Detalle Publicación


Nanoaggregation of inclusion complexes of glibenclamide with cyclodextrins

ISSN: 0378-5173
Volumen: 519
Número: 1 - 2
Páginas: 263 - 271
Fecha de publicación: 2017
Glibenclamide is a sulfonylurea used for the oral treatment of type II diabetes mellitus. This drug shows low bioavailability as consequence of its low solubility. In order to solve this problem, the interaction with cyclodextrin has been proposed. This study tries to provide an explanation about the processes involved in the formation of GB-beta CDs complexes, which have been interpreted in different ways by several authors. Among native cyclodextrins, beta CD presents the most appropriate cavity to host glibenclamide molecules showing A(L) solubility diagrams (K-1:1 approximate to 1700 M-1). However, A(L)- solubility profiles were found for pa) derivatives, highlighting the coexistence of several phenomena involved in the drug solubility enhancement. At low CD concentration, the formation of inclusion complexes can be studied and the stability constants can be calculated (K-1:1 approximate to 1700 M-1) Whereas at high CD concentration, the enhancement of GB solubility would be mainly attributed to the formation of nanoaggregates of CD and GB-CD complexes (sizes between 100 and 300 nm). The inclusion mode into beta CD occurs through the cyclohexyl ring of GB, adopting a semi-folded conformation which maximizes the hydrogen bond network. As consequence of all these phenomena, a 150-fold enhancement of drug solubility has been achieved using beta-cyclodextrin derivatives. Thus, its use has proven to be an interesting tool to improve the oral administration of glibenclamide in accordance with dosage bulk and dose/solubility ratio requirements. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.