Detalle Publicación

Revisiting forel field surgery
Título de la revista: WORLD NEUROSURGERY
ISSN: 1878-8750
Volumen: 147
Páginas: 11 - 22
Fecha de publicación: 2021
Lugar: WOS
BACKGROUND: Lesioning the Forel field or the subthalamic region is considered a possible treatment for tremoric patients with Parkinson disease, essential tremor, and other diseases. This surgical treatment was performed in the 1960s to 1970s and was an alternative to thalamotomy. Recently, there has been increasing interest in the reappraisal of stimulating and/or lesioning these targets, partly as a result of innovations in imaging and noninvasive ablative technologies, such as magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasonography. OBJECTIVE: We wanted to perform a thorough review of the subthalamic region, both from an anatomic and a surgical standpoint, to offer a comprehensive and updated analysis of the techniques and results reported for patients with tremor treated with different techniques. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature, gathering articles that included patients who underwent ablative or stimulation surgical techniques, targeting the pallidothalamic pathways (pallidothalamic tractotomy), cerebellothalamic pathway (cerebellothalamic tractotomy), or subthalamic area. RESULTS: Pallidothalamic tractotomy consists of a reduced area that includes pallidofugal pathways. It may be considered an interesting target, given the benefit/risk ratio and the clinical effect, which, compared with pallidotomy, involves a lower risk of injury or involvement of vital structures such as the internal capsule or optic tract. Cerebellothalamic tractotomy and/or posterior subthalamic area are other alternative targets to thalamic stimulation or ablative surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the significant breakthrough that magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasonography has meant in the neurosurgical world, some classic targets such as the pallidothalamic tract, Forel field, and posterior subthalamic area may be reconsidered as surgical alternatives for patients with movement disorders.