Cabrero, M.; Martín, A. (Autor de correspondencia); Briones, J.; Gayoso, J.; Jarque, I.; López, J.; Grande García, Carlos
; Heras, I.; Arranz, R.; Bernal, T.; Pérez-López, E.; López-Godino, O.; Conde, E.; Caballero, D.
We designed a phase II clinical trial including Y-90 ibritumomab-tiuxetan as part of a reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) allogeneic stem cell transplantation (AlloSCT) in high-risk non-Hodgkin lymphoma (Clinical Trials Identifier: NCT00644371). Eligible patients had high-risk relapsed refractory aggressive lymphoma. The conditioning regimen consisted of rituximab 250 mg (days-21 and -14), Y-90 ibritumomab IV (.4 m Ci/kg, day -14), fludarabine 30 mg/m(2) i.v. (days-3 and -2) plus melphalan 70 mg/m2 i.v. (days-3 and -2) or 1 dose of melphalan and thiotepa 5 mg/kg (day-8). Donors were related. Eighteen patients were evaluable. At the time of transplantation, responses were complete remission (CR) (n = 7, 39%), partial remission (n = 6, 33%) or refractory disease (n = 4, 28%). Y-90-ibritumomab infusions were well tolerated, with no adverse reactions. Nonrelapse mortality at 1 year was 28%. Median follow-up was 46 (range, 39 to 55) months. Estimated 1-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 50%, and 4-year overall survival (OS) and PFS were both 44.4%. CR at the moment of AlloSCT had significant impact on PFS (71% versus 27%, P =.046) and OS (71% versus 27%, P=.047). Our results show that Y-90-ibritumomab-tiuxetan as a component of RIC for AlloSCT is feasible in patients with high-risk B cell lymphoma. Development of phase III clinical trials is needed to clarify the contribution of radioimmunotherapy to RIC AlloSCT. (C) 2017 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.