Grupos Investigadores

Líneas de Investigación

  • Audiencias y patrones de consumo de medios digitales.
  • Convergencia periodística.
  • Desinformación y desórdenes informativos
  • Historia del ciberperiodismo.
  • Modelos de medios periodísticos digitales.
  • Narrativas periodísticas multimedia.
  • Procesos de producción de medios digitales.

Palabras Clave

  • Audiencias digitales
  • Cibermedios
  • Ciberperiodismo
  • Comunicación digital
  • Convergencia periodística
  • Narrativas multimedia
  • Noticias digitales
  • Organización de redacciones
  • Periodismo digital

Publicaciones Científicas desde 2018

  • Autores: Rodríguez Virgili, Jordi (Autor de correspondencia); Vara Miguel, Alfonso; Sierra Iso, Aurken
    Revista: MA¿S PODER LOCAL
    ISSN: 2172-0223 Vol.55 2024 págs. 70 - 90
    Resumen
    La polarización se ha convertido en uno de los fenómenos políticos protagonistas de la actualidad. Diversos estudios empíricos demuestran que el aumento de la polarización es un fenómeno habitual tras una crisis de carácter financiera. En este artículo, se ahondará en la relación entre la polarización política y la percepción de la situación económica familiar y general en España. Los resultados muestran que, al evaluar cuestiones cercanas, como la percepción de la situación económica familiar, los ciudadanos emiten opiniones vinculadas a su nivel de ingresos ¿una variable económica. Sin embargo, en cuestiones abstractas como la evaluación de la situación económica general de España, la orientación ideológica de los ciudadanos es la variable más influyente. Este alineamiento indica que los españoles asumen un enfoque ideológico en lugar de uno puramente económico y, por lo tanto, más susceptible de influencia polarizadora del discurso de las élites y la cobertura periodística.
  • Autores: Gutiérrez-Rentería, M. E. (Autor de correspondencia); Eccius-Wellmann, C.; Vara Miguel, Alfonso
    Revista: COMMUNICATION & SOCIETY
    ISSN: 2386-7876 Vol.37 N° 1 2024 págs. 205 - 218
    Resumen
    The news industry faces challenges due to the global macro and microeconomic environment. The current digital situation leads to the study of the characteristics of the audience interested in news content products. The central aim of this research is to classify the main attribute interest in digital news content in Mexico of the audience's market by the attributes of age group, education level, and income level. This research is based on a survey of 2,005 digital news consumers in Mexico, directed in 2022 by the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism at the University of Oxford for the annual Digital News Report Study. The statistical method used is data mining with decision trees that classify the audience by the attribute of interest in the news as the dependent variable and attributes of age groups, education level, and income level as independent variables. These findings confirm the segmentation of digital news consumers' audiences. The classification in which the attributes of age groups, level of education, and income level are considered simultaneously concerning audiences' interests indicates that some of the predictions made show that some attributes may not be significant in some subsets, except for age group. The lowest average interest in the news is between 18 and 24 years, and the highest average interest in the news, which is nearly very interested, has audiences over 35 years.
  • Autores: Labiano Juangarcía, Roncesvalles (Autor de correspondencia); Azurmendi Adarraga, Ana; Novoa Jaso, María Fernanda
    Revista: JOURNALISM PRACTICE
    ISSN: 1751-2786 Vol.18 N° 2 2024 págs. 452 - 489
    Resumen
    Social networks such as Twitter can promote social alarm about conflicts concerning anti-hate speech legislation. The protests after the prison sentences of the rappers Valtònyc (2018) and Hasél (2021) are two paradigmatic cases in Spain. This research analyses how citizens¿ desire to combat hate speech may be frustrated when the law is applied. Using a quantitative and qualitative methodology, we observe the users and the media reactions on Twitter in both cases. In the first phase, we conducted a content analysis (n¿=¿694) to identify the position of users and the media. In a second phase, discourse analysis examined the presence or absence of the features of constructive journalism in the news coverage. The results show that the anti-law stance is predominant in Twitter messages, but there are few references to freedom of expression and censorship. While there is a considerable presence of an angry style of communication and polarised messages in users¿ tweets, the media adopt a rational and informative approach. The media discourse in both cases is still far from the traits of constructive journalism. Therefore, this research shows that informative actions based on the principles of constructive journalism could mediate between citizen sensibility and legislation. This could promote a sense of citizenship that avoids hate speech.
  • Autores: Gutiérrez-Rentería, María Elena; Eccius-Wellmann, Cristina (Autor de correspondencia); Vara Miguel, Alfonso
    Revista: COMMUNICATION & SOCIETY
    ISSN: 2386-7876 Vol.37 N° 1 2024 págs. 205 - 218
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón; Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo
    Revista: ANALISI. QUADERNS DE COMUNICACIO I CULTURA
    ISSN: 0211-2175 N° 68 2023 págs. 3 - 6
  • Autores: Kaufmann Argüeta, Jürg (Autor de correspondencia); Negredo Bruna, Samuel
    Revista: ANALISI. QUADERNS DE COMUNICACIO I CULTURA
    ISSN: 0211-2175 N° 68 2023 págs. 63 - 79
    Resumen
    Digital-pure news publications have become competitive players in many countries, populating audience rankings in the context of a high-choice media environment. With the aim of gaining insight into the performance of digital-native news brands around the world and into how their audiences are similar or different to those of media with traditional roots in Spain, we draw on survey data for 2021 and 2022, respectively. First, we examine what proportion of online adults use any of the most popular digital-pure news brands in 24 mostly European countries and in 22 markets in America, Africa and the Asia-Pacific region, and we highlight how the main digital-native brands rank among online news sources, based on their weekly audience reach. Then we compare the user profiles of the five most-used online-only news organizations in Spain, against the audiences of the top five legacy brands (N = 2028), looking at reader loyalty, gender, age, income and education levels, and political leaning. With this media-centric approach to audiences, we find that digital-native news media brands either lead (in 15 out of 46 countries) or occupy some of the top positions by weekly reach in most markets, with Nordic countries standing out as an exception. In Spain, audiences of the top digital-native brands check them slightly less frequently than the users of news sites with traditional roots. News sites in our study are slightly more popular among males, older people, and more affluent and formally educated users who can define their political stance. Nevertheless, the diversity of editorial approaches found among sites in an externally pluralistic * This is a result of the Diginativemedia research project, grant PID2021-122534OB-C22, funded by MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033 and the ERDF, A way of making Europe. news media market inevitably results in brands with user profiles that show exceptions to these trends.
  • Autores: Trillo-Domínguez, M. (Autor de correspondencia); Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón; Codina, L.; et al.
    Revista: PROFESIONAL DE LA INFORMACION
    ISSN: 1386-6710 Vol.32 N° 5 2023 págs. e320521
    Resumen
    In this paper, we present the results of the first global ranking that assesses the status and evolution of the media according to their digital reputation. We analyzed 4,541 general information digital newspapers, both legacy and native, published in 200 countries and in more than 80 languages. Methodologically, we applied a new Digital Reputation Indicator (DRI) as a composite evaluation and measurement tool, weighting web metrics from globally recognized, balanced, and validated sources such as Semrush, Ahrefs, and Majestic. This establishes the foundations of the SCImago Media Rankings (SMR) as a balanced watchdog resource for analysis of the digital transformation of the media and as an international catalog of journalistic websites, with a consensus-based and homologous classification and typification that can be applied to different countries. The main conclusion of the first three quarterly waves, carried out between September 2022 and March 2023, is that there is a direct relationship between the degree of socioeconomic and cultural development of the countries and the digital reputation achieved by their media outlets in the ranking. Additionally, the influence of language is notable as a determining factor in the positioning of the media in the ranking. The top positions are occupied by reference digital newspapers located in Western countries of the Northern Hemisphere, especially those in the English language.
  • Autores: Muerza Ferrer, Alfonso; Amoedo Casais, Avelino
    Revista: REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE CIENCIAS DE LA COMUNICACIÓN
    ISSN: 1807-3026 Vol.22 N° 44 2023 págs. 171 - 188
    Resumen
    El artículo plantea un estudio longitudinal de la convergencia periodística en el marco de la radio especializada deportiva española y presenta las sinergias periodísticas establecidas entre Radio Marca, el diario Marca y la web marca.com. Se trata de un análisis del único caso existente en España en el que una radio, un periódico impreso y un medio digital se aglutinan bajo la misma marca comercial. Para el estudio se propone una combinación de técnicas cualitativas y cuantitativas que permiten obtener datos objetivos de los procesos de producción del contenido y explicaciones desarrolladas. Para ello, se recurre al análisis de contenido y a un trabajo etnográfico de observación del trabajo periodístico en la redacción de los medios, completado con una serie de entrevistas en profundidad y encuestas realizadas en dos períodos que han conformado dos muestras. Los resultados muestran que las redacciones de los tres medios establecen sinergias periodísticas facilitadas por su ubicación en un mismo espacio físico de trabajo, pero no son resultado de una estrategia empresarial.
  • Autores: Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar (Autor de correspondencia); López Pan, Fernando; Buslón, N.; et al.
    Revista: JOURNALISM PRACTICE
    ISSN: 1751-2786 Vol.17 N° 10 2023 págs. 2084 - 2102
    Resumen
    This study introduces the concept of "nobody-fools-me perception", a cognitive bias consisting of overconfidence in one's own ability to detect disinformation, associated with the belief that one is more immune to false content than almost everyone else. Specifically, it examines the extent to which variables such as age and education determine the conviction that one is able to spot false content, and influence the skills and habits of checking and sharing potentially unverified information on health, a serious problem in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic. Based on two face-to-face focus groups and one online focus group made up of Spanish people between the ages of 25 and 54, this qualitative research study explored the behaviour of regular citizens when assessing the truthfulness of health-related news, and their habits about believing it. The results reveal that younger people tended to distrust the ability of older people to spot false content, and vice versa. They also show that people with a higher educational level were more confident about their own immunity to disinformation. By introducing the concept of "nobody-fools-me perception", this study contributes to our understanding of how subjective perceptions lead to believing in false news.
  • Autores: Sierra Iso, Aurken; Serrano Puche, Javier (Autor de correspondencia); Rodríguez Virgili, Jordi
    Revista: ANALISI. QUADERNS DE COMUNICACIO I CULTURA
    ISSN: 0211-2175 Vol.68 2023 págs. 7 - 25
    Resumen
    This study analyses trust in news and the relevance granted to journalism by different user profiles in three countries (Denmark, Spain and the United States), each from a different media system as identified by Hallin and Mancini (2004). For this research we used two online surveys (2019, 2020) carried out by the Reuters Institute with more than 2000 people in each country. Our results show that users who consume news through newspapers, radios and television trust news more than those whose main source of information are digital devices. Traditionalist users also have a higher degree of satisfaction with the classic functions of journalism: making the powerful accountable (adversarial function), disseminating current information (disseminating function) and explaining current events to the public (interpretative function). There are differences between countries, especially in the evaluation of the adversarial function. Spaniards, who belong to the polarized pluralist system, are the ones who worst value its fulfilment among their country¿s media.
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón
    Revista: CUADERNOS DE PERIODISTAS
    ISSN: 1889-2922 N° 46 2023 págs. 59 - 66
  • Autores: Novoa Jaso, María Fernanda (Autor de correspondencia); Sánchez Aranda, José Javier
    Revista: REVISTA DE COMUNICACION
    ISSN: 1684-0933 Vol.22 N° 1 2023 págs. 333 - 354
    Resumen
    This article presents the results of an investigation carried out on the followers of the television series The Newsroom (HBO) in Spain. Two focus groups (N = 17) were carried out. They included journalists (with different roles in local and national media) and journalism students from various Spanish universities. The participants were questioned about their experiences, knowledge, and perceptions of the plot and the characters of the audiovisual fiction. The interpretation of the data was made from four levels, which evaluated the emotional involvement from lower to higher degree: (1) transportation, (2) identification, (3) parasocial interaction, and (4) worship. The central hypothesis raised the relationship between the ethical values of The Newsroom and the high emotional involve-ment of the fans.The results obtained will help to understand the high degree of identification of the spectators with the media content. The internalization of ethical values, the adoption of the character's point of view, and the reflection on their informative mission, based on the fiction proposal, are significant aspects. Par- ticipants demonstrated an aspirational tendency through empathy and the desire to imitate the main characters. The reasoning of the fans revealed parasocial interactions, and their experiences of trans-por tation (immersion in the story) demonstrated critical skills expressed through counterarguments.
  • Autores: Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo (Autor de correspondencia); Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón; Bringué Sala, Javier
    Revista: MEDIA AND COMMUNICATION
    ISSN: 2183-2439 Vol.11 N° 4 2023 págs. 113 - 123
    Resumen
    This experimental study analyzes the effect of media literacy on the ability of Spanish seniors over 50 years of age to identify fake news. The experiment measures the improvement achieved by older adults in the detection of political disinformation thanks to a digital competence course offered through WhatsApp. The study comprises a total sample of 1,029 individuals, subdivided into a control group (n = 531) and an experimental group (n = 498), from which a qualified experimental subsample (n = 87) was extracted. Results reveal that participants¿ political beliefs, ranging from left to right positions, influence their ability to detect misinformation. A progressive political position is associated with higher accuracy in identifying right-biased news headlines and lower accuracy for left-biased headlines. A conservative position is associated with higher accuracy when the news headline has a progressive bias, but lower accuracy when the headline is right-wing. Users are more critical when the headline has a bias against theirs, while they are more likely to believe news that confirms their own beliefs. The study adds evidence on the relevance of cognitive biases in disinformation and supports the convenience of designing specific media literacy actions aimed at older adults.
  • Autores: Zozaya Durazo, Luisa Dolores; Kacinová, V.; Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo; et al.
    Revista: METHAODOS. REVISTA DE CIENCIAS SOCIALES
    ISSN: 2340-8413 Vol.11 N° 2 2023 págs. 231102a01
    Resumen
    The experience and maturity of individuals as consumers can determine the ability to critically process and analyze the advertising to which they are exposed (Buijzen et al., 2010; Piaget, 1929). This study exposes the differences in conceptual and attitudinal advertising literacy that minors in primary and high school have for the processing of promotional content shared by influencers. After conducting six virtual focus groups in which 34 minors from various communities in Slovakia participated, the results point to clear age-related differences between the two groups regarding the credibility given to these figures, and their ability to identify persuasive attempts to deceive them. influencers regardless of the creativity and dynamism through which the brands are advertised. The youngest interviewees had difficulty understanding the sales intention when it is presented dynamically, and they perceive that the influencer enjoys what he does; the adolescents affirmed that these characteristics are strategies to encourage them to buy the products. This raises interesting educational considerations about the need to start training in advertising literacy earlier.
  • Autores: Feijoo, B. (Autor de correspondencia); Zozaya, L.; Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo
    Revista: HUMANITIES & SOCIAL SCIENCES COMMUNICATIONS
    ISSN: 2662-9992 Vol.10 N° 1 2023 págs. 363
    Resumen
    Engaging with influencer posts has become a prevalent practice among adolescents on social media, exposing them to the combined elements of promotional content and entertainment in influencer marketing. However, the versatile and appealing nature of this content may hinder adolescents' ability to engage in critical thinking and accurately interpret this hybrid form of advertising. This study aims to investigate adolescents' capacity to critically process persuasive content shared by influencers, utilizing the five components of digital critical thinking outlined by Van Laar (2019): clarification, evaluation, justification, linking of ideas, and novelty. To analyze minors' online experiences, a qualitative approach was employed involving twelve discussion groups with a total of 62 children and adolescents aged 11 to 17 in Spain. The findings indicate that the exercise of critical thinking in response to influencer marketing is closely associated with the cognitive and affective dimensions of advertising literacy in adolescents, while wamong them.
  • Autores: Rodríguez Virgili, Jordi (Autor de correspondencia); Sierra Iso, Aurken; Serrano Puche, Javier
    Revista: VIVAT ACADEMIA
    ISSN: 1575-2844 N° 156 2023 págs. 24 - 46
    Resumen
    The idea that journalistic work is crucial to the proper functioning of society is deeply rooted in academic and professional circles. However, the profound changes brought about by the digitalisation of the public sphere lead us to question whether this relevance is still present in the daily lives of citizens. For this reason, this research analyses Spaniards' perceptions of the importance of journalism, their trust in news and their assessment of how journalism fulfils its functions. It also examines whether there are differences in these issues between users whose main sources of information are traditional media (print, radio and television) and those who get their information from digital sources (digital media and social networks). The study is based on surveys conducted by YouGov for the Reuters Institute Digital News Report (DNR) in 2019, 2020 and 2021 among a panel of around 2,000 Spanish digital users. Participants are adult internet users who have consumed news in the last month and are representative of the online population in terms of socio-demographic and geographic criteria. The results show that Spanish users whose main sources of information are traditional media tend to value the fulfilment of journalistic roles (disseminating information, interpreting it, and monitoring power) and trust the news more than those who get their information from digital sources. However, these digitalists attach more importance to journalism than traditionalists (70.6% consider it extremely or very important compared to 59% of those who get their information from traditional media). Part of the distrust expressed by digital users is due to the degree to which it fulfils the functions traditionally attributed to journalism. As they feel that they are less well fulfilled, digital journalists have less confidence in a task that they consider important. Finally, Spaniards believe that the media should report with plurality (76%), neutrality (70%) and fairness (62%), although there are no clear patterns between the two types of users.
  • Autores: Zozaya Durazo, Luisa Dolores (Autor de correspondencia); Feijoo-Fernández, B.; Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo
    Revista: DOXA COMUNICACION
    ISSN: 1696-019X N° 36 2023 págs. 401 - 413
    Resumen
    In a context of growing influencer marketing, it is important to question the role influencers play in the consumption decisions of minors. The special rapport that these content creators are able to create with their followers establishes a framework of credibility that also applies to their publications for commercial purposes. From a qualitative perspective using 12 focus groups, the aim has been to delve into the relationship between influencers and minors between the ages of 11 and 17 who live in Spain, in order to discover the perception and collective imagination of adolescents regarding their relationship with influencers and the commercial implications that this relation entails. The findings reveal that the link developed between the minor and the influencer has a direct impact on the level of credibility bestowed on commercial publications, which is directly dependent on the type of influencer; minors do not object to an influencers commercial collaborations as long as the resulting content is useful or entertaining and has a connection to the profession or lifestyle of the content creator who promotes it. On the other hand, unlike adolescents, the youngest participants demand interaction with their idols.
