Maresin 1 (MaR1) is a DHA-derived pro-resolving lipid mediator. The present study aimed to characterize the ability of MaR1 to prevent the alterations induced by TNF-alpha on insulin actions in glucose uptake and Akt phosphorylation in cultured human adipocytes from overweight/obese subjects, as well as to investigate the effects of MaR1 acute and chronic administration on Akt phosphorylation in absence/presence of insulin in white adipose tissue (WAT) and skeletal muscle from lean and diet-induced obese (DIO) mice. MaR1 (0.1 nM) prevented the inhibitory effect of TNF-alpha on insulin-stimulated 2-Deoxy-D-glucose uptake and Akt phosphorylation in human adipocytes. Acute treatment with MaR1 (50 mu g/kg, 3 h, i.p.) induced Akt phosphorylation in WAT and skeletal muscle of lean mice. However, MaR1 did not further increase the stimulatory effect of insulin on Akt activation. Interestingly, intragastric chronic treatment with MaR1 (50 mu g/kg, 10 days) in DIO mice reduced the hyperglycemia induced by the high fat diet (HFD) and improved systemic insulin sensitivity. In parallel, MaR1 partially restored the impaired insulin response in skeletal muscle of DIO mice and reversed HFD-induced lower Akt phosphorylation in WAT in non-insulin-stimulated DIO mice while did not restore the defective Akt activation in response to acute insulin observed in DIO mice. Our results suggest that MaR1 attenuates the impaired insulin signaling and glucose uptake induced by proinflammatory cytokines. Moreover, the current data support that MaR1 treatment could be useful to reduce the hyperglycemia and the insulin resistance associated to obesity, at least in part by improving Akt signaling.