Detalle Publicación

Study protocol-coping with the pandemics: What works best to reduce anxiety and depressive symptoms

Autores: Fortea, L.; Solanes, A.; Pomarol-Clotet, E.; García-León, M. A.; Fortea, A.; Torrent, C.; Varo, C.; Bonnin, C. M.; Montejo, L.; Alonso, J.; Carmona, S.; Soldevila-Matías, P.; Alustiza Quintana, Irene Lucila; Arbós, D.; Hidalgo-Mazzei, D.; Grande, I.; Vieta, E.; Fullana, M. À.; Radua, J. (Autor de correspondencia)
Título de la revista: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHIATRY
ISSN: 1664-0640
Volumen: 12
Páginas: 642763
Fecha de publicación: 2021
Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and lockdown might increase anxiety and depressive symptoms in most individuals. Health bodies recommend several coping behaviors to protect against such symptoms, but evidence on the relationship between these behaviors and symptoms mostly comes from cross-sectional studies in convenience samples. We will conduct a prospective longitudinal study of the associations between coping behaviors and subsequent anxiety and depressive symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic in a representative sample of the Spanish general adult population. Methods: We will recruit 1,000 adult participants from all autonomous communities of Spain and with sex, age, and urbanicity distributions similar to those of their populations and assess anxiety and depressive symptoms and coping behaviors using fortnightly questionnaires and real-time methods (ecological momentary assessments) for 1 year. The fortnightly questionnaires will inquire about anxiety and depressive symptoms [General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9)] and the frequency of 10 potential coping behaviors (e.g., follow a routine) during the past 2 weeks. In addition, we will collect several variables that could confound or moderate these associations. These will include subjective well-being [International Positive and Negative Affect Schedule Short Form (I-PANAS-SF) and Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS)], ...