  • Autores: Codina Blasco, Mónica (Autor de correspondencia); Novoa Jaso, María Fernanda; Marin Cáceres, L. F.
    Revista: CUADERNOS.INFO
    ISSN: 0719-3661 N° 56 2023 págs. 66 - 88
    Resumen
    This article analyzes the line of argumentation of President Juan Manuel Santos during the peace process with the FARC in Colombia to determine whether is performative in character (Austin 1962) and/or has classic features of political lies (Arendt, 1993, 2003; Bok, 1978). To this end, we used a qualitative methodology, analyzing the discourse of the 33 official statements related to the peace process. These were disseminated by the president between 2012 and 2016 on the official YouTube channel of the Presidency of the Republic of Colombia. The analysis of these statements allows us to identify seven statements that the president used to create the communicative framework with which he tries to influence public opinion in order to win the support of Colombian society and the FARC. An examination of these statements using the categories of performative discourse and political lie reveals their eminently performative character. This exposes the existence of some features of political lie and the ambivalence that some statements acquire when they move away from factual truth.
  • Autores: Serrano Puche, Javier (Autor de correspondencia); Rodríguez Salcedo, Natalia; Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar
    Revista: PROFESIONAL DE LA INFORMACION
    ISSN: 1386-6710 Vol.32 N° 5 2023 págs. e320518
    Resumen
    The transformation that the communicative environment has undergone in recent decades poses a challenge for the media in relation to their audiences, as trust is sensitive to social, economic, cultural, and technological changes. The aim of this research is to deepen the understanding of the reasons and factors that influence the loss of trust in the media by audiences who traditionally trusted news more (young people and adults aged 25-54), examining the relevance of disinformation and polarization in discrediting the media. Firstly, the state of the issue is reviewed from the theoretical point of view and the data provided, among others, such as the Digital News Report and several studies about the global loss of trust in other institutions, with special reference to the Edelman Trust Barometer. Secondly, the article adopts a qualitative methodology to investigate the motivations and expectations of citizens regarding the media. Specifically, three discussion groups were held in various Spanish cities. To ensure representativeness, sociodemographic diversity was considered, including gender, age, and educational level criteria, among others. Among the findings, it stands out that one of the main reasons for distrust towards the media is the perception that news is biased for political or economic reasons. The Covid-19 pandemic, which was rife with disinformation, has influenced attitudes towards the media and the way news is consumed. Once the pandemic was overcome, trust in the media decreased and participants sought alternative sources of information. However, some differences in perceptions and consumption habits are noted depending on age and educational level. Finally, the research indicates that distrust extends well beyond the media ecosystem, affecting all institutions.
  • Autores: Negredo Bruna, Samuel (Autor de correspondencia); Sanchez-Garcia, P.; Amoedo Casais, Avelino; et al.
    Revista: ANALISI. QUADERNS DE COMUNICACIO I CULTURA
    ISSN: 0211-2175 N° 68 2023 págs. 81 - 96
    Resumen
    Digital media have become an integral part of the journalism industry and of audience habits - in 2021 our research registered 2873 active news websites in Spain. First, this paper explores trends facing online news; it sets out the criteria used to identify a news brand as digital-native or non-native; and it presents the results of our classification. This includes: data on the presence of news titles both on proprietary platforms (print, radio, TV or app) in addition to their websites, and on external platforms (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube and Telegram); their geographic scope (hyperlocal, local/regional or national/global); their subject (general or specialized coverage); and on ownership and lan-guage used. Almost 70% of the media were regional or local, while 60% covered general news, and one in three were linked to a print product, almost as many as those with their own app for users. Social media uptake is so widespread that more than 95% of the sites are on Facebook, with a similar number on Twitter, while more than 60% can be found on YouTube, and similarly on Instagram. Among specialized sites, sport is the largest cate-gory, comprising twice as many digital-native sites specialIntscript than sites with traditional roots specialIntscript The entertainment focus expands in the digital environment, and online-originated culture, business and science and technology outlets also outnumber legacy publications.
  • Autores: Feijoo, B. (Autor de correspondencia); Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo; Fernandez-Gómez, E.
    Revista: COMUNICACION Y SOCIEDAD (MEXICO)
    ISSN: 0188-252X Vol.20 2023 págs. e8377 - *
    Resumen
    This paper aims to identify the type of ads which attract the most clicks among new generations. 45 users ages 10 to 14 underwent weekly monitoring of their mobile phone use by means of a screen recorder, to monitor the real impact of ads. 41 hours of recording were analyzed and a total of 2 410 mobile ads were subjected to content analysis. This study shows that search advertising and commercial content created by influencers generate the highest percentage of interaction clicks, particularly when advertising toys, electronics and entertainment brands.
  • Autores: Tamayo Sanz, M. D.; Rebolledo de la Calle, Marta; Serrano Puche, Javier
    Revista: FONSECA. JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION
    ISSN: 2172-9077 N° 26 2023 págs. 211 - 235
    Resumen
    El concepto de politainment alude a la progresiva adaptación por parte de actores políticos y mediáticos a la lógica de la cultura del entretenimiento. Este fenómeno ha sido extensamente estudiado en el medio en el que nació, el televisivo; sin embargo, conforme las plataformas digitales ganan un mayor protagonismo como fuente de información política, el politainment ha encontrado en ellas un nuevo espacio en el que desarrollarse. Así, ciertas técnicas relacionadas con este fenómeno se presentan ante los partidos políticos como una forma sencilla de acercar sus mensajes a nuevas audiencias. Este trabajo busca demostrar la creciente traslación y adaptación del politainment a plataformas digitales como YouTube, además de analizar su uso como recurso electoral por parte de los principales partidos políticos españoles. Se ha llevado a cabo en un análisis de contenido de una muestra de los vídeos subidos a YouTube por los cinco principales partidos políticos españoles durante el periodo electoral de las elecciones generales de abril de 2019. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que el uso de técnicas de politainment no es aún mayoritaria en la plataforma en su conjunto, pero que existen importantes diferencias en el grado en el que los distintos partidos recurren a las mismas.
  • Autores: Feijoo, B. (Autor de correspondencia); Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo; Zozaya, L.
    Revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENCE AND YOUTH
    ISSN: 0267-3843 Vol.28 N° 1 2023 págs. 2244595
    Resumen
    Social networks have become a recurrent source of health information, but they also represent a space for the dissemination of erroneous or false information, which becomes more worrying when dealing with underage audiences. The aim of this study was to find out what resources and capabilities adolescents have to deal with the erroneous health content they receive through TikTok. To provide a comprehensive perspective, one of the parents of each sampled child was also interviewed with the aim of discovering their assessment of how their children dealt with this content. 40 interviews were carried out, and among the main findings, a common practice of distrust by default of the contents consumed on the Internet stood out, both in adults and in minors. While the latter always sought in the content an occasion to entertain themselves, parents doubted that their children were capable of recognizing erroneous information.
  • Autores: Larraz Elorriaga, Irene (Autor de correspondencia); Miguez, R.; Sallicati, F.
    Revista: PROFESIONAL DE LA INFORMACION
    ISSN: 1386-6710 Vol.32 N° 3 2023 págs. e320321
    Resumen
    This article presents the experimental design of ClaimCheck, an artificial intelligence tool for detecting repeated falsehoods in political discourse using a semantic similarity model developed by the fact-checking organization Newtral in collaboration with ABC Australia. The study reviews the state of the art in algorithmic fact-checking and proposes a definition of claim matching. Additionally, it outlines the scheme for annotating similar sentences and presents the results of experiments conducted with the tool.
  • Autores: de La Chica Duarte, Manuel Álvaro
    Revista: AUSTRAL COMUNICACIÓN
    ISSN: 2313-9129 Vol.11 N° 2 2022
  • Autores: Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar (Autor de correspondencia); Amoedo Casais, Avelino; Moreno Moreno, Elsa
    Revista: PROFESIONAL DE LA INFORMACION
    ISSN: 1699-2407 Vol.31 N° 5 2022 págs. e310503
    Resumen
    The growing popularity of podcasting is an opportunity for the news industry to identify new ways of delivering journalism and to find solutions to the challenges of digital transformation. Podcasts are tools that help the media adapt to the digital sphere by giving prominence to audio to extend their journalistic influence in the sonosphere. Given its disruptive nature, and since it breaks with the traditional content choices available, the analysis of this article focuses on what is offered in the form of podcasts by digital native media brands in Spain. It looks at the extent to which they are committed to this audio content and the type of journalism-based productions they promote and publish. To do this, a qualitative and quantitative content analysis methodology was used. This included an interpretation of data recorded in the Digital media map 2021 (Mapa de medios digitales 2021), updated as part of the Diginativemedia project (2019-2021). An indepth study of a corpus -or sample- of 29 titles or series of podcasts published by 7 native news brands is also provided. These brands were selected because they publish podcasts and because, according to the Digital news report Spain 2021, they have the largest weekly reach among Spanish internet users. The results of the research show that only 1 in 4 digital media brands that offer podcasts (925) are native (232), and that it is the specialist native media outlets that are most committed to podcasting (140). Native media brands view podcasts as part of their journalism-based products and services, whose presence is beginning to grow as an exploration of their informative and expressive potential. In addition, it is podcasts that tackle current affairs using conversational formats -both audio and video- through serialised, original productions for the media outlet's website and to provide a range of platforms.
  • Autores: Ortiz Díaz, G.; Moreno Moreno, Elsa; Vargas, E.
    Revista: REVISTA DE COMUNICACION
    ISSN: 1684-0933 Vol.21 N° 1 2022 págs. 293 - 314
    Resumen
    El podcasting se debate entre posibilitar las culturas participativas gracias a la expresión personal y cultural de podcasters independientes o ser una industria promovida desde los medios periodísticos y la ¿plataformización¿ del mercado de la comunicación. El caso del contexto sociocultural de Puerto Rico también enfrenta esta cuestión y es de interés identificar la oferta estable y regular de pódcast nativos realizada por los sectores del podcasting independiente y la industria periodística. Basada en las teorías de la cultura participativa y la economía política de las industrias culturales, esta investigación aporta el primer análisis exploratorio en profundidad de la oferta de pódcast relacionados con Puerto Rico a partir de un corpus o muestra de 815 pódcast según los datos del Observatorio de Podcast de Puerto Rico. Se aplica la metodología de análisis de contenido cuantitativo para caracterizar dichos pódcast de acuerdo a 11 variables: título/nombre, creador/usuario o grupo mediático/operador, producción propia u original para la red o no, temática, género o formato narrativo, año de inicio de la producción, número de episodios, duración media de los episodios, frecuencia de publicación, autoría/presentación y plataforma alojadora o de publicación del pódcast. Los resultados evidencian que los podcasters independientes contribuyen a que el usuario disponga de 743 pódcast nativos (723 son amateurs y 20 de medios periodísticos). ...
  • Autores: Martins Rosa, J.; Bacaks¿zlar Turbic, N. G.; Magalhães Telles, A.; et al.
    Revista: DÍGITOS
    ISSN: 2444-0132 N° 8 2022 págs. 127 - 154
    Resumen
    In the broader context of a research project about political participation on Facebook during the Portuguese electoral year of 2019 - for the European Parliament in May, and for the National Parliament in October -, a dataset of more than 9,000 posts and corresponding reactions and comments had been previously retrieved using Facepager. Participating in a data sprint came up as an opportunity to explore some specific questions in an intensive and time-bound context, using a subset of the data tailored to the purpose of discovering: 1) how differently official parties tried to engage with Facebook users before, during, and after the campaigns for the major elections periods (¿supply side¿), and 2) what type of content received the most attention and engagement (¿demand side¿). Our results show that regardless of the party¿s age and position in the political spectrum, the persistent main categories are ¿National Politics¿, ¿Fundamental Rights¿, and ¿Self-Promotion¿ for both elections. Also, we found that posts with images attract more attention, and apparently this may be leveraged if the textual content of the post is in topics of ¿National Politics¿. However, this finding requires further investigation. Along with details about the research during the data sprint and the main findings, this paper is also a testimony about the singularities and learnings of a process built upon the constraints of taking data sprints situation as a workflow.
  • Autores: Martínez-Bravo, M. C. (Autor de correspondencia); Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo; Serrano Puche, Javier
    Revista: SUSTAINABILITY
    ISSN: 2071-1050 Vol.14 N° 3 2022
    Resumen
    The Information and Knowledge Society demands the development of skills for the critical and responsible consumption and use of technology for leisure, personal, professional, academic development, and citizen participation. The international frameworks of "21st Century Competences" underline the importance of digital competence as the axis to enhance the rest of competences. This key competence goes beyond the operational use of technological tools and applications and has been studied from different approaches. This research explores digital literacy in eight international frameworks from different institutions and initiatives: UNESCO, European Union, OECD, ATCS, P21, NETS, NAEP, and Engauge, from which a content analysis is performed, and where the areas of scope of the competencies and the relationships between the different proposals are explored. The findings contribute to the understanding of an integrated approach to digital literacy, where six dimensions are identified: critical, cognitive, operational, social, emotional, and projective. Three dimensional profiles are also identified that point towards the critical use of technology, the appropriation of technology in daily life and social innovation, which invites a rethink towards digital literacy from a multi and interdimensional vision.
  • Autores: Rodríguez Virgili, Jordi (Autor de correspondencia); Sierra Iso, Aurken; Serrano Puche, Javier
    Revista: COMMUNICATION TODAY
    ISSN: 1338-130X Vol.13 N° 1 2022 págs. 60 - 73
    Resumen
    The purpose of the study is to examine and compare digital users' motivations for news exposure in three European countries (Germany, Spain, and the United Kingdom) belonging to each of Hallin and Mancini's media systems. For this research, a cross-national online survey (2020) of over 2,000 people in each country was used. The users' assessment of the preferences for getting news (from sources that share, challenge or do not have a particular point of view) was analysed, as well as the influence of socio-demographic factors and interest in politics on those motivations. Our results show that a majority of digital users prefer unbiased news. With respect to the socio-demographic variables, a clear pattern can be discerned in the age variable, whereby the older they are, the greater the declared preference for unbiased news. On the other hand, those who show greater interest in politics do prefer reinforcing news. In terms of national differences, motivations for news exposure vary depending on the country studied. In Spain, in line with its belonging to the pluralist-polarised system, the preference for reinforcing news is higher than in Germany and in the United Kingdom.
  • Autores: Feijoo, B.; Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo; Blanco, M.
    Revista: ANALISI. QUADERNS DE COMUNICACIO I CULTURA
    ISSN: 0211-2175 N° Nº Extra. 2022 págs. 95 - 112
    Resumen
    La presencia de contenidos comerciales en espacios de juego digital consumidos por menores es una realidad consolidada y creciente. Por dicho motivo, el objetivo de este artículo es registrar y analizar el tipo de publicidad que reciben los niños de 10 a 14 años cuando juegan con aplicaciones de videojuegos en su teléfono móvil y comprobar cómo interactúan con ella. A través del método de observación digital no participante se propuso a una muestra de 45 menores que hicieran una grabación en vídeo de la pantalla del teléfono que acostumbraban a usar, con el fin de registrar todos los contenidos a los que estuvieran expuestos mientras jugaban. Tras un seguimiento de una semana, se consiguieron casi 42 horas de grabación y una muestra de estudio de 974 anuncios en aplicaciones de juegos. El material recabado se sometió a un análisis de contenido. Entre los principales resultados se destaca que el formato publicitario más habitual fue el display. Las aplicaciones de juegos de acción, los anuncios de electrónica y el vídeo intersticial fueron el género, el tipo de producto y el formato publicitario que registraron mayores tasas de clics en sus categorías de análisis respectivas. No obstante, más del 90% de los anuncios analizados no generó ningún tipo de respuesta, lo que constata que la interacción lograda por la publicidad en un contexto favorecedor como los videojuegos es baja.
  • Autores: De Lima Santos, Mathias Felipe (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: MEDIA AND COMMUNICATION
    ISSN: 2183-2439 Vol.10 N° 1 2022 págs. 5 - 15
    Resumen
    Despite growing interest in the emergence of technologies in journalistic practices, especially from the production perspective, there is still very little research on organizational structures and professional culture in relation to the deployment of these technologies. Drawing on six interviews and observation in staff meetings, this study aims to explore the nuances behind the professional roles of data journalists and how these relate to structural aspects of news organizations. The study focuses on the case of ProPublica, a news organization internationally renowned for its global excellence in data stories. This work considers boundary-making in the context of journalism and focuses on new professional roles in the news industry to produce a hybrid ethnography study based on qualitative data collected immediately before the Covid-19 pandemic hit the United States. The findings reveal the importance of hybrid profiles at ProPublica. While some journalists have had to expand their knowledge to learn more about new areas, such as coding and design, some non-journalistic professionals have had to develop writing skills, and this blurring of traditional boundaries forms an important aspect of ProPublica's professional culture. The structure of the organization, divided into two teams engaged in cross-sector activities, helps to promote data skills and collaboration with other journalists, which also serves to mitigate any individual lack of experience on certain topics. The article concludes by suggesting that the growing importance of these new professional roles has broader implications for the development of data skills in the newsroom, and also discusses the limitations that can arise from the increasing overlap between journalistic and non-journalistic roles.
