Detalle Publicación

Moss enables high sensitivity single-nucleotide variant calling from multiple bulk DNA tumor samples

Autores: Zhang, C. Y.; El-Kebir, M.; Ochoa Álvarez, Idoia (Autor de correspondencia)
Título de la revista: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
ISSN: 2041-1723
Volumen: 12
Número: 1
Páginas: 2204
Fecha de publicación: 2021
Intra-tumor heterogeneity renders the identification of somatic single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) a challenging problem. In particular, low-frequency SNVs are hard to distinguish from sequencing artifacts. While the increasing availability of multi-sample tumor DNA sequencing data holds the potential for more accurate variant calling, there is a lack of high-sensitivity multi-sample SNV callers that utilize these data. Here we report Moss, a method to identify low-frequency SNVs that recur in multiple sequencing samples from the same tumor. Moss provides any existing single-sample SNV caller the ability to support multiple samples with little additional time overhead. We demonstrate that Moss improves recall while maintaining high precision in a simulated dataset. On multi-sample hepatocellular carcinoma, acute myeloid leukemia and colorectal cancer datasets, Moss identifies new low-frequency variants that meet manual review criteria and are consistent with the tumor's mutational signature profile. In addition, Moss detects the presence of variants in more samples of the same tumor than reported by the single-sample caller. Moss' improved sensitivity in SNV calling will enable more detailed downstream analyses in cancer genomics. The study of tumour heterogeneity can be improved by sequencing multiple samples, but currently available variant callers have not been tailored to integrate them. Here the authors present Moss, a tool that can leverage multiple samples to improve somatic variant calling in different cancers.