Detalle Publicación

Estimating sign-dependent societal preferences for quality of life

Autores: Attema, A. E. (Autor de correspondencia); Brouwer, W. B. F.; l'Haridon, O.; Pinto Prades, José Luis
ISSN: 0167-6296
Volumen: 43
Páginas: 229 - 243
Fecha de publicación: 2015
This paper is the first to apply prospect theory to societal health-related decision making. In particular, we allow for utility curvature, equity weighting, sign-dependence, and loss aversion in choices concerning quality of life of other people. We find substantial inequity aversion, both for gains and losses, which can be attributed to both diminishing marginal utility and differential weighting of better-off and worse-off. There are also clear framing effects, which violate expected utility. Moreover, we observe loss aversion, indicating that subjects give more weight to one group's loss than another group's gain of the same absolute magnitude. We also elicited some information on the effect of the age of the studied group. The amount of inequity aversion is to some extent influenced by the age of the considered patients. In particular, more inequity aversion is observed for gains of older people than gains of younger people.