Detalle Publicación

ARTÍCULO
Brucellosis in Sub-Saharan Africa: Current challenges for management, diagnosis and control
Autores: Ducrotoy, M.; Bertu, W. J.; Matope, G.; Cadmus, S.; Conde Álvarez, Raquel; Gusi, A. M.; Welburn, S.; Ocholi, R.; Blasco, J. M.; Moriyón Uría, Ignacio
Título de la revista: ACTA TROPICA
ISSN: 0001-706X
Volumen: 165
Páginas: 179 - 193
Fecha de publicación: 2017
Lugar: WOS
Resumen:
Brucellosis is a highly contagious zoonosis caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella and affecting domestic and wild mammals. In this paper, the bacteriological and serological evidence of brucellosis in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and its epidemiological characteristics are discussed. The tools available for the diagnosis and treatment of human brucellosis and for the diagnosis and control of animal brucellosis and their applicability in the context of SSA are presented and gaps identified. These gaps concern mostly the need for simpler and more affordable antimicrobial treatments against human brucellosis, the development of a B. melitensis vaccine that could circumvent the drawbacks of the currently available Rev 1 vaccine, and the investigation of serological diagnostic tests for camel brucellosis and wildlife. Strategies for the implementation of animal vaccination are also discussed. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.