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LAMC2 regulates key transcriptional and targetable effectors to support pancreatic cancer growth

Autores: Erice Azparren, Oihane; Narayanan, S.; Feliu, I.; Entrialgo Cadierno, Rodrigo; Malinova, A.; Vicentini, C.; Guruceaga Martínez, Elisabet; Delfino, P.; Trajkovic-Arsic, M.; Moreno, H.; Valencia Leoz, Karmele; Blanco Palmeiro, Ester; Macaya Erro, Irati; Ohlund, D.; Khatri, P.; Lecanda Cordero, Fernando; Scarpa, A.; Siveke, J. T.; Corbo, V.; Ponz Sarvisé, Mariano (Autor de correspondencia); Vicent Cambra, Silvestre (Autor de correspondencia)
Título de la revista: CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH
ISSN: 1078-0432
Volumen: 29
Número: 6
Páginas: 1137 - 1154
Fecha de publicación: 2023
Purpose: The identification of pancreatic ductal adenocarcino-ma (PDAC) dysregulated genes may unveil novel molecular targets entering inhibitory strategies. Laminins are emerging as potential targets in PDAC given their role as diagnostic and prognostic markers. Here, we investigated the cellular, functional, and clinical relevance of LAMC2 and its regulated network, with the ultimate goal of identifying potential therapies. Experimental Design: LAMC2 expression was analyzed in PDAC tissues, a panel of human and mouse cell lines, and a genetically engineered mouse model. Genetic perturbation in 2D, 3D, and in vivo allograft and xenograft models was done. Expression profiling of a LAMC2 network was performed by RNA-sequencing, and publicly available gene expression datasets from experimental and clinical studies examined to query its human relevance. Dual inhibition of pharmacologically targetable LAMC2-regulated effec-tors was investigated. Results: LAMC2 was consistently upregulated in human and mouse experimental models as well as in human PDAC specimens, and associated with tumor grade and survival. LAMC2 inhibition impaired cell cycle, induced apoptosis, and sensitized PDAC to MEK1/2 inhibitors (MEK1/2i). A LAMC2-regulated network was featured in PDAC, including both classical and quasi-mesenchymal subtypes, and contained downstream effectors transcriptionally shared by the KRAS signaling pathway. LAMC2 regulated a func-tional FOSL1-AXL axis via AKT phosphorylation. Furthermore, genetic LAMC2 or pharmacological AXL inhibition elicited a synergistic antiproliferative effect in combination with MEK1/2is that was consistent across 2D and 3D human and mouse PDAC models, including primary patient-derived organoids. Conclusions: LAMC2 is a molecular target in PDAC that regulates a transcriptional network that unveils a dual drug com-bination for cancer treatment.