca García, María del Carmen; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; et al.
    ISSN 978-84-313-3383-6 2019
    Resumen
    This book aims to introduce the Circular Economy to companies, in order to understand its origin, principles and benefits. The book presents a methodology to approach the Circular Economy in a systematic way. The guide is structured in four chapters that show the steps to help organizations on their way to the Circular Economy. The chapters are: 01. Transition to the Circular Economy, 02. Fields of Action in the Circular Economy, 03. Implementation methodology, 04. Tools for developing the Circular Economy. The methodology follows the improvement cycle, based on 1. Diagnosis, 2. Opportunity analysis, 3. Implementation plan, 4. Evaluation and feedback. The last chapter also presents a set of tools to help companies in their way to the Circular Economy
  • Autores: Viles Díez, Elisabeth; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; Lleo De Nalda, Álvaro
    ISSN 978-3319584089 2018
    Resumen
    This book presents the proceedings of the XXII International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, International IIE Conference 2016, and International AIM Conference 2016. This joint conference is a result of an agreement between ADINGOR (Asociación para el Desarrollo de la Ingeniería de Organización), ABEPRO (Associação Brasileira de Engenharia de Produção), AIM (European Academy for Industrial Management) and the IIE (Institute of Industrial Engineers), and took place at TECNUN-School of Engineering (San Sebastián, Spain) from July 13th to 15th, 2016. The book includes the latest research advances and cutting-edge analyses of real case studies in Industrial Engineering and Operations Management from diverse international contexts, while also identifying concrete business applications for the latest findings and innovations in operations management and the decisions sciences.
  • Autores: Jaca García, María del Carmen; Ormazábal Goenaga, Marta; Prieto Sandoval, Julieth Vanessa; et al.
    ISSN 9788431333331 2018
    Resumen
    Vivimos en un maravilloso planeta, en el que hemos conseguido la tecnología necesaria para alcanzar altos niveles de bienestar y alargar la esperanza de vida humana. Este avance tecnológico ha cambiado radicalmente nuestra forma de vivir y relacionarnos con el planeta. En concreto, el consumo de energía a partir de combustibles fósiles ha ocasionado una serie de cambios ambientales con consecuencias potenciales como inundaciones, tormentas, sequías, aumento del nivel del mar y extinción masiva de especies. Pero éste no es el único aspecto en el nuestra actividad industrial y social está influyendo. Ya conocemos muchos datos que nos alertan de las consecuencias de nuestro desarrollo.

Proyectos desde 2018

  • Título: Modelling tool for giving value to agri-food residual streams in bio-based industries - Santos & Insausti -
    Código de expediente: 887191
    Investigador principal: JAVIER SANTOS GARCIA
    Financiador: COMISIÓN EUROPEA
    Convocatoria: 2019 GV Elkartek 2019 - Fase I. Programa de apoyo a la investigación colaborativa en áreas estratégicas
    Fecha de inicio: 10-06-2020
    Fecha fin: 31-05-2023
    Importe concedido: 570.650,00 €
    Fondos FEDER: NO