Autores: San Miguel Izquierdo, Jesús (Autor de correspondencia)
; Gutierrez, M. A. E.; Spicka, I. ; Mateos, M. V.; Song, K.; Craig, M. D.; Blade, J. ; Hajek, R.; Chen, C. ; Di Bacco, A.; Estevam, J.; Gupta, N. ; Byrne, C.; Lu, V. ; van de Velde, H.; Lonial, S.
This phase I/II dose-escalation study investigated the all-oral ixazomib-melphalan-prednisone regimen, followed by single-agent ixazomib maintenance, in elderly, transplant-ineligible patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Primary phase I objectives were to determine the safety and recommended phase II dose of ixazomib-melphalan-prednisone. The primary phase II objective was to determine the complete plus very good partial response rate. In phase I, patients were enrolled to 4 arms investigating weekly or twice-weekly ixazomib (13 28-day cycles or nine 42-day cycles) plus melphalan-prednisone. In phase II, an expansion cohort was enrolled at the recommended phase II ixazomib dose. Of the 61 patients enrolled, 26 received the recommended phase II dose (ixazomib 4.0 mg [days 1, 8, 15] plus melphalan-prednisone 60 mg/m(2) [days 1-4], 28-day cycles). Of the 61 enrolled patients, 36 (13 of 26 in the recommended phase II dose cohort) received single-agent ixazomib maintenance (days 1, 8, 15; 28-day cycles). In phase I, 10/38 patients reported dose-limiting toxicities in cycle 1, including grade 3 and/or 4 neutropenia (n=6) and thrombocytopenia (n=4). Complete plus very good partial response rate was 48% (48% at recommended phase II dose), including 28% (22%) complete response or better; responses deepened during maintenance in 34% (33%) of evaluable patients. After median follow up of 43.6 months, median progression-free survival was 22.1 months. Adverse events were mainly hematologic events, gastrointestinal events, and peripheral neuropathy. This study demonstrates the feasibility, tolerability, and activity of ixazomib-melphalan-prednisone induction and single-agent ixazomib maintenance in transplant-ineligible newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients.