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Mediterranean diet maintained platelet count within a healthy range and decreased thrombocytopenia-related mortality risk: a randomized controlled trial

Autores: Hernaez, A. (Autor de correspondencia); Lassale, C.; Castro-Barquero, S.; Ros, E.; Tresserra-Rimbau, A.; Castaner, O.; Pinto, X.; Vázquez Ruiz, Zenaida; Sorli, J. V.; Salas-Salvado, J.; Lapetra, J.; Gomez-Gracia, E.; Alonso-Gomez, A.; Fiol, M.; Serra-Majem, L.; Sacanella, E.; Razquin Burillo, Cristina; Corella, D.; Guasch-Ferré, M.; Cofan, M.; Estruch, R.
Título de la revista: NUTRIENTS
ISSN: 2072-6643
Volumen: 13
Número: 2
Páginas: 559
Fecha de publicación: 2021
There is little information on the dietary modulation of thrombosis-related risk factors such as platelet count. We aimed to assess the effects of Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) on platelet count and related outcomes in an older population at high cardiovascular risk. In participants of the PREDIMED (PREvencion con DIeta MEDiterranea) study, we assessed whether an intervention with a MedDiet enriched with extra-virgin olive oil or nuts, relative to a low-fat control diet, modulated platelet count (n = 4189), the risk of developing thrombocytosis and thrombocytopenia (n = 3086), and the association between these alterations and all-cause mortality (median follow-up time: 3.0 years). Although platelet count increased over time (+0.98 center dot 10(9) units/L center dot year [95% confidence interval: 0.12; 1.84]), MedDiet interventions moderated this increase, particularly in individuals with near-high baseline count (both MedDiets combined: -3.20 center dot 10(9) units/L center dot year [-5.81; -0.59]). Thrombocytopenia incidence was lower in the MedDiet interventions (incidence rates: 2.23% in control diet, 0.91% in MedDiets combined; hazard ratio: 0.44 [0.23; 0.83]). Finally, thrombocytopenia was associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio: 4.71 [2.69; 8.24]), but this relationship was attenuated in those allocated to MedDiet (p-interaction = 0.018). In brief, MedDiet maintained platelet counts within a healthy range and attenuated platelet-related mortality in older adults at high cardiovascular risk.