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Publications on palliative care development can be used as an indicator of palliative care development in Africa

Autores: Rhee, J. Y.; Garralda Domezain, Eduardo; Torrado, C.; Blanco-Rey, S.; Ayala-Larrañaga, I.; Namisango, E.; Luyirika, E.; de-Lima, L.; Powell, R. A.; López Fidalgo, Jesús Fernando; Centeno Cortés, Carlos
ISSN: 1096-6218
Volumen: 20
Número: 12
Páginas: 1372-77
Fecha de publicación: 2017
Background: Palliative care (PC) research in Africa has been proposed as a fifth dimension of the World Health Organization PC Public Health Strategy. We conducted a scoping review of published articles (2005-2016) on palliative care development (PCD) in African countries. Forty-seven articles were found across 26 countries. Objective: To study whether the number of published articles on PCD in countries in Africa can be used as an indicator of PCD. Design: This is a secondary analysis of a completed scoping review. Measurements: Spearman correlations were applied to the number of published articles ("published articles") and the number of published articles with a coauthor from a high-income country (HIC) ("HIC published articles") with level of PCD using Lynch et al's updated world map (PC World Map) as a proxy. A subanalysis was undertaken for Anglophone versus non-Anglophone countries. Results: There were positive Spearman correlations (r) between the PC World Map's levels and published articles (r¿=¿0.73; p¿<¿0.001), and with HIC published articles (r¿=¿0.68; p¿<¿0.001). For Anglophone countries, the r was statistically significant (p¿<¿0.001) at 0.69 and 0.70, versus 0.58 and 0.45 for non-Anglophone countries for published articles and HIC published articles, respectively. Kruskal-Wallis test showed a statistically significant difference between Anglophone and non-Anglophone countries for both published articles and HIC published articles (p¿<¿0.01). Conclusion: Publish