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Long-term exposure to air pollution and severe COVID-19 in Catalonia: a population-based cohort study

Autores: Ranzani, O.; Alari, A.; Olmos, S.; Mila, C.; Rico, A.; Ballester, J.; Basagaña, X.; Chaccour Diaz, Carlos Javier; Dadvand, P.; Duarte-Salles, T.; Foraster, M.; Nieuwenhuijsen, M.; Sunyer, J.; Valentin, A.; Kogevinas, M.; Lazcano, U.; Avellaneda-Gómez, C.; Vivanco, R.; Tonne, C. (Autor de correspondencia)
Título de la revista: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
ISSN: 2041-1723
Volumen: 14
Número: 1
Páginas: 2916
Fecha de publicación: 2023
The association between long-term exposure to ambient air pollutants and severe COVID-19 is uncertain. We followed 4,660,502 adults from the general population in 2020 in Catalonia, Spain. Cox proportional models were fit to evaluate the association between annual averages of PM2.5, NO2, BC, and O-3 at each participant's residential address and severe COVID-19. Higher exposure to PM2.5, NO2, and BC was associated with an increased risk of COVID-19 hospitalization, ICU admission, death, and hospital length of stay. An increase of 3.2 mu g/m(3) of PM2.5 was associated with a 19% (95% CI, 16-21) increase in hospitalizations. An increase of 16.1 mu g/m(3) of NO2 was associated with a 42% (95% CI, 30-55) increase in ICU admissions. An increase of 0.7 mu g/m(3) of BC was associated with a 6% (95% CI, 0-13) increase in deaths. O-3 was positively associated with severe outcomes when adjusted by NO2. Our study contributes robust evidence that long-term exposure to air pollutants is associated with severe COVID-19.