We have studied blood levels of cytokines/chemokines in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with sunitinib or pazopanib, with the goal of identifying biomarkers that can predict efficacy and survival. We have found that high levels of CXCL10, CXCL11, HGF and IL-6 before treatment associate with poor prognosis in these patients. Moreover, these factors are correlated in patients with renal carcinoma, suggesting a coordinated expression and secretion. We have developed a prognostic signature including these factors that predicts very accurately prognosis. Our results may help defining better the group of renal cell carcinoma patients who may benefit from sunitinib/pazopanib.