Dysfunctional adipose tissue (AT) in the context of obesity leads to chronic inflammation together with an altered extracellular matrix (ECM) remodelling, favouring cancer development and progression. Recently, the influence of dermatopontin (DPT) in AT remodelling and inflammation has been proposed. We aimed to evaluate the role of DPT in the development of obesity-associated colon cancer (CC). Samples obtained from 73 subjects [26 lean (LN) and 47 with obesity (OB)] were used in a case-control study. Enrolled subjects were further subclassified according to the established diagnostic protocol for CC (42 without CC and 31 with CC). In vitro studies in the adenocarcinoma HT-29 cell line were performed to analyse the impact of pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators on the transcript levels of DPT as well as the effect of DPT on ECM remodelling and inflammation. Although obesity increased (p < 0.05) the circulating levels of DPT, its concentrations were significantly decreased (p < 0.05) in patients with CC. Gene expression levels of DPT in the colon from patients with CC were downregulated and, oppositely, a tendency towards increased mRNA levels in visceral AT was found. We further showed that DPT expression levels in HT-29 cells were enhanced (p < 0.05) by inflammatory factors (LPS, TNF-alpha and TGF-beta), whereas the anti-inflammatory IL-4 decreased (p < 0.05) its expression levels. We also demonstrated that DPT upregulated (p < 0.05) the mRNA of key molecules involved in ECM remodelling (COL1A1, COL5A3, TNC and VEGFA) whereas decorin (DCN) expression was downregulated (p < 0.05) in HT-29 cells. Finally, we revealed that the adipocyte-conditioned medium obtained from volunteers with OB enhanced (p < 0.01) the expression of DPT in HT-29 and Caco-2 cells. The decreased circulating and expression levels of DPT in the colon together with the tendency towards increased levels in visceral AT in patients with CC and its influence on the expression of ECM proteins suggest a possible role of DPT in the OB-associated CC.