Detalle Publicación


On dissipation in crackling noise systems

Título de la revista: EPL
ISSN: 0295-5075
Volumen: 121
Número: 2
Páginas: 26001
Fecha de publicación: 2018
We consider the amount of energy dissipated during individual avalanches at the depinning transition of disordered and athermal elastic systems. Analytical progress is possible in the case of the Alessandro-Beatrice-Bertotti-Montorsi (ABBM) model for Barkhausen noise, due to an exact mapping between the energy released in an avalanche and the area below a Brownian path until its first zero-crossing. Scaling arguments and examination of an extended mean-field model with internal structure show that dissipation relates to a critical exponent recently found in a study of the rounding of the depinning transition in the presence of activated dynamics. A new numerical method to compute the dynamic exponent at depinning in terms of blocked and marginally stable configurations is proposed, and a kind of "dissipative anomaly" ¿with potentially important consequences for non-equilibrium statistical mechanics¿ is discussed. We conclude that for depinning systems the size of an avalanche does not constitute by itself a univocal measure of the energy dissipated.