Detalle Publicación

Aged care energy use and peak demand change in the COVID-19 year: Empirical evidence from Australia
Autores: Liu, A. (Autor de correspondencia); Miller, W.; Chiou, J.; Zedan, S.; Yigitcanlar, T.; Ding, Yuemin
Título de la revista: BUILDINGS
ISSN: 2075-5309
Volumen: 11
Número: 12
Páginas: 570
Fecha de publicación: 2021
Lugar: WOS
Aged care communities have been under the spotlight since the beginning of 2020. Energy is essential to ensure reliable operation and quality care provision in residential aged care communities (RAC). The aim of this study is to determine how RAC's yearly energy use and peak demand changed in Australia and what this might mean for RAC design, operation and energy asset investment and ultimately in the healthcare plan for elderly residents. Five years of electricity demand data from four case study RACs in the same climate zone are analyzed. Statistical tools are used to analyze the data, and a clustering algorithm is used to identify typical demand profiles. A number of energy key performance indicators (KPIs) are evaluated, highlighting their respective benefits and limitations. The results show an average 8% reduction for yearly energy use and 7% reduction for yearly peak demands in the COVID-19 year compared with the average of the previous four years. Typical demand profiles for the four communities were mostly lower in the pandemic year. Despite these results, the KPI analysis shows that, for these four communities, outdoor ambient temperature remains a very significant correlation factor for energy use.