Background The main sequences used to assess degree of endolymphatic hydrops (EH) are the 3D- inversion-recovery (IR) with real reconstruction and the 3D- fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR). Objectives The purpose of this study is to describe and compare both sequences. Material and methods Forty-two consecutive patients diagnosed with probable or definite Menier ' s disease were referred for hydrops MR examination. Vestibular and cochlear EH in both sequences were read by two independent radiologists, unaware of the patient's clinical status. The primary study endpoint was the concordance in the hydrops detection and severity with both imaging sequences. This was assessed using the Cohen's kappa Kappa statistic for disease grading and Pearson X(2)test to test the difference in detection rates of hydrops. Statistical significance was defined as two-sidedp < .05. Results We obtained an excellent overall concordance, with a kappa of 0.821, (p < .001) when comparing hydrops detection. The degree of concordance is higher in vestibular hydrops than in cochlear hydrops. The 3D-IR sequence detected more hydrops than the 3D FLAIR, (62 vs. 39.5%,p < .03). Conclusion The 3D-IR sequence seems to be superior to the 3D-FLAIR for the assessment of EH. Significance:The 3D-IR sequence should be considered as a standalone parameter for a shorter and optimized EH magnetic resonance imaging protocol.