Detalle Publicación


Target-mediated disposition model describing the dynamics of IL12 and IFN¿ after administration of a mifepristone-inducible adenoviral vector for IL-12 expression in mice

Título de la revista: AAPS JOURNAL
ISSN: 1550-7416
Volumen: 15
Número: 1
Páginas: 183 - 194
Fecha de publicación: 2013
nterleukin-12 (IL12) is a cytokine with potential applications in the treatment of cancer given the potent immune response that it triggers, in part due to its ability to stimulate expression of interferon-gamma (IFN gamma). To avoid the toxicity associated with systemic exposure to IL12, a high-capacity adenoviral vector carrying a liver-specific, mifepristone-inducible IL12 expression system (HC-Ad/RUmIL12) has been developed. However, the maintenance of IL12 expression at therapeutic levels is compromised by the inhibitory effect of IFN gamma on inducible systems. The aim of this work is to develop a semi-mechanistic model to characterize the relationship between IL12 and IFN gamma in wild-type and knock-out mice for the IFN gamma receptor treated with HC-Ad/RUmIL12 under different dosing regimens in order to better understand the key mechanisms controlling the system. Rapid binding was considered to account for target-mediated disposition exhibited by both cytokines (equilibrium dissociation constant were 18 and 2.28 pM for IL12 and IFN gamma, respectively). The final model included: (1) IFN gamma receptor turnover, (2) irreversible free cytokine elimination from the serum compartment, (3) internalization of the IL12 receptor complex, (4) IL12 expression upregulated by the co-administration of the adenoviral vector and mifepristone and downregulated by the IFN gamma receptor, and (5) synthesis of IFN gamma controlled by the relative increments in the bound IL12. In conclusion, a model simultaneously describing the kinetics of IL12 and IFN gamma in the context of gene therapy was developed and validated with additional data. The model was applied to design an experimental dosing protocol intended to maintain sustained therapeutic IL12 levels.