Anfotericina B liposomal: farmacología clínica, farmacocinética y farmacodinamia
Liposomal amphotericin B is a lipid formulation of the antifungal drug amphotericin B with some distinguishing characteristics in its pharmacological behavior that entail some clinical differences of great interest. The significant improvement in the systemic and renal tolerability is one of them. This fact is related to the great stability of the liposome, promoted by its negative charge, the presence of cholesterol and the remarkable thermo-stability of the remaining lipids that compose it. In this situation, amphotericin B seems to be released from the liposome not spontaneously but when the liposome binds to the ergosterol in the fungal cell membrane. For this reason, there is almost no free amphotericin B in plasma or tissues, although it seems that its availability is greater when there is fungal infection. As a consequence, when the pharmacokinetic behavior is studied, the concentration and availability of liposomal amphotericin B are very high, and its volume of distribution is reduced in comparison with the other formulations. (C) 2021 Asociacion Espafiola de Micologla. Published by Elsevier Espafia, S.L.U. All rights reserved.