Detalle Publicación


Cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 form functional heteromers in brain

Autores: Callén, L.; Moreno, E.; Barroso Chinea, Pedro Javier; Moreno-Delgado, D.; Cortés, A.; Mallol, J.; Casadó, V.; Lanciego Pérez, José Luis; Franco Fernández, Rafael; Lluis, C.; Canela, E. I.; McCormick, P. J.
ISSN: 0021-9258
Volumen: 287
Número: 25
Páginas: 20851 - 20865
Fecha de publicación: 2012
Exploring the role of cannabinoid CB2 receptors in the brain, we present evidence of CB2 receptor molecular and functional interaction with cannabinoid CB1 receptors. Using biophysical and biochemical approaches, we discovered that CB2 receptors can form heteromers with CB1 receptors in transfected neuronal cells and in rat brain pineal gland, nucleus accumbens, and globus pallidus. Within CB1-CB2 receptor heteromers expressed in a neuronal cell model, agonist co-activation of CB1 and CB2 receptors resulted in a negative cross-talk in Akt phosphorylation and neurite outgrowth. Moreover, one specific characteristic of CB1-CB2 receptor heteromers consists of both the ability of CB1 receptor antagonists to block the effect of CB2 receptor agonists and, conversely, the ability of CB2 receptor antagonists to block the effect of CB1 receptor agonists, showing a bidirectional cross-antagonism phenomenon. Taken together, these data illuminate the mechanism by which CB2 receptors can negatively modulate CB1 receptor function.