New vector-control tools are urgently needed to reduce malaria in areas where there is significant transmission after deployment of indoor residual spraying (IRS) and insecticide treated nets. Insecticide-treated livestock (ITL) is a potential novel strategy by which zoophagic mosquitos are killed after feeding upon animals treated with an insecticide. Although there are several insecticide candidates in the pipeline with a wide efficacy range against mosquitos, additional field studies with epidemiological outcomes are required to test the impact of this intervention on malaria transmission. Insecticides under consideration have long been used in livestock to improve animal health and productivity, but each has food and environmental safety considerations. Therefore, moving ITL from a concept to implementation will require a One Health framework.