  • Autores: Feijoo, B. (Autor de correspondencia); Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo
    Revista: COMMUNICATION & SOCIETY
    ISSN: 2386-7876 Vol.35 N° 3 2022 págs. 15 - 31
    Resumen
    Social ads, along with apps, display and geolocation are the most used actions in the context of mobile marketing. Adolescents are also identified as the main target audience for mobile marketing because they are very active users, they have a sound command of technology and their role as prescribers, especially in social networks. For this reason, the interaction between advertising on social networks among minors (10-14 years) was studied, differentiating between those standard format ads and those commercial content published by influencers. To this avail, more than 2,400 ads were analyzed after monitoring for a week the commonly used device of a sample of minors from the Metropolitan Area of Santiago de Chile. Standard formats, despite being the most used, they hardly generated interaction, unlike commercial content by influencers, which achieved a higher level of interaction (visual and click interaction), although they were less employed. These results open the door to question the advertising management of a digital space which was created for dialogue such as social networks, in which advertisers prioritize selling products and services.
  • Autores: Sierra Iso, Aurken (Autor de correspondencia); González Tosat, Clara; Rodríguez Virgili, Jordi
    Revista: OBSERVATORIO
    ISSN: 1646-5954 Vol.16 N° 1 2022 págs. 138 - 159
    Resumen
    Este artículo analiza el uso de Telegram como herramienta de comunicación electoral en España, centrándose en los mensajes enviados por los cinco partidos mayoritarios del país (PSOE, PP, Vox, Unidas Podemos y Ciudadanos) durante las campañas correspondientes a los comicios generales del 28 de abril y del 10 de noviembre de 2019. Una singularidad de este estudio recae en la triangulación metodológica, con la combinación de dos técnicas de investigación empleadas: un tradicional análisis de contenido y, a su vez, un proceso de minería de datos mediante el lenguaje de programación Python. De esta manera, los resultados iniciales, que apuntan a un mayoritario uso de Telegram como herramienta de movilización y de acercamiento del candidato al votante, se refuerzan y contextualizan gracias a la implementación de técnicas de análisis Big Data que permiten profundizar de forma ágil y precisa en las deducciones del estudio.
  • Autores: Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo; Feijoo, B.
    Revista: REVISTA MEDITERRANEA DE COMUNICACION
    ISSN: 1989-872X Vol.13 N° 1 2022 págs. 79 - 91
    Resumen
    Entretenerse es una de las prioridades que los menores buscan satisfacer en internet, también a través de sus teléfonos móviles. A esta necesidad que tradicionalmente han cubierto otros medios, responde el entorno digital con nuevas fórmulas que combinan entretenimiento con otros intereses, como los comerciales. Esta publicidad híbrida parece encontrar un buen acomodo entre los juegos online y los contenidos generados por influencers, destinos preferidos por los menores hoy en sus pautas de navegación. A través de una metodología cualitativa, con entrevistas a 20 menores del Área Metropolitana de Santiago de Chile, se busca comprobar en qué medida las preguntas planteadas por la investigación previa sobre este tema se validan. Entre los resultados destaca que, efectivamente, las comunicaciones de marca están presentes de manera clara en las experiencias de entretenimiento online de los más pequeños, que se muestran particularmente receptivos cuando aportan un valor añadido y sienten que las controlan. La familiaridad generada por los influencers con su audiencia también hace que los menores vean las comunicaciones comerciales de manera relajada. Esto plantea preguntas relevantes sobre si la alfabetización publicitaria de este grupo de edad está a la altura de los retos que plantea este escenario.
  • Autores: González Tosat, Clara; De Lima Santos, Mathias Felipe; Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo; et al.
    Revista: OBSERVATORIO
    ISSN: 1646-5954 Vol.16 N° 4 2022 págs. 1 - 22
    Resumen
    In search of profitability, digital media have for years been exploring innovative strategies to produce and finance their content. Specifically, digital-native media, those news organisations that operate solely in digital networks, have generally evolved from an ad-based free content model to multi-revenue stream business models in which formulas like branded content have gained relevance. Drawing upon three cases¿BuzzFeed, Viceand Vox¿, this article analyses the evolution of the business strategies of global digital-native organisations towards multi-revenue streams paying attention to the role of the new forms the commercial content is adopting in this competitive scenario. This article uses a multiple case study approach that examines both relevant news stories (n=1,000) and in-depth interviews with managers and editors (n=7) to understand how the emphasis of these three leading digital-native media brands on branded content formats as a revenue source have impacted their business models. These brands have evolved towards a combination of news and branded editorial content, which is constantly adapted to user behaviour while looking for innovative ways to engage with the audience. Results show that although branded content and other alternative means of revenue have become essential for these digital-native media organisations, they do not provide an ultimate and long-term model.
  • Autores: Zozaya Durazo, Luisa Dolores; Feijoo Fernández, B.; Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo
    Revista: REVISTA DE COMUNICACION
    ISSN: 1684-0933 Vol.21 N° 2 2022 págs. 307 - 319
    Resumen
    Los menores están expuestos a diversos contenidos en su navegación por internet y el presente estudio explora específicamente aquellos creados por influencers en formatos híbridos que mezclan diversos fines, incluidos los comerciales, y que además representan un reto mayor para ser identificados correctamente. Desde la óptica de la alfabetización publicitaria tal y como la articulan Roozendal et al. (2011), la investigación tiene como objetivo identificar qué elementos de las dimensiones conceptuales y actitudinales de esta alfabetización están presentes en el procesamiento que los menores hacen del contenido generado por influencers. Para ello se realizaron 12 grupos de discusión en los que participaron 62 menores de entre 11 y 17 años, de colegio privados, concertados y públicos en España, durante el primer semestre de 2021. Los resultados expresan que en general los menores identifican un vínculo comercial entre marcas e influencers, sin embargo, y especialmente los más pequeños, no son capaces de identificar cuando se les presenta un contenido pagado si este no está señalizado como tal. Los adolescentes, por su parte, asumieron una actitud crítica ante el marketing de influencia a partir de la coherencia y afinidad del producto promocionado y el influencer, así como la trayectoria o profesión del creador de contenido.
  • Autores: Masip, P.; López-García, X.; Díaz-Noci, J. (Autor de correspondencia); et al.
    Revista: PROFESIONAL DE LA INFORMACION
    ISSN: 1386-6710 Vol.31 N° 1 2022 págs. e310101
    Resumen
    Teaching of digital journalism, or cyberjournalism, in Spanish universities is here to stay. Its long development since the first courses in this discipline were added to college curricula in the mid-1990s until the beginning of the 2020s, when the number of such courses exceeds 100, has led to the consolidation of this specialty. Based on a review of the syllabi of all courses related to cyberjournalism (n = 119) published online by Spanish universities, as well as a survey of their teachers (n = 51), the results of this study depicts the profile of teaching about digital journalism in Spain. The results confirm the relevance and academic strength of this discipline, albeit also revealing the difficulties faced by teachers in keeping their courses up to date in a context of rapid and continuous change in the journalistic profession.
  • Autores: De Lima Santos, Mathias Felipe (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: JOURNALISM PRACTICE
    ISSN: 1751-2786 Vol.16 N° 2-3 2022 págs. 540 - 560
    Resumen
    The environmental crisis and more recently climate emergency have driven news media outlets to create editorial brands that specifically cover these topics. To make itself heard in a market for environmental news that is increasingly dominated by global media outlets, La Nacion (Argentina) has leveraged its reporting on the topic by developing a novel editorial brand focused on environmental data journalism: "Proyecto Naturaleza." Through the lens of data journalism and collaborative journalism, this article relies on methods such as participant observation and in-depth interviews to understand the practices, norms, and routines adopted by La Nacion to produce data journalism focused on environmental topics. The results indicate three specific pillars for such journalism: climate change, biodiversity, and audience participation. The team sets an agenda based on these topics in light of annual events or large celebrations, resulting in a calendar of proposed activities (the production of data stories or crowdsourcing actions). The data team holds meetings with different individuals and organizations from different sectors to identify distinct perspectives on environmental issues to discuss undertakings and collaborate as needed with these actors. La Nacion also emphasizes involving audiences on a deeper level, transforming their traditional role as passive recipient into active participant.
  • Autores: Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo
    Revista: ICONO 14
    ISSN: 1697-8293 Vol.20 N° 2 2022
    Resumen
    Aunque se ha presumido tradicionalmente una actitud de oposición al mundo adulto y establecido por parte de los y las más jóvenes, algunas condiciones sociales actuales, además de la propia tecnología digital, lo hacen ahora más presente. El activismo en redes sociales se ha convertido en un cauce frecuente para que este grupo de edad presente sus demandas y descontento, y merece la pena reflexionar sobre las características que rodean a esta generación y también las particularidades del uso que hacen de la propia tecnología. Entre las primeras destaca el alargamiento de la dependencia del mundo adulto, que implica un potencial retraso en los procesos de madurez. Esto lleva consigo un descontento vital que encuentra en las redes un escenario perfecto para ser manifestado y para pelear contra lo establecido. Respecto a la tecnología, es evidente que esta satisface necesidades de la juventud a muchos niveles, lo que la convierte en casi esencial para su día a día en las sociedades más desarrolladas. Estas reflexiones plantean preguntas para ser afrontadas en el marco del estudio de la juventud y el activismo digital y que tienen que ver con el grado de desarrollo de su competencia digital, con su capacidad de luchar contra la desinformación que asola a las democracias, y también con el fondo más humano que plantea el uso multidimensional que hacen de la tecnología. Los y las jóvenes ocupan y viven en los espacios digitales, y esto implica afrontar de manera radical esta realidad, también desde la investigación.
  • Autores: Martínez Bravo, María Cristina (Autor de correspondencia); Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo; Serrano Puche, Javier
    Revista: REVISTA LATINA DE COMUNICACION SOCIAL
    ISSN: 1138-5820 N° 79 2021 págs. 76 - 110
    Resumen
    Ante una inminente era digital marcada por la globalización y la innovación tecnológica, diferentes organismos plantearon la importancia de innovar la educación con las denominadas competencias del siglo XXI. La necesidad de nuevas habilidades para participar de la cultura digital es destacada en diferentes propuestas, donde la competencia digital es clave y fundamental para vivir, trabajar y participar en la sociedad del conocimiento. Este trabajo tiene por objetivo generar una propuesta integrada de la alfabetización digital mediante un análisis comparado de la competencia digital en ocho marcos de competencias del siglo XXI (ATCS, enGauge, Naep, Nets, OCDE, P21, Unesco, Unión Europea), los cuales son estudiados en tres grandes bloques temáticos: a) definición, b) objetivos y visión y c) competencias y habilidades. Resultados: La alfabetización digital abarca un enfoque holístico, nutrido por diferentes alfabetizaciones, desde el cual se construye un meta-marco con nueve competencias (tres competencias directas; cinco competencias transversales) y 53 habilidades digitales cognitivas, críticas, técnicas, sociales, emocionales y proyectivas. Conclusiones: La alfabetización digital multidimensional consolida la perspectiva tecnosocial para el empoderamiento y apropiación tecnológica, que supera el uso operativo de las herramientas y promueve el uso amplio, significativo e innovador de la tecnología para la construcción de una sociedad equitativa.
  • Autores: Breiner, James Gerard
    Revista: COMUNICACION Y HOMBRE. REVISTA INTERDISCIPLINAR DE CIENCIAS DE LA COMUNICACION Y HUMANIDADES
    ISSN: 1885-365X N° 17 2021 págs. 39 - 51
    Resumen
    The emergence of search engines and social media networks in the past two decades created a new media ecosystem that allowed the instantaneous creation, distribution, manipulation, and sharing of content to a global audience by anyone with a smartphone and internet access. This ecosystem was ripe for exploitation by actors with aims of profit or propaganda to disrupt society and threaten democratic processes. Their disinformation sowed distrust and undermined the credibility of the press. The dispersed, decentralized nature of this communication has made it hard to police. However, new countermeasures are emerging based on international collaboration on systems for rating trustworthiness of publications and journalists. The technology platforms are collaborating on some of these efforts, but are resisting efforts to have regulators interfere with their business model.
  • Autores: De Lima Santos, Mathias Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Mesquita, L.
    Revista: JOURNALISM STUDIES
    ISSN: 1461-670X Vol.22 N° 11 2021 págs. 1416 - 1435
    Resumen
    Innovation in journalism became an important element to determine the current and future direction of the profession. Through incremental and cumulative transformations over time, because of many obstacles faced inside the newsrooms, journalism has suffered from significant and fundamental changes, including the deployment of data journalism. In Latin America, the practice has seen an increasing expansion in the last years. Nevertheless, there are important technological gaps that limit its development. The present study draws upon literature on data journalism, media management, and sociology, aiming to contribute theoretically to data journalism research. Our findings show that beyond the technological approach, practitioners are relying on data evangelists, collaboration, and audience-centered innovation to produce data storytelling in their newsrooms. On the other hand, these alliances form homophily and endogamy features that limit the dissemination of the practice, which must consider the potential implications for the social distance of the audiences. It argues that Latin American professionals are distancing themselves from technological determinism to embrace a more audience-centric innovation in newsrooms. Finally, it also states that it is important to take into account those limitations, as they pose obstacles for data journalism innovation research knowledge. The article concludes with an agenda for future research.
  • Autores: De Lima Santos, Mathias Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Schapals, A. K. ; Bruns, A.
    Revista: MEDIA INTERNATIONAL AUSTRALIA
    ISSN: 1329-878X Vol.181 N° 1 2021 págs. 152 - 166
    Resumen
    The proliferation of data journalism has enabled newsrooms to deploy technologies for both mundane and more sophisticated workplace tasks. To bypass long-term investment in developing data skills, out-of-the-box software solutions are commonly used. Newsrooms today are partially dependent on third-party platforms to build interactive and visual stories - but the business models of platforms are predisposed to changes, frequently inducing losses of stories. This article combines in-depth interviews and an ancillary survey to study the status quo and identify future challenges in embracing out-of-the-box and in-house tools, and their impact on Australian data journalism. Results indicate a dichotomy between commercial and public service media organisations. Commercial outlets are heavily reliant on out-of-the-box solutions to develop stories, due to a lack of skillsets and a shortage of skilled labour. By contrast, public service media are developing their own in-house solutions, which reflects their desire for the continuous digital preservation of data stories despite the challenges identified.
  • Autores: Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar; Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón; Breiner, James Gerard
    Revista: ESPEJO DE MONOGRAFÍAS DE COMUNICACIÓN SOCIAL
    ISSN: 2660-4213 N° 3 2021 págs. 225 - 240
    Resumen
    Todos y cada uno de los ámbitos en los que se concreta la actividad periodística han evolucionado al compás de los cambios tecnológicos: los lenguajes informativos, los procesos de trabajo en las redacciones, los perfiles profesionales de los periodistas, y las formas en las que estos se relacionan con la audiencia. Estos cambios, lejos de ralentizarse, se incrementarán para dar paso a un periodismo ubicuo o expandido vinculado a la inteligencia artificial.
  • Autores: Rodríguez Virgili, Jordi (Autor de correspondencia); Serrano Puche, Javier; Fernandez, C. B.
    Revista: MEDIA AND COMMUNICATION
    ISSN: 2183-2439 Vol.9 N° 1 2021 págs. 323 - 337
    Resumen
    This article explores audience perceptions of different types of disinformation, and the actions that users take to combat them, in three Spanish-speaking countries: Argentina, Chile, and Spain. Quantitative data from the Digital News Report (2018 and 2019), based on a survey of more than 2000 digital users from each country was used for the analysis. Results show remarkable similarities among the three countries, and how digital users identically ranked the types of problematic information that concerned them most. Survey participants were most concerned by stories where facts are spun or twisted to push a particular agenda, followed by, those that are completely made up for political or commercial reasons, and finally, they were least concerned by poor journalism (factual mistakes, dumbed-down stories, misleading headlines/clickbait). A general index of ¿Concern about disinformation¿ was constructed using several sociodemographic variables that might influence the perception. It showed that the phenomenon is higher among women, older users, those particularly interested in political news, and among left-wingers. Several measures are employed by users to avoid disinformation, such as checking a number of different sources to see whether a news story is reported in the same way, relying on the reputation of the news company, and/or deciding not to share a news story due to doubts regarding its accuracy.
  • Autores: Feijoo, B. (Autor de correspondencia); Bugueno, S.; Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo; et al.
    Revista: COMUNICAR. REVISTA CIENTIFICA IBEROAMERICANA DE COMUNICACION Y EDUCACION
    ISSN: 1134-3478 Vol.29 N° 67 2021 págs. 99 - 109
    Resumen
    This article presents the results of research that seeks to analyze the ability of minors to identify the advertising messages received through the most used social networks by this audience (YouTube and Instagram). Children's aptitude to recognize persuasive intent was measured in a selection of examples taken for this study, as well as the perception that parents or guardians had about the minor's ability to recognize advertising on the platforms analyzed. Results were obtained from a survey applied to dyads in 501 homes in the Metropolitan Area of Santiago de Chile, to children aged 10 to 14 and to one of their parents or guardians. Main results include the notion that more than 50% of children were not able to detect advertising in examples containing ads. Lower recognition percentages were obtained in cases that combined persuasive content and entertainment and were not classified as advertising. For their part, adults perceived that their children recognize persuasive intent to a lesser extent than indicated by the children themselves. An explicit and clear signaling of advertising messages, as well as advertising literacy according to the age of minors could help them discern the content they consume on social networks.
  • Autores: Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar (Autor de correspondencia); Sanchez-Serrano, C.; Perez-Maillo, A.; et al.
    Revista: ADCOMUNICA
    ISSN: 2174-0992 N° 21 2021 págs. 211-234
    Resumen
    Este trabajo es una primera aproximación cuantitativa y cualitativa al fenómeno del pódcast en la prensa regional y local, su delimitación, sus características, sus tipologías y sus temáticas. A través de un análisis de contenido, se describe la oferta de producción de audio de los medios de matriz impresa y de las marcas centenarias en Castilla y León y Navarra. El objetivo es presentar el contenido periodístico en audio de los medios de proximidad como parte del proceso de transformación digital. El análisis concluye que, aunque la implantación de los pód-cast en los medios regionales estudiados se inicia de forma tardía en 2015, en la actualidad se incrementa de forma progresiva. Así, los pódcast son nuevos canales de comunicación especializada y de servicio para contar las noticias a través del audio, y abren nuevas oportunidades de negocio y de audiencias. Además, pueden extender el prestigio informativo de los profesionales y las marcas periodísticas en la diversidad de las plataformas digitales.
