High plasma and lingual uroguanylin as potential contributors to changes in food preference after sleeve gastrectomy
Background: The biological mediators supporting long-term weight loss and changes in dietary choice behaviour after sleeve gastrectomy remain unclear. Guanylin and uroguanylin are gut hormones involved in the regulation of satiety, food preference and adiposity. Thus, we sought to analyze whether the guanylin system is involved in changes in food preference after sleeve gastrectomy in obesity.
Methods: Proguanylin (GUCA2A) and prouroguanylin (GUCA2B) were determined in patients with severe obesity (n = 41) as well as in rats with diet-induced obesity (n = 48), monogenic obesity (Zucker fa/fa) (n = 18) or in a food choice paradigm (normal diet vs high-fat diet) (n = 16) submitted to sleeve gastrectomy. Lingual distribution and expression of guanylins (GUCA2A and GUCA2B) and their receptor GUCY2C as well as the fatty acid receptor CD36 were evaluated in the preclinical models.
Results: Circulating concentrations of GUCA2A and GUCA2B were increased after sleeve gastrectomy in patients with severe obesity as well as in rats with diet-induced and monogenic (fa/fa) obesity. Interestingly, the lower dietary fat preference observed in obese rats under the food choice paradigm as well as in patients with obesity after sleeve gastrectomy were negatively associated with post-surgical GUCA2B levels. Moreover, sleeve gastrectomy upregulated the low expression of GUCA2A and GUCA2B in taste bud cells of tongues from rats with diet induced and monogenic (fa/fa) obesity in parallel to a downregulation of the lingual lipid sensor CD36.
Conclusions: The increased circulating and lingual GUCA2B after sleeve gastrectomy suggest an association between the uroguanylin-GUCY2C endocrine axis and food preference through the regulation of gustatory responses. (c) 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.