Detalle Publicación

Bifurcation induced by the aspect ratio in a turbulent von Karmán swirling flow
Autores: Liot, O.; Burguete Mas, Javier
Título de la revista: PHYSICAL REVIEW E
ISSN: 2470-0045
Volumen: 95
Número: 1
Páginas: 013101
Fecha de publicación: 2017
We evaluate the effect of the aspect ratio, i.e., the distance between the propellers H divided by the diameter D, on the slow dynamics of a von Karman swirling flow driven by two propellers in a closed cylinder. We use a cell with a fixed diameter D but where the distance between the propellers can be turned continuously and where the inertia from the propellers can also be changed using different gears. No change on the dynamics is observed when the momentum of inertia is modified. Some dramatic changes of the shear layer position are observed modifying the aspect ratio Gamma = H/D. A bifurcation of the shear layer position appears. Whereas for low Gamma the shear layer position has a smooth evolution when turning the asymmetry between the rotation frequency of the propellers, for high Gamma the transition becomes abrupt and a symmetry breaking appears. Secondly we observe that the spontaneous reversals with large residence times already observed in this experiment for Gamma = 1 [de la Torre and Burguete, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 054101 (2007)] exist only in a narrow window of aspect ratio. We show using an experimental study of the mean flow structure and a numerical approach based on a Langevin equation with colored noise that the shear layer position seems to be decided by the mean flow structure, whereas the reversals are linked to the spatial distribution of the turbulent fluctuations in the cell.