  • Autores: Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar (Autor de correspondencia); Colmenarejo Pérez, Juan Pablo; Llamas Sáiz, Carmen
    Revista: CIRCULO DE LINGUISTICA APLICADA A LA COMUNICACION
    ISSN: 1576-4737 N° 88 2021 págs. 213 - 223
    Resumen
    Radio is a media which communicates its messages through two tools: sound and the making of sound images. To achieve it, radio deploys a wide range of evocative linguistics resources, which can be visual as well as conceptual, close to representations of its audience everyday life. By building conceptual metaphors, which allow turning abstract notions into specific ones, radio does achieve to explain and show the reality. The aim of this research is to describe and determine how radio reported the crisis of the euro by creating sound images. In particular, it analyzes the creation of the conceptual metaphor cRisis As A DisEAsE on the radio programme 'El equipo economico de La linterna de la Cadena COPE' from May 2010 to July 2012. The creation of that conceptual metaphor and the related sound images were made to fulfil radio's information and educational role by addressing complex issues with everyday language.)
  • Autores: Feijoo-Fernández, B. (Autor de correspondencia); Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo
    Revista: JOURNAL OF CHILDREN AND MEDIA
    ISSN: 1748-2798 2021 págs. 1 - 16
    Resumen
    It is common to identify the ability to recognize advertising as a requirement for the development of a critical attitude towards commercial content. This paper reflects on the perception parents have of their children who, as active users of mobile devices, are recipients of advertising. We thought interesting to draw a comparison between parent and child responses to corroborate the level of consistency between adult perception and what children stated regarding their attitude towards the advertising to which they were exposed. In order to do so a survey was applied in dyads in 501 households in the Metropolitan Area of Santiago de Chile showing that parents and guardians tend to underestimate the trust that children place in the advertising appearing on the channels they watch most on their mobile devices. It is needed a ground a solid starting point to enable subsequent research on childcare, content supervision and parental and social mediation.
  • Autores: Gruszynski-Sanseverino, G.; De Lima Santos, Mathias Felipe
    Revista: BRAZILIAN JOURNALISM RESEARCH
    ISSN: 1808-4079 Vol.17 N° 2 2021 págs. 244 - 279
    Resumen
    Many scholars have recognized the benefits that user-generated content (UGC) can bring to news publications. In this context, the coverage of the pandemic has undoubtedly forced news outlets around the world to embrace such content to present relevant information during this time. To understand how Latin American outlets are exploring UGC in news reporting, we proposed an exploratory study that includes a devised observation of 80 news websites and their social network channels between April and August 2020. During this period, we conducted a systematic observation to analyze how these outlets open spaces for the public and experiment with integrating user content into their news processes. Our findings suggest that the majority of the observed portals have punctually adopted UGC with minimal engagement. However, the pandemic disrupted interesting experiments regarding the integration of UGC into news creation that generate innovative forms of storytelling.
  • Autores: Bravo-Araujo, A. (Autor de correspondencia); Serrano Puche, Javier; Codina Blasco, Mónica
    Revista: REVISTA DE COMUNICACION
    ISSN: 1684-0933 Vol.20 N° 2 2021 págs. 49 - 71
    Resumen
    Este artículo analiza el proceso de mediatización cultural de las celebridades tomando como caso de estudio la auto-presentación en la red social Instagram de la cantante Rosalía (@rosalia.vt). Para ello se ha realizado un doble análisis cuantitativo y cualitativo de las 449 publicaciones que la cantante realiza entre el 1-1-2018 y el 31-7-2020, periodo en que alcanza fama internacional con el lanzamiento del álbum El Mal Querer. El análisis estadístico descriptivo de esta muestra permite determinar los patrones de publicación de la cantante, las categorías a las que asocia su imagen y el uso que hace de las potencialidades de esta red social. El análisis iconológico de la muestra permite determinar los referentes culturales que Rosalía asocia a su imagen, dentro de un contexto globalizado, urbano y de inspiración flamenca. Este estudio concluye que Rosalía aparece como un caso tipo de ¿celebritización¿, ya que usa estratégicamente la lógica mediática de las redes sociales como una manera de afianzar su marca personal diversificándola más allá del ámbito de la música.
  • Autores: Feijoo, B.; Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo
    Revista: SUSTAINABILITY
    ISSN: 2071-1050 Vol.13 N° 5 2021 págs. 2822
    Resumen
    This article presents the results of a study that sought to analyze the relationship between minors and brands on social media. The frequency with which minors search for or share information or subscribe to brand web pages was measured, as well as their following of influencers, who commonly refer to consumer goods. The main purpose of this article is to contribute to learning about the commercial environment that surrounds children in their routines on social media, particularly because of their growing influence in home purchasing decisions. The results, obtained from a survey applied in 501 homes in the Metropolitan Area of Santiago de Chile to minors between 10 and 14 years old, show that the respondents effectively interact with brands through social media. Although it is not a widespread practice among 10- to 12-year-olds, it is increasingly becoming present among 13- to 14-year-olds. Children seem most interested in sportswear, fashion, and technology brands, areas in which children have significant influence in family purchasing decision. Following influencers through social media is also a common activity among minors. In particular, the age groups here studied preferred to follow celebrities, particularly from the worlds of music, football, or YouTube, over specific brands.
  • Autores: Negredo Bruna, Samuel; Amoedo Casais, Avelino; Vara Miguel, Alfonso
    Revista: ESPEJO DE MONOGRAFÍAS DE COMUNICACIÓN SOCIAL
    ISSN: 2660-4213 Vol.3 2021 págs. 83 - 108
    Resumen
    El consumo de noticias online difiere según las circunstancias y las características de las audiencias, configurando un entorno de actuación complejo y cambiante para los cibermedios. La diversificación y la adaptabilidad son una exigencia para aquellos medios que aspiran a mantener posiciones destacadas en el mercado y a seguir siendo relevantes y útiles para el público.
  • Autores: De Lima Santos, Mathias Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón
    Revista: PALABRA CLAVE
    ISSN: 0122-8285 Vol.24 N° 3 2021 págs. e2437
    Resumen
    Journalism is at a radical point of change that requires organizations to come up with new ideas and formats for news reporting. Additionally, the notable surge of data, sensors and technological advances in the mobile segment has brought immeasurable benefits to many fields of journalistic practice (data journalism in particular). Given the relative novelty and complexity of im-plementing artificial intelligence (AI) in journalism, few areas have man-aged to deploy tailored AI solutions in the media industry. In this study, through a mixed-method approach that combines both participant obser-vations and interviews, we explain the hurdles and obstacles to deploying computer vision news projects, a subset of AI, in a leading Latin American news organization, the Argentine newspaper La Nación. Our results high-light four broad difficulties in implementing computer vision projects that involve satellite imagery: a lack of high-resolution imagery, the unavail-ability of technological infrastructure, the absence of qualified personnel to develop such codes, and a lengthy and costly implementation process that requires significant investment. This article concludes with a discus-sion of the centrality of AI solutions in the hands of big tech corporations.
  • Autores: Feijoo-Fernández, B. (Autor de correspondencia); Fernández-Gómez, E.; Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo
    Revista: PRISMA SOCIAL
    ISSN: 1989-3469 N° 34 2021 págs. 146 - 164
    Resumen
    This study analyzes the presence of entertainment in the daily usage of mobile phones among Chilean children ages 10 to 14. Special attention is paid to children consumption of YouTube and video games and to the perception their parents have regarding the use of mobiles by their children. Use patterns of minors and how this mismatch parental perception was revealed from the analysis of personal surveys (N children = 501; N adults= 501). The major conclusion is that mobile phones are no longer screens with which to communicate and exchange messages, a stand still held by parents. Screens are a passage through which children aim for freeof-charge audiovisual entertainment (mainly games and videos) and in doing so, expose themselves to the advertising this entails. Music content is prioritized on YouTube, especially among girls and the older children within the age range studied, and this study corroborates the notion of gender differentiation in video games choices.
  • Autores: Vara Miguel, Alfonso; Sánchez Blanco, Cristina; Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo; et al.
    Revista: SUSTAINABILITY
    ISSN: 2071-1050 Vol.13 N° 20 2021 págs. 1 - 17
    Resumen
    Digital news publishers strive to balance revenue streams in their business models: as standard advertising declines, alternatives for sustaining digital journalism arise in the forms of sponsored content, user donations and payments¿one-off purchases, subscriptions or memberships, public or private grants, electronic commerce, events and consulting. An exhaustive study found 2874 active online news publications in Spain, and it observed the adoption of such models in early 2021. Advertising remains the most popular source of income for digital news operations (85.8%) and most sites rely on just one or two revenue streams (74.5%). We compare the cases in our census by their origin (digital-native or non-native), geography (local/regional or national/global) and topic scope (generalist or specialized). We find that traditional, national and specialized online media have a broader and more innovative revenue mix than digital-native, regional or local and general-interest news outlets. The comprehensiveness of this pioneering study sheds light for the first time on the risk that the lack of diversification and innovation in funding sources may imperil the financial sustainability of some online news operations in Spain, mostly those with a smaller scope and no backing from a traditional business, according to the results we present here.
  • Autores: González Tosat, Clara (Autor de correspondencia); Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo
    Revista: SUSTAINABILITY
    ISSN: 1937-0695 Vol.13 N° 20 2021 págs. 11457
    Resumen
    This paper aims to investigate Google's role in European media sustainability. In order to understand the implication of this digital intermediary in the news industry, we have analysed all of the projects funded through Google's DNI Fund from 2016 to 2020. After revising each report, we have classified the data available, including the full amount of money awarded, chronologically marking every new country added to the fund and all the media outlets involved in each project. We argue that Google's role is truly beneficial for the medium and long-term sustainability of European media because it offers both financial support and a successful path for media companies to truly embrace its digital technology potential. However, it also has some added weight in terms of transparency (a key element in sustainability practice and standards) and press independence. Besides the existing correlations between the awarded countries and the changes that have affected media legislation in Europe, our findings show an alarming scarcity of information regarding both the continuity and the conditions of each funded project. Our proposed agenda for future research consists of an in-depth investigation of each beneficiary, which will entail several interviews as well as different case studies of all the participants in Europe.</p>
  • Autores: Ceron, W. (Autor de correspondencia); De Lima Santos, Mathias Felipe; Quiles, M. G.
    Revista: ONLINE SOCIAL NETWORKS AND MEDIA
    ISSN: 2468-6964 Vol.21 2021 págs. 100116
    Resumen
    The rise of social media has ignited an unprecedented circulation of false information in our society. It is even more evident in times of crisis, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. Fact-checking efforts have significantly expanded and have been touted as among the most promising solutions to fake news. Several studies have reported the development of fact-checking organizations in Western societies, albeit little attention has been given to the Global South. Here, to fill this gap, we introduce a novel Markov-inspired computational method for identifying topics in tweets. In contrast to other topic modeling approaches, our method clusters topics and their current evolution in a predefined time window. To conduct our experiments, we collected data from Twitter accounts of two Brazilian fact-checking outlets and presented the topics debunked by these initiatives in fortnights throughout the pandemic. By comparing these organizations, we could identify similarities and differences in what was shared by them. Our method resulted in an important technique to cluster topics in a wide range of scenarios, including an infodemic ¿ a period overabundance of the same information. In particular, our results revealed a complex intertwining between politics and the health crisis during this period. We conclude by proposing a novel method which, in our opinion, is suitable for topic modeling and also an agenda for future research.
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón; Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar; Breiner, James Gerard; et al.
    Revista: ESPEJO DE MONOGRAFÍAS DE COMUNICACIÓN SOCIAL
    ISSN: 2660-4213 N° 3 2021 págs. 25 - 49
    Resumen
    Cumplido el primer cuarto de siglo de los medios periodísticos digitales, o cibermedios, no es posible dar cuenta del periodismo español sin reconocer su consolidación. La exploración cuantitativa, como medios nativos digitales o como publicaciones derivadas de otros medios, permiten delimitar una cartografía geográficamente heterogénea, en la que predomina la distribución multiplataforma y los cibermedios locales, generalistas y privados, que buscan adaptarse a las condiciones de un nuevo mercado.
  • Autores: Colmenarejo, J. P.; Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar
    Revista: AMBITOS. REVISTA INTERNACIONAL DE COMUNICACION
    ISSN: 1139-1979 N° 54 2021 págs. 71 - 83
    Resumen
    Aunque nos encontramos en un entorno altamente digitalizado, la radio sigue siendo un medio que dispone exclusivamente del sonido y de la construcción de imágenes sonoras para elaborar sus mensajes. Lo hace desplegando una variedad de recursos lingüísticos, con un alto poder evocador, tanto visual como conceptual. Mediante la construcción de metáforas conceptuales, que permiten concretar nociones abstractas, la radio consigue explicar y mostrar a través de imágenes sonoras la realidad, a través de representaciones de la vida cotidiana de sus oyentes. El empleo de estos recursos lingüísticos y la construcción de estas imágenes se incrementa en momentos álgidos de información. Cuanto más complejo es el tema de la actualidad, la radio recurre con más frecuencia a las metáforas conceptuales ¿mediante la acumulación de recursos y la redundancia¿ para recrear las imágenes que lo expliquen. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir y caracterizar cómo la radio informó de la crisis del euro a través de la creación de imágenes sonoras. En concreto, se analiza la construcción de la metáfora conceptual la crisis es una guerra en la tertulia El equipo económico de La linterna de la Cadena COPE de mayo de 2010 a julio de 2012, período central de la crisis en España y la zona euro.
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón (Autor de correspondencia); Costa, Carlos
    Revista: INTERCOM - REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE CIÊNCIAS DA COMUNICAÇÃO
    ISSN: 1809-5844 Vol.43 N° 1 2020 págs. 193 - 200
  • Autores: Harlow, Summer (Autor de correspondencia); Kilgo, Danielle K.; Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón; et al.
    Revista: JOURNALISM STUDIES
    ISSN: 1461-670X Vol.21 N° 11 2020 págs. 1590 - 1608
    Resumen
    Previous research suggests that mainstream media coverage around the world follows a ¿protest paradigm¿ that demonizes protesters and marginalizes their causes. Given the recent increase in global protest activity and the growing importance of social media for activism, this paper content analyzes 1,438 protest-related English and Spanish news stories from around the world that were shared on social media, examining framing, sourcing, and marginalizing devices across media outlet type, region, language, and social media platform in order to create a typology of how the protest paradigm operates in an international and social media context. Results showed type of protest, location of protest, and type of media outlet were significantly related to whether news stories adhered to the protest paradigm. Social media shares were predicted by region of media outlet, English-language media, and type of protest.
  • Autores: Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar (Autor de correspondencia); Sánchez Blanco, Cristina; Serrano Puche, Javier
    Revista: COMMUNICATIONS
    ISSN: 0341-2059 Vol.45 N° 2 2020 págs. 198 - 222
    Resumen
    The variety of devices and the socialization of consumption have decentralized access to online information, which is not retrieved directly from media websites, but through social networks. These same factors have driven user interest towards a wider range of both ¿hard¿ and ¿soft¿ topics. The aim of this article is to identify the most popular topics among online news consumers in Spain. The methodology used is based on an analysis of the survey conducted as part of the Digital News Report 2017. Following this analysis, it has concluded that the most popular hard news stories in Spain are those related to the local and regional community itself and to health and education, while the most popular soft news stories relate to lifestyles and arts and culture. The analysis has revealed that increased interest in news and greater topic specialization result in more diversified use of sources, formats and complementary routes.
  • Autores: Vara Miguel, Alfonso
    Revista: MEDIA AND COMMUNICATION
    ISSN: 2183-2439 Vol.8 N° 2 2020 págs. 16 - 27
    Resumen
    The decline of the news business model for print newspapers in many Western countries and the digital disruption caused by the Internet have influenced the rise of digital-born news media. These new media are different from legacy brands in terms of business models, distribution strategies, corporate organisation, and editorial priorities. It would be expected that the different nature of both legacy and digital-born news media has driven to two types of significantly different audiences. This article aims to analyse whether there are significant differences between the users of these two types of media, by comparing the online audiences of five European countries' (United Kingdom, Germany, France, Spain, and Italy) legacy and digital-born media brands in 2015 and 2019. The article will focus on four aspects: demographic and socioeconomics profiles (sex, age, income and level of education); interest in news; payment for online news; and media trust.
  • Autores: Feijoo-Fernandez, B. (Autor de correspondencia); Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo; Bugueno-Ipinza, S.
    Revista: PROFESIONAL DE LA INFORMACION
    ISSN: 1386-6710 Vol.29 N° 6 2020 págs. 1-14
    Resumen
    This study adopted an exploratory approach to try to establish lines of investigation on the advertising density that children face when using their mobile phones. While connected, minors are exposed to a slightly higher volume of advertising (14 minutes per hour of use) than via other media such as television, with presence of ads during more than 80% of browsing time. Data on exposure of children to advertising through mobile phones with an internet connection were collected and analyzed. The minors were aged 10 to 14 years and lived in Santiago, a metropolitan area in Chile. Children visually interact with and consume advertising content through mobile devices. This eye contact and consumption occur mainly when minors visit game applications, YouTube (app), and histogram (app). Commercial content appeared 23.4% of the time analyzed. Online gaming (23%), food and distribution (18%), entertainment (8%), and fashion (8%) represented the highest percentage of ads. A non-participatory digital observation methodology was applied for data acquisition. Minors were asked to video-record the screen during common activities, thus registering their movements and the content to which they were visually exposed. Forty-five (45) children underwent weekly follow-ups, and an audiovisual database of over 300 recordings was created. Recordings meeting methodological constraints (on, for instance, duration) were subjected to content analysis.
