Detalle Publicación


Intranasal delivery system of bacterial antigen using thermosensitive hydrogels based on a Pluronic-Gantrez conjugate

ISSN: 0378-5173
Volumen: 579
Páginas: 119154
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Thermosensitive hydrogels have been studied as feasible needle-avoidance alternative to vaccine delivery. In this work, we report the development of a new thermal-sensitive hydrogel for intranasal vaccine delivery. This delivery system was formulated with a combination of the polymer Gantrez AN119 and the surfactant Pluronic F127 (PF127), with a high biocompatibility, biodegradability and immunoadjuvant properties. Shigella flexneri outer membrane vesicles were used as the antigen model. A stable and easy-to-produce thermosensitive hydrogel which allowed the incorporation of the OMV-antigenic complex was successfully synthetized. A rapid gel formation was achieved at body temperature, which prolonged the OMV-antigens residence time in the nasal cavity of BALB/c mice when compared to intranasal delivery of free-OMVs. In addition, the bacterial antigens showed a fast release profile from the hydrogel in vitro, with a peak at 30min of incubation at 37°C. Hydrogels appeared to be non-cytotoxic in the human epithelial HeLa cell line and nose epithelium as well, as indicated by the absence of histopathological features. Immunohistochemical studies revealed that after intranasal administration the OMVs reached the nasal associated lymphoid tissue. These results support the use of here described thermosensitive hydrogels as a potential platform for intranasal vaccination.