Aim To explore the literature regarding how nursing narratives have been used to enhance reflective practice. Design Theoretical review. Data sources A literature search from 1990 - 2017 was conducted in PubMed, CINHAL and PsycINFO databases. Review methods After applying the selection criteria, 13 studies were identified. The quality of articles was evaluated. Results Three themes were identified as the main components of an ongoing narrative process based on looking back to past clinical experiences, creating spaces for dialogue and bringing the worlds of theory and practice closer together. Conclusions This review provides a forum for exploring the use of narratives to enhance reflective practice, which may lead to the acquisition of professional competences.