La Educación para la Ciudadanía y los Derechos Humanos.

 -María Elósegui

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The conclusion of this article is the necessity of a specific syllabus in high school about education on Human Rights. This subject has to be compulsary and with its own program. It is not enough to include these contents as a mainstreaming subject, and neither as optional matter suplying the choice for the religion syllabus. It has to have a specific items based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of United Nations, and explaining the political institutions according to the National Constitution in each country, moreover in Europe it has to include the European Community Law and The Council of Europe's Organization. It has not to include psychological contents, as the Spanish Real Decretos have done. At the same time, in this syllabus has to be discussed the different theories about the foundation of Human Rights; namely, the ius-naturalist foundation (based upon the civic humanism) and the positivist foundation (based in the contractual theories). It has to be included the debate about the relation between ethic and Law, justice and validity of legal order, facing the problems of obedience and desobedience to the Law, and the conscience objection to Law.

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