Poly (ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) films prepared by solution blow spinning: surface characterization and its relation with E. coli adhesion
Solution blow spinning, SBS, a quite novel processing method, was used to obtain poly (ethylene-co-vinyl acetate), EVA, films with controlled surface properties. The influence of the surface characteristics of EVA films on the adhesion of DH5 alpha Escherichia coli was studied. In particular, the initial concentration of the EVA solution to be blow spun was varied in order to get different surface topographies. Considering the potential use of EVA based materials in applications such as food packaging or scaffolds for tissue engineering all factors affecting proliferation of microorganisms on their surfaces should be studied and understood. Structural, morphological and surface characterizations based on the use of infrared spectroscopy, FTIR, scanning electron microscopy, SEM, and contact angle measurements were performed to ascertain the main factor influencing the E. coli adhesion on the EVA films. Roughness data were determined at different scales from 3D surfaces obtained using a stereoscopic reconstruction of SEM images. It was concluded that, depending on the conditions of the SBS process, only variations of topography were found on the EVA films, being therefore the unique cause of different adhesion capacity of E. con cells. A correlation between roughness and the number of attached E. coli cells showed that the higher the roughness at microscale level the higher the biofilm development, demonstrating that, apart from specific interactions at nanoscale surface, heterogeneity at microscale can greatly modify the antibacterial action.