Detalle Publicación

ARTÍCULO
Dietary strategies implicated in the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome
Autores: de la Iglesia González, Rocío; Loria-Kohen, A. K.; Zulet Alzórriz, María de los Ángeles; Martínez Hernández, Alfredo; Reglero, G.; Ramirez de Molina, A.
Título de la revista: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES
ISSN: 1422-0067
Volumen: 17
Número: 11
Páginas: 1877
Fecha de publicación: 2016
Resumen:
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is established as the combination of central obesity and different metabolic disturbances, such as insulin resistance, hypertension and dyslipidemia. This cluster of factors affects approximately 10%¿50% of adults worldwide and the prevalence has been increasing in epidemic proportions over the last years. Thus, dietary strategies to treat this heterogenic disease are under continuous study. In this sense, diets based on negative-energy-balance, the Mediterranean dietary pattern, n-3 fatty acids, total antioxidant capacity and meal frequency have been suggested as effective approaches to treat MetS. Furthermore, the type and percentage of carbohydrates, the glycemic index or glycemic load, and dietary fiber content are some of the most relevant aspects related to insulin resistance and impaired glucose tolerance, which are important co-morbidities of MetS. Finally, new studies focused on the molecular action of specific nutritional bioactive compounds with positive effects on the MetS are currently an objective of scientific research worldwide. The present review summarizes some of the most relevant dietary approaches and bioactive compounds employed in the treatment of the MetS to date.