  • Autores: Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar; María José Müller (Autor de correspondencia); Villar, Marta
    Revista: HIPERTEXT.NET
    ISSN: 1695-5498 Vol.20 N° 20 2020 págs. 55 - 67
    Resumen
    La radio pública se enfrenta al desafío de seguir cumpliendo su misión de servicio con las reglas y oportunidades que ofrece el entorno digital para innovar en el contenido y en el modo de alcanzar a las nuevas audiencias. El podcast resulta un formato sonoro que se adapta muy bien a estos tiempos de audiencias diversificadas y con intereses específicos. Esta investigación estudia la oferta de podcast de la radio pública de cobertura nacional en Argentina y España, y con ello persigue delimitar su papel en la ampliación del repertorio de contenidos de la radio tradicional en un entorno de crecimiento de la producción y consumo de audio. Se utiliza la metodología del análisis de contenido para describir y comparar la oferta de podcast de LRA1 y Radio 1, las emisoras generalistas de Radio Nacional Argentina y Radio Nacional de España, respectivamente; y así evaluar en qué grado su implantación fortalece su misión de servicio público.
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón (Autor de correspondencia)
    Revista: MEDIA AND COMMUNICATION
    ISSN: 2183-2439 Vol.8 N° 2 2020 págs. 1 - 4
    Resumen
    Digital native news media are becoming a blooming phenomenon, expanding globally. Up until now, however, the scholar community has paid little attention to online-born media, compared to the high interest devoted to the legacy media brands. Drawing upon the extant literature on this emerging topic, this editorial summarizes the empirical and theoretical contributions of the thematic issue entitled ¿Digital Native News Media: Trends and Challenges.¿ The author highlights that the studies selected for this thematic issue not only explore the innovative characteristics and opportunities of digital native media in thirty countries, but also provide a cautionary tale about their structural problems and limitations.
  • Autores: Juan Pablo Colmenarejo; Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar
    Revista: ESTUDIOS SOBRE EL MENSAJE PERIODISTICO
    ISSN: 1134-1629 Vol.26 N° 4 2020 págs. 1387 - 1398
    Resumen
    El presente trabajo es un estudio de caso de la tertulia radiofónica ¿El equipo económico¿ de La linterna de la Cadena COPE. Se analiza el uso de los recursos del lenguaje por parte de los periodistas y académicos participantes para traducir a un lenguaje sencillo una información especializada y técnica como es la economía. El período elegido para realizar el estudio comprende los meses de mayo de 2010 a julio de 2012, etapa central de la denominada crisis de la zona euro. Tanto España como la Unión Europea adoptaron en ese período las principales medidas para atajar la crisis financiera y económica, y su principal efecto, el paro. Se realiza una descripción y análisis cuantitativo de los recursos del lenguaje empleados por los participantes en la tertulia, con el fin de demostrar que la interacción de participantes de perfiles profesionales complementarios y el uso variado de recursos del lenguaje contribuyen a explicar la economía. Los resultados obtenidos permiten afirmar que la tertulia, como género de diálogo, utiliza los recursos del lenguaje, y la consecuente creación de imágenes sonoras durante la conversación coloquial y espontánea de los expertos, para cumplir con la labor informativa y pedagógica de la radio.
  • Autores: Sánchez Blanco, Cristina (Autor de correspondencia); Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo; Sanjurjo San Martín, Elena
    Revista: REVISTA DE COMUNICACION
    ISSN: 1684-0933 Vol.19 N° 2 2020 págs. 231 - 243
    Resumen
    Avoiding commercial content while consuming media is not a new phenomenon. The theory recognizes different mechanisms to explain this behavior and the use of advertising blockers can be recognized as an active and conscious behavioral response to this type of content. It is interesting to delve into the reasons that can explain this response by the user. This article analyzes to what extent the use of this ad blocking software is related to conscious attitudes and what is the probability that certain profiles will use them more or less. The case of online news users in Spain is studied with the data from the Digital News Report 2018, which surveyed a representative sample of 2023 Spanish adults. Through a binomial logistic regression, it is shown that some demographic aspects such as age and gender seem to indicate a greater propensity to use this type of online advertising blocking software. Also users with an active attitude are more likely to use programs to block digital advertising. In contrast, it is shown how there are two profiles of people who are less likely to use these software: those who pay for online news and those who have greater familiarity and critical knowledge of the information sector.
  • Autores: Moreno Moreno, Elsa (Autor de correspondencia); Sanjurjo San Martín, Elena
    Revista: PROFESIONAL DE LA INFORMACION
    ISSN: 1386-6710 Vol.29 N° 5 2020 págs. e290524
    Resumen
    Within the framework of theories of news trustworthiness and selective exposure to media, this research analyzes whether the trust that consumers of digital news in Spain claim to profess towards a news brand is an explanatory factor that directly mediates their consumption of said brand. In addition, and based on a novel association in literature, this work studies whether the individual attributes of political leaning and degree of digital consumption are predictive variables that have a direct effect on the consumption of news brands. Also, it tests the mediation of trust in this process. This research applies the methodology of simple mediation analysis or analysis of direct or indirect effects to data from the online "Digital news report.es 2019" survey (N = 2005). The 15 news brands studied are TVE, Antena 3, La sexta, Telecinco, Cuatro, Cadena SER, COPE, El pais, El mundo, ABC, La vanguardia, El periodico, 20 minutos, Eldiario.es, and El confidencial. As a main result, two models of selective consumption of news brands in Spain are identified: a first model that only considers the mediating effect of one or both attributes (type I), and a second that combines both direct and indirect effects (type II). This categorization highlights how users' political leaning moderates or enhances the consumption of some news brands by mediating trust. With the exception of COPE, users who are politically positioned to the right have less trust in brands, thereby moderating their consumption. On the other hand, users who are politically on the left are more loyal consumers of the media they trust most (Eldiario.es , La sexta, and Cadena SER).
  • Autores: da Silva, G. C.; Sanseverino, G. G.; De Lima Santos, Mathias Felipe (Autor de correspondencia); et al.
    Revista: EPTIC
    ISSN: 1518-2487 Vol.22 N° 1 2020 págs. 161 - 178
    Resumen
    The newspaper industry is facing a global crisis. In this article, through bibliographical and documental research, we systematize the multiple facets of this crisis, with a synthesis of the reasons explored by other researchers, in order to connect them and establish an organized panorama of the disruption of journalism in a scenario unbalanced by the influence of digital platforms. We organized the various factors of this disruption based on three pillars: business model, journalistic practices and news values. We understand that listing, explaining and connecting the types of disruption in the profession allows us to think about how post-industrial journalism is being structured and point out ways for research about this new reality.
  • Autores: Martinez-Bravo, M. C. (Autor de correspondencia); Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo; Serrano Puche, Javier
    Revista: PROFESIONAL DE LA INFORMACION
    ISSN: 1386-6710 Vol.29 N° 4 2020
    Resumen
    The following research has as its starting point the previous existence of different approaches to the study of digital literacy, which reflect a specialisation by area of study as well as connections and complementarity between them. The paper analyses research from the last 50 years through 11 key terms associated with the study of this subject. The article seeks to understand the contribution of each term for an integrated conceptualisation of digital literacy. From the data science approach, the methodology used is based on a systematized review of the literature and a network analysis using Gephi. The study analyses 16,753 articles from WoS and 5,809 from Scopus, between the period of 1968 to 2017. The results present the input to each key term studied as a map of keywords and a conceptual framework in different levels of analysis; in these, we show digital literacy as a central term that connects and integrates the others, and we define it as a process that integrates all the perspectives. The conclusions emphasise the comprehensive sense of digital literacy and its social condition, as well as the transversality to human life. This research aims to understand the relationships that exist between the different areas and contribute to the debate from a meta-theoretical level, validating meta-research for this interdisciplinary purpose.
  • Autores: López Pan, Fernando (Autor de correspondencia); Rodríguez Rodríguez, Jorge
    Revista: ESTUDIOS SOBRE EL MENSAJE PERIODISTICO
    ISSN: 1134-1629 Vol.26 N° 3 2020 págs. 1045 - 1065
    Resumen
    Las plataformas de verificación de datos se han convertido en un movimiento que, nacido en Estados Unidos, se ha extendido por todo el mundo. Su objetivo es luchar contra la desinformación, las percepciones erróneas y las falsas noticias en el nuevo ecosistema comunicativo en el que las redes sociales adquieren relevancia como fuente de información, y en el que es cada vez más fácil ¿y asequible a miles de millones de ciudadanos¿ producir, editar y distribuir (falsa) información. Casi toda la bibliografía y los casos de estudio se han centrado en Estados Unidos. Sobre la verificación de datos en castellano, solo se han investigado las plataformas de verificación en español que el Duke reporter¿s Lab incluía en 2018 en su base de datos, así como nueve iniciativas en español surgidas desde 2010 en media docena de países latinoamericanos. En este artículo, después de un marco teórico, abordamos la realidad del fact checking en España. Mediante un análisis cualitativo, identificamos y analizamos las webs de verificación y las actividades de chequeo de información en nuestro país. Ello se complementa con entrevistas a los periodistas que han llevado a cabo iniciativas de fact checking en nuestro entorno. La realidad del fact checking en España, como se demuestra, se haya todavía en una fase incipiente. Palabras clave: Fact Checking; España; desinformación; verificación de datos; noticias falsas; maldita.es; Newtral
  • Autores: Negredo Bruna, Samuel (Autor de correspondencia); Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar; Breiner, James Gerard; et al.
    Revista: MEDIA AND COMMUNICATION
    ISSN: 2183-2439 Vol.8 N° 2 2020 págs. 73 - 85
    Resumen
    Digital-native news organizations have grown steadily in Spain since the mid-1990s and they have become established as a major force in the media market. Paradoxically, their biggest expansion coincided with the Great Recession (2008¿2014). In fact, their numbers increased most during 2012¿2013, when traditional media were cutting staff in response to the economic crisis, and unemployment rates in the media sector as a whole hit their peak. However, these digital-native news startups have yet to prove their sustainability and stability. This study uses our own database of 3,862 native and non-native digital news outlets in Spain and the Reuters Institute Digital News Report to analyze a number of characteristics of these media, such as the percentage that have gone inactive, the relative popularity of legacy brands vs. digital natives, multi-platform synergies, content subject matter, geographical location, ownership, and funding sources. Based on these quantitative parameters, this study reviews the structural strengths and weaknesses of digital-native media in the Spanish news market. Taking into account these findings, we conclude that the surge in digital-native news media observed in Spain during the Great Recession followed the pattern of creative destruction described by several economists.
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón
    Revista: PROFESIONAL DE LA INFORMACION
    ISSN: 1386-6710 Vol.28 N° 1 2019 págs. e280101
    Resumen
    In 1994, the first web online media outlets were introduced in several countries around the world. Twenty-five years later, digital or online journalism is a confirmed reality and common practice in professional and academic circles. Based on an extensive bibliographic review, this article examines the main areas of academic research related to digital media at the global level in the last quarter of a century. It shows the lines of research on the history of journalism on the Internet, the forms of digital media, their languages and economic challenges. It also reviews the most widespread research theories and methods. The analysis confirms that research on digital journalism is a strong, ongoing discipline, despite the fact that several methodological and thematic challenges will need to be addressed in the next few years.
  • Autores: Arza Otano, Alicia María; Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón
    Revista: MONTI. MONOGRAFIAS DE TRADUCCION E INTERPRETACION
    ISSN: 1889-4178 N° 5 2019 págs. 187 - 210
    Resumen
    Predictive graphics, which require users to think and deduce before they can access the result, broaden possibilities for media to attract their audience. Recent research suggests that visualizing one¿s predictions improves recall and comprehension of data. Through a qualitative study of interactive infographics, the present article identifies two types of predictive infographics in digital media: users¿ prediction-based graphics and calculation-based predictive graphics. How to challenge users and interaction strategies are analyzed, describing models that could be useful for both researchers and professionals from the field.
  • Autores: Appelgren, E.; Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón
    Revista: ESTUDIOS SOBRE EL MENSAJE PERIODISTICO
    ISSN: 1134-1629 Vol.25 N° 2 2019 págs. 639 - 655
  • Autores: Blas Riesgo, S.; Moreno Moreno, Elsa; Portilla Manjón, Idoia
    Revista: MIGUEL HERNANDEZ COMMUNICATION JOURNAL
    ISSN: 1989-8681 Vol.10 N° 141 2019 págs. 123 - 145
    Resumen
    In contemporary democratic society, Twitter can promote a genuine public debate where the discussion is not limited to established social actors. The goal is studying how media outlets, journalists, political parties, candidates, and citizens behave on Twitter while following the 2015 election night in Spain. A quantitative analysis has been used, specifically focused on the activity generated on Twitter during the period of vote counting (n=201,661 tweets). The data was captured with Tweet Binder, a web tool that allows the live monitoring of the flow of tweets related to an event using specific hashtags and keywords. The results reveal that media outlets are at the centre of Twitter activity (representation), but citizens gain high visibility by using humour in the conversation (participation). Founded on the distinctive characteristics of the Spanish context, this article contributes to the understanding of the role of Twitter during a live political event.
  • Autores: Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar; Lus Gárate, Eva
    Revista: MIGUEL HERNANDEZ COMMUNICATION JOURNAL
    ISSN: 1989-8681 Vol.10 N° 2 2019 págs. 323 - 340
    Resumen
    Los podcasts de noticias están acaparando el interés de las empresas periodísticas a medida que crece su consumo, que se espera mayor a medida que se generalice la implantación de los altavoces inteligentes. Estas nuevas modalidades de acceso a los contenidos informativos abren nuevas oportunidades narrativas para contar las noticias a través del audio y pueden ayudar a consolidar el prestigio informativo de las grandes marcas periodísticas en el entorno digital. Este trabajo es una primera aproximación teórica al fenómeno de los denominados daily news podcasts o podcast de noticias, su definición, sus características, sus tipologías y sus peculiaridades narrativas. A partir de la revisión bibliográfica de este formato novedoso y del análisis de contenido de tres casos ¿The Daily (The New York Times), Today in Focus (The Guardian) y Las noticias de ABC (Vocento)¿ se concluirá que el éxito de los podcasts de noticias permitirá a los medios de comunicación digital llegar a nuevas audiencias, crear comunidades de marca a partir del audio, explorar nuevas narrativas y abrir nuevas oportunidades de negocio.
  • Autores: Sánchez-García, Pilar (Autor de correspondencia); Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón
    Revista: PROFESIONAL DE LA INFORMACION
    ISSN: 1699-2407 Vol.28 N° 3 2019 págs. e280303
    Resumen
    Research about multimedia news storytelling contains several empirical studies, but these lack a theoretical foundation. This article proposes a transdisciplinary foundation of multimedia news storytelling, based on semiotics and narratology. First, the bases of multimedia news storytelling are explained using a hypothetical-deductive methodology and the semiotic categories of ideation-composition-reception. Second, based on narratology, the multimedia storytelling process is described, starting from the pre-compositive stage, in which journalists assemble the stories, to the final stage of navigation by the participatory users. The combination of both theoretical foundations allows us to explain the nature of multimedia news storytelling, based on three elements: 1) syntactic coherence between the multiple languages used, 2) open and collective authorship, and 3) participatory reception by the audience.
  • Autores: Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar; Serrano Puche, Javier; Portilla Manjón, Idoia; et al.
    Revista: COMUNICAR. REVISTA CIENTIFICA IBEROAMERICANA DE COMUNICACION Y EDUCACION
    ISSN: 1134-3478 Vol.59 N° 2 2019 págs. 19 - 28
    Resumen
    Esta investigación tiene como objetivo caracterizar cómo interactúan los jóvenes adultos con las noticias, en qué medida su consumo se ve condicionado por la presencia de publicidad y si se preocupan por la cesión de datos personales. Para ello, se toma como punto de partida el «Digital News Report Spain 2018», informe elaborado a partir de un cuestionario sobre consumo de medios digitales a un panel nacional de 2.023 internautas; de ellos, 293 son jóvenes de 25-34 años, que pertenecen a la generación «millennials». Estos datos se completaron con un estudio cualitativo, realizando dos grupos de discusión con personas de esa franja de edad residentes en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra. Entre las conclusiones de la investigación se señala que los jóvenes adultos se interesan por las noticias, a las que acceden de manera prioritaria por dispositivos móviles. Este interés es mayor cuando el contenido les afecta directamente o si empatizan con la temática de la noticia. Por otra parte, el entorno familiar y las rutinas sociales condicionan su manera de informarse. Siguen accediendo a medios tradicionales, aunque los consideran ideologizados. La publicidad la perciben como molesta, si bien no hay conocimiento ni un uso generalizado de bloqueadores. Finalmente, valoran negativamente los servicios de personalización actuales, aunque ceden algunos datos personales a los medios si le facilita el acceso a la información.
  • Autores: Rodríguez Virgili, Jordi; Serrano Puche, Javier
    Revista: PANORAMA SOCIAL
    ISSN: 1699-6852 N° 30 2019 págs. 27 - 39
    Resumen
    Tomando como marco conceptual la teoría de Agenda Setting, adaptada a las características y dinámicas de Internet, el objetivo de este artículo es presentar las interrelaciones entre los principales actores que intervienen en la conformación de la opinión pública española: políticos, medios de comunicación y ciudadanos. Con base en una encuesta a 2.000 usuarios digitales, se concluye que la agenda mediática sigue siendo percibida como relevante por la ciudadanía; aunque no de manera homogénea, pues existen diferencias en función del autoposicionamiento ideológico y del nivel de estudios de los ciudadanos.
  • Autores: Menke, Manuel (Autor de correspondencia); Kinnebrock, Susanne; Kretzschmar, Sonja; et al.
    Revista: JOURNALISM PRACTICE
    ISSN: 1751-2786 Vol.13 N° 8 2019 págs. 946 - 950
  • Autores: Cabrera Méndez, Marga; Codina, Lluís; Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón
    Revista: REVISTA LATINA DE COMUNICACION SOCIAL
    ISSN: 1138-5820 N° 74 2019 págs. 1506 - 1520
    Resumen
    Introducción. Se analizan los usos y la percepción de expertos y profesionales hispanos de la comunicación en relación con la expresión "nuevo medio", con el fin de llegar a una definición actualizada del concepto. Metodología. Se identifica y analiza una muestra compuesta por 70 profesionales expertos en innovación periodística, pertenecientes a 16 países de habla hispana, a quienes se les realizó una entrevista semi-estructurada que contenía la siguiente pregunta: "¿qué es para usted un nuevo medio?". Las entrevistas se realizaron entre 2016 y finales de 2018. Conclusiones y discusión. La mayoría definió la expresión ¿nuevo medio¿ como un ecosistema mediático alternativo al tradicional, que innova, utiliza nuevos formatos narrativos y tiene una nueva relación con la audiencia. Asimismo, el estudio muestra una tendencia a entender como "nuevo medio" no solo las publicaciones digitales. A partir de esas referencias, el artículo discute el significado actualizado de la expresión "nuevo medio", en un mundo en el que los medios digitales y los medios sociales ya no son tan nuevos.
