Detalle Publicación


Cholera and other Vibrio strain infections

Título de la revista: MEDICINE - UK EDITION
ISSN: 1357-3039
Volumen: 12
Número: 50
Páginas: 2952 - 2962
Fecha de publicación: 2018
Introduction: In recent years, an increase in the average annual incidence of Vibrio infections has been reported, probably related to global climate change. This includes cholera, a secretory diarrhoea caused by toxigenic strains of Vibrio cholerae serogroups O1 and O139. Pathogenic: Infections caused by the genus Vibrio produce diverse clinical manifestations, from gastrointestinal syndromes (of greater or lesser severity) to cutaneous infections and lethal septicaemia. Diagnosis: The epidemiological context as well as the use of appropriate culture media are keys, in conjunction with biochemical and agglutination tests. Treatment: It will vary depending on the clinical presentation, ranging from oral or intravenous fluid replacement, with administration of antibiotics in the most severe cases, until debridement of the necrotic tissues in cases of severe cutaneous involvement.