«Hombre y mujer los creó»: para una determinación teológica de la antropología matrimonial

 -Anton Ziegenaus

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Modern and contemporary philosophies mount a strong attack on the sacramental doctrine of matrimony, because it rests, they say, on an onthic foundation, while they defend only the rights of positive science and deny all that is not apparent to the senses.

Opposed to the "symbolic" approach to natural things, which, for example, sees that in human sex there are certain signs of the will of the Creator, these philosophers avoid explaining what the human body is and rather explain for what it can be used. This gives rise to an opinion that can be called unidimensional or constructivist, which is opposed in every way to the doctrine of creation. The said opinion, by attending only to utility in the exercise of the human faculties, openly denies that matrimony is a sign of love both of the Creator for his creatures (positivism) and of Christ for the Church (modern protestants, like Moltmann). Therefore, matrimony is neither indissoluble nor a sacrament and it cannot be the foundation of society.

The author, however, affirms first the validity and the necessity of symbols since all the sciences which only deal with what can be experienced by the senses, by synthesis or analysis, are in no way capable of adequately resolving the questions about man and his end. Following this method the author criticises some doctrines (developed by Plato, Van Baader and Simone de Beauvoir) which are more or less close to gnosticism on account of their despisal of the human body. The fundamental text, however, upon which to construct a theological anthropology is clearly Gen. 1,26 ss. For Sacred Scripture teaches, on the one hand, that every creature is good and willed by God, and, on the other, that the distinction of the sexes, in the final analysis, implies a relationship with God since he has created them male and female. Then, the human body is a manifestation, image and sign of the human spiritual nature to the point that it is licit to say that the body is the proper expression of the spirit.

If we take the body as sign of the soul, it is clear that the distinction of sexes is a symbol of natural and supernatural truths, for example, of the universality of creatures (woman) who receive their being from God (man), of heaven (man) and earth (woman), of the chosen people (woman) and of Yahweh (man), of Christ and of the Church. Therefore, the indissolubility of matrimony is due to the total and irrevocable self-giving of Christ, by which our Redeemer united himself with the Church in one body. As a consequence, the distinction of sexes, considered from the point of view of symbol, is a sign and condition of those alliances between God and men which range from Creation to glorification.

Palabras clave

Hombre y mujer; Determinación teológica; Antropología Matrimonial


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