  • Autores: María José Múller; Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar; Marta Villar
    Revista: REVISTA ARGENTINA DE COMUNICACIÓN
    ISSN: 2718-6164 Vol.7 N° 10 2019 págs. 45 - 63
    Resumen
    Se celebran cien años del desembarco de la radio como una innovación tecnológica que acercó la información y el entretenimiento a través de la comunicación sonora. En la Argentina, la iniciativa la tomó el sector privado pero el Estado siempre tuvo una presencia significativa, y hace más de 80 años la radio pública se extiende por todo el territorio nacional. A lo largo de su historia, la radio debió enfrentar numerosos desafíos a partir de los cambios tecnológicos y de comportamiento de las audiencias. Este artículo repasa la historia de la radio pública y analiza los retos que tiene en un entorno digital donde el sonido sigue siendo protagonista. El objetivo de este trabajo es el de identificar el perfil y los valores que sustentan la radio pública en el marco del centenario del medio. La radio de servicio público debe seguir cumpliendo su rol como garante de valores como la inclusión, la diversidad cultural o la identidad en un escenario multiplataforma, de redes sociales y audiencias segmentadas.
  • Autores: Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar
    Revista: CONTRATEXTO
    ISSN: 1025-9945 N° 29 2018 págs. 253 - 255
  • Autores: Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar
    Revista: CUADERNOS DE PERIODISTAS
    ISSN: 1889-2922 N° 37 2018 págs. 77 - 84
    Resumen
    La sobreabundancia de información, la multiplicidad de dispositivos y la socialización del consumo de noticias que caracterizan el ecosistema digital han descentralizado los itinerarios de acceso a la información y torpedeado la débil línea de flotación de los medios online, que aún no habían marcado su territorio en un mercado duramente castigado por la crisis económica de la última década. Sin embargo -y aunque el consumo de noticias no siempre se realiza directamente en la web de los medios sino de manera incidental a través de las redes sociales- los medios digitales no han dejado de crecer en España hasta alcanzar, casi treinta años después de su nacimiento, una consolidada presencia numérica en el mercado de los medios. Al incremento numérico también hay que añadir que los medios digitales emergentes han liderado, en muchos casos, procesos de innovación tanto productivos como narrativos, que han contribuido tanto a mejorar la calidad de los contenidos, como a contraatacar el fenómeno global de desinformación deliberada y las pseudo noticias, las comúnmente las llamadas fake news o noticias falsas. Ahora bien, aún siendo conscientes de la provisionalidad de un censo en construcción y en actualización constante, ¿cuáles son las características de ese creciente mapa de medios digitales y qué desafíos tienen por delante?
  • Autores: Burguera Pérez, M. A.; Vara Miguel, Alfonso
    Revista: MIGUEL HERNANDEZ COMMUNICATION JOURNAL
    ISSN: 1989-8681 Vol.9 N° 2 2018 págs. 491 - 509
    Resumen
    Las empresas de comunicación han comenzado a comportarse como marcas y promover el branding o sistematización de actividades dirigidas a la audiencia para fortalecer su imagen de marca. Por la naturaleza intangible de los productos informativos y los nuevos modos de consumo, el éxito en la gestión de la marca requiere un compromiso corporativo duradero de los implicados: propietarios, gestores, consumidores y otros stakeholders. De ellos, la integración de las audiencias en la construcción de la marca periodística supone el mayor reto. Sin olvidar la calidad del producto, la gestión estratégica de la marca debe propiciar una relación con los consumidores coherente con su identidad y abierta a que éstos participen y cocreen la marca periodística. Basada en un análisis de la bibliografía, este artículo propone una gestión estratégica centrada en las audiencias, como requisito para generar un capital de marca sostenible. Primero se analiza el concepto de marca desde las teorías del marketing, para posteriormente estudiar los principales enfoques teóricos de la investigación sobre la gestión de marcas en el sector de la comunicación. Por último, se proponen cuatro criterios para orientar la gestión de la marca centrada en la audiencia: participación, personalización, identidad personal y símbolo social.
  • Autores: Vara Miguel, Alfonso
    Revista: COMUNICACIO (BARCELONA)
    ISSN: 2014-0304 Vol.35 N° 1 2018 págs. 95 - 113
  • Autores: Orihuela Colliva, José Luis
    Revista: RAZON Y PALABRA
    ISSN: 1605-4806 Vol.22 N° 1_100 2018 págs. 481-487
    Resumen
    El creciente protagonismo de los usuarios de la red en la producción y difusión de contenidos informativos y de opinión, al margen de los medios establecidos, constituye un fenómeno global emergente que proyecta luces y sombras sobre la identidad profesional de los periodistas y sobre la función social de la prensa.
  • Autores: Garcia-Perdomo, V. (Autor de correspondencia); Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón; Kilgo, D. K.; et al.
    Revista: JOURNALISM STUDIES
    ISSN: 1461-670X Vol.19 N° 8 2018 págs. 1180 - 1201
    Resumen
    Audiences play a fundamental role in disseminating and evaluating news content, and one of the big questions facing news organizations is what elements make content viral in the digital environment. This comparative study of the United States, Brazil and Argentina explores what values and topics present in news shared online predict audience interaction on social media. Findings shed light on what news values and topics trigger more audience responses on Facebook and Twitter. At the same time, a comparison between popular content produced by traditional media versus online-native media reveals that the former lean more toward government-related news and conflict/controversy news values than online native media. Brazilian stories prompted more social media interactivity than content from the United States or Argentina. Through content analysis, this study contributes to improving our understanding of audiences' news values preferences on social networks. It also helps us to recognize the role of users' online activities (sharing, commenting and liking) in the social construction of news and meaning inside the networked sphere. Finally, it opens an old media debate about whether providing and sharing too much media content with conflict, controversy and oddity could potentially hinder understanding and agreement in society. Articles were collected via media tracking and the data collection company NewsWhip.
  • Autores: Menke, M. (Autor de correspondencia); Kinnebrock, S.; Kretzschmar, S. ; et al.
    Revista: JOURNALISM STUDIES
    ISSN: 1461-670X Vol.19 N° 6 2018 págs. 881 - 904
    Resumen
    For two decades, convergence culture has been an important motivator for change in journalism worldwide. Journalism research has followed these developments, investigating the dimensions of change that define convergence as a cultural shift in the newsroom. Research in the European context has mostly been comprised of national case studies of flagship media outlets whereas comparative, let alone quantitative, studies are scarce. In response to these shortcomings, we present a comparative survey among newspaper journalists in managerial positions on convergence strategies in newsrooms from Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Spain, and Portugal. Results show that there is still a dominant print culture present in newsrooms across Europe; however, a shift toward convergence journalism is evident in the strategic implementation of editorial routines and practices as well as in the encouragement of journalists to join convergence developments. Furthermore, newsrooms in Mediterranean countries are more advanced than those in North/Central Europe when it comes to embracing convergence culture because of a stronger audio-visual than print news tradition and a higher motivation among journalists. Our study reveals that after two decades of European convergence journalism, cultural change moves slowly but steadily toward a news production that makes use of the possibilities emerging from convergence.
  • Autores: Serrano Puche, Javier (Autor de correspondencia); Fernandez, C. B.; Rodríguez Virgili, Jordi
    Revista: DOXA COMUNICACION
    ISSN: 1696-019X N° 27 2018 págs. 19 - 42
    Resumen
    Information consumption is not an independent activity anymore. Instead, it forms part of a continuous connection to the digital space. Thus, users do no often deliberately search for news on social networks. Instead, it is found accidentally amongst other social or entertainment contents. The phenomenon of incidental exposure is an emerging trend in digital consumption, having ramifications for political participation and citizens' understanding of public affairs. This work provides a comparative analysis of digital users' incidental exposure to news in four Spanish-speaking countries, on three platforms: Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter. Samples from Argentina (n = 2,003), Chile (n = 2,005), Spain (n = 2,006) and Mexico (n = 2,003), have been used from those surveyed in the Digital News Report 2017. The results show that a) Spain is the country with the highest incidental exposure rate among users who use social networks to be informed; b) it is more frequent when using Facebook and YouTube than on Twitter; and c) age, ideological orientation and the degree of interest in news influence this phenomenon.
  • Autores: Arrese Reca, Ángel (Autor de correspondencia); Vara Miguel, Alfonso; Salvatierra Galiano, Stella Maris; et al.
    Revista: REVISTA DE COMUNICACION
    ISSN: 1684-0933 Vol.17 N° 2 2018 págs. 41 - 65
    Resumen
    Este estudio analiza las opiniones de políticos y expertos publicadas en cinco diarios españoles (los tres principales periódicos nacionales -El País, El Mundo y ABC-, y los dos principales periódicos financieros -Expansión y Cinco Días-) antes y después de la explosión de la burbuja inmobiliaria española. La metodología básica del estudio es el análisis de contenido, cuantitativo y cualitativo, de informaciones publicadas en los diarios citados entre 2003 y 2013. El trabajo se centra en el análisis estadístico de coincidencias y divergencias en las declaraciones y opiniones de esas fuentes en torno a la naturaleza, causas y consecuencias de la burbuja. La hipótesis general de la investigación es que antes de la crisis, especialmente entre los políticos, no hubo un verdadero debate sobre la amenaza de una burbuja del sector inmobiliario, ni sobre sus posibles causas y consecuencias probables, con lo que dominó en la opinión autorizada un consenso ¿negacionista¿.
  • Autores: Danielle K. Kilgo (Autor de correspondencia); Summer Harlow; Victor García-Perdomo; et al.
    Revista: MASS COMMUNICATION AND SOCIETY
    ISSN: 1520-5436 Vol.21 N° 5 2018 págs. 606 - 630
  • Autores: Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar; Moreno Moreno, Elsa; Amoedo Casais, Avelino
    Revista: PROFESIONAL DE LA INFORMACION
    ISSN: 1386-6710 Vol.27 N° 4 2018 págs. 849 - 857
    Resumen
    Pionera en dar los primeros pasos en el entorno digital, la radio ha irrumpido en la Red reforzando su identidad sonora. El objetivo de esta investigación es identificar y caracterizar el mapa de la radio online en España. Para ello, se ha elaborado una base de datos de cibermedios en la que se identifican el número de emisoras online, las plataformas, el alcance territorial, la titularidad, los contenidos, el uso de redes sociales, las vías de financiación y las lenguas utilizadas. El estudio evidencia que la radio online en España se consolida, y que lo hace sobre todo en el ámbito local y con contenido generalista, mientras el modelo de financiación sigue siendo una asignatura pendiente.
  • Autores: Arrese Reca, Ángel (Autor de correspondencia); Vara Miguel, Alfonso
    Revista: POLITICAL ECONOMY OF COMMUNICATION
    ISSN: 2357-1705 Vol.6 N° 2 2018 págs. 74 - 93
  • Autores: Kilgo, D. K. (Autor de correspondencia); Harlow, S.; Garcia-Perdomo, V.; et al.
    Revista: JOURNALISM
    ISSN: 1464-8849 Vol.19 N° 11 2018 págs. 1497 - 1516
    Resumen
    The well-known phrase 'if it bleeds, it leads' describes the sensational approach that has penetrated the history of news. Sensationalism is a term without complete consensus among scholars, and its meaning and implications have not been considered in a digital environment. This study analyzes 400 articles from online-native news organizations across the Americas, evaluating the sensational treatment of news categories and news values, and their associated social media interaction numbers on Facebook and Twitter. Findings suggest that 'hard' news topics like government affairs and science/technology were treated sensationally just as often as traditionally sensationalized categories like crime or lifestyle and society. In addition, audiences are not necessarily more likely to respond to sensational treatments. This study also finds that online-native news organizations use sensationalism differently, and there is significant variation in publications from the United States, Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico.
  • Autores: Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar; Müller, María José
    Revista: REVISTA DE COMUNICACION
    ISSN: 1684-0933 Vol.17 N° 2 2018 págs. 164 - 184
    Resumen
    El presente artículo estudia los modos de contar de los programas magacines de máxima audiencia de la radio argentina. Se analizan los contenidos de los cuatro programas más escuchados y de fuerte competencia entre ellos al inicio de la presente década. Argentina tiene un mercado radiofónico consolidado, con una penetración del 70% y cuyo pico de audiencia o prime time se localiza entre las 10.00 y las 12.00 horas. Mediante el análisis de contenidos de 160 horas de programación de radio se persigue estudiar el uso de los géneros en los programas líderes del prime time de la radio argentina, según sean de información y opinión, ficción y entretenimiento, o participación de la audiencia. A partir de la frecuencia de aparición y la duración, se mostrará la importancia asignada en la OM/AM y la FM a cada uno de los géneros radiofónicos, así como el grado de integración en el discurso de continuidad que caracteriza a los magacines.
  • Autores: Appelgren, E. (Autor de correspondencia); Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón
    Revista: JOURNALISM PRACTICE
    ISSN: 1751-2786 Vol.12 N° 8 2018 págs. 986 - 996
    Resumen
    In 2013, with the introduction of the Transparency Law in Spain, a number of Spanish newsrooms started working with data journalism methods. In Sweden, which has one of the oldest Freedom of Information acts in the world, newsrooms invested in the skill development of data journalism at approximately the same time. Because previous research suggests that access to public data has been one of the key driving forces for the development of data journalism worldwide, it is important to understand how legislation is actually shaping the practice of data journalism. Based on a survey of 66 key informants in Spain and Sweden and ten in-depth interviews with data journalists from five media companies in each country, we conducted a comparative study, building on the frameworks of media systems to explore data journalism practices in these two countries. The differences found indicate that the national and EU legislation in both nations shape journalistic strategies for accessing data, turning journalists at times into activists fighting for the right to access public data. Beyond the law, data journalists advocate for a transparency culture among the civil servants, in order to secure public accountability.
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón (Autor de correspondencia); Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar; Breiner, James Gerard
    Revista: REVISTA LATINA DE COMUNICACION SOCIAL
    ISSN: 1138-5820 N° 73 2018 págs. 1034 - 1053
  • Autores: Breiner, James Gerard
    Revista: TELOS. CUADERNOS DE COMUNICACION E INNOVACION
    ISSN: 0213-084X N° 109 2018 págs. 22 - 25
    Resumen
    La búsqueda de una mejora de su credibilidad ha llevado a las redacciones informativas nativas digitales en América Latina a innovaciones en dos áreas: se han centrado más en los usuarios que en los anunciantes y más en el servicio público que en generar ganancias. Se trata de un camino prometedor para toda la industria global.
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón
    Título: Prólogo
    Libro: La inteligencia artificial en el periodismo: Mapping de conceptos, casos y recomendaciones
    ISSN: 978-84-9180-980-7 N° 718 2023 págs. 13 - 16
    Resumen
    Este libro reflexiona sobre el impacto, las posibilidades y los desafíos que la inteligencia artificial (IA) introduce en el ámbito periodístico. A partir de una selección de listas, tablas, gráficos, informes, experiencias y noticias, el trabajo invita a cultivar una mirada siempre crítica hacia el rol de la tecnología en el periodismo y la comunicación. Además, se ha elaborado una cartografía mundial ¿hasta el momento inexistente¿ de experiencias periodísticas que trabajan con esta tecnología. La obra presenta directorios de conceptos clave, enumera potencialidades, advierte de riesgos y amenazas, esboza perfiles y procesos, y sintetiza directorios de recursos y materiales de ayuda. Todo ello prologado por un texto del investigador y docente Ramón Salaverría. El objetivo no es más que explicar, contextualizar y divulgar qué es (y qué no es) la IA y cómo puede sumar en el quehacer periodístico. Un periodismo que cree, necesita y se edifica en torno a las historias contextualizadas y elocuentes. Algo que solo saben hacer los humanos (por ahora).
  • Autores: Rodríguez Fernández, L.; Aguado Terrón, J. M.; Almansa Martínez, A.; et al.
    Libro: Foro contra las campañas de desinformación en el ámbito de la Seguridad Nacional. Trabajos 2023
    ISSN: NIPO: 089-23-041-3 2023 págs. 116 - 167
  • Autores: Vara Miguel, Alfonso; Sánchez Blanco, Cristina
    Libro: Blurring boundaries of journalism in digital media
    ISSN: 978-3-031-43925-4 Vol.140 2023 págs. 55 - 70
    Resumen
    Digital innovations have revolutionized the business model of news organizations, which previously relied heavily on advertising. Digital media companies have adopted various revenue streams such as branded or sponsored content, subscriptions or memberships, direct public subsidies or private grants, and electronic commerce to ensure the sustainability of digital outlets. However, these different types of funding have also impacted the boundaries of journalism. A more market-driven approach to news may undermine the crucial social role that journalism plays in modern democracies, as market dynamics may displace journalistic criteria. Additionally, the paywall model, which charges for exclusive and high-quality content, may exacerbate the gap between those who can afford it and the majority who cannot access it.
