Glycolytic activity in breast cancer using (18) F - FDG PET/CT as prognostic predictor: A molecular phenotype approach
Aim To explore the relationship between basal 18F-FDG uptake in breast tumors and survival in patients with breast cancer (BC) using a molecular phenotype approach.
Material and Methods This prospective and multicentre study included 193 women diagnosed with BC. All patients underwent an 18F-FDG PET/CT prior to treatment. Maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) in tumor (T), lymph nodes (N), and the N/T index was obtained in all the cases. Metabolic stage was established. As regards biological prognostic parameters, tumors were classified into molecular sub-types and risk categories. Overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) were obtained. An analysis was performed on the relationship between semi-quantitative metabolic parameters with molecular phenotypes and risk categories. The effect of molecular sub-type and risk categories in prognosis was analyzed using Kaplan¿Meier and univariate and multivariate tests.
Results Statistical differences were found in both SUVT and SUVN, according to the molecular sub-types and risk classifications, with higher semi-quantitative values in more biologically aggressive tumors. No statistical differences were observed with respect to the N/T index. Kaplan¿Meier analysis revealed that risk categories were significantly related to DFS and OS. In the multivariate analysis, metabolic stage and risk phenotype showed a significant association with DFS.
Conclusion High-risk phenotype category showed a worst prognosis with respect to the other categories with higher SUVmax in primary tumor and lymph nodes.