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Network-driven proteogenomics unveils an aging-related imbalance in the olfactory IkBalpha-NFkB p65 complex functionality in Tg2576 Alzheimer's disease mouse model

Autores: Palomino-Alonso, M.; Lachen-Montes, M.; Gonzalez-Morales, A.; Ausin, K.; Pérez Mediavilla, Alberto; Fernandez-Irigoyen, J.; Santamaria, E.
ISSN: 1422-0067
Volumen: 18
Número: 11
Páginas: 2260
Fecha de publicación: 2017
Olfaction is often deregulated in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, and is also impaired in transgenic Tg2576 AD mice, which overexpress the Swedish mutated form of human amyloid precursor protein (APP). However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms that accompany the neurodegeneration of olfactory structures in aged Tg2576 mice. For that, we have applied proteome- and transcriptome-wide approaches to probe molecular disturbances in the olfactory bulb (OB) dissected from aged Tg2576 mice (18 months of age) as compared to those of age matched wild-type (WT) littermates. Some over-represented biological functions were directly relevant to neuronal homeostasis and processes of learning, cognition, and behavior. In addition to the modulation of CAMP responsive element binding protein 1 (CREB1) and APP interactomes, an imbalance in the functionality of the IB-NFB p65 complex was observed during the aging process in the OB of Tg2576 mice. At two months of age, the phosphorylated isoforms of olfactory IB and NFB p65 were inversely regulated in transgenic mice. However, both phosphorylated proteins were increased at 6 months of age, while a specific drop in IB levels was detected in 18-month-old Tg2576 mice, suggesting a transient activation of NFB in the OB of Tg2576 mice. Taken together, our data provide a metabolic map of olfactory alterations in aged Tg2576 mice, reflecting the progressive effect of APP overproduction and -amyloid (A) accumulation on the OB homeostasis in aged stages.