The reactivity of thiophene in Diels-Alder reactions is investigated with different maleimide derivatives. In this paper, we have synthesized for the first time the Diels-Alder adducts of thiophene at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Maleimido-thiophene adducts were promoted by AlCl3. The effects of solvent, time, temperature and the use of different Lewis acids were studied, showing dramatic effects for solvent and Lewis acid. Furthermore, the catalysis with AlCl3 is highly stereoselective, preferably providing the exo form of the adduct. Additionally, we also discovered the ability of AlCl3 to catalyze the arylation of maleimides to yield 3-aryl succinimides in a straightforward manner following a Friedel-Crafts-type addition. The inclusion of a selenocyanate group contributes to the cytotoxic activity of the adduct. This derivatization (from compound 7 to compound 15) results in an average GI(50) value of 1.98 mu M in the DTP (NCI-60) cell panel, resulting in being especially active in renal cancer cells.