Detalle Publicación

ARTÍCULO
Polyphenol intake and cardiovascular risk in the PREDIMED-Plus trial. A comparison of different risk equations
Autores: Rubín-García, M.; Vitelli-Storelli, F. (Autor de correspondencia); Toledo Atucha, Estefanía; Castro-Barquero, S.; Tresserra-Rimbau, A.; Martínez González, Miguel Ángel; Salas-Salvadó, J.; Corella, D.; Hernáez, A.; Martínez Hernández, Alfredo; Alonso-Gómez, A. M.; Warnberg, J.; Vioque, J.; Romaguera, D.; López-Miranda, J.; Estruch, R.; Bernal-López, M. R.; Lapetra, J.; Serra-Majem, L.; Bueno-Cavanillas, A.; Tur, J. A.; Álvarez-Álvarez, L.; Pinto, X.; Gaforio, J. J.; Matía-Martín, P.; Vidal, J.; Vázquez, C.; Daimiel, L.; Ros, E.; Gea Sánchez, Alfredo; Manzanares, J. M.; Sorli, J. V.; Schroder, H.; Abete Goñi, Itziar; Tojal-Sierra, L.; Crespo-Oliva, E.; González-Botella, A.; Rayo, E.; García-Ríos, A.; Gómez-Pérez, A. M.; Santos-Lozano, J. M.; Bartolomé Resano, R.; Murphy, M. M.; Ortega-Azorín, C.; Medrano, C.; Zulet Alzórriz, María de los Ángeles; Sorto-Sánchez, C.; Babio, N.; Fito, M.; Lamuela-Raventos, R. M.
Título de la revista: REVISTA ESPAÑOLA DE CARDIOLOGIA
ISSN: 0300-8932
Volumen: 75
Número: 5
Páginas: 401 - 411
Fecha de publicación: 2022
Lugar: WOS
Resumen:
Introduction and objectives: Quantification of cardiovascular risk has been based on scores such as Framingham, Framingham-REGICOR, SCORE or Life's Simple 7 (LS7). In vitro, animal, and randomized clinical studies have shown that polyphenols may provide benefits to the vascular system and reduce the inflammatory response. However, some clinical-epidemiological studies have yielded inconsistent results. Our aim was to assess the possible association between intake of the various polyphenol classes and established cardiovascular scores. Methods: This cross-sectional analysis involved 6633 PREDIMED-Plus study participants. Food polyphenol content was estimated by a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire, adjusted for total energy intake according to the residual method. The association between polyphenol intake and cardiovascular risk was tested using linear regression analyses. Results: Total polyphenol and flavonoid intake were directly and significantly associated only with the LS7 scale. Intake of lignans was directly and significantly associated with SCORE and LS7 scales, stilbene intake with SCORE, and phenolic acid intake with Framingham and Framingham-REGICOR scores. Other polyphenol classes were associated in a protective and significant manner in Framingham, SCORE and LS7 scores. In women, intake of all the polyphenol classes, except phenolic acids, showed a protective trend in the results of the Framingham, Framingham-REGICOR scores and LS7 scale. Conclusions: An inverse association was found between consumption of the 'other polyphenols' class and, especially among women, with estimated cardiovascular risk. The results were similar to those of Framingham, Framingham-REGICOR and LS7 (after eliminating the diet component) and differed from those of SCORE, but the predictors included were limited in the latter case.