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Predictive factors for inadequate bowel cleansing in colon capsule endoscopy

Autores: Gimeno-García, A. Z. (Autor de correspondencia); González-Suárez, B.; Adrián de Ganzo, Z.; Alarcón Fernández, O.; Ramos, L.; Giordano, A.; Carretero Ribón, Cristina; Jiménez, A.; Nicolás, D.; Hernández Guerra, M.; Quintero, E.
ISSN: 0210-5705
Volumen: 45
Número: 8
Páginas: 605 - 613
Fecha de publicación: 2022
Background and aims: Achieving adequate bowel cleansing is of utmost importance for the efficiency of colon capsule endoscopy (CCE). However, information about predictive factors is lacking. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive factors of poor bowel cleansing in the CCE setting. Methods: In this observational study, 126 patients who underwent CCE at two tertiary care hospitals were included between June 2017 and January 2020. Participants prepared for bowel cleansing with a 1-day clear liquid diet, a 4-L split-dose polyethylene glycol regimen and boosters with sodium phosphate, sodium amidotrizoate and meglumine amidotrizoate. Domperidone tablets and bisacodyl suppositories were administered when needed. Overall and per-segment bowel cleansing was evaluated using a CCE cleansing score. Simple and multiple logistic regression analysis were carried out to assess poor bowel cleansing and excretion rate predictors. Results: Overall bowel cleansing was optimal in 53 patients (50.5%). Optimal per-segment bowel cleansing was achieved as follows: cecum (86 patients; 74.8%), transverse colon (91 patients; 81.3%), distal colon (81 patients; 75%) and rectum (64 patients; 66.7%). In the univariate analysis, elderly (OR, 1.03; 95% CI (1.01¿1.076)) and constipation (OR, 3.82; 95% CI (1.50¿9.71)) were associated with poor bowel cleansing. In the logistic regression analysis, constipation (OR, 3.77; 95% CI (1.43¿10.0)) was associated with poor bowel cleansing. No variables were significantly associated with the CCE device excretion rate. Conclusion: Our results suggest that constipation is the most powerful predictor of poor bowel cleansing in the CCE setting. Tailored cleansing protocols should be recommended for these patients.