The aim of this study was to assess the physical performance of a new PET/CT system, the Discovery IQ with 5-ring detector blocks. Methods: Performance was measured using the National Electrical Manufacturers Association NU2-2012 methodology. Image quality was extended by accounting for different acquisition parameters (lesion-to-background ratios [8:1, 4:1, and 2:1] and acquisition times) and reconstruction algorithms (VUE-point HD [VPHD], VPHD with point-spread-function modeling [VPHD-S], and Q.Clear). Tomographic reconstruction was also assessed using a Jaszczak phantom. Additionally, 30 patient lesions were analyzed to account for differences in lesion volume and SUV quantification between reconstruction algorithms. Results: Spatial resolution ranged from 4.2 mm at 1 cm to 8.5 mm at 20 cm. Sensitivity measured at the center and at 10 cm was 22.8 and 20.4 kps/kBq, respectively. The noise-equivalent counting rate peak was 124 kcps at 9.1 kBq/cm(3). The scatter fraction was 36.2%. The accuracy of correction for count losses and randoms was 3.9%. In the image quality test, contrast recovery for VPHD, VPHD-S, and Q.Clear ranged from 18%, 18%, and 13%, respectively (hot contrast; 10-mm sphere diameter; ratio, 2:1), to 68%, 67%, and 81%, respectively (cold contrast; 37-mm sphere diameter; ratio, 8:1). Background variability ranged from 3.4%, 3.0%, and 2.1%, respectively (ratio, 2: 1), to 5.5%, 4.8%, and 3.7%, respectively (ratio, 8: 1). On Q.Clear reconstruction, the decrease in the penalty term (b) increased the contrast recovery coefficients and background variability. With the Jaszczak phantom, image quality increased overall when a reconstruction algorithm modeling the point-spread function was used, and use of Q.Clear increased the signal-to-noise ratio. Lesions nalyzed using VPHD-S and Q.Clear had an SUVmean of 6.5 +/- 3 and 7 6 3, respectively (P<0.01), and an SUVmax of 11 +/- 4.8 and 12 +/- 4, respectively (P<0.01). No significant difference in mean lesion volume was found between algorithms. Conclusion: Among the various Discovery bismuth germanium oxide-based PET/CT scanners, the IQ with 5-ring detector blocks has the highest overall performance, with improved sensitivity and counting rate performance. Q.Clear reconstruction improves the PET image quality, with higher recovery coefficients and lower background variability.