Detalle Publicación


Adenovirus expressing beta2-microglobulin recovers HLA class I expression and antitumor immunity by increasing T-cell recognition

Autores: Del Campo, AB; Carretero J; Muñoz, J. A. ; Zinchenko S; Ruiz-Cabello F; González Aseguinolaza, Gloria; Garrido F; Aptsiauri N
Título de la revista: CANCER GENE THERAPY
ISSN: 0929-1903
Volumen: 21
Número: 8
Páginas: 317-332
Fecha de publicación: 2014
Optimal tumor cell surface expression of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I molecules is essential for the presentation of tumor-associated peptides to T-lymphocytes. However, a hallmark of many types of tumor is the loss or downregulation of HLA class I expression associated with ineffective tumor antigen presentation to T cells. Frequently, HLA loss can be caused by structural alterations in genes coding for HLA class I complex, including the light chain of the complex, ß2-microglobulin (ß2m). Its best-characterized function is to interact with HLA heavy chain and stabilize the complex leading to a formation of antigen-binding cleft recognized by T-cell receptor on CD8+ T cells. Our previous study demonstrated that alterations in the ß2m gene are frequently associated with cancer immune escape leading to metastatic progression and resistance to immunotherapy. These types of defects require genetic transfer strategies to recover normal expression of HLA genes. Here we characterize a replication-deficient adenoviral vector carrying human ß2m gene, which is efficient in recovering proper tumor cell surface HLA class I expression in ß2m-negative tumor cells without compromising the antigen presentation machinery. Tumor cells transduced with ß2m induced strong activation of T cells in a peptide-specific HLA-restricted manner. Gene therapy using recombinant adenoviral vectors encoding HLA genes increases tumor antigen presentation and represents a powerful tool for modulation of tumor cell immunogenicity by restoration of missing or altered HLA genes. It should be considered as part of cancer treatment in combination with immunotherapy.