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Quantification of ochratoxin A and five analogs in Navarra red wines

Título de la revista: FOOD CONTROL
ISSN: 0956-7135
Volumen: 27
Número: 1
Páginas: 139 - 145
Fecha de publicación: 2012
Ochratoxin A (OTA), B (OTB) and their methyl (MeOTA, MeOTB) and ethyl (OTC, EtOTB) esters were evaluated in 51 red wine samples from Navarra (Spain). Detectable levels of OTA and OTB were found in 100% of the samples, and 71% showed the presence of OTC. The six ochratoxins appeared simultaneously in 18% of the samples. Results indicated that OTC is hydrolyzed to OTA in red wine. Therefore, ochratoxin intake from wine can be underestimated when only assessed by OTA analysis. Analyzed Navarra wines are scarcely contaminated with ochratoxins and their contribution to human intake is low, with the worst case being 4.7% and 6.6% of the provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI) for OTA and for the sum of ochratoxins, respectively. No significant differences were generally found between vintages. With the exception of OTA, no significant differences were observed between organic and traditional farming. Levels of ochratoxins were positively correlated with temperature and inversely correlated with humidity and rainfall.