  • Autores: Negredo Bruna, Samuel; Vara Miguel, Alfonso
    Libro: Narrativas digitales contra la desinformación
    ISSN: 978-84-17600-85-3 2023 págs. 67 - 79
  • Autores: Rodríguez-Castro, M.; González Tosat, Clara
    Libro: Emerging practices in the age of automated digital journalism: models, languages, and storytelling
    ISSN: 9781003260813 2023 págs. 93 - 104
    Resumen
    The Internet and the development of new digital technologies have widely influenced both the growth and business strategies of the media environment during the last two decades, in terms of news production, consumption, and presence. The increasing power of digital platforms has disrupted the business models of legacy media in a time of severe economic crisis. The need to embrace digital transitions and to engage with digital intermediaries represents a big challenge for the media industry. However, technology and digital environments can be perceived as allies as well when developing innovative and sustainable business models. In this chapter, we explore the way automation can be integrated within Public Service Media organisations to contribute to saving costs and to provide more knowledge for their strategic decision-making. We develop two case studies on how PSM are experimenting with automation and Artificial Intelligence: the BBC, one of the biggest PSM organisations in the world, and the BR, a regional public service broadcaster in Germany. We conclude that journalism¿s cruise control still needs a human driver to be able to balance the benefits of innovation with professional values and ethics.
  • Autores: Kilgo, Danielle K.; Harlow, Summer; García Perdomo, Víctor; et al.
    Libro: Social media news and its impact
    ISSN: 9781032016856 2022 págs. 606 - 630
    Resumen
    This study compares U.S. digital news coverage of recent foreign and domestic protests. Differences in coverage¿s framing, sourcing, and device emphases were analyzed for two cases: protests that erupted after the death of Michael Brown and protests demanding justice for the 43 missing students from Ayotzinapa, Mexico. Building on protest paradigm literature, content analysis results show that news articles that appeared on Facebook and Twitter emphasized legitimizing frames for foreign protests more than domestic protests. Foreign protests were framed with the spectacle frame more than domestic protests, which were more often portrayed as confrontational. Digitally native news organizations produced content that deviated from expected paradigmatic norms the most. In addition, this research examines the relationship between content and sharing on Facebook and Twitter. Implications of these findings within the theoretical framework of the protest paradigm are discussed.
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón; León Anguiano, Bienvenido
    Libro: Total Journalism
    ISSN: 978-3-030-88027-9 N° 97 2022 págs. 109 - 121
    Resumen
    In recent years, the term `fake news¿ has become popular as a paradigm of mis- and disinformation. The term tends to put this phenomenon within the framework of media organizations. However, the problem is more complex, since it also involves other entities dedicated to deliberately producing and spreading falsehoods, as well as social networks and large internet platforms that work as global carriers of such misleading content. This chapter analyzes the evolution of disinformation in this expanded framework, contextualizing the production, dissemination and consumption of deceptive content beyond the media. Drawing upon a historical review of the mis- and disinformation phenomena over the last few centuries, it examines the more recent transformation experienced by purposefully false content on the internet and big data ecosystem.
  • Autores: Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar
    Libro: Periodismo radiofónico
    ISSN: 978-84-454-4472-6 2022 págs. 15 - 37
    Resumen
    Hasta la llegada de internet, la radio ha sido el medio informativo por excelencia puesto que difunde con mayor rapidez y simplicidad técnica la actualidad que marca el día a día de la sociedad. Aunque nuevos medios, plataformas y redes sociales concurren ahora con similar objetivo, la credibilidad y el seguimiento de la radio informativa siguen otorgando a este medio un papel protagonista y una gran responsabilidad en la construcción del relato informativo de la actualidad. En las próximas páginas se presentan las características de la radio como medio de comunicación e información, a través de la descripción de los principales programas informativos de la radio generalista y las funciones de los géneros radiofónicos informativos más frecuentes. Asimismo se ofrecen pautas para la redacción de textos informativos radiofónicos y algunas pistas sobre las nuevas formas de contar la información a través del audio, que empiezan a imponerse en el aire, en las redes y en las plataformas de distribución de contenidos.
  • Autores: Novoa Jaso, María Fernanda
    Libro: Nuevas tendencias en la comunicación y en la investigación: su reflejo profesional y académico
    ISSN: 978-84-18914-54-6 2022 págs. 309 - 320
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón; De Lima Santos, Mathias Felipe
    Libro: Journalism, Data and Technology in Latin America
    ISSN: 978-3-030-65859-5 2021 págs. 1 - 21
    Resumen
    Globalization is a multifaceted and complex phenomenon that does not reach equally to all global actors. In fact, the lack of technological capabilities to promote innovation has been an essential conditioning factor that has limited an equal diffusion worldwide of technology, research, and development, thus restricting the concrete growth opportunities of the least favored countries. While in the Global South many countries still struggle to jump on the wave of Information Society, Northern countries have been navigating the waters of innovation and technology disruption for decades. In this chapter, we discuss the multiple external factors, mainly political and economic, which have contributed to the relative lack of academic studies on the patterns of journalism in Latin America. Through its evolution, the Latin American region has become a laboratory of interesting ideas and initiatives that shed lights on how to confront the problems suffered locally and by the media ecosystem worldwide.
  • Autores: Amoedo Casais, Avelino; Moreno Moreno, Elsa; Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar
    Libro: Medios nativos digitales en España: caracterización y tendencias
    ISSN: 978-84-17600-60-0 2021 págs. 213 - 230
    Resumen
    Definidos como productos de audio digital creados para la distribución multiplataforma bajo demanda y suscripción, que permiten especializar los contenidos y los tiempos de escucha, a través de la producción de episodios cerrados o seriados, los pódcast implican una revolución para la industria periodística. Tanto es así, que algunos autores hablan de una ¿nueva edad de oro¿ del audio (Newman, 2020). Los pódcast son parte significativa del mapa de medios digitales en España y colaboran interrelacionados con otras plataformas (web, radio, papel, tv, app) para fidelizar y aumentar comunidades de públicos online interesados en marcas periodísticas determinadas. Puede decirse que la industria periodística española concibe el podcasting como una novedad que ayuda a afrontar los desafíos de la transformación digital: atraer nuevos lectores, diseñar nuevas temáticas y narrativas, generar estrategias de relación con los públicos, repensar los modelos de negocio y reconfigurar las redacciones (Martínez-García y Navarro-Bosch, 2019). El desarrollo de una estrategia más consistente con respecto a la producción de pódcast, su relación con la marca periodística y su promoción son asignaturas pendientes para los medios digitales, si quieren reposicionarse bien en un momento de crecimiento del pódcast y de estabilización del consumo de contenidos de audio en general. Investigaciones futuras deberán seguir verificando el impacto de los pódcast en el mercado de los medios digitales.
  • Autores: Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar
    Libro: Transformación digital: desafíos y expectativas para el periodismo: libro de resúmenes. XXVII Congreso Internacional de la Sociedad Española de Periodística
    ISSN: 978-84-472-3132-4 2021 págs. 265 - 267
  • Autores: Breiner, James Gerard
    Libro: Transformación digital: desafíos y expectativas para el periodismo: Libro de resúmenes. XXVII Congreso Internacional de la Sociedad Española de Periodística
    ISSN: 978-84-472-3132-4 2021 págs. 140 - 142
  • Autores: Lus Gárate, Eva; Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar
    Libro: Radios universitarias en tiempos de infodemia
    Vol.1 2021 págs. 160 - 180
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón; Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar
    Libro: Medios nativos digitales en España: caracterización y tendencias
    ISSN: 978-84-17600-60-0 2021 págs. 13 - 17
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón
    Libro: Medios nativos digitales en España: caracterización y tendencias
    ISSN: 978-84-17600-60-0 2021 págs. 21 - 31
  • Autores: Vara Miguel, Alfonso; Breiner, James Gerard
    Libro: Medios nativos digitales en España: caracterización y tendencias
    ISSN: 978-84-17600-60-0 2021 págs. 109 - 122
  • Autores: Negredo Bruna, Samuel; Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar
    Libro: Medios nativos digitales en España: caracterización y tendencias
    ISSN: 978-84-17600-60-0 2021 págs. 35 - 54
    Resumen
    Desde su origen a mediados de los años 1990 los medios digitales han construido un espacio propio que, en la actualidad, se presenta fortalecido y diversificado, a pesar de haber sufrido dos grandes crisis mundiales, la económica de 2008-2014 y la sanitaria de 2020-2021. En estudios anteriores se daba cuenta de la consolidación del sector en el mercado periodístico en España (Salaverría et al., 2018 y 2019). Ahora reflejamos su evolución más reciente. El proyecto DIGINATIVEMEDIA 2019-2021 registró en abril de 2021 un total de 3949 cibermedios, de los cuales 2874 (72,78%) están activos y 1075 (27,22%) se consideran inactivos por no haber actualizado su web en los tres meses previos a su revisión. Los cibermedios activos son la base del estudio. Entre ellos, el 47,36% son medios nativos digitales (1361), mientras que el 52,64% son medios no nativos (1513), es decir, tienen origen en un soporte tradicional, además de ofrecer servicio en internet. Estos datos representan un leve descenso en la actividad de los medios digitales respecto a la última actualización realizada en noviembre de 2019 (Negredo Bruna et al., 2020). Hoy, estos medios nativos representan casi la mitad de los cibermedios activos.
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón
    Libro: The Routledge companion to journalism ethics
    ISSN: 9780367206475 2021 págs. 317 - 325
    Resumen
    This chapter discusses the ethical aspects of the increasing use in journalism of user-generated content (UGC) and automated content (content produced by robots). Research has shown that these two phenomena are transforming not only the information that is published by the media, but also the underlying values that rule today¿s newswork. These changes in news values and professional practices have relevant ethical implications. Drawing upon several controversial examples, where users or robots were the main source of the news, the opportunities and threats of these emerging practices are examined. These examples show that the main challenge is to blend the journalistic potential of UGC and automated news with the professional standards that guarantee the quality of news. As journalists increasingly share news content production with the public and machines, the concept of journalistic authorship is being redefined. However, deciding what is news remains an essential ethical choice, because it implies pointing out what is socially relevant, what issues the media should pay attention to, and which phenomena deserve to be denounced. These essential aspects of newswork are being subtly transformed by the impact of UGC and robotization.
  • Autores: Corzo Archila, Silvia María; Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón
    Libro: Journalism, Data and Technology in Latin America
    ISSN: 978-3-030-65859-5 2021 págs. 137 - 161
    Resumen
    Digital media are constantly trying to provide attractive and useful content to their users. They have to do it with caution, in order to respect the identity of the publications and their business strategy. This implies constant editorial decision-making. To support these critical decisions, the most widespread tools today, those that allow a better analysis of audiences, are digital metrics. The metrics provide key performance indicators, generally named as KPIs, chosen according to the type of data required: quantitative or qualitative. Based on a qualitative study through questionnaires and interviews with journalists from seven native digital media in Latin America, this chapter analyzes to what extent and with what effects are metrics being used by digital media in this region to make strategic decisions. The results indicate that the adoption of metrics as criteria to guide the supply of news is still moderate in the region. However, a growing incidence of these analytical systems in newswork is detected, at least among digital native media.
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón; Buslón, N.; Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar; et al.
    Libro: Transformación digital. Desafíos y expectativas para el periodismo
    ISSN: 978-84-472-3132-4 2021 págs. 372 - 374
  • Autores: Saby, D.; Philippe, O.; Buslón, N.; et al.
    Libro: Computational Data and Social Networks: 10th International Conference, CSoNet 2021, Virtual Event, November 15¿17, 2021, Proceedings
    ISSN: 978-3-030-91433-2 Vol.13116 2021 págs. 267 - 278
    Resumen
    A graph analysis on the tweets and users networks from a set of curated news was done to study the existing difference in communication patterns between legitimate and misinformation news. Our findings suggest there is no difference in the influence of misinformation and legitimate news but misinformation news tend to be more shared and present than legitimate news, meaning that while misinformation tweets do not have more influence, their authors are more prolific. Misinformation reach wider audience even if the tweets, individually, are not more influential. A subsequent qualitative analysis on the users reveal that there is also influence of misinformation spreading in Spain from other Spanish speaking countries.
  • Autores: Amoedo Casais, Avelino
    Libro: La radio. El acompañante silenciado
    ISSN: 978-84-17248-91-8 2021 págs. 421 - 426
  • Autores: Menke, Manuel; Kinnebrock, Susanne; Kretzschmar, Sonja; et al.
    Libro: Journalism research in practice: Perspectives on change, challenges, and solutions
    ISSN: 9780367469665 2020 págs. 946 - 950
  • Autores: Serrano Puche, Javier; Fernandez, Carmen Beatriz; Rodríguez Virgili, Jordi
    Libro: The politics of technology in Latin America: digital media, daily life and public engagement
    ISSN: 9780367360115 Vol.2 2020 págs. 161 - 178
    Resumen
    Up until a few years ago, disinformation used to be synonymous with ¿lack of information,¿ ascribable to citizens¿ low interest in public affairs. However, since 2016 and especially as a result of the US electoral campaign (Allcott & Gentzkow, 2017) and Brexit (Bastos & Mercea, 2019), disinformation also becomes a spoken about factor, above all referring to the deliberate efforts of certain agents to misinform with lies and half-truths, intoxicating and even saturating the citizen, in what have been called ¿disinformation operations.¿ Much of the success of these false news lies in their virality, that is, in their ability to be shared by Internet users throughout different social networks and instant messaging applications. From a broader perspective, disinformation is a modality within what has been called ¿problematic information¿(Jack, 2017), which includes various types of information that are inaccurate, misleading, improperly attributed, or totally fabricated. Although it is true that these contents are not novel¿-their existence goes back to the origins of modern journalism with the yellow press (Campbell, 2001) and to the use of propaganda in the World Wars (Lasswell, 1927), the existing communicational characteristics in the digital age do promote new ways for problematic information to be created, circulated, and received by users, increasing its potential effects (Freelon & Wells, 2020). In the words of Boczkowski (2017):¿fake news [have] been around for as long as real news. But a differentiating element of the contemporary moment is the existence of an information infrastructure with a scale, scope, and horizontality in information flows unprecedented in ¿
  • Autores: Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar; José María Legorburu Hortelano
    Libro: Cartografía de la comunicación post digital: medios y audiencias en la Sociedad del Covid-19 Post digital communication cartography: media audiencies in Covid-19 Society
    ISSN: 978-84-1345-823-6 Vol.1 2020 págs. 303 - 329
    Resumen
    En un entorno de proliferación y sofisticación de las tecnología de la información, la forma más elemental de la comunicación humana ¿el sonido a través de la palabra, la música y los sonidos de las cosas, también el silencio¿ gana protagonismo y se coloca en el centro de atención de empresas y públicos. El presente capítulo realiza un recorrido por los grandes desafíos que tiene el audio en este contexto cambiante, en el que dispositivos, plataformas, datos, e inteligencia artificial, se suman para ampliar la oferta y competencia de contenidos y servicios de audio digital, más allá de los medios y los sistemas de distribución y comercialización tradicionales.
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón; De Lima Santos, Mathias Felipe
    Libro: Journalistic metamorphosis: media transformation in the digital age
    ISSN: 978-3-030-36314-7 Vol.70 N° Studies in Big Data 2020 págs. 1 - 15
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón
    Libro: Fluxos comunicacionais e crise da democracia
    ISSN: 978-65-990485-4-8 2020 págs. 14 - 23
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón; Corzo Archila, Silvia María
    Libro: The politics of technology in Latin America Volume 2. Digital media, daily life and public engagement
    ISSN: 9780367360115 Vol.2 2020 págs. 149 - 160
    Resumen
    Since the beginning of the 21st century, Latin American media panorama is undergoing deep transformations. As in other regions of the world, an increasingly influential actor is emerging in the market: digital native publications. This chapter explores the increasing importance of digital native news media in Central America. Based on the analysis of a sample of 88 such publications, this study puts together the origins, current features and performance of the digital native media in the six Spanish-speaking countries of this area: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. The study concludes that, although the main part of the audience and the business remains in the hands of the legacy media, digital native publications are reshaping the media landscape of Central America. Thus, this chapter provides a comprehensive analysis of a phenomenon that is transforming the media within those countries, helping to better understand the present and possible future impacts of these new media actors in the public sphere of this region.
  • Autores: Antunes, Maria João; Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón
    Libro: HCI International 2020 - Posters. 22nd International Conference, HCII 2020, Copenhagen, Denmark, July 19-24, 2020, Proceedings, Part III
    ISSN: 978-3-030-50731-2 Vol.Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol. 1226 2020 págs. 149 - 153
    Resumen
    The purpose of this paper is to compare and analyse a sample of podcasts, using the most popular podcasts of iTunes (Top 200 podcasts - Portugal). The data was collected in two different dates (October 1st 2018 and October 15th 2019), using a Portuguese Apple ID. Results show that in October 2018 few Portuguese independent podcasts were presented among the top 200 podcasts in iTunes (22 podcasts). The authors/producers were mostly male persons. The podcasts were mainly dedicated to entertainment (comedy), and the contents were characterized by a freedom of expression impossible to include into any commercial or public media. In October 2019 the top 200 podcasts in iTunes (Portugal) presents a higher number of Portuguese independent podcasts (35 podcasts). The podcasts were included in a greater diversity of categories (e.g. entertainment, society, health & well-being, and politics). There is an increasing integration of podcasting with other services and social networks, including website/blogs, Instagram, YouTube, and Facebook. Among the most popular contents it was noticed a greater parity between authors/producers (men versus women).
  • Autores: Herrera Damas, Susana; Amoedo Casais, Avelino; Domingo de Blas, Raúl
    Libro: La transformación digital de la radio. Diez claves para su comprensión profesional y académica
    ISSN: 9788417973261 2019 págs. 217 - 241
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón
    Libro: The International Encyclopedia of Journalism Studies
    ISSN: 9781118841679 Vol.1 2019 págs. 1 - 11
  • Autores: Corzo Archila, Silvia María; Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón
    Libro: La innovación de la innovación: del medio al contenido predictivo. Actas del III Simposio Internacional sobre Gestión de la Comunicación (XESCOM, 2018)
    ISSN: 978-84-09-00789-9 2019 págs. 233 - 247
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón; Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo; Breiner, James Gerard; et al.
