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Proteomic analysis of low-grade, early-stage endometrial carcinoma reveals new dysregulated pathways associated with cell death and cell signaling

Autores: López Janeiro, Álvaro; Ruz-Caracuel, I.; Ramon-Patino, J. L.; De los Rios, V.; Esparza, M. V. ; Berjon, A.; Yebenes, L.; Hernandez, A.; Masetto, I.; Kadioglu, E.; Goubert, V.; Heredia-Soto, V.; Barderas, R.; Casal, J. I. ; De Andrea, Carlos Eduardo; Redondo, A.; Mendiola, M.; Pelaez-Garcia, A.; Hardisson, D. (Autor de correspondencia)
Título de la revista: CANCERS
ISSN: 2072-6694
Volumen: 13
Número: 4
Páginas: 794
Fecha de publicación: 2021
Simple Summary Low-grade, early-stage endometrial cancer (EC) is the most frequent malignant tumor of the uterine corpus. Our study aimed to assess dysregulated pathways in this specific subset of EC through proteomic analysis. We describe and validate the dysregulation of the SLIT/ROBO signaling pathway, as well as cellular death processes such as necroptosis and ferroptosis. We identify several immune-related pathways, with a dominance of innate immune response associated pathways. Our findings reveal the singular biology of low-grade, early-stage ECs and could guide future research in the field. Low-grade, early-stage endometrial carcinoma (EC) is the most frequent malignant tumor of the uterine corpus. However, the molecular alterations that underlie these tumors are far from being fully understood. The purpose of this study is to describe dysregulated molecular pathways from EC patients. Sixteen samples of tumor tissue and paired healthy controls were collected and both were subjected to mass spectrometry (MS)/MS proteomic analysis. Gene ontology and pathway analysis was performed to discover dysregulated pathways and/or proteins using different databases and bioinformatic tools. Dysregulated pathways were cross-validated in an independent external cohort. Cell signaling, immune response, and cell death-associated pathways were robustly identified. The SLIT/ROBO signaling pathway demonstrated dysregulation at the proteomic and transcriptomic level. Necroptosis and ferroptosis were cell death-associated processes aberrantly regulated, in addition to apoptosis. Immune response-associated pathways showed a dominance of innate immune responses. Tumor immune infiltrates measured by immunofluorescence demonstrated diverse lymphoid and myeloid populations. Our results suggest a role of SLIT/ROBO, necroptosis, and ferroptosis, as well as a prominent role of innate immune response in low-grade, early-stage EC. These results could guide future research in this group of tumors.