Detalle Publicación


Population pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic modeling of drug-induced adverse effects of a novel homocamptothecin analog, elomotecan (BN80927), in a Phase I dose finding study in patients with advanced solid tumors

Autores: Fernández de Trocóniz Fernández, José Ignacio; Cendrós, J. M.; Soto Rodríguez, Elena; Pruñonosa, J.; Pérez-Mayoral, A.; Peraire, C.; Príncipe, P.; Delavaut, P.; Cvitkvic, C.; Lesimple, T.; Obach, R.
ISSN: 0344-5704
Volumen: 70
Número: 2
Páginas: 239 - 250
Fecha de publicación: 2012
Purpose: To characterize the pharmacokinetic profile of elomotecan, a novel homocamptothecin analog, evaluate the dose-limiting toxicities, and establish the relationship between exposure and toxicity in the first Phase I study in patients with advanced malignant solid tumors. Preliminary antitumor efficacy results are also provided. Design: Elomotecan was administered as a 30-min intravenous infusion at doses ranging from 1.5 to 75 mg once every 3 weeks to 56 patients with advanced solid tumors. Plasma concentration data and adverse effects were modeled using the population approach. Results: Elomotecan showed linear pharmacokinetics, and clearance was decreased with age. The model predicts a 47 and 61 % reduction in CL for patients aged 60 and 80 years, respectively, when compared with younger patients (30 years). Neutropenia represented the dose-limiting toxicity. The maximum tolerated dose and the recommended dose (RD) were 75 and 60 mg, respectively. Elomotecan elicited a 20, 5, 2, and 2 % severe (grade 4) neutropenia, asthenia, nausea, and vomiting at the RD, respectively. Of the subjects in the RD cohort, 41.7 % had a stable disease mean duration of 123.6 ± 43.4 days. Conclusions: The pharmacokinetic parameters and the toxicity pattern of elomotecan suggest that this novel homocamptothecin analog should be further explored in the clinical setting using a dose of 60 mg administered as a 30-min intravenous infusion, once every 3 weeks.