Detalle Publicación


mRNAs encoding IL-12 and a decoy-resistant variant of IL-18 synergize to engineer T cells for efficacious intratumoral adoptive immunotherapy

Título de la revista: CELL REPORTS MEDICINE
ISSN: 2666-3791
Volumen: 4
Número: 3
Páginas: 100978
Fecha de publicación: 2023
Interleukin-12 (IL-12) gene transfer enhances the therapeutic potency of adoptive T cell therapies. We previ-ously reported that transient engineering of tumor-specific CD8 T cells with IL-12 mRNA enhanced their sys-temic therapeutic efficacy when delivered intratumorally. Here, we mix T cells engineered with mRNAs to ex-press either single-chain IL-12 (scIL-12) or an IL-18 decoy-resistant variant (DRIL18) that is not functionally hampered by IL-18 binding protein (IL-18BP). These mRNA-engineered T cell mixtures are repeatedly in-jected into mouse tumors. Pmel-1 T cell receptor (TCR)-transgenic T cells electroporated with scIL-12 or DRIL18 mRNAs exert powerful therapeutic effects in local and distant melanoma lesions. These effects are associated with T cell metabolic fitness, enhanced miR-155 control on immunosuppressive target genes, enhanced expression of various cytokines, and changes in the glycosylation profile of surface proteins, enabling adhesiveness to E-selectin. Efficacy of this intratumoral immunotherapeutic strategy is recapitu-lated in cultures of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells on IL -12 and DRIL18 mRNA electroporation.