Detalle Publicación


Calpain-6 Is an Endothelin-1 Signaling Dependent Protective Factor in Chemoresistant Osteosarcoma

Autores: Marion, A.; Dieudonne, F. X; Patiño García, Ana; Lecanda Cordero, Fernando; Marie, P. J.; Modrowski, D.
ISSN: 0020-7136
Volumen: 130
Número: 11
Páginas: 2514-2525
Fecha de publicación: 2012
Bone tumors strongly influence normal tissues and stimulate bone cells for the production of cytokines supporting proliferation and abnormal survival in cancer cells. We previously reported that the proteoglycan syndecan-2 controls the activity of various cytokines and growth factors and also modulates apoptosis and response to cytotoxic agents in osteosarcoma cell lines. Here, we show that syndecan-2 has a stronger tumor suppressor activity in vivo. We identify calpain-6 as a target gene downregulated by syndecan-2 in cells and in vivo. We demonstrate that calpain-6 expression in osteosarcoma cells depends on endothelin-1, a mediator of the tumor progression in bone. Syndecan-2 overexpression alters ERK1/2, PI3K/AKT and NF?B pathways that are calpain-6-promoting signals downstream of endothelin-1. Immunohistochemical analysis shows that calpain-6 is expressed in human bone tumors and metastases. A high expression of calpain-6 was specially found in recurrent osteosarcoma. Moreover, calpain-6 levels in primary tumors were inversely related to the response to chemotherapy. Consistently, calpain-6 was increased by doxorubicin and was found to be expressed at higher levels in doxorubicin-resistant U2OS osteosarcoma-derived cells as compared to responsive cells. Inhibition of calpain-6 with shRNA resulted in decreased proliferation, increased spontaneous apoptosis and increased sensitivity to doxorubicin and also methotrexate in responsive and resistant osteosarcoma cells. Taken together, our data show that syndecan-2 exerts its pro-apoptotic function through modulation of the endothelin-1/NF?B signaling and through downregulation of calpain-6, a protective factor that contributes to abnormal cell survival. Thus, this study identifies calpain-6 as a new possible therapeutic target in chemoresistant osteosarcoma.