Detalle Publicación

ARTÍCULO
Factors associated with successful dietary changes in an energy-reduced Mediterranean diet intervention: a longitudinal analysis in the PREDIMED-Plus trial
Autores: Fernández Lázaro, Cesar Ignacio; Toledo Atucha, Estefanía; Buil Cosiales, Pilar; Salas-Salvado, J.; Corella, D.; Fito, M.; Martinez, J. A.; Alonso-Gómez, A. M.; Warnberg, J.; Vioque, J.; Romaguera, D.; López-Miranda, J.; Estruch, R.; Tinahones, F. J.; Lapetra, J.; Serra-Majem, L.; Bueno-Cavanillas, A.; Tur, J. A.; Sanchez, V. M.; Pinto, X.; Delgado-Rodríguez, M.; Matia-Martin, P.; Vidal, J.; Ros, E.; Vázquez, C.; Daimiel, L.; San Julián Aranguren, Beatriz; García-Gavilan, J. F.; Sorli, J. V.; Castaner, O.; Zulet, M. A.; Tojal-Sierra, L.; Pérez-Farinos, N.; Oncina-Canovas, A.; Monino, M.; Garcia-Rios, A.; Sacanella, E.; Bernal-López, R. M.; Santos-Lozano, J. M.; Vázquez Ruiz, Zenaida; Muralidharan, J.; Ortega-Azorín, C.; Goday, A.; Razquin Burillo, Cristina; Goicolea-Guemez, L.; Ruiz-Canela, Miguel; Becerra-Tomas, N.; Schroder, H.; Martínez González, Miguel Ángel (Autor de correspondencia); PREDIMED-Plus Investigators
Título de la revista: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION
ISSN: 1436-6207
Volumen: 61
Número: 3
Páginas: 1457 - 1475
Fecha de publicación: 2022
Lugar: WOS
Resumen:
Purpose Long-term nutrition trials may fail to respond to their original hypotheses if participants do not comply with the intended dietary intervention. We aimed to identify baseline factors associated with successful dietary changes towards an energy-reduced Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) in the PREDIMED-Plus randomized trial. Methods Longitudinal analysis of 2985 participants (Spanish overweight/obese older adults with metabolic syndrome) randomized to the active intervention arm of the PREDIMED-Plus trial. Dietary changes were assessed with a 17-item energy-reduced MedDiet questionnaire after 6 and 12 months of follow-up. Successful compliance was defined as dietary changes from baseline of >= 5 points for participants with baseline scores < 13 points or any increase if baseline score was >= 13 points. We conducted crude and adjusted multivariable logistic regression models to identify baseline factors related to compliance. Results Consistent factors independently associated with successful dietary change at both 6 and 12 months were high baseline perceived self-efficacy in modifying diet (OR6-month: 1.51, 95% CI 1.25-1.83; OR12-month: 1.66, 95% CI 1.37-2.01), higher baseline fiber intake (OR6-month: 1.62, 95% CI 1.07-2.46; OR12-month: 1.62, 95% CI 1.07-2.45), having > 3 chronic conditions (OR6-month: 0.65, 95% CI 0.53-0.79; OR12-month: 0.76, 95% CI 0.62-0.93), and suffering depression (OR6-month: 0.80, 95% CI 0.64-0.99; OR12-month: 0.71, 95% CI 0.57-0.88). Conclusion Our results suggested that recruitment of individuals with high perceived self-efficacy to dietary change, and those who initially follow diets relatively richer in fiber may lead to greater changes in nutritional recommendations. Participants with multiple chronic conditions, specifically depression, should receive specific tailored interventions.