    Libro: Communication: Innovation & Quality
    ISSN: 978-3-319-91859-4 2019 págs. 229 - 247
    Resumen
    In recent years, journalism in Latin America has been undergoing profound transformations. Confronting the stagnation or even decline of a large part of the big media industry, hundreds of digital native publications are surging up to challenge the traditional journalism landscape of this region. From the Caribbean to Patagonia, all 20 Latin American countries are witnessing the emergence of innovative online media projects that, in some cases, have already reached a high degree of consolidation. This chapter analyzes the origins, models and challenges of this emerging Latin American journalism. Firstly, it shows the historical evolution of these digital native media outlets. Then, their current characteristics are analyzed, focusing on their innovative ways to explore sustainable business models. Finally, the challenges for the future consolidation of these emerging digital media are examined.
  • Autores: Negredo Bruna, Samuel; Amoedo Casais, Avelino; Vara Miguel, Alfonso
    Libro: Ecosistema de cibermedios en España. Tipologías, iniciativas, tendencias narrativas y desafíos
    ISSN: 978-84-17600-08-2 2019 págs. 83 - 108
  • Autores: Xosé López-García ; Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar; Carlos Toural-Bran
    Libro: Ecosistema de cibermedios en España : tipologías, iniciativas, tendencias narrativas y desafíos
    ISSN: 978-84-17600-08-2 Vol.1 2019 págs. 241 - 249
  • Autores: Antunes, Maria João; Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón
    Libro: Atas 10º Congresso SOPCOM Ciências da Comunicação: Vinte Anos de Investigação em Portugal
    ISSN: 978-989-99840-4-2 2019 págs. 832 - 841
  • Autores: Serrano Puche, Javier; Moreno Moreno, Elsa; Amoedo Casais, Avelino; et al.
    Libro: Ecosistema de cibermedios en España. Tipologías, iniciativas, tendencias narrativas y desafíos
    ISSN: 978-84-17600-08-2 2019 págs. 109 - 139
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón; Rivera-Rogel, Diana; Gonzales-Córdova, Mayra
    Libro: La comunicación en el escenario digital. Actualidad, retos y prospectivas
    ISSN: 978-607-32-4859-4 2019 págs. 263 - 285
  • Autores: Martí, Josep M.; Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar; Elisa Escobedo
    Libro: La transformación digital de la radio
    ISSN: 9788417973261 Vol.1 2019 págs. 269 - 290
    Resumen
    Vivimos una época de cambio propiciado por la tecnología digital y la sobreabundancia de información como se ha descrito en los capítulos anteriores. Una característica de este cambio es que se produce en períodos cada vez más cortos y frecuentes. La tecnología propicia disrupciones rápidas y profundas, que no son ajenas al más tradicional de los medios. La radio se enfrenta a la oportunidad de volver a cambiar para servir a la sociedad: "Somos una generación afortunada. Nunca antes en la historia de la humanidad ha habido una concentración de tecnología como la que estamos viviendo ahora. Se estima que la Revolución Digital va a tener un impacto cuatro veces mayor del que tuvo la Revolución Industrial" (Fundación Telefónica, 2019). En este capítulo páginas y, a modo de síntesis del libro, abordaremos cómo esta revolución digital está cambiando el horizonte y el modelo de radio que hemos conocido hasta ahora.
  • Autores: Oggolder, Christian; Brügger, Niels; Metikova, Monika; et al.
    Libro: The handbook of European communication history
    ISSN: 978-1-119-16162-2 2019 págs. 333 - 350
  • Autores: Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar; Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón; Breiner, James Gerard
    Libro: Ecosistema de cibermedios en España. Tipologías, iniciativas innovadoras, tendencias narrativas y desafíos
    ISSN: 978-84-17600-08-2 Vol.1 2019 págs. 225 - 239
    Resumen
    Al compás de los cambios tecnológicos, han evolucionado los lenguajes informativos, los procesos de trabajo en las redacciones, los perfiles profesionales de los periodistas, las formas en las que estos se relacionan con la audiencia y, en definitiva, todos y cada uno de los ámbitos en los que se concreta la actividad periodística. Como resultado de esos cambios, en España ha emergido un nuevo mercado periodístico. De ese panorama, se deducen algunas conclusiones. La primera es que, a diferencia de hace un par de décadas, la noticia ya no es la expansión de los medios digitales. Ese es un fenómeno prácticamente completado, cuyo principal desarrollo tuvo lugar en torno al cambio de siglo. Ha alcanzado tal grado madurez que hoy resulta anacrónica la etiqueta de ¿nuevos medios¿, con la que muchos continúan designando a las publicaciones digitales, ya plenamente asentadas. La verdadera novedad corresponde hoy a la composición del mercado de los cibermedios.
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón; Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar; Jimeno López, Miguel Ángel; et al.
    Libro: Ecosistema de los cibermedios en España. Tipologías, iniciativas, tendencias narrativas y desafíos
    ISSN: 978-84-17600-08-2 Vol.1 2019 págs. 25 - 49
    Resumen
    medios nacional elaborado hasta la fecha. Analizamos su identidad, bien como medios nativos digitales o bien como publicaciones derivadas de otros medios, sus plataformas de difusión, temas, alcance, titularidad, lenguas en las que se publican, vías de financiación y su nivel de popularidad en las redes sociales (Salaverría, 2017). El objetivo es proporcionar una cartografía pormenorizada de las publicaciones digitales en España. El estudio se basa en un detallado censo de los cibermedios de todo el territorio nacional, realizado por nuestro equipo investigador a lo largo de casi dos años. Advertimos que el censo no incluye la población completa de los cibermedios porque, al margen de la dificultad que entrañaría localizar la totalidad de esos medios, prácticamente todas las semanas se producen en el mercado periodístico español inadvertidas altas y bajas. Por lo tanto, nuestro censo, que continúa siendo actualizado, debe entenderse como una muestra aproximada, si bien dotada de plena representatividad estadística.
  • Autores: De Lima Santos, Mathias Felipe; González Tosat, Clara; Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón
    Libro: Academic track reader. A collection of research papers submitted for the global investigative journalism conference
    2019 págs. 371 - 385
    Resumen
    Media organizations have been struggling to survive in the digital age. In order to get a chance to pull through while facing the threat of a post-truth era, data and investigative journalism seem to be more important than ever. The old model of highly competitive single newsroom environment evolve to a `new model¿ of sharing information, sometimes on a global scale, dealing with new players. Thus, third-party organizations come in handy to help to overcome the lack of resources and skills within the newsrooms. This study conducted six (n=6) in-depth interviews with professionals working within thirdparty organizations, such as startups, studios or agencies in the five continents (Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe, and Oceania). The results show that the number of news outlets requesting their services have been reducing, with many organizations bringing these skills inside the newsrooms. The political context and media crisis also affect outsourcing by publishers. However, these organizations still believe they will be useful in the future with new technological capacities being requested, such as automation.
  • Autores: Torregrosa Puig, Marta; Sánchez Blanco, Cristina; Serrano Puche, Javier
    Libro: El consumidor de moda
    ISSN: 978-84-313-3289-1 2018 págs. 125 - 142
  • Autores: Burguera, María Ángeles; Vara Miguel, Alfonso
    Libro: La gestión de contenidos en comunicación
    ISSN: 9788417513726 2018 págs. 59 - 69
  • Autores: Müller, María José; Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar
    Libro: Trends in radio research. Diversity, innovation and policies
    ISSN: (13): 978-1-5275-1349-5 Vol.1 2018 págs. 217 - 238
  • Autores: Serrano Puche, Javier
    Libro: La realidad audiovisual como nuevo vehículo de comunicación
    ISSN: 978-84-17341-96-1 2018 págs. 463 - 475
    Resumen
    En el campo de los estudios de audiencias, son innumerables las publicaciones que tratan de perfilar cómo es el consumo de noticias por parte de los ciudadanos, así como de los diversos factores que lo configuran. Sin embargo, son muy pocas hasta el momento las investigaciones que exploren las motivaciones que llevan a algunos usuarios no a exponerse ante las noticias, sino precisamente a evitarlas. Este capítulo pretende ofrecer una aportación a dicho campo, tomando los usuarios digitales de España como caso de estudio. Se presentan las razones que explican la evasión informativa por parte de los internautas, que abarcan desde la desconfianza en los medios por su falta de independencia del poder o por su tendencia al sensacionalismo, hasta la percepción de que informarse afecta negativamente al estado anímico. Finalmente, se ofrecen algunas recomendaciones a los medios de comunicación para mitigar esta tendencia en el consumo digital.
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón
    Libro: Contenidos transmedia para la radiotelevisión de proximidad
    ISSN: 978-84-313-3287-7 2018 págs. 23 - 32
  • Autores: Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar; Moreno Moreno, Elsa; Amoedo Casais, Avelino
    Libro: Trends in radio research. Diversity, innovation and policies
    ISSN: (13): 978-1-5275-1349-5 Vol.1 2018 págs. 195 - 216
  • Autores: Martínez-Costa, Pilar; Sánchez Blanco, Cristina; Serrano Puche, Javier
    Libro: Mediamorfosis. Radiografía de la innovación en el periodismo
    ISSN: 978-84-948233-5-0 2018 págs. 35 - 59
    Resumen
    El ecosistema mediático contemporáneo está configurado por la acción de diferentes factores, que condicionan los patrones de consumo de noticias de los usuarios digitales. Entre esos elementos están la multiplicidad de dispositivos para acceder a la información online y la socialización del consumo informativo, que en muchas ocasiones no se realiza directamente en la web de los medios, sino que se desarrolla en las redes sociales y por medio de la recomendación de otros usuarios. En este contexto, y tomando como objeto de estudio el caso español, la hipótesis inicial de este trabajo es que el interés en una temática de noticias (soft news - hard news) condiciona las vías de acceso a las noticias online. La metodología empleada se desarrolla a partir de una encuesta realizada para el Digital News Report, en el que ya se señaló que las redes sociales son la principal vía de acceso a noticias del 39% de los usuarios españoles, superando levemente al acceso directo a través de los sitios web y aplicaciones de noticias de las marcas tradicionales, que alcanza un 38%. Ahora se trata de discriminar por edad en qué medida la temática de las noticias y el formato narrativo utilizado influyen en la selección del itinerario de acceso
  • Autores: Antunes, Maria João; Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón
    Libro: Libro de Comunicaciones del VI Congreso Internacional de la AE-IC. - 'Comunicación y Conocimiento'
    ISSN: 978-84-09-03393-5 2018 págs. 1753 - 1770
  • Autores: Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo; Sánchez Blanco, Cristina
    Libro: Mediamorfosis. Radiografía de la innovación en el periodismo
    ISSN: 978-84-948233-5-0 2018 págs. 123 - 136
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón; Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar; Breiner, James Gerard
    Libro: Post-periodismo: entre lo real y lo virtual. Libro resúmenes del XXIV Congreso Internacional de la Sociedad Española de Periodística (SEP)
    ISSN: 978-84-17449-13-1 2018 págs. 73 - 74
  • Autores: Sádaba Chalezquer, Charo (Editor literario); Núñez Gómez, P. (Editor literario); Pérez Tornero, J. M. (Editor literario)
    ISSN: 978-84-17600-62-4 2022
    Resumen
    El contexto político y cultural en el que nuestras sociedades están inmersas ha puesto de manifiesto que la desinformación se difunde en los entornos digitales a velocidades inusitadas e incontrolables. Los bulos, las mentiras y las informaciones sesgadas circulan por nuestra sociedad con independencia de la gravedad de las situaciones que nos toque vivir. Conscientes del papel que las personas dedicadas profesionalmente a la Comunicación -y en particular las facultades- pueden desempeñar para revertir esta tendencia, la Asociación Española de Universidades con Titulaciones de Información y Comunicación (ATIC) aborda en este volumen el estudio de esta realidad en cuanto formadores de los futuros profesionales de la Comunicación. La alfabetización mediática e informacional en las Facultades de Comunicación en España se articula en torno a tres ejes temáticos bien delimitados: -la alfabetización mediática en la docencia de nuestras facultades. -la alfabetización mediática en el trabajo investigador. -la dimensión de la transferencia de conocimiento sobre este tema. Con este volumen, desde ATIC, animamos y promovemos la creación de redes de trabajo que incluyan a los y las profesionales de la comunicación, a los colegios y asociaciones de periodistas y publicitarios, y a la sociedad civil, sabedores de que sólo una ciudadanía educada para distinguir la verdad de la mentira en los mensajes que circulan por los medios y las redes sociales digitales, será una ciudadanía crítica con
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón (Editor); De Lima Santos, Mathias Felipe (Editor)
    ISSN: 978-3-030-65859-5 2021
    Resumen
    This book explores innovative approaches to digital and data journalism in Latin America, brought by both legacy media and newcomers to the industry, with the purpose of examining this changing media landscape. As part of the Global South, Latin America has shown significant influence in the promotion of data and digital technologies applied to journalism in recent years. In this region, news entrepreneurs are becoming an essential source of innovation in news production, circulation, and distribution. The book considers news media, particularly in Latin America, as an open set of practices intertwined in the evolution of technology. It discusses the transformation of the Latin American news media ecosystem and considers how it has shaped the industry despite local differences. The study fills a significant gap in academic scholarship by addressing the multiple external factors, mainly political and economic, which have contributed to the relative lack of studies on the patterns of journalism in this region.
  • Autores: Salaverría Aliaga, Ramón (Coordinador); Martínez Costa Pérez, María del Pilar (Coordinador)
    ISSN: 978-84-17600-60-0 2021
    Resumen
    Hoy todo periodismo es digital. Superada la distinción entre medios digitales y analógicos, el nuevo ecosistema periodístico muestra dos modelos de medios emergentes: los nativos digitales y los no nativos. Los nativos cuentan con estructuras y técnicas adaptadas con naturalidad al entorno digital. Los no nativos, por su parte, derivan de marcas periodísticas tradicionales y cuentan con rutinas profesionales propias. A partir del estudio de un corpus de 2 874 medios digitales, Medios nativos digitales en España. Caracterización y tendencias revela los rasgos del actual mercado periodístico digital en España. Con foco en los nativos digitales, analiza la tipología de los cibermedios, su distribución geográfica y diversidad temática, los modelos de negocio, además de sus métodos en las redes sociales. También explica sus estrategias tecnológicas y narrativas, así como la aparición de nuevos perfiles profesionales. Fruto del proyecto de investigación DIGINATIVEMEDIA, coordinado desde las universidades de Navarra y Santiago de Compostela, esta obra muestra las claves de la regeneración del ecosistema periodístico en España.
  • Autores: Pedrero Esteban, Luis Miguel (Editor); García-Lastra Núñez, José María (Editor); Amoedo Casais, Avelino; et al.
    ISSN: 978-84-17973-26-1 2019

Proyectos desde 2018

  • Título: Medios nativos digitales en España: Tipologías, audiencias, construcción de la confianza y claves para la sostenibilidad periodística
    Código de expediente: PID2021-122534OB-C22
    Investigador principal: MARIA DEL PILAR MARTINEZ COSTA PEREZ, RAMON SALAVERRIA ALIAGA.
    Financiador: AGENCIA ESTATAL DE INVESTIGACION
    Convocatoria: 2021 AEI Proyectos de Generación del Conocimiento
    Fecha de inicio: 01-09-2022
    Fecha fin: 31-08-2025
    Importe concedido: 48.400,00€
    Otros fondos: Fondos FEDER
  • Título: De los jóvenes para los jóvenes: un enfoque peer-to-peer para la promoción de pautas sanitarias entre jóvenes navarros con motivo de SARS-CoV-2
    Código de expediente: 0011-3638-2020-000017
    Investigador principal: MARIA ROSARIO SADABA CHALEZQUER.
    Financiador: GOBIERNO DE NAVARRA. DEPARTAMENTO DE SALUD
    Convocatoria: 2020 GN Proyectos de Investigación en salud
    Fecha de inicio: 22-12-2020
    Fecha fin: 21-12-2021
    Importe concedido: 34.960,00€
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: Cibermedios nativos digitales en España: caracterización y tendencias
    Código de expediente: RTI2018-093346-B-C31
    Investigador principal: RAMON SALAVERRIA ALIAGA, MARIA DEL PILAR MARTINEZ COSTA PEREZ.
    Financiador: MINISTERIO DE CIENCIA, INNOVACIÓN Y UNIVERSIDADES
    Convocatoria: 2018 AEI - MCIU - Retos Investigación
    Fecha de inicio: 01-01-2019
    Fecha fin: 31-12-2021
    Importe concedido: 42.350,00€
    Otros fondos: Fondos FEDER
  • Título: Resilient Media for Democracy in the Digital Age
    Código de expediente: 101094742
    Investigador principal: MARIA DE LAS MERCEDES MEDINA LAVERON
    Financiador: COMISIÓN EUROPEA
    Convocatoria: Horizon-CL2-2022-Democracy-01
    Fecha de inicio: 01-03-2023
    Fecha fin: 28-02-2026
    Importe concedido: 400.775,00€
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: MSCA-ITN 2016 JOLT Harnessing Data and Technology for Journalism
    Código de expediente:
    Investigador principal: RAMON SALAVERRIA ALIAGA
    Financiador: COMISIÓN EUROPEA
    Convocatoria: H2020-EC-MSCA-ITN
    Fecha de inicio: 01-05-2018
    Fecha fin: 30-04-2022
    Importe concedido: 419.425,92€
    Otros fondos: -
  • Título: Dinámicas de difusión en redes sociales de noticias falsas sobre salud [RRSSalud]
    Investigador principal: RAMON SALAVERRIA ALIAGA
    Financiador: FUNDACION BBVA
    Convocatoria: 2019 FD BBVA Equipos de investigación científica
    Fecha de inicio: 30-04-2020
    Fecha fin: 30-04-2022
    Importe concedido: 61.755,00€
  • Título: Exploring young people's family and relationships attitudes in the transition to adulthood
    Investigador principal: JAVIER GARCIA MANGLANO, MARIA ROSARIO SADABA CHALEZQUER
    Financiador: UNIVERSIDAD DE NAVARRA
    Convocatoria: 2020 Convocatoria PIUNA, 2021 Convocatoria PIUNA, 2019 Convocatoria PIUNA
    Fecha de inicio: 01-09-2019
    Fecha fin: 31-08-2022
    Importe concedido: 183.668,00€