Detalle Publicación


Gender as determining factor in the coping strategies and resilience of university students

Libro: Handbook of Academic Performance : predictors, learning strategies and influences of gender
Autores: de la Fuente Arias, Jesús; Cardelle-Elawar, María; Martínez Vicente, José Manuel; Zapata, Lucía; Peralta Sánchez, Francisco Javier
Lugar de Edición: NEW YORK
Fecha de publicación: 2013
Página Inicial - Final: 205-217
ISBN: 978-1-62417-888-7
Resumen: Introduction: Coping Strategies and Resilience have emerged as two variables that determine behavior when facing stress in academic situations. Current research examines their role among other motivational-affective variables of a cognitive type. The objective of this study was to establish how the gender of university students relates to strategies for coping with stress and to resilience. An interdependence relationship was hypothesized between students¿ gender and the type of coping strategies used, and between gender and resilience behavior. Method: The participants were 243 students from the Psychology degree program at the University of Almería (Spain). An ex post-facto design was used. The assessment instruments were: (1) for Coping Strategies, the Escalas de Estrategias de Coping, a Spanish version of the Coping with Stress Questionnaire by Lazarus and Folman (Chorot & Sandín, 1987, Sandín & Chorot, 2003), assessing coping strategies that either focus on the problem or focus on emotion, when managing academic stress; (2) for Resilience, the CD-RISC inventory, Spanish version (Connor & Davidon, 2003). The latter is a likerttype scale made up of 25 items and five factors: (1) personal competence, high standards and tenacity, (2) tolerance of negative affect and strengthening effects of stress, (3) positive acceptance of change, and secure relationships, (4) control and (5) spiritual influences. Cluster analyses, correlation and ANOVAs were performed. Results: Significant differences appeared in the variables assessed as a function of gender. Female university students scored higher on total coping strategies, and on The license for this PDF is unlimited except that no part of this digital document may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted commercially in any form or by any means. The publisher has taken reasonable care in the preparation of this digital document, but makes no expressed or implied warranty of any kind and assumes no responsibility for any errors or omissions. No liability is assumed for incidental or consequential damages in connection with or arising out of information contained herein. This digital document is sold with the clear understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, medical or any other professional services. 206 J. de la Fuente, M. Cardelle-Elawar, J. M. Martínez-Vicente et al. coping strategies focused on emotion and on the problem. As for resilience, male students had higher scores in withstanding stress, while female students scored higher on the spirituality factor. Discussion: The results provide evidence of the importance of coping strategies and resilience in the life of the university student, according to students¿ gender. Furthermore, they concur with other prior evidence. An important line of research is thus marked out for the study of motivational and affective variables involved in how university students learn.